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excavation

Definitions

  • Excavated foundation of a late 17th-century prototype of the Baltimore and Philadelphia row houses. Six families could have lived here
    Excavated foundation of a late 17th-century prototype of the Baltimore and Philadelphia row houses. Six families could have lived here
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n excavation the act of extracting ores or coal etc from the earth
    • n excavation the act of digging "there's an interesting excavation going on near Princeton"
    • n excavation a hole in the ground made by excavating
    • n excavation the site of an archeological exploration "they set up camp next to the dig"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Careful excavation was required to identify the fill of long-obliterated ditches once draining fields and marking property boundaries Careful excavation was required to identify the fill of long-obliterated ditches once draining fields and marking...
Kinds of roofing materials excavated include flat tiles (shown here), curved pantiles, slate, and shingles Kinds of roofing materials excavated include flat tiles (shown here), curved pantiles, slate, and shingles
A few kitchen utensils and accessories excavated at Jamestown: a ladle, brass pan, knife blades, fork, kettle fragments, spout, colander fragments, and pot hooks A few kitchen utensils and accessories excavated at Jamestown: a ladle, brass pan, knife blades, fork, kettle...
A family enjoying a meal, about 1650. Many of the eating and drinking vessels portrayed, together with much of the tableware, are types which have been excavated. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.) A family enjoying a meal, about 1650. Many of the eating and drinking vessels portrayed, together with much of the...
Late 17th-century Italian maiolica bowls excavated at Jamestown Late 17th-century Italian maiolica bowls excavated at Jamestown
Four brick kilns have been excavated. The one shown had five firing chambers. Roofing tiles were also made in the Jamestown brick kilns Four brick kilns have been excavated. The one shown had five firing chambers. Roofing tiles were also made in the...
A 17th-century lime kiln excavated at Jamestown. In it oyster shells from the James River were burned for making lime. The iron hoops which supported the arched top of the kiln buckled from the intense heat A 17th-century lime kiln excavated at Jamestown. In it oyster shells from the James River were burned for making...
Hilt and portion of blade of a swept-hilt rapier excavated at Jamestown of the 1600-1610 period Hilt and portion of blade of a swept-hilt rapier excavated at Jamestown of the 1600-1610 period

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The saluki is the oldest known breed of domesticated dog. Carvings of animals resembling the saluki have been found in excavations of the Sumerian Empire. They are believed to have originated from between 6,000 and 7,000 B.C.
    • Excavation A cavity formed by cutting, digging, or scooping. "A winding excavation ."
    • Excavation (Engin) An uncovered cutting in the earth, in distinction from a covered cutting or tunnel.
    • Excavation The act of excavating, or of making hollow, by cutting, scooping, or digging out a part of a solid mass.
    • Excavation (Engin) The material dug out in making a channel or cavity.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: When Mount Vesuvius erupted in in the year 79, over 2,000 citizens of Pompeii ran into their cellars to wait until everything had ended. Excavators found them still there 1,800 years later.
    • n excavation The act of making a thing hollow by removing the interior substance or part; the digging out of material, or its removal by any means, so as to form a cavity or hollow: as, the excavation of land by flowing water.
    • n excavation A hollow or cavity formed by removing the interior substance: as, many animals burrow in excavations of their own forming.
    • n excavation In engineering, an open cutting, as in a railway, in distinction from a tunnel.
    • n excavation In zoology, a deep and somewhat irregular hollow with well-defined edges, as if a piece had been taken out of the surface.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: High-wire acts have been enjoyed since the time of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Antique medals have been excavated from Greek islands depicting men ascending inclined cords and walking across ropes stretched between cliffs. The Greeks called these high-wire performers neurobates or oribates. In the Roman city of Herculaneum there is a fresco representing an aerialist high on a rope, dancing and playing a flute. Sometimes Roman tightrope walkers stretched cables between the tops of two neighboring hills and performed comic dances and pantomimes while crossing.
    • ns Excavation act of excavating: a hollow or cavity made by excavating
    • ***

Quotations

  • James Baldwin
    James%20Baldwin
    “The responsibility of a writer is to excavate the experience of the people who produced him.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. excavatio,: cf. F. excavation,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. excavāreex, out, cavus, hollow.

Usage

In literature:

Shows probably the locality where the statue was excavated.
"The Mayas, the Sources of Their History / Dr. Le Plongeon in Yucatan, His Account of Discoveries" by Stephen Salisbury, Jr.
Each night the numbers of workmen increased, while the excavations were carried in further and further.
"The Cat of Bubastes" by G. A. Henty
Here in 1864 a Roman villa was discovered, which has been entirely excavated.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
He had secured the best possible place for himself, right up close to the crane, on the edge of the excavation.
"Friars and Filipinos" by Jose Rizal
This levee would keep the liquid material, dredged out, from running back into the excavation.
"The Industrial Canal and Inner Harbor of New Orleans" by Thomas Ewing Dabney
Only one Greek coin, as far as we know, has ever been met with in London excavations.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
Here a small grotto had been excavated in the ice in which I was bidden to rest myself, thoroughly well wrapped up.
"Celebrated Women Travellers of the Nineteenth Century" by W. H. Davenport Adams
Tyke was not allowed to share in this work of excavation, much to his disgust.
"Doubloons--and the Girl" by John Maxwell Forbes
This palace is an excavated ruin.
"A Trip to the Orient" by Robert Urie Jacob
Practically no excavation has taken place beneath these hillocks of gravel and sand.
"Through Our Unknown Southwest" by Agnes C. Laut
By the end of 1910 the excavation of this smaller palace was practically completed.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 5" by Various
There were stockades upon stockades, all looking on and commanding this little and narrow excavated pathway.
"Memoirs of the Extraordinary Military Career of John Shipp" by John Shipp
The year 1778 was especially notable for the excavations which brought to light many important objects.
"Cathedral Cities of England" by George Gilbert
While he was away, we made great excavations and navigable channels.
"Sweethearts at Home" by S. R. Crockett
And what we can't find in place, we'll just excavate.
"Project Cyclops" by Thomas Hoover
The partial re-excavation of B took place when this region was again uplifted above the sea to its present height.
"A Manual of Elementary Geology" by Charles Lyell
The excavations carried on in Thera by MM.
"The Library Magazine of Select Foreign Literature" by Various
Excavations in Palestine go, day by day, to explain, where they do not simply corroborate, the statements of the Bible.
"Chapters of Bible Study" by Herman J. Heuser
In a slight excavation, with a partially concealed entrance, the exquisite structure is placed.
"Wake-Robin" by John Burroughs
The latter was effected by excavating large chambers under the foundations.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 6" by Various
***

