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eccentric

Definitions

  • Vessel of eccentric form: Arkansas.--1/3
    Vessel of eccentric form: Arkansas.--1/3
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj eccentric not having a common center; not concentric "eccentric circles"
    • adj eccentric conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual "restaurants of bizarre design--one like a hat, another like a rabbit","famed for his eccentric spelling","a freakish combination of styles","his off-the-wall antics","the outlandish clothes of teenagers","outre and affected stage antics"
    • n eccentric a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities) "a real character","a strange character","a friendly eccentric","the capable type","a mental case"
    • n eccentric a person with an unusual or odd personality
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Eccentric and Rod Eccentric and Rod

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Because of a large orbital eccentricity, Pluto was closer to the sun than Neptune between January 1979 and March 1999.
    • Eccentric (Astron) A circle described about the center of an elliptical orbit, with half the major axis for radius.
    • Eccentric A circle not having the same center as another contained in some measure within the first.
    • Eccentric (Mach) A disk or wheel so arranged upon a shaft that the center of the wheel and that of the shaft do not coincide. It is used for operating valves in steam engines, and for other purposes. The motion derived is precisely that of a crank having the same throw.
    • Eccentric Deviating from stated methods, usual practice, or established forms or laws; deviating from an appointed sphere or way; departing from the usual course; irregular; anomalous; odd; as, eccentric conduct. "This brave and eccentric young man.""He shines eccentric, like a comet's blaze."
    • Eccentric Deviating or departing from the center, or from the line of a circle; as, an eccentric or elliptical orbit; pertaining to deviation from the center or from true circular motion.
    • Eccentric (Astron) In the Ptolemaic system, the supposed circular orbit of a planet about the earth, but with the earth not in its center.
    • Eccentric Not coincident as to motive or end. "His own ends, which must needs be often eccentric to those of his master."
    • Eccentric Not having the same center; -- said of circles, ellipses, spheres, etc., which, though coinciding, either in whole or in part, as to area or volume, have not the same center; -- opposed to concentric.
    • Eccentric One who, or that which, deviates from regularity; an anomalous or irregular person or thing.
    • Eccentric (Mach) Pertaining to an eccentric; as, the eccentric rod in a steam engine.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • eccentric Not located or situated in the center; away from the center or axis: as, in botany, lateral embryos and the stipes of some hymenomycetous fungi are said to be eccentric.
    • eccentric In medicine, not originating or existing in the center or central parts; due to peripheral causes: as, eccentric irritation; eccentric convulsions (that is, convulsions due to peripheral irritation).
    • eccentric Not coincident as regards center; specifically, in geometry, not having the same center: applied to circles and spheres which have not the same center, and consequently are not parallel: opposed to concentric, having a common center.
    • eccentric Not coincident as regards course or aim; tending to a different end or result; devious.
    • eccentric Deviating, or characterized by deviation, from recognized, stated, or usual methods or practice, or from established forms, laws, etc.; irregular; erratic; odd: as, eccentric conduct; an eccentric person.
    • eccentric Of or pertaining to an eccentric: as, the eccentric anomaly of a planet; the eccentric rod of a steam-engine.
    • eccentric In senses 3 and 6 sometimes written excentric.
    • n eccentric In ancient astronomy, a circle having its center remote from the earth and carrying an epicycle which in its turn was supposed to carry a planet.
    • n eccentric In mod. astron., a circle described about the center of an elliptical orbit, with half the major axis for radius.
    • n eccentric In mech., a device for converting a regular circular motion into an irregular reciprocating rectilinear motion. It acts upon the body moved by it through its perimeter like a cam, with which it is sometimes classed; but all its peculiarities of motion are essentially those of a crank-motion, and it may be considered as a crank having a wrist of larger diameter than the throw. In the steam-engine it is a disk fitted to the shaft, with its center placed at one side of the center of the shaft, and it acts to convert the rotary motion of the shaft into the reciprocating motion of the valve-gear of the cylinder, and thus to make the engine self-acting. (see link-motion, reversing-gear, and cut-off.) In this sense sometimes written excentric.
    • n eccentric One who or that which is irregular or anomalous in action; a person of eccentric habits.
    • eccentric In astronomy, noting orbital motion which is not in a circle around the center of attraction; as applied to curves generally, deviating from circularity, as the ellipse and hyperbola.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Eccentric ek-sen′trik departing from the centre: not having the same centre as another, said of circles: out of the usual course: not conforming to common rules: odd
    • n Eccentric a circle not having the same centre as another:
    • n Eccentric (mech.) a contrivance for taking an alternating rectilinear motion from a revolving shaft: an eccentric fellow
    • ***

