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cushion

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v cushion protect from impact "cushion the blow"
    • n cushion a soft bag filled with air or a mass of padding such as feathers or foam rubber etc.
    • n cushion the layer of air that supports a hovercraft or similar vehicle
    • n cushion a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses "the old car needed a new set of shocks"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Cushion A case or bag stuffed with some soft and elastic material, and used to sit or recline upon; a soft pillow or pad. "Two cushions stuffed with straw, the seat to raise."
    • Cushion a mass of steam in the end of the cylinder of a steam engine to receive the impact of the piston
    • Cushion a pad on which gilders cut gold leaf
    • Cushion A riotous kind of dance, formerly common at weddings; -- called also cushion dance.
    • Cushion Anything resembling a cushion in properties or use
    • Cushion the elastic edge of a billiard table.
    • Cushion To conceal or cover up, as under a cushion.
    • Cushion To furnish with cushions; as, to cushion a chaise.
    • Cushion To seat or place on, or as on a cushion. "Many who are cushioned on thrones would have remained in obscurity."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n cushion A bag-like case of cloth or leather, usually of moderate size, filled with feathers, wool, or other soft material, used to support or ease some part of the body in sitting or reclining, as on a chair or lounge. See pillow.
    • n cushion Something resembling a cushion in structure, softness, elasticity, use, or appearance; especially, something used to counteract a sudden shock, jar, or jolt, as in a piece of mechanism. Specifically— An elastic pad of calfskin stuffed with wool, on which gold-leaf is placed and cut with a paletteknife into the forms or sizes needed by the finisher for the gilding of books. Also called gold-cushion.
    • n cushion The rubber of an electrical machine. See rubber.
    • n cushion The padded side or rim of a billiard-table.
    • n cushion The head of a bit-stock. See brace, 14.
    • n cushion In machinery, a body of air or steam which serves, under pressure, as an elastic check or buffer; specifically, steam left in the cylinder of an engine to serve as an elastic check for the piston. The cushion is made by closing the exhaust-outlet an instant before the end of the stroke, or by opening the inlet for live steam before the stroke is finished.
    • n cushion In zoology, a pulvillus.
    • n cushion In botany, the enlargement at or beneath the insertion of many leaves, a special mobile organ. Also called pulvinus.
    • n cushion In architecture, the echinus of a capital.
    • n cushion The woolsack.
    • cushion To seat on or as on a cushion or cushions.
    • cushion To cover or conceal with or as with a cushion; furnish with a cushion or cushions, in any sense of that word: as, to cushion a seat; to cushion a carriage.
    • cushion To put aside or suppress.
    • cushion In billiards, to make the cue-ball hit the cushion, either before it touches any other ball or after contact with the object-ball.
    • n cushion An expansion at the lower extremity of a grape-vine from which a part of its roots spring.
    • n cushion Same as saddle, 3 .
    • n cushion In pianoforte-making, a pad or roll of felt placed under the ends of the keys to prevent noise. See cut under pianoforte.
    • n cushion Same as coronet, 6.
    • n cushion A pool formed by a low dam or obstruction immediately below a higher dam to prevent erosion or destructive effect of the water which falls over the higher dam or hydraulic work.
    • cushion In machinery, to compress (exhaust-steam or other motive fluid) by closing the exhaust-outlet of a cylinder before the piston completes its traverse. The gradual compression causes increasing pressure against the piston and arrests the motion of the reciprocating parts without shock. See cushion, n., 2 .
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cushion koosh′un a case filled with some soft, elastic stuff, for resting on: a pillow: the 'pillow' used in making bone-lace: an engraver's pad: the rubber of an electrical machine: a pad supporting a woman's hair: the elastic lining of the inner side of a billiard-table: a body of steam remaining in the cylinder of a steam-engine, acting as a buffer to the piston
    • v.t Cushion to seat on or furnish with a cushion
    • ***

