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crystal

Definitions

  • The king climbs to crystal tower to reach Zoulvisia
    The king climbs to crystal tower to reach Zoulvisia
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n crystal a protective cover that protects the face of a watch
    • n crystal glassware made of quartz
    • n crystal a crystalline element used as a component in various electronic devices
    • n crystal a rock formed by the solidification of a substance; has regularly repeating internal structure; external plane faces
    • n crystal colorless glass made of almost pure silica
    • n crystal a solid formed by the solidification of a chemical and having a highly regular atomic structure
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: All snow crystals are hexagonal.
    • Crystal A species of glass, more perfect in its composition and manufacture than common glass, and often cut into ornamental forms. See Flint glass.
    • Crystal Anything resembling crystal, as clear water, etc. "The blue crystal of the seas."
    • a Crystal Consisting of, or like, crystal; clear; transparent; lucid; pellucid; crystalline. "Through crystal walls each little mote will peep.""By crystal streams that murmur through the meads.""The crystal pellets at the touch congeal,
      And from the ground rebounds the ratting hail."
    • Crystal The glass over the dial of a watch case.
    • Crystal The material of quartz, in crystallization transparent or nearly so, and either colorless or slightly tinged with gray, or the like; -- called also rock crystal. Ornamental vessels are made of it. Cf. Smoky quartz Pebble; also Brazilian pebble, under Brazilian.
    • Crystal (Chem. & Min) The regular form which a substance tends to assume in solidifying, through the inherent power of cohesive attraction. It is bounded by plane surfaces, symmetrically arranged, and each species of crystal has fixed axial ratios. See Crystallization.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: There is a 6-foot tall stone monument dedicated to the cartoon character Popeye in Crystal City, TX. .
    • n crystal In chem. and mineralogy, a body which, by the operation of molecular attraction, has assumed a definite internal structure with the form of a regular solid inclosed by a certain number of plane surfaces arranged according to the laws of symmetry. The internal structure is exhibited in the cleavage, in the behavior of sections in polarized light, etc. The external form is discussed under crystallography (which see). Crystals are obtained in the laboratory either by fusing substances by heat and allowing them gradually to cool, or by dissolving them in a fluid and then abstracting the latter by slow evaporation; also by the direct condensation of a vapor produced by sublimation, as in the case of arsenious oxid, in the same way that snow-crystals are formed directly from water-vapor in the upper atmosphere. The name was first applied to the transparent varieties of quartz, specifically called rock-crystal.
    • n crystal Glass. Glass of a high degree of transparency and freedom from color. It is heavier than ordinary glass, because containing much oxid of lead.
    • n crystal Fine glass used for table-vessels or other table-service, or for ornamental pieces. The term is sometimes used as synonymous with cut glass.
    • n crystal The glass cover of a watch-case.
    • n crystal A substance resembling rock-crystal or glass in its properties, especially in transparency and clearness.
    • n crystal In heraldry, the color white: said of that color when described in blazoning a nobleman's escutcheon, according to the system of blazoning by precious stones; pearl, however, is more commonly used.
    • n crystal A very fine wide white durant, once used for making nuns' veils.
    • n crystal In optics. See refraction.
    • crystal Consisting of crystal, or like crystal; clear; transparent; pellucid.
    • n crystal An English trade-name for a fine quality of white sugar.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Times Square "time ball" is named the "Star of Hope". It was specially made for this year and contains 504 glass crystals cut into triangles, 600 light bulbs, 96 big lights, and 92 mirrors.
    • n Crystal kris′tal a superior kind of quartz, clear like ice:
    • adjs Crystal consisting of or like crystal in clearness, &c
    • v.i Crystal to assume a crystalline form
    • n Crystal a name given by Graham to a class of substances which when in solution pass easily through membranes
    • n Crystal kris′tal (chem.) a piece of matter which has assumed a definite geometrical form, with plane faces
    • ***

