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force

Definitions

  • "He hit out with all his force."
    "He hit out with all his force."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v force impose urgently, importunately, or inexorably "She forced her diet fads on him"
    • v force do forcibly; exert force "Don't force it!"
    • v force cause to move by pulling "draw a wagon","pull a sled"
    • v force force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically "She rammed her mind into focus","He drives me mad"
    • v force squeeze like a wedge into a tight space "I squeezed myself into the corner"
    • v force take by force "Storm the fort"
    • v force urge or force (a person) to an action; constrain or motivate
    • v force move with force, "He pushed the table into a corner"
    • v force to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city" "He squeezed her for information"
    • n force a putout of a base runner who is required to run; the putout is accomplished by holding the ball while touching the base to which the runner must advance before the runner reaches that base "the shortstop got the runner at second on a force"
    • n force an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists) "he may accomplish by craft in the long run what he cannot do by force and violence in the short one"
    • n force (of a law) having legal validity "the law is still in effect"
    • n force physical energy or intensity "he hit with all the force he could muster","it was destroyed by the strength of the gale","a government has not the vitality and forcefulness of a living man"
    • n force a powerful effect or influence "the force of his eloquence easily persuaded them"
    • n force a unit that is part of some military service "he sent Caesar a force of six thousand men"
    • n force a group of people having the power of effective action "he joined forces with a band of adventurers"
    • n force group of people willing to obey orders "a public force is necessary to give security to the rights of citizens"
    • n force one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority "the mysterious presence of an evil power","may the force be with you","the forces of evil"
    • n force (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity "force equals mass times acceleration"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Rival Forces The Rival Forces
All of Them Forced to Sea and Drowned--4-08-422 All of Them Forced to Sea and Drowned--4-08-422
The men force the cayman out of the water The men force the cayman out of the water

