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gage

Definitions

  • Adjustable Chisel-Gage. Wooden Bench-Plane
    Adjustable Chisel-Gage. Wooden Bench-Plane
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v gage place a bet on "Which horse are you backing?","I'm betting on the new horse"
    • n gage a measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity such as the thickness of wire or the amount of rain etc.
    • n gage street names for marijuana
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Setting a Marking-Gage Setting a Marking-Gage
Using the Marking-Gage Using the Marking-Gage
Roller Mortise-Gage Roller Mortise-Gage
Screw- and Wire-Gages. a. Screw-Gage. b. Wire-Gage. c. Twist-Drill-Gage Screw- and Wire-Gages. a. Screw-Gage. b. Wire-Gage. c. Twist-Drill-Gage
General Gage General Gage

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Gage A glove, cap, or the like, cast on the ground as a challenge to combat, and to be taken up by the accepter of the challenge; a challenge; a defiance. "There I throw my gage ."
    • n Gage A measure or standard. See Gauge n.
    • Gage A pledge or pawn; something laid down or given as a security for the performance of some act by the person depositing it, and forfeited by nonperformance; security. "Nor without gages to the needy lend."
    • n Gage gāj A variety of plum; as, the greengage; also, the blue gage, frost gage, golden gage, etc., having more or less likeness to the greengage. See Greengage.
    • Gage To bind by pledge, or security; to engage. "Great debts
      Wherein my time, sometimes too prodigal,
      Hath left me gaged ."
    • Gage To give or deposit as a pledge or security for some act; to wage or wager; to pawn or pledge. "A moiety competent
      Was gaged by our king."
    • v. t Gage To measure. See Gauge v. t. "You shall not gage me By what we do to-night ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n gage A pledge or pawn; a movable chattel laid down or given as security for the performance of some act or the fulfilment of some condition.
    • n gage The act of pledging, or the state of being pledged; pawn; security.
    • n gage Anything thrown down as a token of challenge to combat; hence, challenge. Formerly it was customary for the challenger to cast on the ground some article, most commonly a glove or gauntlet, which was taken up by the accepter of the challenge. See gauntlet.
    • gage To pledge, pawn, or stake; give or deposit as a gage or security; wage or wager.
    • gage To bind by pledge, caution, or security; engage.
    • gage To measure the content or capacity of, as a vessel; more generally, to ascertain by test or measurement the capacity, dimensions, proportions, quantity, amount, or force of; measure or ascertain by measurement: as, to gage a barrel or other receptacle (see gaging); to gage the pressure of steam, or the force of the wind; to gage a stone for cutting it to the proper size.
    • gage To measure in respect to capability, power, character, or behavior; take cognizance of the capacity, capability, or power of; appraise; estimate: as, to gage a person's character very accurately.
    • gage In needlework, especially dressmaking, to pucker in parallel rows by means of gathering-threads, either for ornament or to hold the material firmly in place.
    • n gage A standard of measure; an instrument for determining the dimensions, capacity, quantity, force, etc., of anything; hence, any standard of comparison or estimation; measure in general: as, a gage for the thickness of wires; to take the gage of a man's ability.
    • n gage Specifically— In the air-pump, an instrument of various forms for indicating the degree of exhaustion in the receiver. The kind most commonly used is the siphon-gage (which see, below).
    • n gage In joinery, an instrument for striking a line on a board, etc., parallel to its edge, consisting of a square rod with a marker near its end and an adjustable sliding piece for a guide.
    • n gage In printing, a measure of the length of a page, or a graduated strip of wood, metal, or cardboard for determining the number of lines of type of a certain size in a given space.
    • n gage In type-founding, a piece of hard wood or polished steel, variously notched, used to adjust the dimensions, slopes, etc., of the various sorts of letters.
    • n gage Same as grip, 7. (See also caliber-gage, center-gage, gaging-rod, pressure-gage, rain-gage, steam-gage, wind-gage, and phrases below.)
    • n gage A standard or determinate dimension, quantity, or amount; a fixed or standard measurement. In railroad construction, the width or distance between the rails: as, standard, broad, or narrow gage. The standard gage is 4 feet 8½ inches. A greater distance between the rails constitutes a broad gage, a less distance a narrow gage.
    • n gage Nautical: The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.
    • n gage The position of a ship with reference to another vessel and to the wind. When to the windward she is said to have the weather-gage; when to the leeward, the lee-gage.
    • n gage A quart pot.
    • n gage An instrument for measuring the diameter of the bore of a cannon at any part of its length. It consists of a graduated brass tube having at one end a head from which radiate two fixed and two movable steel points. A slider in the graduated tube pushes outward the movable points as may be necessary.
    • n gage A name given to several varieties of plum: as, the green gage, golden gage, transparent gage, etc.
    • gage To adjust the proper quantity of water to be used in mixing hydraulic cement.
    • n gage A pipeful of tobacco.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Gage gāj a pledge: something thrown down as a challenge, as a glove
    • v.t Gage to bind by pledge or security: offer as a guarantee: to stake, wager
    • Gage . See Gauge.
    • n Gage gāj name applied to several varieties of plum.
    • n Gage a measuring-rod: a standard of measure: estimate
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. gage, LL. gadium, wadium,; of German origin; cf. Goth. wadi, OHG. wetti, weti, akin to E. wed,. See Wed, and cf. Wage (n.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. gauge (Fr. jauge), gauger; prob. related to jale, bowl, to galon, gallon, or to jalon, measuring stake.

