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dialectic

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj dialectic of or relating to or employing dialectic "the dialectical method"
    • n dialectic any formal system of reasoning that arrives at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
    • n dialectic a contradiction of ideas that serves as the determining factor in their interaction "this situation created the inner dialectic of American history"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The name Coca-Cola in China was first rendered as 'Ke-kou-ke-la.' Unfortunately, the Company did not discover until after thousands of signs had been printed that the phrase means 'bite the wax tadpole' or 'female horse stuffed with wax' depending on the dialect. Coke then researched Chinese characters and found a close phonetic equivalent, 'ko-kou-ko-le,' which can be loosely translated as 'happiness in the mouth.'
    • Dialectic Pertaining to a dialect or to dialects.
    • Dialectic Pertaining to dialectics; logical; argumental.
    • n Dialectic Same as Dialectics. "Plato placed his dialectic above all sciences."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The name Santa Claus is a corruption of the Dutch dialect name for Saint Nicholas Sint Klass.
    • dialectic Relating to the art of reasoning about probabilities; pertaining to scholastic disputation. Kantians sometimes use the word in the sense of pertaining to false argumentation.
    • dialectic Of or pertaining to a dialect or dialects; dialectal.
    • dialectic Also dialectical.
    • n dialectic [= French dialectique = Sp. dialéctica = Pg. dialectica = It. dialettica = G. Dan. Sw. dialektik, ⟨ L. dialectica, ⟨ Gr. διαλεκτική (sc. τέχνη), the dialectic art, the art of discussion, logical debate, also the logic of probabilities, fem. of διαλεκτικός, belonging to disputation: see I.]
    • n dialectic Logic, or a branch of logic; specifically, the art of critical examination into the truth of an opinion; inductive logic applied to philosophy; the logic of probable reasoning; the art of discussion and of disputation; logic applied to rhetoric and refutation. The invention of the art of dialectic is attributed to Zeno the Eleatic, whose arguments against motion are examples of the original meaning of the Greek word. The famous dialectic of Socrates and Plato, their chief instrument of philosophical inquiry, was a conversational discussion with inductive appeals to special instances. Dialectic was limited by Aristotle to logic accommodated to the uses of the rhetorician, appealing only to general belief, but not to first principles. The Stoics, who probably introduced the term logic, divided that art into rhetoric and dialectic, the former being the art of continuous discourse, the latter that of discussion with an interlocutor. Cicero and other Latin writers, influenced by Stoic doctrine, understand by dialectic “the art of discussing well” (ars bene disserendi). It thus became the name of that branch of the trivium of the Roman schools which we call logic, and retained that meaning throughout the middle ages. Hence, in all the earlier English literature, it is the synonym of logic, differing from that word only by a more distinct suggestion of the idea of disputation. Modern logicians have frequently restricted it to the doctrines of the Topics and Sophistical Elenchi, or to the former alone. It has also been used as a synonym of syllogistic. Kant named the constructive part of his Transcendental Logic transcendental analytic, and the destructive part transcendental dialectic. For the sake of this phrase, he makes dialectic, in general, the theory of fallacies. According to Hegel, each concept in the development of thought by a primitive necessity develops its own diametrical opposite, and to this reaction of thought against itself, regarded not as final, but as subject to a subsequent reconcilement in a higher order of thought, he gave the name of dialectic.
    • n dialectic Skill in disputation. Also dialectics.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Philippines has more than 1,000 regional dialects and two official languages.
    • adj Dialectic dī-a-lek′tik pertaining to dialect or to discourse: pertaining to dialectics: logical
    • ns Dialectic art of discussing: that branch of logic which teaches the rules and modes of reasoning
    • ***

Quotations

  • Octavio Paz
    Octavio%20Paz
    “Wisdom lies neither in fixity nor in change, but in the dialectic between the two.”
  • John Kenneth Galbraith
    John%20Kenneth%20Galbraith
    “The great dialectic in our time is not, as anciently and by some still supposed, between capital and labor; it is between economic enterprise and the state.”
  • Walt Whitman
    Walt%20Whitman
    “Viewed freely, the English language is the accretion and growth of every dialect, race, and range of time, and is both the free and compacted composition of all.”
  • Doris Lessing
    Doris%20Lessing
    “Space or science fiction has become a dialect for our time.”
  • Thomas Hardy
    Thomas%20Hardy
    “Dialect words are those terrible marks of the beast to the truly genteel.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. dialecticus, Gr. : cf. F. dialectique,. See Dialect
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. dialektikos.