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Squids move through the ocean using a jet of water forced out of the body by a siphon
    • n Force A waterfall; a cascade. "To see the falls for force of the river Kent."
    • Force (Physics) Any action between two bodies which changes, or tends to change, their relative condition as to rest or motion; or, more generally, which changes, or tends to change, any physical relation between them, whether mechanical, thermal, chemical, electrical, magnetic, or of any other kind; as, the force of gravity; cohesive force; centrifugal force. "Thy tears are of no force to mollify
      This flinty man."
      "More huge in strength than wise in works he was.""Adam and first matron Eve
      Had ended now their orisons, and found Strength added from above, new hope to spring
      Out of despair."
    • Force Capacity of exercising an influence or producing an effect; strength or energy of body or mind; active power; vigor; might; often, an unusual degree of strength or energy; especially, power to persuade, or convince, or impose obligation; pertinency; validity; special signification; as, the force of an appeal, an argument, a contract, or a term. "He was, in the full force of the words, a good man."
    • Force Power exerted against will or consent; compulsory power; violence; coercion; as, by force of arms; to take by force . "Which now they hold by force, and not by right."
    • Force (Law) Strength or power exercised without law, or contrary to law, upon persons or things; violence.
    • Force Strength or power for war; hence, a body of land or naval combatants, with their appurtenances, ready for action; -- an armament; troops; warlike array; -- often in the plural; hence, a body of men prepared for action in other ways; as, the laboring force of a plantation; the armed forces . "Is Lucius general of the forces ?"
    • Force To allow the force of; to value; to care for. "For me, I force not argument a straw."
    • Force To be of force, importance, or weight; to matter. "It is not sufficient to have attained the name and dignity of a shepherd, not forcing how."
    • Force (Whist) To compel (an adversary or partner) to trump a trick by leading a suit of which he has none.
    • Force To compel, as by strength of evidence; as, to force conviction on the mind.
    • Force To constrain to do or to forbear, by the exertion of a power not resistible; to compel by physical, moral, or intellectual means; to coerce; as, masters force slaves to labor.
    • Force To do violence to; to overpower, or to compel by violence to one's will; especially, to ravish; to violate; to commit rape upon. "To force their monarch and insult the court.""I should have forced thee soon wish other arms.""To force a spotless virgin's chastity."
    • Force To exert to the utmost; to urge; hence, to strain; to urge to excessive, unnatural, or untimely action; to produce by unnatural effort; as, to force a conceit or metaphor; to force a laugh; to force fruits. "High on a mounting wave my head I bore, Forcing my strength, and gathering to the shore."
    • Force To impel, drive, wrest, extort, get, etc., by main strength or violence; -- with a following adverb, as along away from into through out, etc. "It stuck so fast, so deeply buried lay
      That scarce the victor forced the steel away."
      "To force the tyrant from his seat by war.""Ethelbert ordered that none should be forced into religion."
    • Force To make a difficult matter of anything; to labor; to hesitate; hence, to force of, to make much account of; to regard. "Your oath once broke, you force not to forswear.""I force not of such fooleries."
    • Force To obtain, overcome, or win by strength; to take by violence or struggle; specifically, to capture by assault; to storm, as a fortress; as, to force the castle; to force a lock.
    • Force To provide with forces; to reënforce; to strengthen by soldiers; to man; to garrison.
    • Force To put in force; to cause to be executed; to make binding; to enforce. "What can the church force more?"
    • v. t Force To stuff; to lard; to farce. "Wit larded with malice, and malice forced with wit."
    • Force To use violence; to make violent effort; to strive; to endeavor. "Forcing with gifts to win his wanton heart."
    • Force (Law) Validity; efficacy.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Sharks are so powerful that their bite can generate a force of up to 18 tons per square inch
    • n force In general, strength, physical or mental, material or spiritual; active power; vigor; might.
    • n force Power exerted against will or consent; compulsory power; coercion; violence; especially, violence to person or property. In law it implies either the exertion of physical power upon persons or things, or the exercise of constraint of the will by display of physical menace. Words do not constitute force in this sense, but gestures may. Force is implied in every case of trespass, disseizin, or rescue.
    • n force Moral power to convince the mind; power to act as a motive or a reason; convincing power: as, the force of an argument.
    • n force Power to bind or hold, as of a law, agreement, or contract.
    • n force Value; significance; meaning; import: as, I do not see the force of your remark.
    • n force Weight; matter; importance; consequence. Compare no force, below.
    • n force A union of individuals and means for a common purpose; a body of persons prepared for joint action of any kind; especially, a military organization; an army or navy, or any distinct military aggregation: as, a force of workmen; a police force; the military and naval forces of a country; the party rallied its forces for the election.
