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drum

Definitions

  • MADAM, THE DRUM OF YOUR RIGHT EAR IS ALMOST ENTIRELY DESTROYED
    MADAM, THE DRUM OF YOUR RIGHT EAR IS ALMOST ENTIRELY DESTROYED
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v drum study intensively, as before an exam "I had to bone up on my Latin verbs before the final exam"
    • v drum play a percussion instrument
    • v drum make a rhythmic sound "Rain drummed against the windshield","The drums beat all night"
    • n drum small to medium-sized bottom-dwelling food and game fishes of shallow coastal and fresh waters that make a drumming noise
    • n drum a hollow cast-iron cylinder attached to the wheel that forms part of the brakes
    • n drum a musical percussion instrument; usually consists of a hollow cylinder with a membrane stretched across each end
    • n drum a cylindrical metal container used for shipping or storage of liquids
    • n drum the sound of a drum "he could hear the drums before he heard the fifes"
    • n drum a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The "Twelve Days of Christmas" gifts: A partridge in a pear tree, two turtledoves, three French hens, four calling birds, five gold rings, six geese laying, seven swans swimming, eight maids milking, nine ladies dancing, ten lords leaping, eleven pipers piping, and twelve drummers drumming. (There are 364 gifts altogether)
    • Drum A cylinder on a revolving shaft, generally for the purpose of driving several pulleys, by means of belts or straps passing around its periphery; also, the barrel of a hoisting machine, on which the rope or chain is wound.
    • Drum A noisy, tumultuous assembly of fashionable people at a private house; a rout. "Not unaptly styled a drum, from the noise and emptiness of the entertainment."
    • Drum A sheet iron radiator, often in the shape of a drum, for warming an apartment by means of heat received from a stovepipe, or a cylindrical receiver for steam, etc.
    • Drum A small cylindrical box in which figs, etc., are packed.
    • Drum A tea party; a kettledrum.
    • Drum (Mus) An instrument of percussion, consisting either of a hollow cylinder, over each end of which is stretched a piece of skin or vellum, to be beaten with a stick; or of a metallic hemisphere (kettledrum) with a single piece of skin to be so beaten; the common instrument for marking time in martial music; one of the pair of tympani in an orchestra, or cavalry band. "The drums cry bud-a-dub."
    • Drum Anything resembling a drum in form
    • Drum One of the cylindrical, or nearly cylindrical, blocks, of which the shaft of a column is composed; also, a vertical wall, whether circular or polygonal in plan, carrying a cupola or dome.
    • Drum (Zoöl) See Drumfish.
    • Drum The tympanum of the ear; -- often, but incorrectly, applied to the tympanic membrane.
    • Drum To beat a drum with sticks; to beat or play a tune on a drum.
    • Drum To beat with the fingers, as with drumsticks; to beat with a rapid succession of strokes; to make a noise like that of a beaten drum; as, the ruffed grouse drums with his wings. "Drumming with his fingers on the arm of his chair."
    • Drum To execute on a drum, as a tune.
    • Drum To go about, as a drummer does, to gather recruits, to draw or secure partisans, customers, etc,; -- with for.
    • Drum To throb, as the heart.
    • Drum With out) To expel ignominiously, with beat of drum; as, to drum out a deserter or rogue from a camp, etc.
    • Drum With up) To assemble by, or as by, beat of drum; to collect; to gather or draw by solicitation; as, to drum up recruits; to drum up customers.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n drum A musical instrument of the percussive class, consisting of a hollow wooden or metallic body and a tightly stretched head of membrane which is struck with a stick. Three principal forms are used: cylindrical, with one head and an open bottom, usually called a tambourine or Egyptian drum;
    • n drum In arch.: The solid part of the Corinthian and Composite capital, otherwise called bell, vase, or basket.
    • n drum One of the blocks of nearly cylindrical form of which the shafts of many columns are constructed.
    • n drum An upright member under or above a dome.
    • n drum In machinery, a term applied to various contrivances resembling a drum in shape.
    • n drum Specifically— A cylinder revolving on an axis for the purpose of turning wheels by means of belts or bands passing round it.
    • n drum The barrel of a crane or windlass.
    • n drum A cylinder on which wire is wound, as in wire-drawing.
    • n drum The grinding cylinder or cone of some mills.
    • n drum The cast-iron case which holds the coiled spring of a spring car-brake.
    • n drum A circular radiator for steam or hot air; a stove-drum or steam-drum.
    • n drum In water-heaters or steam-boilers, a chamber into which heated water is made to flow in order to afford room for other bodies of water from parts of the boiler not so near the fire.
