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cylinder

Definitions

  • Double-Cylinder Pumping-Engine
    Double-Cylinder Pumping-Engine
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n cylinder a cylindrical container for oxygen or compressed air
    • n cylinder a chamber within which piston moves
    • n cylinder a solid bounded by a cylindrical surface and two parallel planes (the bases)
    • n cylinder a surface generated by rotating a parallel line around a fixed line
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

CYLINDERS FOR GRINDING SUGAR CANE CYLINDERS FOR GRINDING SUGAR CANE
Oxygen Cylinder in hemp cover Oxygen Cylinder in hemp cover
Fallot Air Blast, and Cylinder Fallot Air Blast, and Cylinder

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The 1922 Essex was the first popularly priced car available with a closed body. The two-door, six-cylinder sedan was called the Essex Coach and sold for $945.
    • Cylinder (Geom) A solid body which may be generated by the rotation of a parallelogram round one its sides; or a body of rollerlike form, of which the longitudinal section is oblong, and the cross section is circular.
    • Cylinder Any hollow body of cylindrical form
    • Cylinder The barrel of an air or other pump.
    • Cylinder The bore of a gun; the turning chambered breech of a revolver.
    • Cylinder The chamber of a steam engine in which the piston is moved by the force of steam.
    • Cylinder The revolving platen or bed which produces the impression or carries the type in a cylinder press.
    • Cylinder The revolving square prism carrying the cards in a Jacquard loom.
    • Cylinder (Geom) The space inclosed by any cylindrical surface. The space may be limited or unlimited in length.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Revolvers cannot be silenced because of all the noisy gasses which escape the cylinder gap at the rear of the barrel.
    • n cylinder In geometry: A solid which may be conceived as generated by the revolution of a rectangle about one of its sides: specifically called a right cylinder. The side of the generating rectangle forms the axis of the cylinder, and the adjacent sides generate circles which form the bases of the cylinder.
    • n cylinder In mech.: That chamber of a steam-engine in which the force of steam is exerted on the piston. See steam-engine.
    • n cylinder The barrel of an air-pump.
    • n cylinder A hollow metallic roller forming part of certain printing-machines. In cylinder-presses the cylinder is used only for giving the impression. See cylinder-press. In type-revolving presses there are type-cylinders and impression-cylinders; the former, on which the forms of type or stereotype plates are secured, revolve against the latter in the opposite direction.
    • n cylinder The bore of a gun.
    • n cylinder That part of a revolver which contains the chambers for the cartridges.
    • n cylinder The central well around which a winding staircase is carried
    • n cylinder The body of a pump.
    • n cylinder In a loom, a revolving part which receives the cards. In the Jacquard loom it is a square prism revolving on a horizontal axis.
    • n cylinder In a carding-machine, a clothed barrel larger than an urchin or a doffer. See cut under carding-machine.
    • n cylinder In an electrical machine, a barrel of glass.
    • n cylinder In ordnance, a wooden bucket in which a cartridge is carried from the magazine to the gun.
    • n cylinder A garden- or field-roller.
    • n cylinder In antiquity, a cylindrical or somewhat barrel-shaped stone, bearing a cuneiform inscription or a carved design, worn by the Babylonians, Assyrians, and kindred peoples as a seal and amulet. Great numbers of such cylinders have been found, and also of Phenician imitations of them.
    • n cylinder An old portable timepiece of the class of sun-dials.
    • n cylinder [capitalized] In conchology, a genus of gastropods: same as Oliva.
    • cylinder To press under a cylinder or between cylinders.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cylinder sil′in-dėr a solid circular or roller-like body, whose ends are equal parallel circles:
    • n Cylinder sil′in-dėr (mech.) applied to many cylindrical parts of machines, as any rotating cylindrical portion of a printing-press
    • ***

Idioms

Fire on all cylinders - If something is firing on all cylinders, it is going as well as it could.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. cylindre, OF. cilindre, L. cylindrus, fr. Gr. ky`lindros, fr. kyli`ndein kyli`ein, to roll. Cf. Calender the machine
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. kylindros, kylindein, to roll.

Usage

In literature:

Single-acting cylinders are cylinders in which the steam expands on only one side of the piston.
"Boys' Book of Model Boats" by Raymond Francis Yates
The outside of each sample cylinder was heavily coated with black rubberine paint.
"Poisoned Air" by Sterner St. Paul Meek
He stared at a cylinder which was beginning to sprout tentacles from the circle.
"Acid Bath" by Vaseleos Garson
A piece of hoop iron is bent to a ring, that will fit over the cylinder, and riveted.
"The Hawaiian Islands" by The Department of Foreign Affairs
His hand held a small cylinder of the Martian paralyzing ray; he rested it beside him on the desk.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science April 1930" by Various
Those cylinders contain, or rather did contain, for I expect that Koskoff has emptied them, helium in a liquid state.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, March 1930" by Various
He had two holes in the crankcase, then, through which the cylinder oil had drained away.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
The cylinder of a huge floodlight was beside him.
"Two Thousand Miles Below" by Charles Willard Diffin
Inside the cylinder was the strange arrangement previously suggested by C. E. Hawley.
"The 1893 Duryea Automobile In the Museum of History and Technology" by Don H. Berkebile
On the surface of the cylinder let equidistant generating-lines be traced 15 deg.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 3" by Various
A giant electro-microscope was hung with its twenty-foot cylinder above the platform.
"Astounding Stories, March, 1931" by Various
A cylinder, maybe two inches in diameter, maybe less.
"The Flying Stingaree" by Harold Leland Goodwin
The sirup gauge costs about 50 cents and the cylinder about 25 cents.
"Canned Fruit, Preserves, and Jellies: Household Methods of Preparation" by Maria Parloa
The buildings were upright cylinders in groups of two or three, of dozens, even of hundreds.
"Astounding Stories, April, 1931" by Various
A scant hundred yards away a huge cylinder drove crashingly past.
"Astounding Stories, May, 1931" by Various
But the mere symbols by no means told the whole story of the cylinder.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, December 1930" by Various
Cylinder Fastening: Early models had their cylinders strapped and bolted to the crankcase.
"The First Airplane Diesel Engine: Packard Model DR-980 of 1928" by Robert B. Meyer
However, we very soon give the cylinder, and thus connect the opposites.
"Froebel's Gifts" by Kate Douglas Wiggin
Useful spirals may also be made by hand without a cylinder.
"The Methods of Glass Blowing and of Working Silica in the Oxy-Gas Flame" by W. A. Shenstone
Relieved of the tremendous head on the cylinder the old engine calmed down enough to let the two men collect themselves.
"The Nerve of Foley" by Frank H. Spearman
***