    • n force In physics: Strictly, the immediate cause of a change in the velocity or direction of motion of a body; a component acceleration, due to a special cause, paired with the mass of the moving body; a directed or vector quantity of the dimensions of a mass multiplied by an acceleration or rate of change of a velocity, this quantity representing the instantaneous effect of any definite cause affecting the motion of a body. The distinct mechanical apprehension of force is modern. Archimedes discovered the elements of the theory of the pressures upon bodies at rest, but it was not until the seventeenth century that, by the labors of mathematicians from Galileo to Newton, the general mode in which bodies move became sufficiently understood to give a perfectly definite meaning to the word, and indeed the development of the idea has not yet ceased. A particle infinitely remote from others, so that no special influences would work upon it, would retain a velocity constant in amount and direction. The effect of any cause is to produce an alteration of velocity; and when this happens the cause is said to exert force upon the particle. The explanation of what is meant by a force is dependent upon the mechanical notion of the composition of motions, according to which, for example, if a man walks on the deck of a ship, his motion relatively to the sea is said to be compounded of his motion relatively to the ship and of the motion of the ship relatively to the sea. In general terms, if a particle which at any instant is at any point of space, A, has a partial or component motion which at the end of a second would carry it to a point B, and at the same time has another component motion which would carry it in the same time to a point C, the result of the two motions will be that it is carried to a point D, such that ABCD is a parallelogram, as in the figure. It necessarily follows that accelerations of velocity are compounded in a similar manner: namely, if a particle is at any instant under such circumstances that according to a law of nature its velocity undergoes the acceleration represented by the line AB, while at the same time, owing to other circumstances, it undergoes another alteration represented by the line AC, these two alterations are compounded by the same principle; and if the point D completes the parallelogram ABCD, the alteration represented by the diagonal AD is the result of compounding the two other alterations. This is called the principle of the parallelogram of forces. The polygon of forces is merely a complicated application of the same principle, according to which, if the velocity of a particle experiences several simultaneous alterations, represented by all the successive sides but one of a polygon taken in one continuous order, the result is an alteration represented by the last side in the direction of the last point from the first. The operation of thus compounding several simultaneous changes of velocity is termed the composition of forces, the partial changes are termed components, and the result of the operation the resultant. When a body is under the influence of a force, it has what is called a tendency to motion, which consists in its actually receiving, under all circumstances, in each unit of time, so long as the force acts, a motion in a definite direction and of fixed amount, which motion is compounded with the motion already impressed upon the body, together with the effects of other forces to which it may be simultaneously subject. Thus, every body at the surface of the earth, in consequence of the force of gravity, actually receives an increase of downward velocity at the rate of 32 feet per second; and if it does not fall on the whole, it is because it is at the same time, in consequence of the elastic compression of the support upon which it rests, projected upward with the same increase of velocity per second. The component forces when due to definite causes are also called impressed forces; the resultant of all of them is called the effective force. By the same principle, any alteration of velocity may be separated into several, and this is called the resolution of forces, although no one of the components may represent the total effect of any definite cause. When a velocity or alteration of velocity is thus resolved into three components at right angles to one another, each is termed the resultant resolved in that direction. By the law of action and reaction, whenever a body has its velocity altered owing to any cause, some other body has its velocity altered in precisely the opposite direction. The alterations are not of equal magnitude, but when each is multiplied by a quantity which is constant for each portion of matter undergoing an alteration of velocity—this constant being termed the mass or amount of matter—the two products are equal. All alterations of velocity take place gradually and continuously. The rate of change of velocity, together with its direction, coupled with or multiplied by the mass of the body undergoing the change of motion, is a force, properly so called, or accelerating force. According to this, the accepted view of the matter, force is nothing occult, but is simply the product of a mass by a component acceleration due to a definite position relatively to another body or to some other circumstance. Nevertheless, many writers regard force as an occult something which causes or explains the alterations of the velocities of bodies; and no writers who employ the word at all altogether avoid the use of phrases which seem to bear such a meaning. An impulsive force is the amount of a sudden finite change of motion multiplied by the mass of the moving body; it is not supposed there really are any such forces, but it is occasionally convenient to regard forces as impulsive. A force is defined by its intensity or amount, its direction, its point of application, and the time at which it exists. The point of application of a force is the particle which is immediately and directly affected by it.