    • n drum A steam-tight cask in which printed fabrics are submitted to the action of steam to fix the colors.
    • n drum A washing-tub for cleaning rags in paper-making.
    • n drum A doffer in a carding-machine.
    • n drum In a vase or similar vessel, that part of the body which approximates to a cylindrical form.
    • n drum In anatomy and zoöl.: The tympanum or middle ear.
    • n drum The tracheal tympanum or labyrinth of a bird. See tympanum, 4.
    • n drum One of the tympanic organs seated in two deep cavities on the first abdominal segment of certain Homoptera, and said to be used in producing sounds.
    • n drum The large hollow hyoid bone of a howling monkey. See Mycetinæ.
    • n drum A membrane drawn over a round frame, used for testing the delicate edges of eye-instruments.
    • n drum A receptacle having the form of a drum, or the quantity packed in such receptacle: as, a drum of figs.
    • n drum Milit., a party accompanied by a drum sent under a flag of truce to confer with the enemy.
    • n drum A fashionable and crowded evening party, at which card-playing appears to have been the chief attraction; a rout. The more riotous of such assemblies were styled drum-majors.
    • n drum An afternoon tea. Also called kettledrum, with a punning allusion to tea-kettle.
    • n drum In ichthyology, a name of several sciænoid fishes: so called from the drumming noise they make, said to be due, in part at least, to the grinding of the pharyngeal bones upon each other. The salt-water drum, Pogonias chromis, the largest of the Sciænidæ, ranging from 20 to nearly 100 pounds in weight, of a silvery-gray color when adult, and with numerous barbels on the chin. It ranges along the Atlantic coast of the United States from Florida to Massachusetts. It feeds much upon shell-fish, and is very destructive to oyster-beds.
    • drum To beat a drum; beat or play a tune on a drum.
    • drum To beat rhythmically or regularly with the fingers or something else, as if using drum sticks: as, to drum on the table.
    • drum To beat, as the heart; throb.
    • drum To attract recruits, as by the sound of the drum; hence, in the United States, to sue for partizans, customers, etc.: followed by for.
    • drum To sound like a drum; resound.
    • drum To produce a sound resembling drumming: said of partridges, blackcock, and other birds. It is done by quivering the expanded feathers of the wings.
    • drum To perform on a drum, as a tune.
    • drum Milit., to expel formally and accompany in departure with the beat of the drum: often used figuratively, and usually followed by out: as, the disgraced soldier was drummed out of the regiment.
    • drum To summon as by beat of drum.
    • drum To force upon the attention by continual iteration; din: as, to drum something into one's ears.
    • n drum A ridge; a hill. Drum enters into the composition of many Celtic place-names, especially in Ireland and Scotland, as Drumcoudra, Drumglass, Drumsheugh, Drum lanrig, Drumoak; and it is frequently found alone as the name of a farm, an estate, a village, etc.
    • n drum Specifically.
    • n drum A long narrow ridge or mound of sand, gravel, and boulders: a name given by Irish geologists to elevations of this kind believed to have been the result of glacial agencies. See eskar, horseback, and kame. Also called drumlin.
    • drum To treat in a drum, as skins. See druml, n., 3 .
    • drum In forestry, to haul (logs) by drum and cable out of a hollow or cove.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Drum drum an instrument of percussion, in which a skin of parchment, stretched on a frame of wood or metal, is beaten with an instrument called a drumstick: anything shaped like a drum: the tympanum or middle portion of the ear: :
    • v.i Drum to beat a drum: to beat with the fingers
    • v.t Drum to drum out, to expel: to summon:—pr.p. drum′ming; pa.p. drummed
    • n Drum drum a small hill or ridge of hills, used in many place-names, as Drumglass, Drumsheugh, &c.
    • n Drum drum (archit.) the upright part of a cupola
    • n Drum drum (mech.) a revolving cylinder: formerly a large and tumultuous evening party (said to be so called because rival hostesses vied with each other in beating up crowds of guests)
    • ***

Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “If thine enemy offend thee, give his child a drum.”
  • Kahlil Gibran
    Kahlil%20Gibran
    “You can muffle the drum, and you can loosen the strings of the lyre, but who shall command the skylark not to sing?”
  • Johann Gottfried Von Herder
    Johann Gottfried Von Herder
    “Touch not the flute when drums are sounding around; when fools have the word, the wise will be silent.”
  • Omar Khayyam
    Omar%20Khayyam
    “Oh, the brave Music of a distant drum!”
  • Arthur Koestler
    Arthur%20Koestler
    “The most persistent sound which reverberates through man's history is the beating of war drums.”