Usage

In literature:

He brought to bear upon her case every trick of dialectics and flattery at his command.
"Jewish Literature and Other Essays" by Gustav Karpeles
Later, dialectics, philosophy, and political science are to be added.
"History of Education" by Levi Seeley
It is also found in the northern dialects of the Old English, and in the particular dialect of Westmoreland at the present day.
"A Handbook of the English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
They were talking and laughing among themselves in the Venetian dialect, which Simon could barely understand.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
The great allegory has been translated into almost every language and dialect under the sun.
"Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 7" by Various
The word 'frembde' (138.3) is now obsolete except in Scots and north-country dialect, and is spelled in various ways.
"Ballads of Robin Hood and other Outlaws" by Frank Sidgwick
He asked Harrison a sharp question in a dialect that smacked of the guttural Tibetan.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
What would Burgum give to get a name And snatch the blundering dialect from shame?
"Great Men and Famous Women, Vol. 7 of 8"
He was an illiterate man, and spoke in his native dialect.
"Adventures and Recollections" by Bill o'th' Hoylus End
In this place Helfenstein heard the Pennsylvania-German dialect spoken to his heart's content.
"Lippincott's Magazine, September, 1885" by Various
Three dialects or languages are spoken by the {155} tribes in the territory covered.
"Where Half The World Is Waking Up" by Clarence Poe
Had not that fierce satirist created a dialect of his own for his everlastingly mysterious love affairs?
"In a Little Town" by Rupert Hughes
The dialect of the lazy Yankee and his industrious hens are heard no more in the hills of Pointview.
"'Charge It'" by Irving Bacheller
Between these there are patches of country in which dialects of the Mexican are spoken.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 6" by Various
Zeno is also called by Aristotle the inventor of dialectic.
"A Critical History of Greek Philosophy" by W. T. Stace
But except in name there was no resemblance between the minstrels of the northern and southern dialects.
"View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Henry Hallam
In the 12th century the same gospels were again copied by pious hands into the Kentish dialect of the period.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 7" by Various
This dialect deviates from the western dialects and has likeness to the Middle-Frankish.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 8" by Various
The speech of Leon, too, may be classed as a separate dialect.
"Spain" by Wentworth Webster
All his dramas, therefore, are problem plays, wherein the characters are but the expression of theses and antitheses in dialectical struggle.
"Romain Rolland" by Stefan Zweig
***

In poetry:

Age lorded not, nor rose the hectic
Up to the cheek of Youth;
But reigned throughout their dialectic
Sobriety of truth.
"Two Visions" by Alfred Austin
O, the gallant Watch and Ward,
Sleepy England's wakeful guard,
With larum, rattle, pike, and hook,
Owd Ludd at Cabbage Ho' they took.
* In Lancashire dialect, a 'ghost'.
"The Watch And Ward." by Samuel Bamford
In their dialect way the knights of the Gray
Gave a flout at the buckeye bandana,
And the buckeye came back with a gosh-awful whack,
And that's what's the matter with Hannah.
"The Blue And Gray" by Eugene Field
Brutal like all Olympic games,
Though fought with smiles and Christian names
And less dramatic,
This dialectic strife between
The civil gods is just as mean,
And more fanatic.
"Under Which Lyre" by W H Auden
He gives the order ‘Whusky!’ ere he goes below once more—
And ‘Whusky’ is a Russian word I never heard before;
Perhaps some Tartar dialect, because, you know, you’ll meet
Some very various Muscovites aboard the Baltic fleet.
"Those Foreign Engineers" by Henry Lawson
E'er the completion of the impious pile,
Thou mayest have heard, with silent nonchalance,
That strange catastrophe of human speech,
That dire confusion of the languages,
Confounding all the tongues and dialects
To unknown chaos of peculiar sounds.
"Metabole." by Alfred Castner King