    • n force Loosely— Any mechanical cause or element. This use of the word, which dates from before the development of clear conceptions of dynamics, is now obsolete with physicists except in special connections. Older writers speak of momentum and even of inertia as a force. Such expressions, and even the reference to pressures as forces (except in the phrase centrifugal force), are now obsolete. On the other hand, accelerations are still frequently called forces. Energy is now rarely termed force, except in the phrase living force (vis viva): thus, in technical language, it is no longer correct to speak of the force of the waves or of a cannon-ball, but of their power or energy. Special affections of matter giving rise to force, such as elasticity and electrification, are frequently called forces, although they are properly powers. Other phenomena, such as electricity, light, etc., are still loosely called forces by some technical writers.
    • n force Some influence or agency conceived of as analogous to physical forces: as, vital forces; social forces; economic forces; developmental forces.
    • n force In billiards, a stroke on the cue-ba11 somewhat below the center, causing it to recoil after striking the object-ball.
    • n force The upper die in a stamping-press.
    • n force In an erroneous use, a repulsive force causing a revolving body to fly away from the center of revolution. Writers on attractions sometimes so use the word.
    • n force A fictitious force repelling every particle of the earth from the axis by an amount equal to the centrifugal force in sense . With this hypothesis, and supposing the earth not to rotate, the statical effects are the same as in the actual case; but the dynamical effects are different.
    • n force As used by many high authorities, the reaction of a moving body against the force which makes it move in a curved path. In this sense it is a real force. It does not, however, act upon the moving body, but upon the deflecting body; and, far from giving the former a tendency to fly away from the center, it is but an aspect of that stress which holds it to the curved trajectory. The centrifugal force in sense may be regarded as that in sense transferred from the deflecting to the deflected bodies.
    • n force A bill for the protection of political and civil rights in the South. It became a law May 31st, 1870.
    • n force A bill similar to, but of still more stringent character, enacted April 20th, 1871.
    • n force See motive, a.
    • force To act effectively upon by force, physical, mental, or moral, in any manner; impel by force; compel; constrain.
    • force To overcome or overthrow by force; accomplish one's purpose upon or in regard to by force or compulsion; compel to succumb, give way, or yield.
    • force To effect by effort or a special or unusual application of force; bring about or promote by some artificial means: as, to force the passage of a river against an enemy; to force a jest.
    • force To cause to grow, develop, or mature under unnaturally stimulating or favorable conditions. Specifically— To hasten or enlarge the growth of, as flowers, fruits, etc., by means of artificial heat and shelter, as in hothouses or hotbeds.
    • force To impose or impress by force; compel the acceptance or endurance of: with on or upon: as, to force one's company or views on another; to force conviction on the mind.
    • force To furnish with a force; man; garrison.
    • force To put in force; make binding; enforce.
    • force In card-playing: In whist, to compel (a player) to trump a trick by leading a card of a suit of which he has none, which trick otherwise would be taken by an opponent: as, to force one's partner.
    • force To compel (a person) to play so as to make known the strength of his hand.
    • force To attach force or importance to; have regard to; care for.
    • force In Roman law, one obliged to accept a succession, however involved the estate might be.
    • force Hence — To compel one to disclose his intentions, plans, or resources.
    • force Synonyms and To oblige, necessitate, coerce.
    • force To use force or violence; make violent effort; strive; endeavor.
    • force To be of force or importance; be of significance or consequence.
    • force To care; hesitate; scruple.
    • force To stuff; farce.
    • n force A waterfall.
    • force To clip or shear, as the beard or wool. In particular
    • force To clip off the upper and more hairy part of (wool), for export: a practice forbidden by stat.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The anemometer is an instrument which measures the force, velocity, or pressure of the wind.
    • n Force fōrs strength, power, energy: efficacy: validity: influence: vehemence: violence: coercion or compulsion: military or naval strength (often in pl.): an armament:
    • v.t Force to draw or push by main strength: to compel: to constrain: to compel by strength of evidence: to take by violence: to ravish:
    • v.i Force to strive: to hesitate
    • n Force fōrs a waterfall.
    • v.t Force fōrs (cook.) to stuff, as a fowl
    • n Force fōrs (mech.) any cause which changes the direction or speed of the motion of a portion of matter
    • v.t Force (hort.) to cause to grow or ripen rapidly: to compel one's partner at whist to trump a trick by leading a card of a suit of which he has none: to make a player play so as to reveal the strength of his hand
    • ***