Usage

In literature:

There Miss Anthony, taking the parchment from Mrs. Gage, stepped forward and presented it to Mr.
"Susan B. Anthony" by Alma Lutz
The rail is the broad gage; and we hardly felt the motion, so excellent is the road.
"Young Americans Abroad" by Various
The little church is rich in interesting memorials of the Gages, who have been the lords of Firle for many a long year.
"Highways & Byways in Sussex" by E.V. Lucas
Fuel reserve gage stuck, and used all my rockets.
"The Black Star Passes" by John W Campbell
General Gage sent them.
"A Little Girl in Old Salem" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
The gage of battle had been thrown down.
"The Wonder Island Boys: The Tribesmen" by Roger Finlay
Through the gage let him pass out, back to his country.
"The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria" by Morris Jastrow
The hand must not, under any circumstances, be used to move the gage along.
"Carpentry for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
General Gage's position at this time was a trying one for a man of his temperament.
"The War of Independence" by John Fiske
J. H. Gage, Hamilton, Ontario, planted one Ohio walnut in 1924, moved it in 1925.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Twenty-Fifth Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
If she could only get the weather-gage, we would startle the Frenchmen in a way which would amaze them.
"Kilgorman" by Talbot Baines Reed
But Gage was neither fit to reconcile nor to subdue.
"The Loyalists of America and Their Times, Vol. 1 of 2" by Egerton Ryerson
And you heard what the man said: it isn't fair to gage the working day by the capacity of the strongest.
"Just Patty" by Jean Webster
J. F. GAGE, Boston, Mass.
"Scientific American, Volume XLIII., No. 25, December 18, 1880" by Various
Thus the boys of America impressed General Gage with their courage and patriotism and grew up to be good men.
"Comic History of the United States" by Bill Nye
They have pretty well maintained that reputation since the time of Friar Thomas Gage.
"Mexico and its Religion" by Robert A. Wilson
General Gage sent a force to destroy it.
"Hurricane Hurry" by W.H.G. Kingston
Now, to their great satisfaction, there was a shift of wind, which gave them the weather-gage.
"True Blue" by W.H.G. Kingston
He had thrown down the gage of battle.
"The Highgrader" by William MacLeod Raine
Parker, busy with his gages and oil-can, gave one look up the road and went on with his labors.
"The Rainy Day Railroad War" by Holman Day
***

In poetry:

He gained the weather-gage of both,
He held them both a-lee;
And gun for gun, till set of sun,
He spoke them fair and free;
"The Constitution's Last Fight" by James Jeffrey Roche
"Yet fools are often dangerous enemies;
As meanest reptiles are most venomous:
Nor e'er could Gage, by craft or prowess,
Have done a whit more mischief to us;
Since he began th' unnat'ral war,
The work his masters sent him for.
"M'Fingal - Canto I" by John Trumbull
From brows ignoble fell the violet crown.
Again the warning sounds; the hosts engage:
In Cleon's face we fling our battle gage,
We win as foes of Cleon loud renown;
But while we think to build the coming age
The laurel on our brows is turning brown.
"The Only Way" by Louis V Ledoux

In news:

Thorndal Justin and Heidi Thorndal of Rogers announce the birth of their son, Gage Stephan, Monday, Oct 15, 2012, at North Memorial Medical Center in Robbinsdale.
Gage weighed 8 pounds, 9.6 ounces and was 21 inches long.
Rutland returns Russell and Fagan to Montpelier, adds Cupoli and Gage .
The forthcoming West Town restaurant from Billy Lawless (The Gage, Henri) will take over the former Orange space at 730 West Grand Avenue starting this spring.
Republican Don Gage returns as mayor.
In south Santa Clara County, Don Gage seized a commanding lead -- about 55 percent -- and held it past 1 am to return as mayor of Gilroy.
The Gages ' home in Fayetteville became a station on the Underground Railroad.
Thursday's meeting also served as an update of GAGE 's recent activities, coupled with a pitch for donations to the group.
Phineas Gage NOVA scienceNOW PBS.
Vroman Gage, 81, formerly of Potsdam.
Vroman Gage, 81, Palm Beach Gardens, formerly of Potsdam, died Monday, Oct 15.
Nobody Can Say Gage & Tollner, Brooklyn Landmark, Looks Its Age.
Anthony High School's Luke Gage remained unbeaten through three Maui Interscholastic League air riflery meets this year, winning Saturday's boys event in Wailuku by two points.
A Funeral Service was conducted for Justin R Gage, 27, of Warren, Pa. Oct 11, at St Jospeh R C. Church with Fr Richard Toohey, Pastor.
Olympus NDT, a global provider of nondestructive testing technologies, has introduced the handheld 45MG ultrasonic thickness gage, packed with measurement features and software options.
***

In science:

The use of this variable ensures a local radial-gage-invariance of the approach to solution of this problem.
Novel Geometrical Models of Relativistic Stars. I. The General Scheme
We shall also review the problem of the Nastrom-Gage energy spectrum of the atmosphere, and recent theories that have been proposed to explain it.
Recent Developments in Understanding Two-dimensional Turbulence and the Nastrom-Gage Spectrum
Good reviews on the Nastrom-Gage spectrum can also be found in the papers by Lindborg 73, 75 .
Recent Developments in Understanding Two-dimensional Turbulence and the Nastrom-Gage Spectrum
Section 4 discusses the problem of the Nastrom-Gage energy spectrum.
Recent Developments in Understanding Two-dimensional Turbulence and the Nastrom-Gage Spectrum
This remarkably robust spectrum is widely known as the Nastrom-Gage spectrum (see Figure 1).
Recent Developments in Understanding Two-dimensional Turbulence and the Nastrom-Gage Spectrum
As pointed out by Gage and Nastrom 48, observational information on the vertical velocity spectrum revealed that there is a basic inconsistency between the observed spectra and theories of internal waves as the cause of the mesoscale spectrum.
Recent Developments in Understanding Two-dimensional Turbulence and the Nastrom-Gage Spectrum
The “remarkable degree of universality” (Gage and Nastrom 1986) in spectral amplitude and in spectral shape over the entire range of wavelengths encompassing both the −3 and the −5/3 parts of the spectrum is “hard to explain” if it were due to forcing on two ends of the spectrum by two unrelated physical processes.
Recent Developments in Understanding Two-dimensional Turbulence and the Nastrom-Gage Spectrum
So, in a sense, the Tung-Orlando theory is that the entire Nastrom-Gage spectrum can be conceptualized as a double cascade of both energy and potential enstrophy.
Recent Developments in Understanding Two-dimensional Turbulence and the Nastrom-Gage Spectrum
Otherwise, the model will degenerate into two two-dimensional turbulence layers, and we know that for each layer Danilov’s inequality would hold and no transition in the Nastrom-Gage spectrum can be obtained.
Recent Developments in Understanding Two-dimensional Turbulence and the Nastrom-Gage Spectrum
The situation becomes even more interesting for the case of flows that are approximately two-dimensional, and especially in the context of understanding the Nastrom Gage energy spectrum of the atmosphere.
Recent Developments in Understanding Two-dimensional Turbulence and the Nastrom-Gage Spectrum
Gage, K., Nastrom, G.: Theoretical interpretation of atmospheric wavenumber spectra of wind and temperature observed by commercial aircraft during GASP. J.
Recent Developments in Understanding Two-dimensional Turbulence and the Nastrom-Gage Spectrum
Nastrom, G., Gage, K., Jasperson, W.: The atmospheric kinetic energy spectrum, 100 − 104 km.
Recent Developments in Understanding Two-dimensional Turbulence and the Nastrom-Gage Spectrum
Fracture however did not always occur in the gage area where the cross-sectional area was the smallest, which contradicted the assumption of isotropy and homogeneity.
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
For the other tests, the actual fracture location was not reported and therefore one can only assume that the fracture occurred in the gage area.
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
The variation of the cross-section along the length of the coupons shows that the gage area cross-sectional areas was close to the target (1.25 mm) for all the coupons (figures 8 and 9), whereas the crosssectional area of the ends varied greatly from sample to sample.
Tensile material properties of human rib cortical bone under quasi-static and dynamic failure loading and influence of the bone microstucture on failure characteristics
***