Idioms

March to the beat of your own drum - If people march to the beat of their own drum, they do things the way they want without taking other people into consideration.
***
See you on the big drum - A good night phrase to children.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. D. trom, trommel, LG. trumme, G. trommel, Dan. tromme, Sw. trumma, OHG. trumba, a trumpet, Icel. pruma, a clap of thunder, and as a verb, to thunder, Dan. drum, a booming sound, drumme, to boom; prob. partly at least of imitative origin; perh. akin to E. trum, or trumpet,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
From a Teut. root found in Dut. trom, Ger. trommel, a drum; prob. imit.

Usage

In literature:

The drums beat in the street.
"My Days and Nights on the Battle-Field" by Charles Carleton Coffin
D D. The drum, which has two rims of different circumferences.
"Practical Education, Volume II" by Maria Edgeworth
The dome is windowless, has no internal drum, and externally is octagonal with a low drum and a flat cornice.
"Byzantine Churches in Constantinople" by Alexander Van Millingen
Next it turned into a badger, swelled out its body and beat a tune on it like a drum.
"Japanese Fairy World" by William Elliot Griffis
It was accompanied by a crash of thunder that set their ear-drums well-nigh bursting.
"The Golden Woman" by Ridgwell Cullum
You have heard of drummed tears?
"Melomaniacs" by James Huneker
There were tiers of metal drums that still shone wet in his lantern's light.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
The quiet of the Sabbath is broken by the rattling of drums and the shrill notes of the fife.
"Daughters of the Revolution and Their Times" by Charles Carleton Coffin
With drums by Soult, and trumpets by Murat!
"L'Aiglon" by Edmond Rostand
The ominous drum murmurs to the people of their ancient wrongs.
"Orphans of the Storm" by Henry MacMahon
Drum of gray unpainted clay 158 237.
"Ancient art of the province of Chiriqui, Colombia" by William Henry Holmes
I'm sorry I can't give you the Kid back, but you may have the best drum in my shop.
"The Talking Thrush" by William Crooke
Hushed was the deep drum, discarded was the dance; And those that met the priest now glanced at him askance.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 14 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
I was in charge of that work and we closed it tight as a drum two years ago.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, December 1930" by Various
The drums were all collected in the square.
"The Conscript" by Émile Erckmann
They looked amongst them, and then went away while the drums were beating.
"Waterloo" by Émile Erckmann
His drum was the stub of a dry limb about the size of one's wrist.
"A Year in the Fields" by John Burroughs
It wouldn't take much to persuade me to give you a little drum-head law.
"Horse-Shoe Robinson" by John Pendleton Kennedy
Thus twelve trumpets and two kettle-drums sounded while Queen Elizabeth's dinner was being brought in.
"Springtime and Other Essays" by Francis Darwin
Everywhere the spirit was growing to make any kind of a drum that would bang.
"The Guarded Heights" by Wadsworth Camp
***

In poetry:

Poate de mult s-a stins în drum
în depãrtãri albastre,
Iar raza ei abia acum
Luci vederii noastre.
"La steaua" by Mihai Eminescu
I heard the drums a-drumming,
And I ran out to see;
The soldiers and the fighting,
They mattered nought to me.
"The New Recruit" by Katharine Tynan
In God’s good time down came the rain;
And all the afternoon
On iron roof and window-pane
It drummed a homely tune.
"Said Hanrahan" by John O Brien
The red,—a gallant sight to see,
With trumpet, fife, and drum,
Bearing the standard martially,
In serried squadrons come.
"The Tricolor" by Sir John Hanmer
Dust in a cloud, blinding weather,
Drums that rattle and roar!
A mother and daughter stood together
Beside their cottage door.
"Apples And Water" by Robert Graves
Peace! Let the long procession come,
For hark!--the mournful, muffled drum--
The trumpet's wail afar,--
And see! the awful Car!
"Abraham Lincoln: An Horatian Ode" by Richard Henry Stoddard

