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Depression

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n depression pushing down "depression of the space bar on the typewriter"
    • n depression sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy
    • n depression a sunken or depressed geological formation
    • n depression angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
    • n depression a concavity in a surface produced by pressing "he left the impression of his fingers in the soft mud"
    • n depression a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
    • n depression a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity
    • n depression a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
    • n depression an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation "a low moved in over night bringing sleet and snow"
    • n Depression a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with depression than men in the United States
    • Depression A falling in of the surface; a sinking below its true place; a cavity or hollow; as, roughness consists in little protuberances and depressions .
    • Depression (Surg) A method of operating for cataract; couching. See Couch v. t., 8.
    • Depression Dejection; despondency; lowness. "In a great depression of spirit."
    • Depression Diminution, as of trade, etc.; inactivity; dullness.
    • Depression Humiliation; abasement, as of pride.
    • Depression The act of depressing.
    • Depression (Astron) The angular distance of a celestial object below the horizon.
    • Depression (Math) The operation of reducing to a lower degree; -- said of equations.
    • Depression The state of being depressed; a sinking.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: When the First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt, received an alarming number of threatening letters, soon after her husband became President at the height of the Depression, the Secret Service insisted that she carry a pistol in her purse
    • n depression The act of pressing down, or the state of being pressed down. Specifically
    • n depression In astronomy: The sinking of the polar star toward the horizon, as the observer recedes from the pole toward the equator
    • n depression In gunnery, the lowering of the muzzle of a gun, corresponding to the raising of the breech.
    • n depression In surgery, a kind of couching.
    • n depression In music, the lowering or flatting of a tone: denoted in printed music by a ♭, or, after a ♯, by a ♯.
    • n depression A hollow; a sinking or falling in of a surface; a forcing inward: as, roughness consisting in little protuberances and depressions; the depression of the skull.
    • n depression Figuratively, the act of lowering or abasing: as, the depression of pride.
    • n depression A sinking of the spirits; dejection; a state of sadness; want of courage or animation: as, depression of the mind.
    • n depression A low state of strength; physical exhaustion.
    • n depression A state of dullness or inactivity: as, depression of trade; commercial depression.
    • n depression Humiliation, fall.
    • n depression Melancholy, despondency.
    • n depression The difference between the low barometric pressure and the normal pressure for that locality; the departure of the pressure.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Negative emotions such as anxiety and depression can weaken your immune system.
    • ns Depression a falling in or sinking: a lowering: a fall of the barometer: a hollow: abasement: dejection
    • ***

Quotations

  • Paul Tillich
    Paul Tillich
    “Depression is rage spread thin.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Nothing else is needed to make you depressed, than to fancy you are so.”
  • Dodie Smith
    Dodie Smith
    “Noble deeds and hot baths are the best cures for depression.”
  • Ernest Hemingway
    Ernest%20Hemingway
    “That terrible mood of depression of whether it's any good or not is what is known as The Artist's Reward.”
  • Susan Sontag
    Susan%20Sontag
    “Depression is melancholy minus its charms -- the animation, the fits.”
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Franklin%20D.%20Roosevelt
    “If we can boondoggle ourselves out of this depression, that word is going to be enshrined in the hearts of the American people for years to come.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. depressio,: cf. F. dépression,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. deprimĕre, -pressumde, down, and primĕre, to press.

Usage

In literature:

