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dash

Definitions

  • Barrett on one of his famous dashes
    Barrett on one of his famous dashes
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v dash add an enlivening or altering element to "blue paint dashed with white"
    • v dash break into pieces, as by striking or knocking over "Smash a plate"
    • v dash hurl or thrust violently "He dashed the plate against the wall","Waves were dashing against the rock"
    • v dash cause to lose courage "dashed by the refusal"
    • v dash run or move very quickly or hastily "She dashed into the yard"
    • v dash destroy or break "dashed ambitions and hopes"
    • n dash a quick run
    • n dash the act of moving with great haste "he made a dash for the door"
    • n dash distinctive and stylish elegance "he wooed her with the confident dash of a cavalry officer"
    • n dash the longer of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code
    • n dash a punctuation mark (-) used between parts of a compound word or between the syllables of a word when the word is divided at the end of a line of text
    • n dash a footrace run at top speed "he is preparing for the 100-yard dash"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

DASHING FORWARD EN ROUTE TO THE POLE DASHING FORWARD EN ROUTE TO THE POLE

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Ho-Ho-Kus, a small town in New Jersey, is the only town in the United States of America that has two dashes in its name
    • Dash (Punctuation) A mark or line [--], in writing or printing, denoting a sudden break, stop, or transition in a sentence, or an abrupt change in its construction, a long or significant pause, or an unexpected or epigrammatic turn of sentiment. Dashes are also sometimes used instead of marks or parenthesis.
    • Dash A rapid movement, esp. one of short duration; a quick stroke or blow; a sudden onset or rush; as, a bold dash at the enemy; a dash of rain. "She takes upon her bravely at first dash ."
    • Dash (Racing) A short, spirited effort or trial of speed upon a race course; -- used in horse racing, when a single trial constitutes the race.
    • Dash A slight admixture, infusion, or adulteration; a partial overspreading; as, wine with a dash of water; red with a dash of purple. "Innocence when it has in it a dash of folly."
    • Dash A sudden check; abashment; frustration; ruin; as, his hopes received a dash .
    • Dash A vain show; a blustering parade; a flourish; as, to make or cut a great dash .
    • Dash Energy in style or action; animation; spirit.
    • Dash (Mus) The line drawn through a figure in the thorough bass, as a direction to raise the interval a semitone.
    • Dash (Mus) The sign of staccato, a small mark denoting that the note over which it is placed is to be performed in a short, distinct manner.
    • Dash To break, as by throwing or by collision; to shatter; to crust; to frustrate; to ruin. "Thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.""A brave vessel, . . . Dashed all to pieces.""To perplex and dash Maturest counsels."
    • Dash To erase by a stroke; to strike out; knock out; -- with out; as, to dash out a word.
    • Dash To form or sketch rapidly or carelessly; to execute rapidly, or with careless haste; -- with off; as, to dash off a review or sermon.
    • Dash To put to shame; to confound; to confuse; to abash; to depress. "Dash the proud gamester in his gilded car."
    • v. i Dash To rush with violence; to move impetuously; to strike violently; as, the waves dash upon rocks. "He dashed through thick and thin.""On each hand the gushing waters play,
      And down the rough cascade all dashing fall."
    • Dash To throw in or on in a rapid, careless manner; to mix, reduce, or adulterate, by throwing in something of an inferior quality; to overspread partially; to bespatter; to touch here and there; as, to dash wine with water; to dash paint upon a picture. "I take care to dash the character with such particular circumstance as may prevent ill-natured applications.""The very source and fount of day
      Is dashed with wandering isles of night."
    • Dash To throw with violence or haste; to cause to strike violently or hastily; -- often used with against. "If you dash a stone against a stone in the botton of the water, it maketh a sound."
    • Dash Violent striking together of two bodies; collision; crash.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: At 101, Larry Lewis ran the 100 yard dash in 17.8 seconds setting a new world record for runners 100 years old or older.
    • dash To strike suddenly and violently; give a sudden blow to.
    • dash To cause to strike suddenly and with violence; throw or thrust violently or suddenly: as, to dash one stone against another; to dash water on the face.
    • dash To break by collision or by strokes; shatter.
    • dash To scatter or sprinkle something over; bespatter; sprinkle; splash; suffuse.
    • dash To place, make, mark, sketch, etc., in a hasty manner.
    • dash To throw something into so as to produce a mixture; mingle; mix; adulterate: as, to dash wine with water; the story is dashed with fables; to dash fire-damp with pure air (said in coal-mining: see dad).
    • dash To cast down; thrust out or aside; impede; frustrate; abate; lower.
