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distribution

Definitions

  • Mess and distribution of mail
    Mess and distribution of mail
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n distribution the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning
    • n distribution the commercial activity of transporting and selling goods from a producer to a consumer
    • n distribution the spatial or geographic property of being scattered about over a range, area, or volume "worldwide in distribution","the distribution of nerve fibers","in complementary distribution"
    • n distribution (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Distribution of charge Distribution of charge

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In a pack of Skittles candy, there is an equal 20% distribution of each flavour
    • Distribution (Logic) A resolving a whole into its parts.
    • Distribution Separation into parts or classes; arrangement of anything into parts; disposition; classification.
    • Distribution That which is distributed. "Our charitable distributions ."
    • Distribution The act of distributing or dispensing; the act of dividing or apportioning among several or many; apportionment; as, the distribution of an estate among heirs or children. "The phenomena of geological distribution are exactly analogous to those of geography."
    • Distribution (Print) The sorting of types and placing them in their proper boxes in the cases.
    • Distribution (Steam Engine) The steps or operations by which steam is supplied to and withdrawn from the cylinder at each stroke of the piston; viz., admission, suppression or cutting off, release or exhaust, and compression of exhaust steam prior to the next admission.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: By partially filling saucers with vinegar and distributing the saucers around a room, you can eliminate odors
    • n distribution The act of dividing or parceling out; allotment in shares or according to requirement; apportionment; division among several: as, the distribution of an estate among the heirs; the distribution of justice or of alms; the distribution of parts in a play.
    • n distribution That which is distributed or apportioned.
    • n distribution The act or process of separating and arranging, or the special arrangement secured; separation into distinct order, parts, or classes; systematic or natural arrangement: as, the distribution of printing-types into their boxes (see distribute, II., 2); the distribution of plants into genera and species.
    • n distribution The act of spreading out as over a surface; in printing, the spreading of ink in an even film over the inking-rollers and the inking-table.
    • n distribution In rhetoric: Enumeration of several persons or things, with attribution to each of a special office, function, or characteristic.
    • n distribution The classification of the topics of a discourse by dividing them under different heads: now more commonly called division.
    • n distribution In logic: The distinguishing of a universal whole into its several kinds or species: thus differing from division, by which an integral whole is distinguished into its several parts.
    • n distribution The acceptation of a term in a general sense to apply to many individuals. This use of distributio appears in the early part of the thirteenth century. Petrus Hispanus says, “Distribution is a multiplication of a common term made by a universal sign; thus, when we say every man, the latter term is distributed or confounded by the sign every, so that there is a multiplication.”
    • n distribution In architecture, the arrangement of a plan with reference to walls and open spaces, or to the various services and uses to which the different apartments of an interior are destined; also, the artistic combination of masses, ornaments, wall-openings, various kinds of masonry, etc.—
    • n distribution In political economics, the division of the aggregate produce of the industry of any society among the independent individuals who compose it.—
    • n distribution In steam-engines, the operation by which steam is admitted into and withdrawn from the cylinder at each stroke of the piston.
    • n distribution Synonyms Apportionment, partition, division, disposition, grouping.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: If the earth were to become totally flat and the oceans distributed themselves evenly over the planet's surface, the water would be approximately two miles deep at every point.
    • Distribution allotment: classification: the application of a general term to all the objects denoted by it
    • ***

Quotations

  • Matthew Arnold
    Matthew%20Arnold
    “Our society distributes itself into Barbarians, Philistines and Populace; and America is just ourselves with the Barbarians quite left out, and the Populace nearly.”
  • Sitting Bull
    Sitting Bull
    “The white man knows how to make everything, but he does not know how to distribute it.”
  • Rene Descartes
    Rene Descartes
    “Nothing is more fairly distributed than common sense: no one thinks he needs more of it than he already has.”
  • Leslie Lamport
    Leslie Lamport
    “A distributed system is one in which the failure of a computer you didn't even know existed can render your own computer unusable.”
  • Francis Bacon
    Francis%20Bacon
    “Of great wealth there is no real use, except in its distribution, the rest is just conceit.”
  • Clare Boothe Luce
    Clare%20Boothe%20Luce
    “In politics women type the letters, lick the stamps, distribute the pamphlets and get out the vote. Men get elected.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. distributio,: cf. F. distribution,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. distribuĕredis, asunder, tribuĕre, tribūtum, to allot.

