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decree

Definitions

  • Reading the Decree 581
    Reading the Decree 581
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v decree decide with authority "The King decreed that all firstborn males should be killed"
    • v decree issue a decree "The King only can decree"
    • n decree a legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge) "a friend in New Mexico said that the order caused no trouble out there"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Napoleon took 14,000 French decrees and simplified them into a unified set of 7 laws. This was the first time in modern history that a nation's laws applied equally to all citizens. Napoleon's 7 laws are so impressive that by 1960 more than 70 governments had patterned their own laws after them or used them verbatim.
    • Decree (Law) A decision, order, or sentence, given in a cause by a court of equity or admiralty.
    • Decree (Law) A determination or judgment of an umpire on a case submitted to him.
    • Decree (Eccl) An edict or law made by a council for regulating any business within their jurisdiction; as, the decrees of ecclesiastical councils.
    • Decree An order from one having authority, deciding what is to be done by a subordinate; also, a determination by one having power, deciding what is to be done or to take place; edict, law; authoritative rule decision. "The decrees of Venice.""There went out a decree from Cæsar Augustus that all the world should be taxed.""Poor hand, why quiverest thou at this decree ?"
    • Decree To determine judicially by authority, or by decree; to constitute by edict; to appoint by decree or law; to determine; to order; to ordain; as, a court decrees a restoration of property. "Thou shalt also decree a thing, and it shall be established unto thee."
    • v. i Decree To make decrees; -- used absolutely. "Father eternal! thine is to decree ;
      Mine, both in heaven and earth to do thy will."
    • Decree To ordain by fate.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Women were banned by royal decree from using hotel swimming pools in Jidda, Saudi Arabia, in 1979.
    • n decree A special ordinance or regulation promulgated by civil or other authority; an authoritative decision having the force of law.
    • n decree Specifically In Roman law, a determination or judgment of the emperor on a suit between parties. Among the Romans, when all legislative power was centered in the emperors, it became the custom to ask for their opinion and decision in disputed cases. Their decisions were called decrees, and formed part of the imperial constitutions.
    • n decree An edict or a law made by an ecclesiastical council for regulating business within its jurisdiction. The term is used in ecclesiastical history chiefly as a designation of certain dogmatic and authoritative decisions on disputed points in theology and discipline in the Roman Catholic Church: as, the Decrees of the Council of Trent; the Decree of Auricnlar Confession by the Fourth Lateran Council.
    • n decree A judicial decision or determination of a litigated cause; specifically, the sentence or order of a court of chancery, or of a court of admiralty or of probate, after a hearing or submission of the cause. The word judgment is now used in reference to the decisions of courts having both common law and equity powers. See also act, article, bill, charter, code, constitution, edict, law, ordinance, provision, statute.
    • n decree In theology, one of the eternal purposes of God, whereby for his own glory he has foreordained whatsoever comes to pass. Whether these decrees are absolute or conditional—that is, whether they are according to the counsel of his own will, “without any foresight of faith or good works, or any other thing in the creature, as conditions or causes moving him thereto” (West. Conf. of Faith, iii.), or are based upon his fore knowledge of the character and course of his free creatures—is a contested question, the Calvinists taking the former view, the Arminians the latter.
    • n decree The judgment or award of an umpire in a case submitted to him.
    • n decree Judgment, Order, etc. (see decision); proclamation, fiat, mandate.
    • decree To order or promulgate with authority; issue as an edict or ordinance.
    • decree To determine judicially; resolve by sentence; adjudge: as, the court decreed a restoration of the property.
    • decree To determine or resolve legislatively; determine or decide on.
    • decree Synonyms To order, ordain, command, enact.
    • decree To determine; predetermine immutably; constitute or appoint by edict.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: For hundreds of years, the Chinese zealously guarded the secret of sericulture; imperial law decreed death by torture to those who disclosed how to make silk.
    • n Decree de-krē′ an order by one in authority: an edict or law: a judicial decision: a predetermined purpose
    • v.t Decree to decide or determine by sentence in law: to appoint
    • v.i Decree to make a decree:—pr.p. decree′ing; pa.p. decreed′
    • ***