    • dash To confound; confuse; put to shame; abash: as, he was dashed at the appearance of the judge.
    • dash To erase at a stroke; strike out; blot out or obliterate: as, to dash out a line or a word.
    • dash To strike out or form at a blow; produce suddenly.
    • dash Synonyms Dash, Smash, Shatter, Shiver, Crush, Mash. That which is dashed does not necessarily go to pieces: if it is broken, the fact is commonly expressed. That which is smashed, shattered, or shivered is dashed to pieces suddenly, with violence, at a blow or in a collision. Smashing is the roughest and most violent of the three acts; the word expresses the most complete disruption or ruin: as, the drunken soldier smashed (shattered,' shivered) the mirror with the butt of his musket. The use of smash or mash for crush (as, his head was smashed, I mashed my finger) is colloquial. Shatter and shiver differ in that shatter suggests rather the flying of the parts, and shiver the breaking of the substance; and the pieces are more numerous or smaller with shiver. That which is crushed or mashed is broken down under pressure; that which is mashed becomes a shapeless mass: sugar and rock are crushed into powder, small particles, or bits; apples are crushed or mashed into pulp in making cider; boiled potatoes are mashed, not crushed, in preparing them for the table.
    • dash To rush with violence; move rapidly and vehemently.
    • dash To use rapidity in performance, so as to display force seemingly without care, as in painting or writing.
    • n dash A violent striking together of two bodies; collision.
    • n dash A sudden check; frustration; abashment: as, his hopes met with a dash.
    • n dash An impetuous movement; a quick stroke or blow; a sudden onset: as, to make a dash upon the enemy.
    • n dash A small infusion or admixture; something mingled with something else, especially to qualify or adulterate it: as, the wine has a dash of water.
    • n dash The capacity for unhesitating, prompt action, as against an enemy; vigor in attack: as, the corps was distinguished for dash.
    • n dash A flourish; an ostentatious parade.
    • n dash In writing and printing, a horizontal stroke or line of varying length, used as a mark of punctuation and for other purposes; specifically, in printing, a type the face of which consists of such a line. The dashes regularly furnished in a font of type are called respectively the em dash (—, a square of the size of the font), the en dash (–, half a square), the two-em dash (——, two squares), and the three-em dash (———, three squares). In punctuation, the em dash is used to note a sudden transition or break of continuity in a sentence, more marked than that indicated by a comma, and also at the beginning and end of a parenthetical clause—properly of one more directly related to the general sense than a true parenthesis. (See parenthesis.) The em or the en dash is often used to indicate the omission of the intermediate terms of a series which are to be supplied in reading, being thus often equivalent to “to …, inclusive”: thus, Mark iv. 3—20, or 3–20 (that is, verses 3 to 20, inclusive); the years 1880–88 (that is, 1880 to 1888). As a mark of hiatus or suppression, the dash—usually one of the longer ones—stands for something omitted, as a name or part of a name, the concluding words of an unfinished sentence, or the connecting words of a series of broken sentences. Various other more or less arbitrary uses are made of dashes, as in place of do. (ditto) to indicate repetition of names in a catalogue or the like, as a dividing line between sections, articles, or other portions of matter, etc.
    • n dash In printing, also, a line (variously modified in form) used for the separation of distinct portions of matter, as the parallel dash, the double dash, the diamond or swell dash, etc.
    • n dash Any short mark or line.
    • n dash In music: The short stroke placed over or under a note by which a staccato effect is indicated. See staccato.
    • n dash The line or stroke drawn through a figure in thoroughbass which indicates that the tone signified by the figure is to be chromatically raised a semitone.
    • n dash In harpsichord-music, a coulé (which see).
    • n dash In zoology, a longitudinal mark, generally rounded and clearly defined at one end, and tapering or gradually becoming indistinct at the other, as if produced by a drop of colored liquid dashed obliquely against the surface, or by the rough stroke of a pen. Such marks are very common on the wings of the Lepidoptera.
    • n dash A present made by a trader to a chief on the western coast of Africa to secure permission to traffic with the natives.
    • n dash Same as dash-board.
    • n dash In sporting, a short race decided in one attempt, not in heats: as, a hundred-yard dash.
    • n dash A present or gratuity; a cumshaw.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Dash dash to throw violently: to break by throwing together: to throw water suddenly: to bespatter: to destroy or frustrate: to mix or adulterate
    • v.i Dash to strike against: to break against, as water: to rush with violence
    • n Dash a violent striking: a rushing or violent onset: a blow: a mark (—) at a break in a sentence: ostentation: a slight admixture
    • ***