Usage

In literature:

Widely distributed in the State, but rare, except in Lake County, where this fungus was unusually common.
"Ohio Biological Survey, Bull. 10, Vol. 11, No. 6" by Bruce Fink and Leafy J. Corrington
It is recommended that they be distributed in two or three places, a portion conveniently at hand.
"Ordnance Instructions for the United States Navy." by Bureau of Ordnance, USN
The money distributed by the townspeople in private charity is unusually great even for a Chinese city.
"An Australian in China" by George Ernest Morrison
From Monday next a new system of the distribution of meat is to come into force.
"Diary of the Besieged Resident in Paris" by Henry Labouchère
Book for recording changes in distribution.
"General Instructions For The Guidance Of Post Office Inspectors In The Dominion Of Canada" by Alexander Campbell
On the other side the mentally superior show a similar distribution.
"Applied Eugenics" by Paul Popenoe and Roswell Hill Johnson
He thrives on percentages of pilfering, grows rich on the distributed dividends of rascality.
"Lights and Shadows of New York Life" by James D. McCabe
The Velites were not divided into companies, but were distributed equally among the Hastati, Principes, and Triarii.
"A Smaller History of Rome" by William Smith and Eugene Lawrence
This is usually treated as uniformly distributed over the span.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 3" by Various
The chief centres of distribution for imports are Varna, Sofia, Rustchuk, Philippopolis and Burgas.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 4" by Various
The master distributes floggings, but he also distributes rations.
"Sophisms of the Protectionists" by Frederic Bastiat
Captain Gillooly and his men distributed food and quantities of drinking water to a large number of the flood's prisoners.
"The True Story of Our National Calamity of Flood, Fire and Tornado" by Logan Marshall
Production, distribution, and consumption are all a part of the life of the farm.
"Society" by Henry Kalloch Rowe
The distribution of the veins of the rabbit has only a superficial parallelism with arteries.
"Text Book of Biology, Part 1: Vertebrata" by H. G. Wells
Economy of Providence in the Unequal Distribution of Property.
"A Treatise on Domestic Economy" by Catherine Esther Beecher
If stars of any particular size were uniformly distributed, at most one-seventh of the whole number should be found within its limits.
"Man's Place in the Universe" by Alfred R. Wallace
Value is a category of distribution.
"The Place of Science in Modern Civilisation and Other Essays" by Thorstein Veblen
The type is distributed over most of North America.
"Handbook of Alabama Archaeology: Part I Point Types" by James W. Cambron
Thus, then, we find between the distributing systems of living bodies and the distributing systems of bodies politic, wonderfully close parallelisms.
"Illustrations of Universal Progress" by Herbert Spencer
As the number of agents increases they are distributed so as to be where most useful to the owner.
"The Principles of Economics" by Frank A. Fetter
***

In poetry:

One only knows our needs, and he
Does all of the distributing.
I quarrel not with destiny:
The best is good enough for me.
"The Best is Good Enough" by James Whitcomb Riley
Should I distribute all my store
To feed the bowels of the poor,
Or give my body to the flame,
To gain a martyr's glorious name;
"Hymn 134" by Isaac Watts
The second appears, a melancholy splurge
Of theological colours;
Taps heavily about like a healthy vulture
Distributing deep-frozen hope.
"Ten Types of Hospital Visitor" by Charles Causley
'Their names can scarce be read,
Depend on't, all who care for them are dead.'
So went the tomb, whose shards were as path-paving
Distributed.
"The Obliterate Tomb" by Thomas Hardy
Your vanity is crazy, sweet and fair girl. Do
you believe that Love will let your youth go by
without your devoting yourself to the pleasures
of love which distribute things in many cases:
sometimes joy, sometimes pain?
"Love To The Lady" by Christine de Pizan
At first, an unity of heart and soul,
A distribution of an outward dole,
And ev'ry member of the body fed,
As equally belonging to the head,
With what it wanted, was, without suspense,
True Church-Communion in the Christian sense.
"On Church Communion - Part III." by John Byrom

In news:

Parameswaran Ramanathan, Suresh Chalasani, "Resource Placement with Multiple Adjacency Constraints in k- ary n-Cubes," IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, vol 6, no.
A federal grand jury in Boise has indicted twenty-one individuals in thirteen separate indictments for distributing methamphetamine and possessing firearms.
Tetra Pak has introduced the world's first microwavable aseptic package, aimed at the growing market in prepared sauces for both retail distribution and foodservice.
Ken Brabazon distributes ashes during an Ash Wednesday service at Saint Andrew Catholic Church in Newtown Wednesday.
Roanoke Times Distribution Center busy getting the Thanksgiving Day paper.
Quantum Dental Technologies (QDT) is pleased to announce that Sinclair Dental will be distributing The Canary System in Canada.
Moviemaking cult leader Kevin Smith ( Clerks, Mall Rats, Chasing Amy ) got on the soapbox after the Sundance premiere screening of his latest Red State and went off on the state of distribution, marketing and filmmaking.
A new Mac OS X backdoor is being distributed as part of email-based attacks against Uighur activists, according to security researchers from antivirus firm.
The film, which is being produced in English and Danish, will be released locally by Nordisk Film Distribution on Sept 22.
Bayonne police say three local men charged with distributing Oxycodone pills.
Bayonne police have charged three city men with distributing Oxycodone and a Jersey City man with possession of the drug following surveillance on Avenue F on Tuesday, officials said.
Independent distribution company 52 Weeks Entertainment Inc has acquired India distribution rights for two titles from Summit Entertainment, Source Code and The Impossible.
Northern Power Systems, a subsidiary of Distributed Energy Systems, recently agreed to design, engineer, and construct a 401.8kW solar power system at Timberland 's 429,000-square-foot Ontario distribution center in Southern California.
New IP and RF networking options use FM audio distribution technology, suitable for facilitywide distribution and requiring only local AC power to operate.
A Multi Agent -Based Framework for Simulating Household PHEV Distribution and Electric Distribution Network Impact.
***