In news:

Florida A&M president resigns in wake of band hazing scandal that left drum major dead.
Germain Edwards ate two grilled cheese sandwiches and drank a bottle of water before going to his first day of drum major training.
FAMU drum major Robert Champion wanted to be hazed.
FAMU drum major beaten with drum mallets in hazing gauntlet.
Another Florida A&M drum major describes being beaten.
Florida A&M drum major wanted to be hazed.
FAMU Band Drum Major Wanted To Be Hazed.
A Florida A&M drum major who died after being hazed on a bus asked to go through the ordeal because it was seen as an honor, a criminal defendant in the case said in a deposition released Wednesday.
Florida prosecutors said 13 students have been charged in the death of Robert Champion, the Florida A&M University (FAMU) drum major who died last year after a hazing incident.
FAMU drum major Robert Champion died because band members defied repeated warnings against hazing.
' Drum major ' quote on MLK memorial to be corrected.
One of the USC band's more popular traditions will be suspended Saturday when the Trojans' drum major will not stab his sword into the center of the Rose Bowl field during their pregame performance.
OurWeekly > features > robert-champion- drum-major -change.
Dead FAMU drum major 's parents speak out about son — and against culture of hazing.
The little-known story of MLK's ' drum major for justice.
***

In science:

As a paradigm of this class of membranes I have studied the vibrations of a drum with the shape of Africa.
Solving the Helmholtz equation for membranes of arbitrary shape
The plots in Fig.6 display the energies of the first two states of the Africa drum for grids with different N (the dots in the plots) and compare them with the best fit obtained assuming that E (N ) = a + b/N, where a and b are constants independent of N .
Solving the Helmholtz equation for membranes of arbitrary shape
In Fig.7 I show the density plot of four different states of the Africa drum, obtained using a grid with N = 60.
Solving the Helmholtz equation for membranes of arbitrary shape
In Fig.8 I show the wave function of the ground state of the Africa drum, obtained using a grid with N = 60.
Solving the Helmholtz equation for membranes of arbitrary shape
In a classic paper dated 1966,, Kac formulated an interesting question: whether it is possible to hear the shape of a drum, meaning if the spectrum of frequencies of a given drum is unique to that drum or drums with different shapes can have the same spectrum.
Solving the Helmholtz equation for membranes of arbitrary shape
Wolpert found a first example of inequivalent drums having the same spectrum .
Solving the Helmholtz equation for membranes of arbitrary shape
An experiment made by Sridhar and Kudrolli reported in used microwave cavities with the shape of the drums of to verify the equality of the spectrum for the lowest 54 states.
Solving the Helmholtz equation for membranes of arbitrary shape
I will now consider a further example by looking at a particular membrane originally studied by Trott in : this drum is shown in Fig.12 and consists of a total of 308 units squares which are joined into a rather irregular form.
Solving the Helmholtz equation for membranes of arbitrary shape
The black area is the surface of the drum; the red points are the collocation points corresponding to N = 50.
Solving the Helmholtz equation for membranes of arbitrary shape
Energy of the ground state of the unusual drum as a function of N .
Solving the Helmholtz equation for membranes of arbitrary shape
Kudrolli, Experiments on not “hearing the shape” of drums, Phys.
Solving the Helmholtz equation for membranes of arbitrary shape
Nakayama, Spectral distribution of drums with fractal perimeters: the Weyl-Berry-Lapidus conjecture, Phys.
Solving the Helmholtz equation for membranes of arbitrary shape
The calculation of the frequencies of a drum of arbitrary shape is a problem of formidable difficulty.
Spectroscopy of drums and quantum billiards: perturbative and non-perturbative results
The Schr¨odinger equation in this case reduces to the Helmholtz equation used to describe the drum.
Spectroscopy of drums and quantum billiards: perturbative and non-perturbative results
As a matter of fact, we are not aware of calculations in the literature for the whole spectrum of a drum, even slightly perturbed with respect to a solvable problem.
Spectroscopy of drums and quantum billiards: perturbative and non-perturbative results
***