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ferment

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v ferment go sour or spoil "The milk has soured","The wine worked","The cream has turned--we have to throw it out"
    • v ferment cause to undergo fermentation "We ferment the grapes for a very long time to achieve high alcohol content","The vintner worked the wine in big oak vats"
    • v ferment work up into agitation or excitement "Islam is fermenting Africa"
    • v ferment be in an agitated or excited state "The Middle East is fermenting","Her mind ferments"
    • n ferment a process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances; especially, the anaerobic breakdown of sugar into alcohol
    • n ferment a state of agitation or turbulent change or development "the political ferment produced new leadership","social unrest"
    • n ferment a substance capable of bringing about fermentation
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Wasps that feed on ferment occasionally get drunk and pass out
    • Ferment A gentle internal motion of the constituent parts of a fluid; fermentation. "Down to the lowest lees the ferment ran."
    • Ferment Intestine motion; heat; tumult; agitation. "Subdue and cool the ferment of desire.""the nation is in a ferment ."
    • Ferment That which causes fermentation, as yeast, barm, or fermenting beer.
    • Ferment To be agitated or excited by violent emotions. "But finding no redress, ferment and rage.""The intellect of the age was a fermenting intellect."
    • v. t Ferment To cause ferment or fermentation in; to set in motion; to excite internal emotion in; to heat. "Ye vigorous swains! while youth ferments your blood."
    • Ferment To undergo fermentation; to be in motion, or to be excited into sensible internal motion, as the constituent particles of an animal or vegetable fluid; to work; to effervesce.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Dry wine is a wine that has been completely fermented, meaning that only 0.1% of the sugar remains.
    • n ferment A gentle boiling, or the internal motion of the constituent parts of a fluid.
    • n ferment That which is capable of causing fermentation. Ferments are of two kinds, organized and unorganized. Organized ferments belong to the lowest order of microscopic fungi. (See fermentation.) Unorganized or chemical ferments are substances capable of causing chemical changes in certain other substances without themselves being permanently changed in the process: as diastase, maltin, and ptyalin, which convert starch into a soluble modification or into sugar; pepsin, which dissolves proteids, forming peptones; emulsin, which resolves amygdalin into oil of bitter almonds, prussic acid, and dextrose.
    • n ferment Figuratively, commotion; heat; tumult; agitation: as, to put the passions in a ferment.
    • ferment To cause to boil gently; cause ebullition in.
    • ferment To cause fermentation in.
    • ferment Figuratively, to set in agitation; excite; arouse.
    • ferment To undergo fermentation.
    • ferment Figuratively, to be in agitation; be excited, as by violent emotions or passions, or great problems.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Ever wonder how Swiss cheese is made? As the cheese ferments, a bacterial action generates gas. As the gas is liberated, it bubbles through the cheese, leaving all those holes.
    • n Ferment fėr′ment what excites fermentation, as yeast, leaven: internal motion amongst the parts of a fluid: agitation: tumult
    • v.t Ferment to excite fermentation: to inflame
    • v.i Ferment to rise and swell by the action of fermentation: to work, used of wine, &c.: to be in excited action: to be stirred with anger
    • ***

Quotations

  • Matthew Arnold
    Matthew%20Arnold
    “Unquiet souls. In the dark fermentation of earth, in the never idle workshop of nature, in the eternal movement, yea shall find yourselves again.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. fermentum, ferment (in senses 1 & 2), perh. for fervimentum, fr. fervere, to be boiling hot, boil, ferment: cf. F. ferment,. Cf. 1st Barm Fervent

Usage

In literature:

Fermented camel's milk is much used all over western Asia.
"Wealth of the World's Waste Places and Oceania" by Jewett Castello Gilson
The water excludes air and assists in holding harmful fermentation in check.
"Crops and Methods for Soil Improvement" by Alva Agee
Since then woad has been little used except as a fermenting agent for the Indigo vat.
"Vegetable Dyes" by Ethel M. Mairet
The entire Oriental world, from China to the Mediterranean, is in ferment.
"The New World of Islam" by Lothrop Stoddard
By this striking discovery fermentation was connected with organic growth.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
But such a ferment was produced, that the experiment was put off to Sunday, 23d of July.
"A Modern History, From the Time of Luther to the Fall of Napoleon" by John Lord
Bran prevents intestinal fermentation and children who eat it are free from intestinal gas and putrefaction.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Vol 2 (of 4)" by W. Grant Hague
Attention to this point is of great moment, and materially affects the fermentation.
"Elements of Agricultural Chemistry" by Thomas Anderson
After colours and oily substances came the turn of fermentation.
"Bouvard and Pécuchet" by Gustave Flaubert
H: Degree of fermentation.
"A Study Of American Beers and Ales" by L.M. Tolman
The fermentation of food, if not the best, is certainly the cheapest mode of preparing it.
"The Stock-Feeder's Manual" by Charles Alexander Cameron
This stagnation will soon begin its work of fermentation of the fluids of fascia, then you see the rash.
"Philosophy of Osteopathy" by Andrew T. Still
Some great ferment of revolution was then abroad.
"The Posthumous Works of Thomas De Quincey, Vol. II (2 vols)" by Thomas De Quincey
It is next put up to ferment for four or five days, and repeatedly skimmed.
"Practical Taxidermy" by Montagu Browne
Doubtless the air at this altitude is free from the necessary spores or germs of ferment.
"The Ascent of Denali (Mount McKinley)" by Hudson Stuck
For soils that are rather heavy, it is therefore best to compost the peat with some rapidly fermenting manure.
"Peat and its Uses as Fertilizer and Fuel" by Samuel William Johnson
The way in which the material is piled influences the rapidity of fermentation, or the increase of temperature.
"Studies of American Fungi. Mushrooms, Edible, Poisonous, etc." by George Francis Atkinson
The Colonel, ever ready to quiet fermenting anger, laid his hand genially on the homespun-covered shoulder.
"Sunlight Patch" by Credo Fitch Harris
Stir them well together; and when the fermentation is abated, close the bung-hole in the usual way.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Take the sweetest cream, and squeeze in juice of lemon to your taste: put it into a churn, and shake it till it rises or ferments.
"The Lady's Own Cookery Book, and New Dinner-Table Directory;" by Charlotte Campbell Bury
***

