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degradation

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n degradation changing to a lower state (a less respected state)
    • n degradation a low or downcast state "each confession brought her into an attitude of abasement"- H.L.Menchken"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Canada declared national beauty contests canceled as of 1992, claiming they were degrading to women.
    • Degradation (Geol) A gradual wearing down or wasting, as of rocks and banks, by the action of water, frost etc.
    • Degradation (Physiol) Arrest of development, or degeneration of any organ, or of the body as a whole.
    • Degradation Diminution or reduction of strength, efficacy, or value; degeneration; deterioration. "The development and degradation of the alphabetic forms can be traced."
    • Degradation The act of reducing in rank, character, or reputation, or of abasing; a lowering from one's standing or rank in office or society; diminution; as, the degradation of a peer, a knight, a general, or a bishop. "He saw many removes and degradations in all the other offices of which he had been possessed."
    • Degradation The state of being reduced in rank, character, or reputation; baseness; moral, physical, or intellectual degeneracy; disgrace; abasement; debasement. "The . . . degradation of a needy man of letters.""Deplorable is the degradation of our nature.""Moments there frequently must be, when a sinner is sensible of the degradation of his state."
    • Degradation (Biol) The state or condition of a species or group which exhibits degraded forms; degeneration. "The degradation of the species man is observed in some of its varieties."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n degradation A reducing in rank; the act of depriving one of a degree of honor, of dignity, or of rank; deposition, removal, or dismissal from rank or office: as, the degradation of a general. Specifically— In eccles, law, the act of depriving an ecclesiastic of his orders or privileges, or of both. The Roman Catholic Church recognizes two methods of degradation. By the simple or verbal degradation the accused is deprived of all his orders and benefices. By the solemn or real degradation he is with great ceremony stripped of his ecclesiastical vestments and ornaments and publicly reproached by the bishop, deprived of his orders and benefices as in simple degradation, and of his various privileges. He remains, however, a priest, and can in special emergencies consecrate and administer the sacraments. Degradation is now resorted to only in extreme cases. In the early church the culprit was degraded by removal from a higher to a lower grade of office. See deprivation, 4.
    • n degradation The state of being reduced from a higher to a lower grade of power, character, or estimation; degeneracy; debasement.
    • n degradation The act of sinking to a lower level in space.
    • n degradation Diminution or reduction, as of strength, value, altitude, or magnitude.
    • n degradation In painting, a lessening and obscuring of distant objects in a landscape, to give the effect of distance.
    • n degradation In geology, the reduction or wearing down of higher lands, rocks, strata, etc., by the action of water or other causes.
    • n degradation In biology, abortive structural development; retrograde metamorphosis, such as that witnessed in many parasites as a result of their parasitism.
    • n degradation In botany, a change consisting of abstraction, loss, abortion, or non-development of usual organs.
    • n degradation In heraldry, same as abatement.
    • n degradation In organic chemistry, the resolution of the molecule of a compound into other substances of smaller molecular weight. It denotes the systematic elimination of one carbon atom after another from a compound, whereby we pass down a homologous series, step by step, from the more to the less complex.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Degradation disgrace: degeneration: abortive structural development: a lowering in dignity
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “As soon as beauty is sought not from religion and love, but for pleasure, it degrades the seeker.”
  • Alice James
    Alice James
    “I suppose one has a greater sense of intellectual degradation after an interview with a doctor than from any human experience.”
  • William Blake
    William%20Blake
    “The foundation of empire is art and science. Remove them or degrade them, and the empire is no more. Empire follows art and not vice versa as Englishmen suppose.”
  • Booker T. Washington
    Booker%20T.%20Washington
    “I will not permit any man to narrow and degrade my soul by making me hate him.”
  • Christopher Hampton
    Christopher Hampton
    “I think there's something degrading about having a husband for a rival. It's humiliating if you fail and commonplace if you succeed.”
  • Simone Weil
    Simone%20Weil
    “A hurtful act is the transference to others of the degradation which we bear in ourselves.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
LL. degradatio, from degradare,: cf. F. dégradation,. See Degrade
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. dégrader—L. de, down, and gradus, a step. See Grade.