Quotations

  • Edward G. Bulwer-Lytton
    Edward%20G.%20Bulwer-Lytton
    “The world thinks eccentricity in great things is genius, but in small things, only crazy.”
  • Julian Clary
    Julian Clary
    “The English like eccentrics. They just don't like them living next door.”
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “People of uncommon abilities generally fall into eccentricities when their sphere of life is not adequate to their abilities.”
  • John Stuart Mill
    John%20Stuart%20Mill
    “That so few now dare to be eccentric, marks the chief danger of the time.”
  • Robert Downey Jr.
    Robert Downey Jr.
    “A lot of my peer group think I'm an eccentric bisexual, like I may even have an ammonia-filled tentacle somewhere on my body. That's okay.”
  • Bertrand Russell
    Bertrand%20Russell
    “Do not fear to be eccentric in opinion, for every opinion now accepted was once eccentric.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. excentrique, formerly also spelled eccentrique, fr. LL. eccentros, out of the center, eccentric, Gr. 'e`kkentros; 'ek out of + ke`ntron center. See Ex-, and Center, and cf. Excentral
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—Low L. eccentricus—Gr. ek, out of, kentron, centre.

Usage

In literature:

Against the promptings of his common sense, the eccentric methods of the peculiar old traveller were beginning to impress him.
"The Sins of Séverac Bablon" by Sax Rohmer
Ever notice a queer streak of eccentricity in people who toy with the chessmen?
"Blacksheep! Blacksheep!" by Meredith Nicholson
A woman whose taste is excellent is preserved from all eccentricities and most follies.
"Wisdom, Wit, and Pathos of Ouida" by Ouida
For Mr. Alcott was the most eccentric man who ever took it on himself to train and form the youthful mind.
"Memoirs" by Charles Godfrey Leland
But you are beginning to find, Mr. Durnford, that I am rather eccentric in money matters?
"The Golden Shoemaker" by J. W. Keyworth
In a word I was eccentric and could not fit myself into everyday life like the ordinary man.
"My Reminiscences" by Rabindranath Tagore
These eccentric courses were unhappy, immature shifts, concerning which I was never at ease.
"Oswald Langdon" by Carson Jay Lee
Male and female, his eccentrics surpass his commonplaces.
"Views and Reviews Essays in appreciation" by William Ernest Henley
Eccentric Rod and Strap.
"Practical Mechanics for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
Among these "eccentrics" a few have been reckoned geniuses by their contemporaries or by posterity.
"Human Traits and their Social Significance" by Irwin Edman
His next step in life was, if possible, even more eccentric.
"Appreciations and Criticisms of the Works of Charles Dickens" by G. K. Chesterton
Like some other sons of genius, Leyden was of rather eccentric habits.
"The Modern Scottish Minstrel, Volumes I-VI." by Various
People said he was very eccentric.
"Paul Patoff" by F. Marion Crawford
He was very able and very eccentric.
"A Budget of Paradoxes, Volume I (of II)" by Augustus De Morgan
One of her eccentricities (and she had more than one,) was a passion for spinning on a little wheel.
"Helen and Arthur" by Caroline Lee Hentz
He does things that seem odd, are odd, to the extreme of eccentricity.
"The Death Shot" by Mayne Reid
The excessive eccentricity was selected merely for the purpose of illustration.
"Mechanical Drawing Self-Taught" by Joshua Rose
He's rich and eccentric, I'm told.
"Fighting the Flames" by R.M. Ballantyne
Ugliness and eccentricity, which amuse, succeeded beauty and truth, which are sometimes wearisome.
"My Recollections of Lord Byron" by Teresa Guiccioli
In the Middle Ages, cranks, whose eccentricities took a religious turn, were considered holy.
"Religion and Lust" by James Weir
***

In poetry:

At first the 'busman smiled,
And rather liked the fun -
He merely smiled, that Hebrew child,
And said, "Eccentric one!"
"The Bishop and the Busman" by William Schwenck Gilbert
He sauntered on the southern isle
In garments of eccentric cut,
And, with his grim sardonic smile,
Would masticate his coco-nut.
"The Domain" by John Le Gay Brereton
There was once an eccentric old coon,
Who ate dynamite with a spoon,
But when he got loaded
The powder exploded--
And now there's a coon in the moon.
"Now There’s A Coon In The Moon" by Edwin Carty Ranck
This eccentricity that I name
Is, that whenever the bird would sing
It darts its black head under its wing,
And moistens its beak in--darling thing!--
A human heart that is broken with shame.
"A Little Bird That Everybody Knows" by Frances Fuller Victor
WEDGEWOOD.
And not without reason, madam. Never before have I heard of such a compound of
sagacity, courage, and eccentricity. Oh, I am all in a glow to see and converse
with the jolly old boy!
"The Maid Of Saxony; Or, Who's The Traitor? - Act I" by George Pope Morris
So is the world's eccentric round of joy complete
When happy tourist-traveler, no more to roam,
His fascinating, thrilling story shall repeat
To impecunious, luckless multitudes who greet
The tourist home.
"The Tourist" by Hattie Howard

In news:

Depp planning to launch eccentric, yet dashing, book imprint.
Eccentric Latos answers Reds' alert in nick of time.
Keller Williams to perform at Bell's Eccentric Cafe, tickets on sale now.
' Eccentric ' dress encouraged at 'Beat Obama Ball'.
Third Wildly Rich, Eccentric Koch Brother Builds Faux Wild West Town.
MLB players vote Brewers' Morgan 'most eccentric ' in baseball.
The David Thom Band will perform July 28 at Bell's Eccentric Cafe.
Public Access TV's Eccentric Survivors.
Eccentric sisters in 'Oy'.
Mario Balotelli, One of Soccer's Most Gifted and Eccentric Players.
Anderson on familiar eccentric ground in 'Moonrise Kingdom'.
Eccentric and concentric reducers.
What is the reason for using an eccentric reducer top flat.
Two pure singers, one total eccentric .
The Scorpion's Honey: Pages From An Eccentric 's Diary.
***

In science:

So we determined the maximum level of eccentricity that could be present in our data.
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
For testing the significance of the eccentricity we used fell = 5 and fcrc = 3, since γ is an extra free parameter in each case.
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
The results are shown in Table 2, and show that this study also returns zero eccentricity.
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
AM Her, U Gem, CH UMa and YY Dra all show significant eccentricities (Friend et al. 1990a,b).
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
Here, we test our spectra for evidence of eccentricity.
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
As shown in Section 6, no significant eccentricity is found from any of the IP Peg absorption features.
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
The stable situation occurs at ω = −π/2 + ε, where ε is small positive number (depends on the value of eccentricity).
Electromagnetic Radiation and Motion of Dust Particle - A Simple Model
Fig.1(b)-(d) are the orbital evolution on the x − y plane and the time variation for both the eccentricity and semi-ma jor axis for the planet.
Orbital Evolution of Scattered Planets
Fig.2(b)-(d) are the orbital evolution on the x − y plane and the time variation for both the eccentricity and semi-ma jor axis for the planet.
Orbital Evolution of Scattered Planets
Fig.3 (b)-(d) are the orbital evolution on the x − y plane and the time variation for both the eccentricity and semi-ma jor axis for the planet.
Orbital Evolution of Scattered Planets
We found that the eccentricity always increases and does not decay to zero.
Orbital Evolution of Scattered Planets
Hk > 0} = [1, r] where r is the radius of the map (sometimes also called eccentricity ).
Random Planar Lattices and Integrated SuperBrownian Excursion
So we now identify Hamilton’s vector e as the vector that points to the pericentre and whose length is the eccentricity.
A simple derivation and interpretation of the third integral in Stellar Dynamics
A third dimensionless quantity, the eccentricity growth rate, was shown by Quinlan (1996) to be unimportant and will be neglected here.
The formation of galaxy stellar cores by the hierarchical merging of supermassive black holes
The purpose of this paper is to explore the evolution of inclinations and eccentricities (which represent planetesimal random velocities) caused by the mutual gravitational scattering of planetesimals.
Dynamical evolution of planetesimals in protoplanetary disks
***