In science:

Given a raw n-bit sequence the algorithm allows one to extract an m-bit privacy-enhanced sequence which is arbitrarily close to a uniform distribution, where m = eH∞n − 4 log2 (1/ǫ) − 2 and ǫ is the statistical distance between the distribution of the m bits and a uniform distribution.
Secure self-calibrating quantum random bit generator
Let µ+ be the distribution of St+ (1) and µ− the distribution of St− (1), and – as above – µ the distribution of Y 1 = Sℓ(1) .
On recurrence of reflected random walk on the half-line. With an appendix on results of Martin Benda
Since the distribution of (ZB (ˆt), ZH (ˆt), ZL (ˆt)) is nonsingular by Theorem 3.1, so is the distribution of (WB, WH, WL), and hence also the distribution of (Zv, Ze ). (cid:3) Proof of Theorem 1.3.
Asymptotic normality of the $k$-core in random graphs
In distribution theory the pullback of a general distribution by a C∞ function is well-defined whenever the normal bundle of the C∞ -function does not intersect the wavefront set of the distribution.
Microlocal analysis of generalized pullbacks of Colombeau functions
The pullback of a general distribution by a C∞ -function in classical distribution theory, as defined in [7, Theorem 8.2.4], exists if the normal bundle of the C∞ function intersected with the wavefront set of the distribution is empty.
Microlocal analysis of generalized pullbacks of Colombeau functions
The distribution of ηt in D([0, T ], ΩN ) is equal to Pµ . ii) The distribution of η ′ t in D([0, T ], ΩN ) is equal to Pν . iii) The distribution of (ηt, η ′ t ) in D([0, T ], ΩN × ΩN ) is concentrated on the set {(η, η ′ ) ∈ ΩN × ΩN ; η (cid:22) η ′}.
Scaling limits for gradient systems in random environment
Figure 5.9: Average and most probable energy loss as a function of kinetic energy. ˆ A two dimensional distribution of the ∆mp versus the mean drift time is built. ˆ Finally, the latter distribution is converted into the profile form of Fig. 5.10 and then, fitted the most probable value of the distribution (∆mp ).
Study of accelerator neutrino interactions in a liquid argon TPC
In fact it was proved by Schwarz that, under reasonable hypothesis, there can be no definition of commutative and associative operation on distributions which reduce to ordinary multiplication on integrable distributions (say on regular functions); thus in a word it is impossible to define product of distributions.
Generalized regularly discontinuous solutions of the Einstein equations
If X ∼ N (µ, Σ) follows a multivariate Gaussian distribution, then the conditional distribution of XA∪B |XC = xc is also Gaussian with distribution C,C ΣC,A∪B (cid:17), N (cid:16)µA∪B + ΣA∪B, C Σ−1 C,C (xC − µC ), ΣA∪B, A∪B − ΣA∪B, C Σ−1 (see, for example, [1, §B.6]).
Gaussian conditional independence relations have no finite complete characterization
The ingredients of the definition are pl, a distribution on the positive integers, ρ(ψ) a distribution on the 0/1 constraint functions (with possibly a random degree k), and a distribution of fields P (η).
On the freezing of variables in random constraint satisfaction problems
III A 3 is a replacement of the distribution of external fields P (η) by a distribution of distribution of fields, P (P ).
On the freezing of variables in random constraint satisfaction problems
Thus, the distribution Q± is ∇-parallel, the same must hold for its γ -orthogonal distribution P± = im F±, the distributions P±, Q± are foliations and γ is a reducible metric in two ways.
Generalized CRF-structures
To check the dependence between ˆk0 and the underlying distribution, we employ samples taken from multidimensional standard Gaussian distributions, from distributions with independent double exponential marginals and with independent Cauchy marginals.
The random Tukey depth
Generally, stable distribution are assigned to the αstable probability distribution functions (pdfs). α-stable Levy distributions typically are not available in a closed form but are only accessible by means of their Fourier transform.
Continuous Time Random Walks (CTRWs): Simulation of continuous trajectories
It has long been known that if the underlying events are independent and identically distributed, then for appropriately rescaled variables there are three possible limiting universal distributions for the extreme maximal events: the Fr´echet, Gumbel and Weibull distributions .
Extreme statistics of complex random and quantum chaotic states
***