In poetry:

I took a stand as rectors should, and fussed and fumed and that,
And lavished pointed rhetoric and wisdom – on the cat;
But on he went from bad to worse: bedad, it shocked me much
To hear him speak of dignitaries as cylinders and such.
"My Curate's Motor Bike" by John O Brien

In news:

The phonograph works and also for sale is a box of cylinders to play.
You can use a small balloon for the head, or a small frozen juice cylinder.
In our Oct '11 issue, we added 70 hp to Project Panther using new cams and cylinder heads from Trick Flow.
Not much can go wrong with a hydraulic cylinder.
But it all comes together thanks to a pneumatic cylinder from Numatics Inc, Novi, Mich. A pneumatic cylinder generates the pressure necessary to transfer adhesive onto the passing product, then retracts to eliminate drag.
The pneumatic cylinders separate the rolls when the machine stops for easy access to rolls.
The pneumatic cylinders separate the rolls when the machine stops.
If diminutive, one-cylinder runabouts are your frame of reference for early cars, the Knox forces you to readjust.
Today, the Bavarians are celebrating 25 years of 12-cylinder power with the 2013 760Li V-12 25 Years Anniversary Edition.
Tooling Technology, Fort Loramie, OH, introduces the PD500 Mega Cylinder.
The largest version yet to its time-saving line of Segen pneumatic quick-change cylinder locks.
The cylinder will help facilitate faster changeover times of large tools, fixtures, molds and dies.
In-cylinder magnetostrictive linear displacement transducer has Rapid Replacement Module to cut downtime and make change-out of transducer electronics quick and easy without removal of pressure tube from hydraulic cylinder.
I have a 92- Ford F-150 300 6 cylinder.
In this ESPN.com blog, former light heavyweight champion Mauricio "Shogun" Rua discusses what went wrong against Jon Jones, dealing with his brother Murilo's retirement, and operating on all cylinders ahead of UFC 134 in Rio.
***

In science:

To define a σ -algebra of measurable subsets of X we first construct the so-called cylinder sets.
Determinantal random point fields
Then the probability measures Pn converge to P weakly on the cylinder sets.
Determinantal random point fields
An increase in the angle frequency of rotation of the cylinder containing HeII results in the increased density distribution of vortex filaments on the cross-section of the cylinder.
Hierarchic Models of Turbulence, Superfluidity and Superconductivity
As a result of interaction between the filament and the normal component of HeII, the filaments move in the rotating cylinder with normal liquid.
Hierarchic Models of Turbulence, Superfluidity and Superconductivity
The calculations for non-spherical particles comparable to the wavelength was limited to infinite cylinders (which are only finite in two dimensions).
Cosmic Dust in the 21st Century
In §2 we introduce the cylinder model and explain the method of our numerical experiment of random knotting.
Characteristic length of random knotting for cylindrical self-avoiding polygons
In §3 we show the numerical data of our simulations and discuss possible relations between the characteristic length and the cylinder radius.
Characteristic length of random knotting for cylindrical self-avoiding polygons
In this method, each segment of a polygon consists of a cylinder of unit length with radius r.
Characteristic length of random knotting for cylindrical self-avoiding polygons
We can construct very long selfavoiding polygons with the cylinder radius r.
Characteristic length of random knotting for cylindrical self-avoiding polygons
In Fig. 1, the estimates of the probability of unknot for the cylinder model with r = 0.01, 0.03, 0.05 are shown against the number N of polygonal nodes.
Characteristic length of random knotting for cylindrical self-avoiding polygons
From Fig. 1, we may confirm the exponential decay of P0 (N ) for the cylinder model.
Characteristic length of random knotting for cylindrical self-avoiding polygons
A semilogarithmic plot of the numerical estimates of the characteristic length N0 (r) is given in Fig. 2 against the cylinder radius r for the ten different values from r = 0.0 to r = 0.9.
Characteristic length of random knotting for cylindrical self-avoiding polygons
From Fig. 2, we see that the characteristic length N0 (r) as a function of the cylinder radius r can be roughly approximated by an increasing exponential function of r.
Characteristic length of random knotting for cylindrical self-avoiding polygons
Figure 2: Characteristic length N0 (r) versus cylinder radius r for the cylinder model.
Characteristic length of random knotting for cylindrical self-avoiding polygons
For an illustration, the estimates of the characteristic length N0 for the cylinder model are also shown in Fig. 4 against the cylinder radius r.
Characteristic length of random knotting for cylindrical self-avoiding polygons
***