Quotations

  • Georg C. Lichtenberg
    Georg%20C.%20Lichtenberg
    “Actual aristocracy cannot be abolished by any law: all the law can do is decree how it is to be imparted and who is to acquire it.”
  • Peter Ustinov
    Peter Ustinov
    “Unfortunately, the balance of nature decrees that a super-abundance of dreams is paid for by a growing potential for nightmares.”
  • Hannah More
    Hannah%20More
    “The wretch who digs the mine for bread, or ploughs, that others may be fed, feels less fatigued than that decreed to him who cannot think or read.”
  • King Jr. Martin Luther
    King%20Jr.%20Martin%20Luther
    “Morality cannot be legislated, but behavior can be regulated. Judicial decrees may not change the heart, but they can restrain the heartless.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. decre, F. décret, fr. L. decretum, neut. decretus, p. p. of decernere, to decide; de-, + cernere, to decide. See Certain, and cf. Decreet Decretal

Usage

In literature:

The last act of the queen regent was the issuing of a decree that Mazarin was banished forever from the kingdom.
"Louis XIV., Makers of History Series" by John S. C. Abbott
That decree was a cause for great scandal throughout this community.
"The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898" by Various
Some few tribes may hold their own and seem to increase, but such does not invalidate the evidence of the decree.
"The Lost Ten Tribes, and 1882" by Joseph Wild
This paper blockade was the challenge which called forth the Berlin Decree from Napoleon.
"The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte" by William Milligan Sloane
And will you come to me that you have decreed misbegotten, to help you save your soul!
"The Fifth Queen Crowned" by Ford Madox Ford
The majority, elated with success, now called on him to sanction the decrees of August 4.
"Lectures on the French Revolution" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
Well, perhaps with the Decree being made Absolute would come oblivion.
"McClure's Magazine, Vol 31, No 2, June 1908" by Various
Peggy decreed a dinner at the Carlton.
"The Rough Road" by William John Locke
Miss Davis had decreed that three practice games between the two sophomore teams should be played to decide their prowess.
"Marjorie Dean" by Pauline Lester
But it was decreed that the temper of that strong mind should be tried by both extremes of fortune in rapid succession.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
He was liberal, just in his decrees, and fluent of speech.
"Mediaeval Tales" by Various
Is it not the case that the author of a decree is not responsible for the sin of the decree?
"The Doctrines of Predestination, Reprobation, and Election" by Robert Wallace
It is an ordinance of Heaven, which no human decree can reverse or annul.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
I countersigned that with all my heart; I will not countersign the decree which revokes it.
"Memoirs To Illustrate The History Of My Time" by François Pierre Guillaume Guizot
A decree was immediately passed ordering the arrest of every Bourbon in France.
"Louis Philippe" by John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott
The decrees of popes were in those days, as now, generally called bulls.
"Richard II" by Jacob Abbott
He says, of these weaklings, that Nature has decreed that they should die.
"A Plea for the Criminal" by James Leslie Allan Kayll
Decrees of the Senate or votes of the people were alike used as excuses.
"The Life of Cicero" by Anthony Trollope
It is written in the decrees of Fate that I am yet to be Queen of France.
"Josephine" by John S. C. Abbott
The reform was decreed by the Party's Central Committee in a special plenum held in June 1969.
"Area Handbook for Albania" by Eugene K. Keefe
***

In poetry:

I am with terrorism
if the U.S. Senate
enacts judgment
decrees reward and punishment
"I Am With Terrorism" by Nizar Qabbani
I may not look on thee,
Such was the gods' decree;--
Till sun and earth we see
No kiss, no smile for thee!
"Eurydice" by Sophie Margaret Hensley
WHY, alas! is life decreed
Full of pain and full of sorrow?
All uncertain as it is,
Can we rest upon tomorrow?
"An Effusion" by Elizabeth Bath
O many Junes shall come and go,
Flow'r-footed o'er the mead;
O many Junes for me, to whom
Is length of days decreed.
"June" by Amy Levy
The woes my foes decree me here,
Ne'er wake my faintest sigh--
But when I view my country's woes,
Not yet I wish to die.
"Napoleon" by James Avis Bartley
And, if I linger now afar,
'Tis fortune's hard decree--
Oh! were the dove's swift pinions mine,
How would I fly to thee.
"To Mary" by James Avis Bartley

