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custom

Definitions

  • PASSING THE CUSTOMS
    PASSING THE CUSTOMS
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj custom made according to the specifications of an individual
    • n custom accepted or habitual practice
    • n custom habitual patronage "I have given this tailor my custom for many years"
    • n custom a specific practice of long standing
    • n custom money collected under a tariff
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

TOBY AND THE LITTLE BOY CUSTOMERS TOBY AND THE LITTLE BOY CUSTOMERS
CUSTOM HOUSE, CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA CUSTOM HOUSE, CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Every year, Burger King restaurants prepare over 950,000 pounds of bacon for their breakfast customers
    • Custom Duties or tolls imposed by law on commodities, imported or exported.
    • Custom Familiar aquaintance; familiarity. "Age can not wither her, nor custom stale
      Her infinite variety."
    • Custom Frequent repetition of the same act; way of acting common to many; ordinary manner; habitual practice; usage; method of doing or living. "And teach customs which are not lawful.""Moved beyond his custom, Gama said.""A custom More honored in the breach than the observance."
    • Custom Habitual buying of goods; practice of frequenting, as a shop, manufactory, etc., for making purchases or giving orders; business support. "Let him have your custom, but not your votes."
    • Custom (Law) Long-established practice, considered as unwritten law, and resting for authority on long consent; usage. See Usage, and Prescription.
    • Custom The customary toll, tax, or tribute. "Render, therefore, to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom ."
    • v. i Custom To have a custom. "On a bridge he custometh to fight."
    • Custom To make familiar; to accustom.
    • v. t Custom To pay the customs of.
    • Custom To supply with customers.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In total, Americans eat more than 45 billion sandwiches each year, while sales of custom-made sandwiches are rising 15 percent per year
    • n custom The common use or practice, either of an individual or of a community, but especially of the latter; habitual repetition of the same act or procedure; established manner or way.
    • n custom In law, collectively, the settled habitudes of a community, such as are and have been for an indefinite time past generally recognized in it as the standards of what is just and right; ancient and general usage having the force of law. Some writers use the word without qualification, as meaning only general customs—that is, such as are prevalent throughout the nation; and some as meaning only local or particular customs, such as obtain only in a particular class, vocation, or place. In modern use, custom is more appropriate to immemorial habitudes, either general or characteristic of a particular district and having legal force, and usage to the habitudes of a particular vocation or trade. In the history of France the term custom is applied specifically to numerous systems of ancient usage which were judicially recognized as binding upon their respective communities before the revolution of 1789, or until the promulgation of the Code Napoléon: as, the custom of Normandy, of Brittany, of Orleans, etc. There were 60 general customs (each extending over a whole province) and 165 particular customs (those of cities, bishoprics, etc.) reduced to writing. The custom of Paris was established by the French as the law of Canada, and many of its provisions were embodied in the Code Napoléon.
    • n custom The buying of goods or supplying of one's current needs; the practice of having recourse to some particular place, shop, manufactory, house of entertainment, etc., for the purpose of purchasing or giving orders.
    • n custom Toll, tax, or duty; in the plural, specifically, the duties imposed by law on merchandise imported or exported. In the United States customs are by the Constitution confined to duties on imports (on which alone they are now levied in European countries generally), and are imposed by act of Congress. They have constituted more than half the receipts of the national government. Their management is intrusted to an officer of the Treasury Department called the Commissioner of Customs. See tariff.
    • n custom In old French law, a system of customary law common to a whole province.
    • n custom Duty, Impost, etc. See tax, n.
    • custom Done or made for individual customers, or to order: as, custom work; custom shoes.
    • custom Engaged in doing custom work: as, a custom tailor.
    • custom To make familiar; accustom.
    • custom To give custom to; supply with customers.
    • custom To pay duty for at the custom-house.
    • custom To be accustomed; be wont.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first fashion house to be set up was in 1858 by Charles Worth. He opened his store in Paris with the idea of having pre-made gowns presented on models to his customers
    • n Custom kus′tum what one is wont to do: usage: frequent repetition of the same act: regular trade or business: a tax on goods:
    • n Custom kus′tum (pl.) duties imposed on imports and exports
    • ***

Quotations

  • Erwin Frand
    Erwin Frand
    “The question is, then, do we try to make things easy on ourselves or do we try to make things easy on our customers, whoever they may be?”
  • Edmund Burke
    Edmund%20Burke
    “Custom reconciles us to everything.”
  • David Hume
    David%20Hume
    “Custom, then, is the great guide of human life.”
  • Lady Mary Wortley Montagu
    Lady%20Mary%20Wortley%20Montagu
    “Nature is seldom in the wrong, custom always.”
  • Michel Eyquem De Montaigne
    Michel%20Eyquem%20De%20Montaigne
    “The way of the world is to make laws, but follow custom.”
  • Ovid
    Ovid
    “Nothing is more powerful than custom or habit.”