Usage

In literature:

The Nation will touch the lowest tide-mud of its degradation within the next few years.
"The Clansman" by Thomas Dixon
The senses could refine, and the intellect could degrade.
"The Picture of Dorian Gray" by Oscar Wilde
And yet there is not one of these faculties, capacities and powers that is useless, or, in itself, evil or degrading.
"The New Avatar and The Destiny of the Soul" by Jirah D. Buck
There are women who are by accident more degraded physically.
"Modern Women and What is Said of Them" by Anonymous
Were these withheld, his degrading occupation would of course cease.
"Select Temperance Tracts" by American Tract Society
He might be hectored, bullied, cheated even, but he hardly felt himself degraded too.
"Change in the Village" by (AKA George Bourne) George Sturt
The belief in transmigration of souls is implicit, and this is used to keep woman in a most degraded condition.
"History of Education" by Levi Seeley
Captivity may hold and make more fierce, but cannot degrade, the lion.
"The Free Lances" by Mayne Reid
The isolated household is responsible for a large share of woman's ignorance and degradation.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume I"
I found the district a very degraded one.
"The Story of John G. Paton" by James Paton
In fact, it is better to be the slave of an educated white man, than of a degraded, ignorant black one.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume II"
A few months had sufficed to degrade France below the level of New Zealand.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
The Brahmans are the only ones who are degraded by following the plough.
"India, Its Life and Thought" by John P. Jones
Such a degraded state of humanity can hardly be found elsewhere among semi-civilized races.
"Due West" by Maturin Murray Ballou
Think for a moment, what a degrading effect must be produced on the morals of both blacks and whites by customs like these!
"An Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans" by Lydia Maria Child
She could not be more degraded.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
The old gray rag which had then seemed the livery of a degraded life was now no more than the resumption of her reality.
"The Dust Flower" by Basil King
But always she came home in anger, as if she were diminished, belittled, almost degraded.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
He was dreadfully filthy, and his stertorous breathing gave a clue to the cause of his degradation.
"The Record of Nicholas Freydon" by A. J. (Alec John) Dawson
The condition into which I had brought myself was, I felt, one of degradation.
"My Schools and Schoolmasters" by Hugh Miller
***

In poetry:

I've seen the Southern members rave,
And in their places swear,
Because some poor, degraded slave
Had offer'd them a prayer!
"I've Seen" by Benjamin Cutler Clark
Still worse, a moral degradation
Thus cradled, vitiates the race;
Among the rising generation
A lust for slaughter grows apace.
"Bird Slaughter" by John Lawson Stoddard
While purer spirits pin'd away
By mental suff'ring faded,
'Twas theirs to keep a thornless way,
With hearts and minds degraded.
"Stanzas." by Eliza Acton
Ye fair, be warn'd by Dolly's fate,
Who, 'stead of being married,
Was doom'd to a degraded state--
Where she was born was buried.
"The Lover" by William Hutton
"Thou art right," he answered lowly,
As a youth should sneak a maid;
"Like thyself, thy word is holy;
Love is hate, if it degrade.
"Lita of the Nile" by Richard Doddridge Blackmore
He climbed up degradation's hill,
Two hundred and fifty years;
And over the Israelitic rills,
He waded through heartaches and tears.
"Ajax at the Centennial. 1897" by Frank Barbour Coffin

In news:

Some of the latest high-power RF transistors claim notable ruggedness ratings, allowing them to operate into severe load mismatches at full power without damage or even performance degradation.
The twin-reactor power plant has been shut down since January because of rapid degradation of tubes within four replacement steam generators .
In one to five years, degrades into biomass compost.
According to a recent Greenpeace study, major global fashion labels are using toxic chemicals in the production of their clothing, which occurs mainly in China, that leads to environmental degradation.
The Port Neches- Groves (Texas) Independent School District has sued the company that installed turf on its football field, alleging that the surface began degrading and wearing down after only two years of use.
From mold, to mice, to moisture, the JFK Library and Museum in Boston is trying to save its collection of Hemingway 's incoming letters from the different types of damage that have been degrading the batch as it ages.
The drought not only reduced the effectiveness of soil-residual herbicides, but the lack of rainfall also slowed the rate of herbicide degradation.
It seems more Christian to honor the election than to degrade it.
He is currently detained under degrading and inhumane conditions that are illegal and immoral.
Diversity is important, but giving someone an advantage beyond his experience degrades the applicant and the hirer.
The Meadowlands area, which was once comprised of pig farms and swamps, became a dumping ground in the 1960s, leading to pollution and environmental degradation.
Try to avoid causes for signal degradation if you're looking into setting up wireless access points in your home's exterior.
) The iris can also lose color if the stroma pigment degrades.
Treated with disregard, however, wood will soften and degrade.
There are chapters on solid film lubricants, condition monitoring for industrial equipment and the degradation and analysis of used oil in service, subjects not well covered by the Lubrication Engineer's Manual.
***

In science:

This minimizes radioactive background as well as energy loss in the passive elements which will degrade energy resolution.
A CsI(Tl) Scintillating Crystal Detector for the Studies of Low Energy Neutrino Interactions
It is relatively easy to delete cell-walls from the Voronoi tessellation, which allows us to quantitatively investigate how the presence of partially open cells degrades the foam stiffness.
Elastic moduli of model random three-dimensional closed-cell cellular solids
BER performance through the inverted medium equals that of the same system with vaccum medium and the degradation is less than 0.1 db.
On Superluminal Propagation and Information Velocity
BER degradation of the vaccum system in this example, in comparison to the ideal system is about 3 db.
On Superluminal Propagation and Information Velocity
CsI light guides do not give notice-able degradation.
Studies of Prototype CsI(Tl) Crystal Scintillators for Low-Energy Neutrino Experiments
In the analog readout case, the accuracy of any position reconstruction algorithm is degraded as the threshold increases.
Performance of prototype BTeV silicon pixel detectors in a high energy pion beam
Low energy δ -rays which stop in one of the pixels crossed by the particle skew the charge sharing and degrade the resolution.
Performance of prototype BTeV silicon pixel detectors in a high energy pion beam
It ages as the photocathode degrades due to ion feedback (again not a problem for BTEV, with low integrated intensities).
Development of a Hybrid Photo-Diode and its Front-End Electronics for the BTEV Experiment
The noise response of the system degrades significantly above 10 mV pp ripple, and at frequencies above 2 kHz.
Development of a Hybrid Photo-Diode and its Front-End Electronics for the BTEV Experiment
On the other hand, the graph shows that placing the arms symmetrically (with a 90◦ separation instead of the values obtained by Taylor & Cordes ) does not improve or degraded the fit.
The Spiral Structure of the Milky Way, Cosmic Rays, and Ice Age Epochs on Earth
However, the LWRS significantly degrades the spectral resolution for extended emission.
Far Ultraviolet Spectra of a Non-Radiative Shock Wave in the Cygnus Loop
The profile is similar to what one would expect from adding the profiles in Figure 2a and degrading the resolution to that of the LWRS, though the situation is more complicated because the intensity distribution across the LWRS aperture also affects the profile.
Far Ultraviolet Spectra of a Non-Radiative Shock Wave in the Cygnus Loop
This is also an asymmetry of the diagram of Fig.1: the arrows corresponding to degraded energy only appear at the right of each box.
The cosmological origin of time-asymmetry
The main source of noise in this scheme is the degradation of the internal state of the ion (the coin state).
Quantum random walks - an introductory overview
For instance in Ref. the author requires the degradation of proton’s momentum by ∆y ≈ 0.5 (in the c.m.s. of proton-nucleon collisions).
Simple models of the contribution of intermediate state gluons to J\psi suppression at the CERN SPS
***