In news:

The leftist Sabahy spoke after a meeting between the National Salvation Front, formed by secularist politicians after Morsi issued his decrees, and media figures.
Egypt's Islamists seek to defuse crisis over decree .
Fresh clashes in Egypt over Morsy decree .
Egypt's liberal and secular forces — long divided, weakened and uncertain amid the rise of Islamist parties to power — are seeking to rally themselves in response to the decrees issued this week by President Mohammed Morsi.
Egypt's judges angry over President Mursi decree .
Egypt's Mursi to meet judicial council on decree .
Egypt's President Mohamed Mursi will meet members of the state's highest judicial authority, the Supreme Judicial Council, on Monday to discuss his decree shielding his decisions from judicial review, state media reported.
Egypt's official news agency says that the country's highest body of judges has called the president's recent decrees an "unprecedented assault on the independence of the judiciary and its rulings".
Egypt's Islamists seek to defuse crisis over decree.
The main stock index tumbled 9.5 percent in the first day of trading after a controversial decree.
On Saturday, Egypt's judges denounced the decree as an "unprecedented attack" on the judiciary.
President John F Kennedy decreed that the second full week of October would be "National School Lunch Week," back in 1962.
Egypt's opposition in disarray after Morsi rescinds decree.
Ditch Your Decree, or Leave.
Egypt's Divide Over Morsi's Presidential Decree Continues to Ferment.
***

In science:

It is convenient to extend this definition to general Hermitian A by decreeing that the moment map vanishes on multiples of the identity.
Stability, birational transformations and the Kahler-Einstein problem
We think of a point x ∈ X as a map x : pt → X and decree that EV should associate to x the fiber Vx ; any ob ject in the bordism category is isomorphic to a disjoint union of these, and hence the functor EV is determined on ob jects.
Supersymmetric field theories and generalized cohomology
Then, just after the crossing, the kinetic energy has its maximum value and starts to decrees gradually when θ moves to the direction 2π .
The Compactification Problems of Additional Dimensions in Multidimensional Cosmological Theories
At the measurement station of V¨olklingen City, the early warning threshold for sulfur dioxide at an exposition of three hours (600 µg/m3 according to the German decree “Smogverordnung”) was not exceeded.
A Flexible Shallow Approach to Text Generation
When one of the rules applies, it decrees a decrease in the weight of e that is clearly necessary for any M -ultrametric which is less than ω .
Subdominant matroid ultrametrics
Decree a ◦ b to be a + [a, b] (actually, one should take a − [a, b], but we choose this operation for simplicity).
Virtual Biquandles
Just for convenience, we decree that a0 = R.
Generalized test ideals and symbolic powers
Thus to define our holomorphic bundle we decree that for each generic structure θ and choice of representatives ψ the bundle has a canonical trivialisation over some neighbourhood Uθ of lθ in the moduli space.
Gauge Theory in higher dimensions, II
The Second Law of Black Hole Thermodynamics decrees that the area of a black hole cannot decrease, but diminishing spin (at constant mass) increases the area.
General Relativistic MHD Jets
After observing the behaviour of the process, the test could decree that it satisfies some property for which the test was designed for by reporting the success of the experiment, through the execution of a special action ω.
Process Behaviour: Formulae vs. Tests (Extended Abstract)
But, clearly, his decree did not have the right ring to it.
The Plight of `I Am'
And his decree might have been final, had it not been for the heretics like Einstein, Bohm, Wigner, and Everett.
The Plight of `I Am'
With some help from his ingenious confederate von Neumann, Wigner sought to mend the weakness of Bohr’s decree.
The Plight of `I Am'
Finding the actual decree of alignment for ultrasmall grains is a challenging theoretical problem.
Microwave Emission from Galactic Dust Grains
The island has a population of ≈ 80000 people, but light-pollution is strictly controlled, by a 1992 decree, the ‘Ley del Cielo’.
LA Palma Night-Sky Brightness
***