Idioms

Cut a dash - If someone cuts a dash, their clothes and appearance makes an impression on people.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Of. Scand. origin; cf. Dan daske, to beat, strike, Sw. & Icel. daska, Dan. & Sw. dask, blow

Usage

In literature:

Early next morning we were awakened by a great noise on deck, and the dash and turmoil of breaking water.
"Our Home in the Silver West" by Gordon Stables
The sound of the waves, as they dashed on the rocks alone broke the stillness.
"The Cryptogram" by James De Mille
The man made a dash at his eyes with his free hand.
"Rose O'Paradise" by Grace Miller White
J. Bowie Dash, son of Bowie Dash, entered the Holland Coffee Co. as a boy.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
Some of her fearlessness and dash seemed to have departed, with the taking off of the old dress.
"The Rival Campers Ashore" by Ruel Perley Smith
The Rebels dash on, but it is like the dashing of the waves against a rock.
"My Days and Nights on the Battle-Field" by Charles Carleton Coffin
Panic-stricken, he rubbed the young man's wrists, slapped his cheeks, and ran for water to dash in his face.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science February 1930" by Various
Ralph gave the lever a hitch for a rattling dash on ten miles of clear running.
"Ralph on the Overland Express" by Allen Chapman
At any rate, it enriched the history of the game with one of the most dashing and spectacular plays ever made.
"Bert Wilson on the Gridiron" by J. W. Duffield
I'm going to tune up to that 1,375-meter wave length, and we'll see if there's a continuous dash in the receivers.
"The Radio Boys with the Revenue Guards" by Gerald Breckenridge
The white-hot spark exploded in a train of brisk dots and dashes.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
He made a dash for the fence, but the camel was too quick for him.
"In the Musgrave Ranges" by Jim Bushman
Without a thought of answering I dashed off to the rescue of Pat.
"The Lightning Conductor Discovers America" by C. N. (Charles Norris) Williamson and A. M. (Alice Muriel) Williamson
The British dashed forward until they were in range of the machine guns.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume III (of VIII)" by Various
He did not churn the water, nor dash to and fro on the surface, but kept steadily leaping ahead.
"Tales of Fishes" by Zane Grey
The clatter of hoofs rang out, and men on horses dashed from the entrance of the Gap toward them.
"Nan of Music Mountain" by Frank H. Spearman
Kearney had just the right sort of dash.
"Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman" by J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
He dashed at top speed, without stopping for breath, bit off a mouthful of grass and again ran pell-mell for his growing stack.
"A Mountain Boyhood" by Joe Mills
Again his ear received the wild jumble of dots and dashes sent by a frenzied hand in that far-off room.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
Karsten and I dashed across the square.
"What Happened to Inger Johanne" by Dikken Zwilgmeyer
***

In poetry:

Trouble of wild illumining
Dashed on the moorland lone!
Flashes the falcon's wing
Up from the Runic Stone.
"Fancy" by Thomas Aird
You were not coldly dutiful,
A rock mid dashing seas;
You opened to the beautiful,
You swayed upon the breeze.
"Immortal Eve - IV" by Manmohan Ghose
Little Walter was his name,
And he said to little Flash,
"Let us gallop round the house,
With a dash, dash, dash."
"Walter And His Dog" by Eliza Lee Follen
The tortured trees were lashing
Each other in their wrath,
Their wet leaves wildly dashing
Across the forest path.
"Cross-Roads" by Mathilde Blind
Mid parted clouds, all silver-edged,
A gleam of fiery gold,
A dash of crimson-varied hues,
The Sunset Story's told.
"Fancies" by Olivia Ward Bush-Banks
O friends who passed unseen, unknown!
O dashing, troubled sea!
Still stand we on a rock alone,
Walled round by mystery.
"Off Rough Point" by Emma Lazarus

In news:

Cabin materials are good — BMW 3 Series good — with available carbon fiber and stitched panels atop the dash and doors.
An official told me it's faux leather, and it feels more tautly stretched than the ultra-padded faux-leather dash in the CTS.
Taylor Meyer was steamed, and did what many of us would do in this technological age: dashed off an angry e-mail, accompanied by a wry smirk at her cleverness.
For men who had just thrown a giant ethical bomb into the world of science, Dr Woo Suk Hwang and Dr Shin Yong Moon were dashing about Seattle last week in a remarkably relaxed mood.
The mark often gets called a dash, and hyphens are used more than dashes, but dashes are longer.
Bruins' magic dashed in a flash .
If you, like me, have oh, about five minutes max to zoom out of your office and dash to your Valentine's Day plans - then you need these 5 speedy tricks.
Notion that galaxies have been in current shape for billions of years is dashed.
2 Oregon, a game that dashed the Ducks national title hopes.
A dash of French rudeness.
Sitting on the runway at Dulles, about to fly up to State College on one of United's Dash-8s, I found myself behind two rows of university students, one on each side of the plane.
James Gray is accused of riding a lawnmower while drunk and it was all caught on a deputy's dash cam video.
Conversion Can Dash CU's Inherent Good.
And just six days after Informatica and Siperian dashed to the altar.
Monday afternoon's meeting in New York dashed whatever hope remained that the NBA and the NBA Players Association could come to an agreement and save the start of the regular season.
***

In science:

In the same figure (Fig. 3) we also plot transmission coefficient in the x-direction (dash-dotted curve) and the corresponding argument of the transmission amplitude (long-dashed curve) versus kL for a very soft walled stub.
Violation of general Friedel sum rule in mesoscopic systems
The FFs averaged over the quark flavors at Q = 1016 GeV for proton/pion in SM (solid/dotted line) and in MSSM (dashed/dashed-dotted line) in the relevant x region.
Grand Unification Signal from Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays?
The dashed line comes from our modelled population of strongly evolving starburst galaxies, while the long-dashes are AGNs.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
The dashed and dot-dashed lines correspond to the non-evolving and the strongly evolving populations as in Fig.5.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
The amount of heating described in the text with the nomenclature 1 → 4 is represented for each model with solid, dotted, short-dashed and long-dashed lines respectively.
Entropy Evolution in Galaxy Groups and Clusters; A Comparison of External and Internal Heating
The corresponding tail asymptotics, Eq. (19) are drown as thin dashed and dot-dashed lines respectively.
Tails of probability density for sums of random independent variables
N = 102 (dot-dashed line), N = 103 (dotted line), N = 104 (dashed line), and N → ∞ (solid line).
Reversible stretching of homopolymers and random heteropolymers
Truncation prescription (full line), Shirkov-Solovtsov prescription (dashed line), Dokshitzer et al. prescription (dot-dashed line).
Infrared behavior of the running coupling constant and bound states in QCD
In all three panels the initial values are drawn with dash-dotted lines, at t = 2.1 Myr with dashed lines, at t = 3.4 Myr dotted lines and at t = 4.2 Myr with solid lines.
The nonlinear development of the thermal instability in the atomic ISM and its interaction with random fluctuations
The solid lines are for massless bosons while the dashed and dot-dashed lines are for bosons with m=100 MeV and m=1 GeV, respectively.
Elliptic Flow from a Transversally Thermalized Fireball
We then assume two different values for Φ: Φ = 1.3745 (dot dashed curves) and Φ = 2 (dashed curves).
Seismic diagnostics on stellar convection treatment from oscillation amplitudes of p-modes
Dashed and dot– dashed lines represent best-fit relations to the observational data presented in Xu, Jin & Wu (2001) for NFW & β model surface brightness profiles respectively.
The impact of galaxy formation on X-ray groups
Exact result (solid) versus two-site renormalization (upper dashed) and single-site renormalization (lower dashed). b): 100 site periodic chain.
Random Vibrational Networks and Renormalization Group
Three different cases are considered: the solid-line curve is relative to a number of steps N = 4; the dashed-line represents N = 5 while the dot-dashed one is for N = 6.
Simulation of quantum random walks using interference of classical field
Dotted line: elliptical galaxies; short-dashed line: spiral galaxies; long-dashed line: irregular galaxies.
The cosmic evolution of the galaxy luminosity density
***