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culm

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n culm stem of plants of the Gramineae
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Culm (Min) Mineral coal that is not bituminous; anthracite, especially when found in small masses.
    • n Culm kŭlm (Bot) The stalk or stem of grain and grasses (including the bamboo), jointed and usually hollow.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n culm Coal-dust; slack; refuse of coal.
    • n culm In mining, a soft or slaty and inferior kind of anthracite, especially that occurring in Devonshire, England.
    • n culm The name given by some geologists to a series of rocks which occupy the position of the Carboniferous limestone (see carboniferous), but which, instead of being developed in the form of massive calcareous beds, are made up of slates, sandstones, and conglomerates, and occasional beds of coal, usually of inferior quality. The fauna of the culm is in general much less abundant than that usually found in the Carboniferous limestone proper; its flora is, however, in some regions exceptionally rich. The rocks designated as culm occur extensively along the borders of Russia, Poland, and Austria; and similar ones, in the same geological position, are found developed on a considerable scale in Scotland, and also in Ireland. In the last-named country they are locally known as calp. See calp.
    • n culm In botany, the jointed and usually hollow stem of grasses. It is in most cases herbaceous, but is woody in the bamboo and some other stout species. The term is also sometimes applied to the solid jointless stems of sedges.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Culm kulm the stalk or stem of corn or of grasses
    • v.i Culm to form a culm
    • n Culm kulm coal-dust: name given in some parts of England to anthracite or stone-coal
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Perh. from W. cwlm, knot or tie, applied to this species of coal, which is much found in balls or knots in some parts of Wales: cf. OE. culme, smoke, soot
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
See Coom.

Usage

In literature:

H. Culme-Seymour, and other magistrates.
"The People of the Abyss" by Jack London
Lady de Culme won't hear of the Queen of Blondes; has forbidden her these many years!
"Lord Ormont and his Aminta, Complete" by George Meredith
In a flash the auto had turned the bend in the river road, and the occupants saw the toll-bridge and the peaceful hamlet of Culm Falls.
"Ruth Fielding of the Red Mill" by Alice B. Emerson
The Bishop of Kaminieck and Culm Lends money on the pawn of land and serfs.
"Demetrius A Play" by Friedrich Schiller
The purple of their culms also excites me like that of the Poke-Weed stems.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 10, Number 60, October 1862" by Various
No attempt is made to economize fuel, which consists mainly of culm, which would otherwise be wasted.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 492, June 6, 1885" by Various
Taking a long culm of timothy-grass, I inserted the tip into the burrow.
"My Studio Neighbors" by William Hamilton Gibson
The game we could not see, on account of the interposed culms of the weeds.
"The War Trail" by Mayne Reid
It was absurd, of course; but, though he had joked with Rainer over Mrs. Culme's forgetfulness, to confess it had cost a pang.
"The Triumph Of Night" by Edith Wharton
After ripening of the seed, the leafless flowering culms always die down.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 2" by Various
Their culms curved over, till the long quivering leaves dipped into the water.
"The Wild Huntress" by Mayne Reid
Growing on old leaves, sticks, culms, etc.
"The Myxomycetes of the Miami Valley, Ohio" by A. P. Morgan
The Upper Devonian of the Harz passes up into the Culm.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 3" by Various
This comprised dark shales, with grits and thin limestones and thin, impure coals, locally called "culm" (q.v.).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
Torrents ran down from the hills and flooded the valley of the Culm to a depth of over five feet.
"The Life of Roger Langdon" by Roger Langdon
The corn was at full growth, and its tall culms and broad lanceolate leaves would have overtopped the head of a man on horseback.
"Osceola the Seminole" by Mayne Reid
Macdonald was defeated in Silesia, Ney in Prussia, Vandamme at Culm.
"The Sword of Honor, volumes 1 & 2" by Eugène Sue
I cut turf, and sell lime and culm and aught else, to turn an honest penny.
"The Making of William Edwards" by Mrs. G. Linnaeus Banks
Culm usually hollow, terete; sheaths split to the base.
"The Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States" by Asa Gray
Culm, engagement at, 364.
"Military Career of Napoleon the Great" by Montgomery B. Gibbs
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In news:

FRANK H CONLON/THE STAR-LEDGER Variation in bamboo is mainly in the culms, as shown by this selection from Little Acre Farm in Howell Township.
Residents of Northeastern Pennsylvania have lived for generations with the culm banks, strip pits and waste-fouled streams that are the legacy of the under-regulated pursuit of profit by energy companies.
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In science:

The structure of HCI has been reviewed to show how it encompasses a number of disciplines. Three HCI models were exam ined which illustrated the increasing refinement of interactive description culm inating in Abowd and Beale’s interaction theory.
The Review and Analysis of Human Computer Interaction (HCI) Principles
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