The depression finished him.
"Class of '29" by Orrie Lashin and Milo Hastings
But keep your body in perfect health, and you ought to be immune from extreme depression.
"Bella Donna" by Robert Hichens
He looked a little less depressed, and I tried to cheer him up.
"Red Hair" by Elinor Glyn
She longed for sleep, and tried to win it to her by repeating the Psalm which had been her comfort in all times of her depression.
"The Helpmate" by May Sinclair
The hold-up of the train had taken place at a depressing spot.
"Sixteen Months in Four German Prisons" by Henry Charles Mahoney
The most depressing hours that overtook him were those in which he visualized her floating away beyond his reach.
"The Hidden Places" by Bertrand W. Sinclair
Janice was so cheerful as often to depress others; so grateful that she gloried in self-abnegation and had no curiosity outside a given command.
"The Shield of Silence" by Harriet T. Comstock
The anterior end is usually pointed, with the flagella arising from a minute depression; the posterior end is rounded.
"Marine Protozoa from Woods Hole" by Gary N. Calkins
Everyone is depressed and everyone longs to be out of Petrograd.
"My War Experiences in Two Continents" by Sarah Macnaughtan
She felt her spirits, which had been greatly depressed, somewhat revived by the free air, the sight of grass and trees.
"A Crooked Path" by Mrs. Alexander
The cap is depressed, or becomes so at a later stage of growth.
"Among the Mushrooms" by Ellen M. Dallas and Caroline A. Burgin
The atmosphere of the place depressed him.
"The Golden Silence" by C. N. Williamson and A. M. Williamson
The cheerful conversation had suddenly taken a depressing turn.
"The Emigrant Trail" by Geraldine Bonner
The original block is a plate of copper on which the picture is represented by minute depressions and prominences.
"Marvels of Scientific Invention" by Thomas W. Corbin
Here there are many depressions which have no outlets, and marshes, ponds, and small lakes abound.
"The Geography of the Region about Devils Lake and the Dalles of the Wisconsin" by Rollin D. Salisbury
It is also a functional toxin, because it depresses the activity of organs by injuring the innervation.
"Essays In Pastoral Medicine" by Austin ÓMalley
Depression below the surface of the earth has never become a part of human experience beyond the limit of a few hundred feet.
"A System of Practical Medicine by American Authors, Vol. I" by Various
To tell you the truth, I was feeling a bit depressed.
"The Everlasting Arms" by Joseph Hocking
At last, Dubourg, throwing off his depression, seemed to have determined upon his course.
"Sister Anne (Novels of Paul de Kock, Volume X)" by Charles Paul de Kock
It was grave, and the corners of the almost perfect mouth were slightly depressed, like the Greek bow reversed.
"The Socialist" by Cyril Arthur Edward Ranger Gull
***

In poetry:

Afar though nation be on nation hurled,
And life with toil and ancient pain depressed,
Here one may scarce believe the whole wide world
Is not at peace, and all man's heart at rest.
"Wordsworth's Grave" by William Watson
And time went by, drawn by slow horses.
We did not ourselves know what the end was.
The Great Depression had entered our souls like fog.
We had our flaws, perhaps a few private virtues.
"Pantoum Of The Great Depression" by Donald Justice
When six days of labour each other succeeding,
The husbandman toils with his spirits depress'd;
What pleasure to think, as the last is receding,
To--morrow will be a sweet Sabbath of rest!
"To-Morrow - Written During Sickness." by Susanna Blamire
When adverse Fortune bade us part,
And grief depress'd my aching heart,
Like yon reviving ray,
She from behind the cloud would move,
And with a stolen look of love
Would melt my cares away.
"Lines To An Auricula, Belonging To----" by Sir John Carr
'Stung wi' the taunt, ye back recoil'd,
Pensive ye mus'd; I mark'd and smil'd;
Daund'ring depress'd 'mang knows flower'd wild,
My aten reed
Ye faund ae bonny morning mild 'Tween Ayre and Tweed.
"The Scottish Muse" by Hector MacNeill
We gathered on porches; the moon rose; we were poor.
And time went by, drawn by slow horses.
Somewhere beyond our windows shone the actual world.
The Great Depression had entered our souls like fog.
"Pantoum Of The Great Depression" by Donald Justice

In news:

How do I distinguish a normal grief reaction, after a loss, from a major depressive episode.
"Depression is the inability to construct a future.".
The effect of this economic slump on birthrates has been more rapid and long-lasting than any downturn since the Great Depression.
Coping with depression and living life to the fullest.
The savior of the Great Depression: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
Left him with nightmares and headaches, withdrawn, fearful, and depressed.
NEW YORK — The raging bull market in stocks — born at the depths of the most severe financial crisis since the Great Depression — turns 2 today.
Average national home prices haven't dropped since the Great Depression.
State fairs across the country have coped with a depressed economy and drought, making 2012 among the most challenging years in recent memory.
Burnham II, a financier whose surname has been on the front door of a Wall Street firm virtually since the depths of the Depression, died on Monday after boating near Norfolk, Va.
IT WAS DEPRESSING enough when US officials finally admitted last year that the country had waterboarded terrorism detainees.
Ignore for a moment the depressed real estate market, $3-per-gallon gas prices and long lines at the unemployment office.
Whether he has a headache or feels depressed, Porras, one of the wounded warriors at Fort Belvoir, finds grooming the horse calms him down.
The iconic actress and activist explains why she gets depressed about the current presidential candidates from the right.
More taxes and more spending will further depress Maryland's economy.
***

