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federalism

Definitions

  • Federal Hall
    Federal Hall
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n federalism the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

VIEW OF BALTIMORE FROM FEDERAL HILL VIEW OF BALTIMORE FROM FEDERAL HILL

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: George Washington named Washington D.C. "Federal City." It was changed to "Washington D.C." after his death.
    • n Federalism The principles of Federalists or of federal union.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In the US, federal law states that children's TV shows may contain only 10 minutes of advertising per hour and on weekends the limit is 10 and one-half minutes.
    • n federalism The doctrine or system of federation or federal union in government; the principle of assigning to the care of a central government such matters of common concernment as may be agreed upon, and all others to that of the governments of the federated states, provinces, or tribes; more specifically, the aggregate principles or doctrines of a federal party, as the Federalists of the United States. Federalism has been practised by many uncivilized races, as the ancient German tribes and some of the American Indians, chiefly for warlike purposes. It existed for certain civil purposes also among the Greeks and other ancient and medieval peoples, as in the English heptarchy, was more largely developed in the old German empire, and has since been adopted in many countries, especially republics. (See federal, a., 2.) Its introduction into France was advocated by the Girondists after the fall of the monarchy.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The 1st US federal holiday honoring Martin Luther King, Jr. was in 1986.
    • ns Federalism the principles or cause maintained by federalists
    • ***

Quotations

  • James Madison
    James%20Madison
    “The proposed Constitution is, in strictness, neither a national nor a federal constitution; but a composition of both.”
  • Ronald Reagan
    Ronald%20Reagan
    “The taxpayer; that's someone who works for the federal government, but doesn't have to take a civil service examination.”
  • George Bush
    George Bush
    “If we've learned anything in the past quarter century, it is that we cannot federalize virtue.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. fédéralisme,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. fédéral—L. fœdus, fœderis, a treaty, akin to fidĕre, to trust.

Usage

In literature:

In the evening of the 4th Federals began to advance, slowly feeling their way.
"A History of Lumsden's Battery, C.S.A." by George Little
From the tariff of 1828 dates a new era in American Federal legislation.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
Church federation, however, promises large results in this direction and should be especially encouraged.
"Chapters in Rural Progress" by Kenyon L. Butterfield
Years later on it fell to me to have a tussle with Honest Tom when he was Minister for Defence in the Federal Government.
"The Chronicles of a Gay Gordon" by José Maria Gordon
Federal city under federal jurisdiction, 271, 320.
"The Critical Period of American History" by John Fiske
Amendment to the Federal Constitution, prohibiting the disfranchisement of any of their citizens on account of sex.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume II"
Amendments to the Federal Constitution of Australia may be proposed by an absolute majority of both Houses of Parliament.
"The Spirit of American Government" by J. Allen Smith
The movement which is now gaining ground in favour of federation among trade unionists generally, is one of Socialist origin.
"British Socialism" by J. Ellis Barker
FEDERATED MALAY STATES, INCLUDING STRAITS SETTLEMENTS.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
Atherton, Joshua, opposes federal Constitution, 330.
"Patrick Henry" by Moses Coit Tyler
The federal authorities were importuned to stop the movement.
"Negro Migration during the War" by Emmett J. Scott
A {127} federation it had to be, but a federation designed in the narrowest sense.
"The Fathers of Confederation" by A. H. U. Colquhoun
During this time, Forrest, under a flag of truce, summoned the federals to surrender within a half hour.
"The Black Phalanx" by Joseph T. Wilson
While on the skirmish line at 1 a. m., 2d February, we saw a Federal gunboat blown up.
"The Southern Soldier Boy" by James Carson Elliott
The Federals have reached the ditch.
"Lee's Last Campaign" by John C. Gorman
With the decline in the influence of the Civil War veterans in politics, the possibility of Federal interference has steadily decreased.
"Contemporary American History, 1877-1913" by Charles A. Beard
The postal services and the telegraphs are administered by the federal government.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 8" by Various
On the outbreak of the revolution of '68 he advocated a Federal Republic in a magnificent oration.
"A Biographical Dictionary of Freethinkers of All Ages and Nations" by Joseph Mazzini Wheeler
She will develop either into the staunchest of allies in any imperial federation, or the most recalcitrant and isolated of colonies.
"The African Colony" by John Buchan
Federal Government, 147, 322, 332, 368, 432, 476, 549; Federal war tax as index of grain speculation, 251.
"The Value of Money" by Benjamin M. Anderson, Jr.
***

In poetry:

"And if a thing suits one it should,
Quite clearly, suit the two.
And if this Federation's good
For me, it's good for you.
"Another Fusion" by C J Dennis
If thou sing not to them as they struggle,
With the purpose of making them strong,
Then thou thyself art a traitor
In the federation of song.
"Early Poet Life" by Alexander Anderson
Bechuanaland, a State with Kenya,
Members of the Federal Union grand,
Send their greetings to sister Zanzibar,
And so does laughing Tanganyika.
"Hail! United States of Africa" by Marcus Mosiah Garvey
In the Federal crib
He has dines on 'em roast;
He's had hot devilled Lib.
And a Deakin on toast;
But he's feeling "too full after eating,"
And languidly cheerful at most.
"The Over-Fed Fuse" by C J Dennis
Ours was a dream, in the night, of that last federation,
But yours is the glory unfurled--
The marshalled nations and stars that shall make one nation
One singing star of the world.
"The Union" by Alfred Noyes
Imperial Federation! What stronger can there be,
Than sending forth our choicest, as gifts unasked and free?
It means the Colonies are bound by ties of Love and Life
In danger's hour to triumph or to fall in England's' strife;
"The Transvaal Contingent" by Anonymous Oceania