In poetry:

Safe in his excavated gallery
The burrowing mole groped on from year to year;
No harmless hedgehog curled because of me
His prickly back for fear.
"From House To House" by Christina Georgina Rossetti
shaking over the excavations, as it faces Colonel Shaw
and his bell-cheeked Negro infantry
on St. Gaudens' shaking Civil War relief,
propped by a plank splint against the garage's earthquake.
"For the Union Dead" by Robert Lowell
The chimes called midnight, just at interlune,
And the daytime talk on the Roman investigations
Was checked by silence, save for the husky tune
The bubbling waters played near the excavations.
"Aquae Sulis" by Thomas Hardy
Below me, like an opened grave,
The Forum's excavations lie,
Where column, arch and architrave
In solemn grandeur greet the eye,
Still guarding 'neath Italia's sky
The glory that can never die.
"On The Palentine" by John Lawson Stoddard

In news:

The excavation goes on at the southeast corner of the room where the slabs have been removed.
Philip Edmonds, who with his family owns the 13-acre ridge point, plans to excavate the point of the ridge down about 150 feet, to within about 8 to 10 feet of street level.
NBC NATIONAL NEWS — A Georgia Southern University team of professors and students started excavating the fossil of a whale on the shore of the Flint River Monday.
On a height of land seven miles northwest of Tetonia, Idaho, on Hwy 33, a crowd of about 200 gathered last Wednesday around four Volvo excavators.
Guatemala excavates early Mayan ruler's tomb.
Built To Last Excavation at Thang Long.
A field crew in Kenya excavates a Homo erectus skull.
Welsh playwright Tracy Harris excavates the psyche of Mansel, a reclusive hoarder of coats whose collection binds him to their long-lost owners.
A 49-year-old Sandy man died Saturday night after he crashed his SUV into a parked tracked excavator.
Someone or something has been excavating the soil in her potted plants.
Pictured is one of the excavators at the site.
Appeared in print as "Excavator is redesigned for efficiency".
In our excavation, the first and most important work to be done is to define the architecture, which contains the artifacts we find.
Newsflash February 18, 1997: Excavators Unearth Animal Bones.
The carcass of a 16-year-old mammoth that was possibly killed by humans tens of thousands of years ago and was excavated on the North Siberian Taimyr peninsula in late Sept 28, 2012.
***

In science:

For the single cavity (UNO) concept an estimate based on the cost of Super-Kamiokande has been made for the cavity excavation of $168M; the engineering and stability of the cavity needs detailed examination.
Report of the US long baseline neutrino experiment study
Our budget estimate for the excavation of the detector chamber was based on a 50 meter diameter by 50 meter high cylinder.
Report of the US long baseline neutrino experiment study
The constraints on the excavation and the related siting issues of the detector should hence be reduced compared to WC.
Summary of the 3rd International Workshop on a Far Detector in Korea for the J-PARC Beam
The sliding is achieved via the method of excavating a thin disk from the surface.
Classical Knot Theory
The core disk of the 2-handle envelops the two ends of the excavated hole.
Classical Knot Theory
However, the E¨ot-Wash laboratory is located on a hillside above a deep lake, with the pendulum only 0.75 m from a wall excavated from the hillside.
Torsion-balance tests of the weak equivalence principle
This will be very effective in excavating systematics in the detector and analysis, if any important one exists.
Measurement of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays: An Experimental Summary and Prospects
This research will benefit from the interdisciplinary nature of NUSEL-Homestake: the large detector cavities excavated for physics detectors are ideal laboratories for monitoring 3D+time deformation on unprecedented scales.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
The first of these, the Baksan Laboratory in Russia, was excavated in the late 1970s, under the direction of Chudakov and Zatsepin.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
They concluded that such an excavation would be stable with stresses below the rock limit at both the 4850 and 6800 ft levels, but could be problematic at the 8000 ft level.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
With a center-to-center separation of the cylinders of 100 m, the excavation is within Homestake rock limits.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
Excavation costs: The track record in physics for correctly predicting the cost of large excavations is not a good one.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
In contrast, at NUSEL the excavation would be done with the same equipment, personnel, and techniques that Homestake used for mining, and in familiar rock.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
At this point the Yates hoist could be dedicated to the excavation, which could be completed in as little as 2.5 years if mining is done at capacity.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
After excavation is completed, the Yates cage could be modified – very much as the Ross and No. 6 were to enhance science access – to make detector construction as easy as possible.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
***