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discrimination

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n discrimination unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
    • n discrimination the cognitive process whereby two or more stimuli are distinguished
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Discrimination That which discriminates; mark of distinction.
    • Discrimination The act of discriminating, distinguishing, or noting and marking differences. "To make an anxious discrimination between the miracle absolute and providential."
    • Discrimination (Railroads) The arbitrary imposition of unequal tariffs for substantially the same service. "A difference in rates, not based upon any corresponding difference in cost, constitutes a case of discrimination ."
    • Discrimination The quality of being discriminating; faculty of nicely distinguishing; acute discernment; as, to show great discrimination in the choice of means.
    • Discrimination The state of being discriminated, distinguished, or set apart.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n discrimination The act of distinguishing; the act of observing, making, or marking a difference; distinction: as, the discrimination between right and wrong.
    • n discrimination Specifically The power of distinguishing or discriminating; discriminative judgment; penetration: as, a man of discrimination.
    • n discrimination The state of being discriminated, distinguished, or set apart.
    • n discrimination That which serves to discriminate; a mark of distinction.
    • n discrimination Specifically An invidious distinction.
    • n discrimination Synonyms Discernment, clearness, acuteness, acumen, nicety, insight. See difference and discernment.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Discrimination act or quality of distinguishing: acuteness: discernment, judgment
    • ***

Quotations

  • Michael E. Gerber
    Michael E. Gerber
    “The five essential entrepreneurial skills for success: Concentration, Discrimination, Organization, Innovation and Communication”
  • Rubye Fields
    Rubye Fields
    “Generally, employees who file complaints of discrimination do so as a last resort.”
  • Golda Meir
    Golda%20Meir
    “Women's Liberation is just a lot of foolishness. It's the men who are discriminated against. They can't bear children. And no one's likely to do anything about that.”
  • Hubert H. Humphrey
    Hubert%20H.%20Humphrey
    “Liberalism, above all, means emancipation -- emancipation from one's fears, his inadequacies, from prejudice, from discrimination... from poverty.”
  • Johann Friedrich Von Schiller
    Johann%20Friedrich%20Von%20Schiller
    “It is difficult to discriminate the voice of truth from amid the clamor raised by heated partisans.”
  • Roger Sperry
    Roger Sperry
    “What it comes down to is that modern society discriminates against the right hemisphere.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. discriminatio, the contrasting of opposite thoughts
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. discrimināre, -ātumdiscrimen, discriminis, that which separates, discernĕre, discern.

Usage

In literature:

In the entire establishment she is the only lover of reading and reads intoxicatingly and without discrimination.
"Yama (The Pit)" by Alexandra Kuprin
I tried to be discriminating and impartial, judging each measure on its merits.
"A Backward Glance at Eighty" by Charles A. Murdock
We can not discriminate in our censure of their mode of conducting their contest between the Spaniards and the Cubans.
"A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents: Ulysses S. Grant" by James D. Richardson
Let me plead for discrimination in choice of pets.
"The Ethics of Drink and Other Social Questions" by James Runciman
It cannot be too austerely discriminated from mere ornament, and from every thing approaching a striking and sensational character.
"Shakespeare: His Life, Art, And Characters, Volume I." by H. N. Hudson
French critics can discriminate between French productions with unsurpassable delicacy and precision.
"Since Cézanne" by Clive Bell
Discrimination here must be not in the quality but in the quantity of training.
"A Librarian's Open Shelf" by Arthur E. Bostwick
The artist-poet's complete works were edited by Mr. William Michael Rossetti in 1874, with a complete and discriminating memoir.
"Library Of The World's Best Literature, Ancient And Modern, Vol. 5" by Various
Our pension laws should give more adequate and discriminating relief to the Union soldiers and sailors and to their widows and orphans.
"A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, Volume IX." by Benjamin Harrison
Either it must discriminate in their favor or it must discriminate against them.
"The Promise Of American Life" by Herbert David Croly
But evidently the organization preferred to make the issue turn on discrimination against members.
"A History of Trade Unionism in the United States" by Selig Perlman
Discriminating treatment was therefore a necessity.
"The Inside Story Of The Peace Conference" by Emile Joseph Dillon
Nor were they without discrimination.
"The Honorable Peter Stirling and What People Thought of Him" by Paul Leicester Ford
His work was simply plant breeding by the discriminative-restrictive method.
"Certain Success" by Norval A. Hawkins
Instead of sympathy in the country of his sojourn he met discrimination, jealousy, and suspicion.
"Our Foreigners" by Samuel P. Orth
They are the first objects discriminated in attention and projected against the background of consciousness.
"The Life of Reason" by George Santayana
In a democracy, it is important to discriminate influence from authority.
"The Oxford Book of American Essays" by Various
The noble virtues and the signal faults of the great soldier are admirably discriminated.
"British Quarterly Review, American Edition, Volume LIV" by Various
In general the consuming trade does not discriminate between Parmesan, Grana and closely related forms.
"The Book of Cheese" by Charles Thom and Walter Warner Fisk
In some cases, he contends, ignorance is good; and he discriminates which the cases are.
"Plato and the Other Companions of Sokrates, 3rd ed. Volume II (of 4)" by George Grote
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In poetry:

Contrast with JAMES'S greedy haste
And comprehensive hand,
The nice discriminating taste
Of APPLEBODY BLAND.
"The Two Ogres" by William Schwenck Gilbert
Beneath the thicket of these leaves
No light discriminates each from each.
No Self that wrongs, no Self that grieves
Hath longer deed nor creed nor speech.
"From “Taliesin: a Masque”:Voices Of Unseen Spirits" by Richard Hovey
Oh, mystery! who can understand
Why, sudden, from God's mighty hand
Destructive bolts of power
Without discrimination strike
The evil and the good alike--
As in that dreadful hour!
"Mysterious" by Hattie Howard

In news:

Townsquare Media does not discriminate in advertising sales based on race or ethnicity.
Any provision in any order or agreement for advertising that purports to discriminate on the basis of race or ethnicity, even if handwritten, typed or otherwise made a part of a particular contract, will be rejected.
It makes no sense to discriminate when you are trying to correct discrimination .
President Barack Obama has been fighting discrimination most of his adult life.
Discriminating Good from Bad, Part IV.
New York Grocery Store Introduces 'Man Aisle' for the Discriminating Male Shopper.
OSC initiative zeroes in on worst vet discriminator - the government.
Absence of intent to discriminate isn't a defense against disparate impact.
Discrimination is not a family value.
DNA databases help solve crimes but aid and abet racial discrimination.
The Supreme Court of Canada has upheld a ruling made seven years ago -- saying a BC school board discriminated against a boy with dyslexia .
Can Michigan experience economic recovery when we enshrine discrimination.
Mention the new "tan tax" in a major news outlet and cries of discrimination and reverse racism often follow.
Black narcotics agent 's unresolved 1977 bias suit illustrates frustrations of discrimination claims.
NEK Inn Settles Discrimination Lawsuit.
***

In science:

This outcome is interpreted as conclusive (or successful) in the sense that the transformed states can now be subjected to a measurement that will discriminate them— and hence discriminate |νl (cid:105)2—with the maximum achievable confidence.
Quantum teleportation via maximum-confidence quantum measurements
In both cases, the discriminants of the polynomials are squares, as the discriminant of polynomial (1) is a square times ∆, and of polynomial (2) a square times δ .
A Generic Polynomial for the Alternating Group $A_5$
We hold on previous works done in generalized gaussian discrimination and transpose them into the logistic model to bring out efficient discrimination rules for non customers’ subpopulation.
Transfer Learning Using Logistic Regression in Credit Scoring
Discriminant analysis makes it possible use a large number of parameters that may be specific for a certain corpus or information stream, and combine them into a small number of functions, with the parameters weighted on basis of how useful they are for discriminating text genres.
Recognizing Text Genres with Simple Metrics Using Discriminant Analysis
Discriminant analysis takes a set of precategorized individuals and data on their variation on a number of parameters, and works out a set discriminant functions which distinguishes between the groups.
Recognizing Text Genres with Simple Metrics Using Discriminant Analysis
The signal was also discriminated, and the discriminated outputs drove scaler units and stoped TDCs.
Prototype Test Results of the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE)
There exists a unique (up to an additive constant) invariant of generic planar curves of a fixed index, whose value remains unchanged under crossings of the self-tangency strata of the discriminant, but increases by one under the positive crossing of the triple point stratum of the discriminant.
Arnold-type Invariants of Curves on Surfaces
Let G = Gal(L/K ), then the discriminant of L/K de fines a factorizable function (conductor-discriminant formula).
Invitation to higher local fields, Part II, section 10: Galois modules and class field theory
Signal versus background discrimination In order to obtain a clear signal, we will have to discriminate between the signal events and background events that contain a similar four lepton final state.
Observability of MSSM Higgs bosons via sparticle decay modes in CMS
Rami]. Mo collisions [Rami]. Mo del discrimination will improve as more data is recorded. del discrimination will improve as more data is recorded.
Experimental Summary
Example of low background recently achieved is the case of IGEX, with Ge ionization detectors; the cases of the CDMS and EDELWEISS which use Ge thermal detectors which also measure ionization to discriminate, and that of ZEPLIN which uses background discrimination in liquid Xenon.
Direct detection of WIMPs with conventional (non-cryogenic) detectors. Experimental review
The nuclear recoil discrimination efficiency should be optimized going from above 99.7% up to 99.9% at the same time that the energy Evis at which discrimination applies should be lowered.
Direct detection of WIMPs with conventional (non-cryogenic) detectors. Experimental review
Substantial enhancements of the instanton sensitivity were obtained, by means of various multivariate discrimination methods, involving only a single cut on a suitable discriminant variable.
Instanton-Induced Processes - An Overview
Thus, to profit from price discrimination, a software company must make an appropriate choice of the form of price discrimination; it must choose its prices optimally and sometimes it must determine optimal quality levels for an inferior (related) set of products or the size of a bundle.
Evaluating Pricing Strategy Using e-Commerce Data: Evidence and Estimation Challenges
While missing mass is the most powerful variable for discriminating these decay contributions, there is also discriminating power in the lepton momentum (pl ) spectrum and in the number of extra tracks not used reconstructing the D l.
Review of Exculsive B->D(*,**)lnu Decays -- Branching Fractions, Form-factors and |V_cb|
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