In news:

A federal judge says a South Carolina Supreme Court decision in a dispute over the $650 million deepening of the Savannah River shipping channel may raise new and difficult legal issues that the federal court may have to resolve.
Tucumcari Federal Savings and Loan 75th Anniversary maps, tucumcari, iframe, 75th, loan, anniversary, federal, savings, google, src.
A Massey Energy security director lied to federal agents and tried to destroy potential evidence in the investigation of the Upper Big Branch Mine Disaster, prosecutors told a federal jury Monday morning.
WASHINGTON — Seven organizations will receive a total of $639 million in federal low-interest loans to launch new, consumer-governed health insurance plans in eight states, the federal government announced Tuesday.
The General Services Administration is dramatically stepping up efforts to sell off underused federal properties to help finance federal construction projects, building renovations and new leases.
CNN filed suit against Federal Emergency Management Agency director Michael Brown on Friday, arguing that the federal government could not keep news organizations from reporting on the recovery of the dead in New Orleans, Louisiana.
In the latest influx of federal aid for Hurricane Katrina, the Federal Emergency Management Agency released $37 million this week for the New Orleans Sewerage and Water Board.
D allas Morning News editorial writer Jim Mitchell spoke by phone Monday to Richard Fisher, the president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, about last week's announcement by the Federal Reserve of further monetary easing.
The federal takeover of Chetco Federal Credit Union has been a scary and frustrating experience for its members, its employees and this newspaper.
The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis (also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis), located in the Leeward Islands, is a federal two-island nation in the West Indies.
About one in four eligible federal employees are teleworking, according to a federal report.
A West Africa n man living in Birmingham was indicted by a federal grand jury today on charges related to his possession of about 50 counterfeit credit cards and equipment for producing them, federal authorities announced.
The Water Environment Federation (WEF) submitted comments on August 2 in response to EPA's June 24 Federal Register proposed rulemaking on the Identification of Non-Hazardous Secondary Materials That Are Solid Wastes.
That was the message sent Tuesday by the House, which approved the Federal Employee Tax Accountability Act, aimed at 98,000 federal workers who collectively owed Uncle Sam about $1 billion in 2010.
The federal lawsuit that sought to stop the demolition of City Hall was dismissed Thursday after a judge ruled the case was not a matter on which the federal courts could rule, according to court records.
***

In science:

Zweck, The de Rham-Federer theory of differential characters and character duality.
Generalized Abel-Jacobi map on Lawson homology
Feder and Vardi formulated it as the problem of deciding whether there exists an homomorphism between two given relational structures.
Generalized Majority-Minority Operations are Tractable
This classification corresponds to the three tractable families isolated in Feder and Vardi : width 1, bounded strict width, and subgroup problems, in which the latter has been enlarged as to include all Mal’tsev problems, proven to be tractable recently by Bulatov (see also ).
Generalized Majority-Minority Operations are Tractable
Mehta for the description of Pn as an integral over Rn and Federer for the volume of the orthogonal group).
On the number of minima of a random polynomial
Federer H., Geometric Measure Theory, Springer, 1969.
On the number of minima of a random polynomial
Federer, H., Geometric measure theory, Die Grundl. der math.
Quasi-states and the Poisson bracket on surfaces
FG was supported by grant SFRH/BPD/13995/2003 of the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT); TM, by CFN-275-BPD-01/06 of the Nuclear Physics Center of the University of Lisbon. This work was supported in part by POCI grants FP/63407/2005 and FIS/57834/2004 of the FCT, co-financed by FEDER.
A CF3I-based SDD Prototype for Spin-independent Dark Matter Searches
Particularly this led Feder and Vardi to their seminal reduction of Constraint Satisfaction Problems (shortly CSP) to the so called MMSNP (Monotone Monadic Strict Nondeterministic Polynomial) problems which also nicely link MMSNP to the class NP in computational sense.
Forbidden lists (NP and CSP for combinatorialists)
Feder and Vardi introduced this class as a fragment of SNP in .
Forbidden lists (NP and CSP for combinatorialists)
This simplicity is possible by translation and generalization of the Feder-Vardi proof of the computational equivalence of finite union of CSP’s and MMSNP in the context of category theoretical language of duality.
Forbidden lists (NP and CSP for combinatorialists)
In Section 5 we return to Feder-Vardi setting and indicate how the polynomial equivalence of classes MMSNP and finite unions of CSP problems emerges naturally in our combinatorial-categorical context.
Forbidden lists (NP and CSP for combinatorialists)
Feder and Vardi have proved that the three subclasses of SNP defined by formulae with any two of these syntactical restrictions still have the full computational power of the class NP.
Forbidden lists (NP and CSP for combinatorialists)
Here we discuss the deterministic part of the Feder-Vardi proof.
Forbidden lists (NP and CSP for combinatorialists)
Our characterization is motivated by the analysis of syntactical subclasses with the full computational power of NP, which were first studied by Feder and Vardi.
NP by means of lifts and shadows
Feder and Vardi have proved that three syntactically defined subclasses of the class SNP still have the full computational power of the class NP.
NP by means of lifts and shadows
***