In news:

Working with a credible lower-class-British dialect, that great Persian actor Jake Gyllenhaal stars as the grown-up street urchin adopted by the king.
Critics are calling Senate majority leader Harry Reid racist for suggesting in 2008 that Obama was electable because he was 'light-skinned' and had 'no Negro dialect'.
Linguist Virginia Beavert speaks five of the fourteen original dialects of the plateau tribes, including Yakama, and has been a long time teacher of the languages and active in their preservation.
A unique way of speaking English disappears as Scotsman 's death spells demise of rare dialect.
Scotsman Dies, Taking Town's Dialect With Him.
Gala Porras-Kim's exhibition "Prospecting Notes About Sounds," currently on view at 18th Street Arts Center, researches Zapotec culture, its tonal language, and the variations of dialects contained within Oaxaca.
Reid Apologizes for Remarks on Obama's Color and 'Dialect.
The musicality of our dialect.
A small glossary of Cromarty dialect phrases.
Only 25 when "The Dialectic of Sex" was published, Firestone vaulted to prominence as a leading theorist of the second wave of feminism that crested in the 1960s and '70s.
The feminist writer of "The Dialectic of Sex," Shulamith Firestone, has died of natural causes.
The feminist writer of "The Dialectic of Sex," Shulamith Firestone, has died of natural causes.
Oxford Dictionaries' grand rival in the word-coronation business, the American Dialect Society, does a much better job with their WotYs, if you ask me.
News Different dialects affect plant growth .
That's the cliché, but on a planet with thousands of regional languages and musical traditions, it's a universal language with dialects to spare.
***

In science:

Abelson and Sussman illustrate the realist approach using Scheme, a dialect of Lisp.
Logic Programming, Functional Programming, and Inductive Definitions
Other dialects will be defined in order to hide this LISP form to the linguist (see below).
Interlingual Lexical Organisation for Multilingual Lexical Databases in NADIA
Write user requirements, in the form of logical formulas in some temporal logic dialect (most action-based logics will be suitable). 4.
Behavioural Models for Group Communications
This is carried out by first making a survey of so-called dialectical roots for interest prohibition and then demonstrating that for at least one important positive interest bearing financial product, the savings account with interest, its prohibition cannot be inferred from a match with any of these root cases.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
The demarcation between dialectical reasoning and argumentation from authority is not always clear. I do not intend to suggest that arguments from authority must be weak, as if they are a cover-up for lacking conclusive arguments.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
Regarding SAI it is possible to draw a number of specific conclusions based on an inspection of the inventory of dialectical root cases.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
The prohibition of SAI cannot be convincingly inferred from any of the dialectical roots that have been collected in the survey below.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
The remarkable reward which authors obtain from the use of arguments based on one or more of the dialectical roots is that they need not be clear about the arguments from authority involved in the matter.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
Dialectical roots can be used in an argument against a financial product if some similarity between the root case and a product instance can be established.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
Below I will argue that none of the dialectical root cases offers a similarity to SAI which by itself induces a prohibition of SAI assuming that one shares the injunction embodied in that particular root case.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
Below I will outline the known dialectical roots of interest prohibition.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
It fails to constitute a dialectical root case, however, as it primarily applies an argument of authority to the methodology of reading a specific collection of revealed sources.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
I will now consider each of the dialectical roots for IP and one by one it will be argued that the root cannot be used to infer that SAI must be prohibited.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
Because these dialectical roots cover all rational arguments for IP, it follows that no such rational argument exists in the specific case of SAI.
Dialectical Roots for Interest Prohibition Theory
Since there are operations for which ternary witnesses do not meet the worstcase bounds, the notions of universal witness and dialect have been extended to quaternary alphabets, by adding a fourth input d which performs the identity permutation, denoted by d : 1Q .
Universal Witnesses for State Complexity of Boolean Operations and Concatenation Combined with Star
***