Idioms

Slippery customer - A person from whom it is difficult to get anything definite or fixed is a slippery customer.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. custume, costume, Anglo-Norman coustome, F. coutume, fr. (assumed) LL. consuetumen, custom, habit, fr. L. consuetudo, -dinis, fr. consuescere, to accustom, verb inchoative fr. consuere, to be accustomed; con-, + suere, to be accustomed, prob. originally, to make one's own, fr. the root of suus, one's own; akin to E. so, adv. Cf. Consuetude Costume
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. custume, costume—L. consuetud-inem, consuescĕre, to accustom.

Usage

In literature:

There should be no favorites among customers.
"How Department Stores Are Carried On" by W. B. Phillips
It is my custom to risk a good deal sometimes by uttering thoughts which my friends are free to disown.
"Aliens" by William McFee
These show an early custom of obtaining wives.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
It was the custom of this aristocratic club every year to elect some reigning beauty as a toast.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
It is on the evidence of licentious customs of all kinds and on polyandry, that he bases his belief in a period of promiscuity.
"The Position of Woman in Primitive Society" by C. Gasquoine Hartley
Customers like to know the fellows who are looking after their money.
"A Canadian Bankclerk" by J. P. Buschlen
One day one of the customers called at the shop in a great hurry, and desired his bill might be made out that minute.
"The Shepherd of Salisbury Plain and Other Tales" by Hannah More
From the kitchen floated an odor of piquant sauces and smoky wood which made many of the customers cough and weep.
"Sónnica" by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez
In his manner of living he did not consult custom, but the needs of his individual nature.
"The Intellectual Life" by =Philip Gilbert Hamerton
Much doubt exists as to the origin of this custom.
"Folk-lore of Shakespeare" by Thomas Firminger Thiselton-Dyer
With the advance of Christianity passed the customs of pagan burial.
"Women of England, Volume 9 (of 10)" by Burleigh James Bartlett
This habit of marrying within one's own tribe became firmly fixed in Hebrew custom.
"Oriental Women" by Edward Bagby Pollard
This was the custom.
"Where the Pavement Ends" by John Russell
As for Sam and Max, they missed their old customer both financially and socially.
"The Competitive Nephew" by Montague Glass
A particular usage or custom also affects an agent's powers.
"Putnam's Handy Law Book for the Layman" by Albert Sidney Bolles
But regardless of the opinion of the writers on the ethics of the custom, the books are one of the principal supports of the custom.
"The Itching Palm" by William R Scott
This appears from a remarkable custom which they observed in the case of the unburied dead.
"The Belief in Immortality and the Worship of the Dead" by James George Frazer
The girls cheated the customers, the customers the girls.
"A Bed of Roses" by W. L. George
The second letter of February 8, recites certain superstitious customs of the Bagobos.
"The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898" by Various
Zadig remonstrated against this horrible custom.
"Voltaire's Romances" by François-Marie Arouet
***

In poetry:

I MARKED her ruined hues,
Her custom-straitened views,
And asked, "Can there indwell
My Amabel?"
"Amabel" by Thomas Hardy
Caleb went, as was his custom,
On a quiet Sunday morn,
To the house of prayer and worship,
Thither by devotion borne.
"Caleb's Vision" by Alfred Gibbs Campbell
But smiles, as by habit taught;
And sighs, as by custom led;
And the soul within is safe from damnation,
Since it is dead.
"At Ease" by Walter de la Mare
Sing then a song, its notes prolong,
In praise of Habit's power;
Let custom be from evil free
And it will blessings shower.
"Good Habits" by Jared Barhite
For saddletree scarce reach’d had he,
His journey to begin,
When, turning round his head, he saw
Three customers come in.
"The Diverting History Of John Gilpin, Showing How He Went Farther Than He Intended, And Came Safe Ho" by William Cowper
The changes all around him,
The homely customs fled;
Of his long past youth and manhood,
Of his friends with the lonely dead?
"We Danced At Night In The Farm House" by Alexander Anderson