Quotations

  • Norman Vincent Peale
    Norman%20Vincent%20Peale
    “Cushion the painful effects of hard blows by keeping the enthusiasm going strong, even if doing so requires struggle.”
  • Thomas Otway
    Thomas Otway
    “Honest men are the soft easy cushions on which knaves repose and fatten.”
  • Booth Tarkington
    Booth Tarkington
    “Cherish all your happy moments; they make a fine cushion for old age.”
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
    Oliver%20Wendell%20Holmes
    “Don't you stay at home of evenings? Don you love a cushioned seat in a corner, by the fireside, with your slippers on your feet?”
  • Henry David Thoreau
    Henry%20David%20Thoreau
    “I would rather sit on a pumpkin, and have it all to myself, than be crowded on a velvet cushion.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. cuischun, quisshen, OF. coissin, cuissin, F. coussin, fr. (assumed) LL. culcitinum, dim. of L. culcita, cushion, mattress, pillow. See Quilt, and cf. Counterpoint a coverlet

Usage

In literature:

The transoms were all cushioned, and there was a table between them.
"Little Bobtail" by Oliver Optic
And you'd better get a cushion for Trouble.
"The Curlytops on Star Island" by Howard R. Garis
Now the little old Woman had not put the hard cushion straight when she rose from the chair of the Great, Huge Bear.
"Children's Literature" by Charles Madison Curry
On no account lose sight of the pin-cushion.
"Fairy Tales of the Slav Peasants and Herdsmen" by Alexander Chodsko
Stepping down into the cockpit, Orme bent over the girl, who had sunk down upon a cushion.
"The Girl and The Bill" by Bannister Merwin
Having made a bag of the front of her frock, she slipped the pin-cushion and tidy into it, and ran off to the kitchen.
"Girls of the Forest" by L. T. Meade
She leaned back against the cushions and looked about, first on this side and then on that, and enjoyed herself.
"Tales of Folk and Fairies" by Katharine Pyle
She started up from her cushions with a fierce attempt to keep a grip upon herself.
"The Indifference of Juliet" by Grace S. Richmond
There was a luxury of soft cushions and rich hangings.
"Elizabeth Hobart at Exeter Hall" by Jean K. Baird
When Odalite was seated and reclining against the high, cushioned back, Le lifted her hand, pressed it to his lips, and turned to leave the room.
"Her Mother's Secret" by Emma D. E. N. Southworth
For Mr. Boltwood's bed Milt hauled out the springy seat-cushions of both cars.
"Free Air" by Sinclair Lewis
Helen had unpacked her trunk and converted it, by means of a gay cover and cushions into a cosy corner.
"Hester's Counterpart" by Jean K. Baird
The bed, or couch, was furnished with five cushions, and stood under a gorgeous canopy.
"Louis XIV., Makers of History Series" by John S. C. Abbott
The room was full of low bookcases crammed with books, and large fat cushions on the floor.
"Bird of Paradise" by Ada Leverson
The thing which Dickie had gone to examine was a little arm-chair cushioned with red.
"Nine Little Goslings" by Susan Coolidge
Some did not use the rugs and cushions that had been provided for them, but strolled away into the woods.
"IT and Other Stories" by Gouverneur Morris
When he had arranged his dress, he threw himself upon the velvet cushions, and took no further notice of Dandy or the crew.
"Watch and Wait" by Oliver Optic
A base in the form of a vase or cushion is inserted between the back of the animal and the bottom of the shaft.
"A History of Art in Chaldæa & Assyria, v. 1" by Georges Perrot
Rick hurriedly took the cat from his pocket and stuffed it down behind the cushion of the car, pushing until it was well hidden.
"The Egyptian Cat Mystery" by Harold Leland Goodwin
Salome, get the large Bible from the cushion in the parlor.
"Vashti" by Augusta J. Evans Wilson
***

In poetry:

Servants round his cushioned place
Are with new sorrow wrung;
Hounds are gazing on his face,
Aged hounds and young.
"The Ballad Of The Foxhunter" by William Butler Yeats
Within the cell the filmy ferns
To woo the clear wave bent;
And cushioned mosses to the stone
Their quaint embroidery lent.
"Trehill Well" by Charles Kingsley
Her not ill-natured eye which now
In cushions pendulous, is hid,
Is still the eye which sparkled once
From under an enticing lid.
"Of A Stout Lady" by Edith Mirick
They would shuffle in of an evening,
Each one to his cushioned seat,
And there would be mellow talking
And silence rich and sweet.
"Old Poets" by Alfred Joyce Kilmer
By—they are by with mirth and tears,
Wit or the works of Desire-
Cushioned about on the kindly years
Between the wall and the fire.
"Our Fathers Also" by Rudyard Kipling
By—they are by with mirth and tears,
Wit or the waste of Desire-
Cushioned about on the kindly years
Between the wall and the fire!
"Our Fathers Also" by Rudyard Kipling

In news:

Japan's central bank follows US lead in easing monetary policy to cushion recovery.
Kruseman's Cushion Ride Secures Chili Bowl Glory.
History-making streak providing no cushion for Spurs.
Marstaller Motors says used car business will cushion blow of losing Mercury.
A man who calls himself the "Mexican Pin Cushion " set a world record in a most painful kind of way.
One of my least favorite tasks—next to scrubbing toilets with a pumice stone—is vacuuming under the couch and chair cushions .
There were times during my college years when cash was slim and I would scrounge through the couch cushions to find enough change for a Super Big Gulp from 7-Eleven.
And like Volvos, some have heated cushions .
Hollywood Park's Cushion Track Renovated.
Foresees a Thinner Cushion of Coal.
Conwed Plastics has introduced the first and only completely degradable carpet cushion netting.
"As we view the stimulus bill it is cushioning what would have been a more severe decline for total construction," said Murray.
Cue & Cushion is a laid-back place to shoot some pool and have a drink, or watch some serious players shoot.
Red Stag Earns Patent for Cushion -Control Software.
Red Stag Engineering & Automation, Inc, Waupaca, WI, received copyright patent registration for software that controls an intelligent hydraulic cushion for mechanical presses.
***

In science:

In this case, after the collapsed pile have grown to some thickness, it provides a sufficient cushion for the upper part to fall bodily resting on the collapsed pile.
Some simple physical facts about the collapse of the Twin Towers
All told, however, we believe that the estimates in the Table show that there is a sufficient cushion between the maximum value and the experimental resolution so that one can expect an observable signal.
Nonlinear electrodynamics of p-wave superconductors
The whole magnet is mounted on air-cushioned vibration isolation legs. A persistent current of about 100 A through the windings of the solenoid produces a magnetic field in the bore of 11.7 Tesla, reasonably strong for an NMR magnet and about 200,000 times the strength of the earth’s magnetic field.
Experimental Quantum Computation with Nuclear Spins in Liquid Solution
Galactic magnetic fields may also “cushion” the effects of the starburst on the ISM, and reduce the impact of the galactic wind on the host galaxy and its environment (e.g., Tomisaka 1990; Ferri`ere et al. 1991; Slavin & Cox 1992; Mineshinge et al. 1993; Ferri`ere 1998).
Galactic Winds: Near and Far
This extra field cushions the motion of the pressure mirror and plays the role of feedback.
Noise Suppression for Micromechanical Resonator via Intrinsic Dynamic Feedback
Junnila [211]) Is a space submetacompact if every directed open cover has a σ-cushioned refinement? Notes.
Problems from Topology Proceedings
Reznichenko by identifying P with ω ω, and making use of the special case where the K are of the form f ↓ = {g : g (x) ≤ f (x)∀x ∈ ω ω} to obtain a σ-cushioned pairbase, the existence of which characterizes stratifiable spaces.
Problems from Topology Proceedings
Perhaps the easiest way to show the difference between landing on a cushion of photons and striking a hard surface is to consider the pressure that accreting matter could exert if stopped dead at the photosphere and compare that to the radiation pressure already there.
Does Sgr A* Have an Intrinsic Magnetic Moment Instead of an Event Horizon?
***