In poetry:

Well fermented, weal and woe
Make soul's wine,--
And hereafter thou shalt know
How Life's bitter yeast below
Doth refine.
"The Mingled Cup" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
Until the full fermented risen spirit
Of ripened years will shoot up, like the smell
Of humid centifolia. It will have to
Reveal itself, it cannot help but tell.
"From early dawn the thirtieth of April..." by Boris Pasternak
Fermentation is for youth,
But serenity for age;
For a knowledge of the truth
Men have always sought the Sage,
And though youth may live with zest,
'Tis in age that one lives best.
"The Wine Of Life" by John Lawson Stoddard
What's brought to the barn, is in no better case,
But silently heats and ferments in the place,
Just ready to blaze — help, God of all might,
And let not our labours be frustrated quite.
"Another, On The Same Occasion" by Rees Prichard
It ain't the wine, it ain't the beer,
It ain't the gin-an'-two
That bows me 'ead in sorrer 'ere.
'Tain't no fermented brew
That druv me on to sin an' strife.
Hark: 'Ere's the story of me life.
"The Demon Milk" by C J Dennis
Opening the mists on a sudden through,
An Avenue!
Then, all one ferment of varied gold,
With foam of plumes where the chamfrom bends
Round his horse's head, that no bit doth hold,
St. George descends!
"St. George" by Emile Verhaeren

In news:

Members explore this multidisciplinary life-sciences field and discuss topics ranging from gene splicing and plant breeding to microbial fermentation and plant cell culture.
At the same time, she agrees that no-knead bread 's lengthy fermentation process makes it impractical for mass production.
According to owner Chris Wright, Pikes Peak Brewing Co. Also, the production area will grow to include two new 30-barrel fermenters, which will increase brewing capacity by 120 percent.
Time for fomenting & fermenting.
Few regions in the United States have Napa's experience in chardonnay and use of oak barrels to age and ferment wine.
STYLE, ORIGIN: Hard cider, made from fermented apple juice, pumpkin and spices.
Rotary Peninsula Beer Fest where " Civilization meets Fermentation.".
Brent Cohen, left, president of Renwood Winery, with Dave Crippen, Renwood's winemaker, among fermentation tanks and oak barrels at Renwood.
The miracle of fermentation, however, warrants a much longer celebration.
In Prosser grows grapes, crushes grapes and ferments grape juice, but don't look for its brand in the market.
More recently, we've dropped the fermentation in place of a simple curing in salt and sugar.
It fermented at a higher temperature than intended.
Gardening, Permaculture, Ferment, and Chickens.
Corn, wheat, rye fermented in new facility.
When you like the results of a home brew, you'll want to re-create it—and that means having kept track of not only ingredients but also boiling times and fermentation temperatures.
***

In science:

Bryant, “The characterization of mixing in fermenters,” Adv.
Measures of mixing quality in open flows with chaotic advection
Second, The use of timestamped epistemic operators and the introduction of the Lamport relation into the formal language implies greater expressivity that we hope will ferment new insights into the study of causation in distributed systems.
Causality, Knowledge and Coordination in Distributed Systems
There is a ferment of ideas in understanding QCD at high temperatures and at high density; it seems realistic to hope that we will produce usable predictions for the structure of neutron stars and for behavior in extreme astrophysical environments.
Future Summary
For instance, ruminants (for example the cow) and colobine monkeys (for example the langur) independently developed a fermentative foregut where cellulose is digested with the help of bacteria.
Biological Evolution and Statistical Physics
We provide this here because, first, Killip–Nenciu proved this result to provide a five-diagonal model for CUE (see below), and because the result was proven as part of the ferment stirred up by the CMV discovery.
CMV matrices: Five years after
Particle physics should be entering a new era of intellectual ferment and revolutionary advance.
ILC Reference Design Report Volume 1 - Executive Summary
Jones, K.O. (2006). Comparison of genetic algorithms and particle swarm optimization for fermentation feed profile determination, International Conference on Computer Systems and Tecnologies, pp.
Fuzzy Inference Systems Optimization
The result was pleasing, at least to me, for it demonstrated (once again) the enormous intellectual ferment that particle physics can generate.
Summary and Outlook
***