Quotations

  • Jewish Proverb
    Jewish Proverb
    “You can't force anyone to love you or lend you money.”
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau
    Jean%20Jacques%20Rousseau
    “With children use force with men reason; such is the natural order of things. The wise man requires no law.”
  • Anne Sophie Swetchine
    Anne%20Sophie%20Swetchine
    “One must be a somebody before they can have a enemy. One must be a force before he can be resisted by another force.”
  • John Bright
    John Bright
    “Force is not a remedy.”
  • Ben Johnson
    Ben%20Johnson
    “Force works on servile natures, not the free.”
  • Saying
    Saying
    “Force is that which rules the actions without regulating the will.”

Idioms

Be out in force - If people are out in force, they are present somewhere in large numbers.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. forcier, F. forcer, fr. LL. forciare, fortiare,. See Force (n.)

Usage

In literature:

They surprised several large forces of Indians in different places.
"Four American Indians" by Edson L. Whitney
Finding that force would not serve, Olga tried stratagem, in which she was such an adept.
"Historic Tales, Vol. 8 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
Polynikes was in the wrong, and was forced to leave Thebes, while Eteocles remained.
"Historic Tales, vol 10 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
The tale we have now to tell forces us to pass rapidly over years of history.
"Historic Tales, Volume 11 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
The force and effect in a great measure depends on the length of this part, when adequate force is applied.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Col. Anglesea and Mrs. Force played against Mr. Force and Miss Meeke.
"Her Mother's Secret" by Emma D. E. N. Southworth
A force which makes a vigorous bayonet charge in the dark will often throw a much larger force into disorder.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
He marched his force in the direction of Santa Fe in New Granada, hoping to push through to Peru.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
The man who forced their hands was General Martinez Campos, a junior general.
"The Chronicles of a Gay Gordon" by José Maria Gordon
Yet the fall of a stone to the ground is the manifestation of a force quite as interesting as the force of magnetism.
"The Story of the Heavens" by Robert Stawell Ball
He summoned the admiral to repel force by force.
"Lectures on the French Revolution" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
The slow but inexorable march of the mightiest glacier of the Alps, though comparable, was not equal to this in force.
"The Johnstown Horror" by James Herbert Walker
Each in turn was forced to bow the knee before overwhelming odds.
"The American Empire" by Scott Nearing
Does it mean that we transfer the right to repel force by force?
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
Infliction of loss on enemy forces, or support of own forces hard pressed, may always seem tempting immediate objectives in war.
"Sound Military Decision" by U.s. Naval War College
At the date of the armistice, the 11th of November 1918, the united Royal Air Force was incomparably the strongest air force in the world.
"The War in the Air; Vol. 1" by Walter Raleigh
But social forces are just as distinctly discernible as chemical forces.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
Law did then what governments do so often, and always with ill-success: he resorted to forced measures.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, v. 13" by Various
General Curtis was obliged to scatter his forces in that destitute country over a wide expanse so as to obtain food and forage.
"The Battle of Atlanta" by Grenville M. Dodge
The balance of social forces.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
***

In poetry:

A month or more hath she been dead,
Yet cannot I by force be led
To think upon the wormy bed
And her together.
"Hester" by Charles Lamb
And the ugly gyant Dynabus,
Soe terrible to vewe,
That in Saint Barnards mount did lye,
By force of armes I slew.
"The Legend of King Arthur" by Thomas Percy
With fearful voice and headlong force
It rushes on its prey,
And sweeps the rider and his horse
In one fell swoop away.
"Parables And Riddles" by Friedrich von Schiller
And, Lora! when I saw thee show
The mighty poet's thought,
The poet's truth, with vivid force,
Before my mind was brought.
"To Lora Gordon Boon" by James Avis Bartley
Who will arise and plead my right
Against my num'rous foes,
While earth and hell their force unite,
And all my hopes oppose?
"Psalm 94 part 2" by Isaac Watts
Brave Forbes to his brither did say,
"Noo brither, dinna ye see?
They beat us back on ilka side,
An we'se be forced to flee."
"Traditionary Version" by Andrew Lang

In news:

Presidential pet Bo clims the stairs of Air Force One Aug 4 2010 at Andrews Air Force Base, Md.
President Barack Obama waves as he boards Air Force One before his departure from Andrews Air Force Base, Sunday, Sept, 30, 2012.
A de Havilland Tiger Moth from the 1930s was the focus of all eyes during a flyby at the Indian Air Force Day parade at the Hindon Air Force Station on the outskirts of New Dehli on Monday.
AIR FORCE ACADEMY — Air Force football fans have caught bowl-game fever.
The Air Force is trying to determine whether blood samples can be used to measure trust in a million-dollar research project at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in western Ohio.
President Barack Obama boards Air Force One, Friday, April 13, 2012, at Andrews Air Force Base, Md.
Air Force Reserve Airman 1st Class Oscar O Weke graduated from basic military training at Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas.
Air Force Reserve Airman Jonathan C Welsher, son of Ludi Welsher of Mentone, graduated from basic military training at Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas.
At the end of August and extending into September, the US Army Air Forces 8th Air Force 95th Heavy Bombardment Group personnel remnants and their descendents assembled in Cleveland, Ohio, for the annual reunion.
People from Mountain Home Air Force Base and the local community will join forces to bring a "taste of home" to dorm residents and those deployed overseas during an annual airmen's holiday cookie drive.
In general the United States Air Force shall include aviation forces both combat and service not otherwise assigned.
Active Duty Air Force Airman 1st Class Jason W Land graduated from basic military training at Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas.
A gunman wearing an Afghan army uniform shot and killed a member of the U.S.-led coalition forces fighting in Afghanistan on Sunday -- the latest in a spate of insider attacks that are fracturing the trust between NATO and Afghan forces.
The US Air Force launched the robotic X-37B space plane in early 2010 on a space mission that remains a secret -- even after the craft touched ground 225 days later at Vandenberg Air Force Base.
Air Force officials say they're exploring the possibility of developing a biomass-fueled power plant at Holloman Air Force Base in southern New Mexico.
***

In science:

Thus, the external force will induce a first order phase transition at the threshold force fc, which decreases as the temperature increases (see Fig. 2).
Force-Induced Melting and Thermal Melting of a Double-Stranded Biopolymer
The most frequent scenario for proving the consistency of such an inequality x < y is [S] to first force the Continuum Hypothesis and then choose a proper forcing P and iterate it with countable support ℵ2 many times, reaching the iterated P extension.
Countable Support Iteration Revisited
At this distance a force of the Coulomb interaction between quasiparticles that form the exciton, becomes equal to an external random force appearing due to the disorder potential.
Activation Energy in a Quantum Hall Ferromagnet and Non-Hartree-Fock Skyrmions
Lorentz Force ]There is a force when a particle is moving in a gravitational magnetic field.
Gauge Theory of Gravity
In electromagnetic field theory, this force is usually called Lorentz force.
Gauge Theory of Gravity
FIG. 3. (a) Force distribution P (F /hF i) obtained by scaling F by the average force hF i of each configuration using the harmonic potential in 3D with N = 1024.
Random Packings of Frictionless Particles
RR (A, B), DET (C, D) and L (E, F) for the forced autoregressive process and the forcing function (L has the unit of time).
Nonlinear analysis of bivariate data with cross recurrence plots
The force-velocity (F − ν ) curves show that packaging rate decreases even for small forces, implying that the rate determining step in the packaging is affected by the externally applied force.
A simple model for the kinetics of packaging of DNA in to a capsid against an external force
That example shows that even in CM, there is a difference between a real gravitational force produced by a distribution of mass and an inertial force acting in a non-inertial frame.
Can the notion of a homogeneous gravitational field be transferred from classical mechanics to the Relativistic Theory of Gravity ?
The positive exponent (1/2) in N implies that the maximum strength of the forcing occurs at the highest wavenumbers k, i.e., roughly at 1/10 of the box size. A summary of the forced simulations is given in Table 2.
The nonlinear development of the thermal instability in the atomic ISM and its interaction with random fluctuations
The force z is visualized by the grey shade, with smaller force being darker.
The complex scaling behavior of non--conserved self--organized critical systems
Therefore covector field Q is called force covector or force field of Newtonian dynamical system (7.2).
On the concept of normal shift in non-metric geometry
To describe the motion in the (z 1, z 2 ) coordinate system we need to add fictional forces to the Newton force law.
Gauge theory description of compactified pp-waves
Simulation data were generated using a parallel (OpenMP) version of the hydra code (Couchman, Thomas & Pearce 1995; Theuns et al. 1998), a combination of the AP3M algorithm (Couchman 1991) to compute gravitational forces and Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH; see Monaghan 1992) to calculate gas forces.
The impact of galaxy formation on X-ray groups
Bar forcing runs have also been performed with higher and lower forcing frequencies than the ones presented here.
On the Spiral Structure of NGC 2915 and Dark Matter
***