In science:

When T is depressed for a short time NE556A fires producing the monostable output for ∼2 seconds.
Bipolar Transistor Tester / Digital IC Tester for Physics Lab
For example: “the contraction of the muscles round the eyes when in grief”, “the firm closure of the mouth when in reflection”, “the depression of the corners of the mouth when in low spirits”, etc 3.
Face Expression Recognition and Analysis: The State of the Art
This is because for λφ and C (rφ ) fixed, increasing d(rφ)Q2 φ depresses the diphoton width as is seen in Fig. 2.
Constraints on New Scalars from the LHC 125 GeV Higgs Signal
In the first case one has to make sure that the BH can grow rapidly by providing a continuous gas supply, avoiding radiation feedback from the growing hole depressing the accretion rate, prevent ejection from the parent halo; in addition one has to be careful not to overproduce ≈ 106M⊙ holes at any observable redshift.
First Stars IV: Summary Talk
Each time that I get a little depressed by the seemingly endless detail and the great precision that are required to compute an accurate solar model, I think of the much greater difficulties that my friends working in the field of supernova neutrinos must overcome.
Summary Talk: International Symposium on Neutrino Astrophysics, Takayama/Kamioka (10/'92)
It would be interesting to look for such a behaviour, either in lepton-induced reactions by depressing as much as possible the effect of hadronisation, or by extension to all other cases, just for curiosity’s sake.
Soft Physics and Intermittency: Open Question(s) in Krakow
The top squark masses are further altered by squark mixing, which depresses the lighter state even further.
Supercollider Signatures of Supergravity Models with Yukawa Unification
After hadronization this leads to a depressed level of hadronic activity between the jets and thus allows the formation of rapidity gaps.
Gluon Radiation Patterns in Pomeron Exchange Events
This should yield a depression of the (cid:13)ux below the Ly(cid:11) line, which would be constant for homogeneously distributed neutral hydrogen.
THE GUNN-PETERSON EFFECT FROM UNDERDENSE REGIONS IN A PHOTOIONIZED INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM
Since the discovery of the Ly(cid:11) forest, there have been several attempts to detect a uniform Gunn-Peterson e(cid:11)ect, by subtracting the contribution to the average depression of the (cid:13)ux of the individually detected absorption lines.
THE GUNN-PETERSON EFFECT FROM UNDERDENSE REGIONS IN A PHOTOIONIZED INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM
They showed that in order to account for the total depression of the (cid:13)ux in the region of the Ly(cid:11) forest, there has to be either a uniform Gunn-Peterson e(cid:11)ect at the level of (cid:28)GP ' : at z = , or an equivalent absorption due to lines that are too weak and crowded to be detected.
THE GUNN-PETERSON EFFECT FROM UNDERDENSE REGIONS IN A PHOTOIONIZED INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM
If a continuum absorption is present, then the number of weak lines must be even lower, since they must produce a smaller average depression, but there must be more of them at NH I (cid:24)>  cm(cid:0) in order to obtain the observed intensity (cid:13)uctuations.
THE GUNN-PETERSON EFFECT FROM UNDERDENSE REGIONS IN A PHOTOIONIZED INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM
The N stars exhibit very strong depression of light in the violet part of the spectrum.
The R Stars: Carbon Stars of a Different Kind
We conclude that, at the luxury levels 0 and 1, the deviations have the same qualitative nature, the only difference being that the absolute value of the deviations is depressed for the higher levels of luxury.
The RANLUX generator: resonances in a random walk test
Let us now return to the analysis of Fig. 4 in relation to the depression in the spectrum.
From 3K to $10^{20}$eV
***