In news:

Wheel fitment is one of those lesser-appreciated aspects of the whip game, but proper fitment can make the difference between a good custom car and a great custom car.
Allstate spokesman Tracy Owens said it was a difficult decision but the company needs to drop the customers to remain financially strong for all its customers.
The company serves 94.2 million retail customers, including 88.8 million retail postpaid customers.
A major new utility customer joined the customer list of Seattle-based EnergySavvy.
Following a strategic partnership, customer communications company Pitney Bowes entered the Point of Sale solutions market, opening card reader sales to current customers.
Frankly, notwithstanding the monetary award to the public customer as solely against Respondent CGMI — we seem to have two distinct victims: the public customer Perez and the stockbroker Estarella Sabater.
Based on the results of the survey, it sounds like the significant investments banks are making in customer analytics are paying off in their ability to target/customize.
Papers were filed in New York and New Jersey on Wednesday detailing how customers feel the fee is illegal because Time Warner failed to notify customers within 30 days of the fee 's application, according to the New York Daily News.
The system will allow the utility to monitor customer usage and allow customers to check their own usage in real time.
IBM is offering $4 billion in financing to help channel partners sell IBM products to their customers, the company said Thursday IBM also unveiled a mobile app it said would make it easier for partners to apply for customer financing .
As one staff member noted, it is not uncommon to see customers willing to pay off a 40-cent fine with a canned item that cost the customer anywhere from $2 to $3.
"North Carolina is our customer, and our goal is to fix the economy and try to make government as efficient and responsive to our customers and possible," McCrory said last week after he won.
The police report says the Walmart manager told police that a customer reported that he was flashed by a female customer.
Custom, G+T Custom Cabinets 402-291-5815.
The service, offered through Nov 15 to the bank's customers, is part of Wells Fargo's push to help educate and strengthen relationships with customers.
***

In science:

Other scintillating crystal detectors can be easily customized in the various potential applications.
A CsI(Tl) Scintillating Crystal Detector for the Studies of Low Energy Neutrino Interactions
A in Eq. (1) making it possible to customize the rule.
Simple Divisibility Rules for the 1st 1000 Prime Numbers
The formal description of the proposed data model supplies a basis for building custom, problem-oriented, as well as generic solutions for data retrieval and processing.
Using Tree Automata and Regular Expressions to Manipulate Hierarchically Structured Data
Initially there are infinitely many customers in the first queue and the other queues are all empty.
A path-transformation for random walks and the Robinson-Schensted correspondence
At each time n, if xi (n + 1)− xi (n) = 1 (or, equivalently, an = i) there is a ‘service event’ at the ith queue; if this queue is not empty a customer departs from it and, if i < k, joins the (i + 1)th queue.
A path-transformation for random walks and the Robinson-Schensted correspondence
The second series of queues has t(1) ‘moving’ the customers in place of x.
A path-transformation for random walks and the Robinson-Schensted correspondence
Initially, queues 2 thru k − 1 are empty and the first queue has infinitely many customers.
A path-transformation for random walks and the Robinson-Schensted correspondence
At time 5, there is a service at the third queue in the first series, and a customer departs.
A path-transformation for random walks and the Robinson-Schensted correspondence
At time 6, there is a service at the second queue in the first series, and a customer departs; this yields a service at the second queue in the second series and a customer departs from there also.
A path-transformation for random walks and the Robinson-Schensted correspondence
The first queue has infinitely many customers, and the remaining queues are initially empty.
A path-transformation for random walks and the Robinson-Schensted correspondence
At every point of Ni, there is a service at the ith queue and, provided that queue is not empty, a customer departs and joins the (i + 1)th queue (or leaves the system if i = k).
A path-transformation for random walks and the Robinson-Schensted correspondence
Note that, since there are always infinitely many customers in the first queue, D1 is a Poisson process; we can thus ignore the first queue, think of the second queue as the first in a series of k − 1 queues, and think of D1 as the arrival process at the first of these k − 1 queues in series.
A path-transformation for random walks and the Robinson-Schensted correspondence
Recommender systems attempt to reduce information overload and retain customers by selecting a subset of items from a universal set based on user preferences.
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
By selecting a subset of items from a universal set based on user preferences, recommender systems attempt to reduce information overload and retain customers.
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
The underlying algorithms to realize recommendation range from keyword matching to sophisticated data mining of customer pro files .
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
***