Quotations

  • Linall Jr. A. L.
    Linall Jr. A. L.
    “Good character is like a rubber ball -- thrown down hard -- it bounces right back. Good reputation is like a crystal ball -- thrown for gain -- shattered and cracked.”
  • Jim Bakker
    Jim Bakker
    “Why should I apologize because God throws in crystal chandeliers, mahogany floors, and the best construction in the world?”
  • James Russell Lowell
    James%20Russell%20Lowell
    “Sentiment is intellectualized emotion; emotion precipitated, as it were, in pretty crystals by the fancy.”
  • George Orwell
    George%20Orwell
    “But the thing that I saw in your face no power can disinherit: No bomb that ever burst shatters the crystal spirit.”
  • Delsarte
    Delsarte
    “The object of art is to crystallize emotion into thought and then give it form.”
  • Paul J. Meyer
    Paul J. Meyer
    “Writing crystallizes thought and thought produces action.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. cristal, F. cristal, L. crystallum, crystal, ice, fr. Gr. kry`stallos, fr. kry`os icy cold, frost; cf. AS. crystalla, fr. L. crystallum,; prob. akin to E. crust,. See Crust Raw
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. cristol—L. crystallum—Gr. krystallos, ice—kryos, frost.

Usage

In literature:

Crystal was alone, and she was not ashamed to let the tears well up to her eyes.
"The Bronze Eagle" by Emmuska Orczy, Baroness Orczy
Must have jumped off the crystal.
"The Cosmic Express" by John Stewart Williamson
It must not be understood that the visions are in the crystal itself.
"How to Read the Crystal" by Sepharial
But are not these, groups of crystals, rather than one crystal?
"The Crown of Wild Olive" by John Ruskin
And now crystals of ice shoot all over the water.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
In the box was a slim bronze tripod and a big sphere of crystal.
"Athalie" by Robert W. Chambers
He knew perfectly well where the crystal was.
"Tales of Space and Time" by Herbert George Wells
They usually crystallize well and are readily reduced.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 1" by Various
One morning he looked up at the glittering heights of Crystal Palace Mountain, and suddenly he resolved to climb it.
"Eight Keys to Eden" by Mark Irvin Clifton
Any mineral house can furnish small crystals for a few cents when not of specially fine crystallization.
"A Text-Book of Precious Stones for Jewelers and the Gem-Loving Public" by Frank Bertram Wade
The things he can do with crystals would absolutely knock your hat off.
"The Great Gray Plague" by Raymond F. Jones
Within it was the fairy crystal.
"Heart of the Blue Ridge" by Waldron Baily
He hesitated over a large, brilliantly gleaming sphere of crystallized carbon, then shook his head.
"The Weakling" by Everett B. Cole
The literature of every people is to a large extent but the crystallization of this persistent interest.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
Agatha's own mind had been a crystal without a flaw, in its clearness, its sincerity.
"The Flaw in the Crystal" by May Sinclair
Their bodies crashed to the pit's floor squarely among the group of waiting crystals.
"Devil Crystals of Arret" by Hal K. Wells
We've not had any crystal gazing.
"The Madcap of the School" by Angela Brazil
Beyond was the open country, gradually thickening into scattered rows of crystal buildings.
"Slaves of Mercury" by Nat Schachner
These goods are sold either plain or crystalized.
"The Candy Maker's Guide" by Fletcher Manufacturing Company
And the thing may have been crystallized by the vibration.
"Astounding Stories, April, 1931" by Various
***

In poetry:

His lordly ships of ice
Glisten in the sun;
On each side, like pennons wide,
Flashing crystal streamlets run.
"By The Seaside : Sir Humphrey Gilbert" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
In each of her two crystal eyes
Smileth a naked boy;
It would you all in heart suffice
To see that lamp of joy.
"A Praise of his Lady" by Anonymous British
In my second dream
Pure I was and free
By the rapid stream,
My crystal house the sky,
The pure crystalline sky.
"The River" by Kathleen Raine
Cold are the truths of science,
Lifeless their every plan,
Until in living presence,
They're crystalized in man.
"Needs And Powers" by Jared Barhite
Susanna mourns, nor can I bear
To see the crystal show'r,
Or mark the tender falling tear
At sad departure's hour;
"A Farewell To America to Mrs. S. W." by Phillis Wheatley
Crystals encrusted,
Diamonds dusted
Line everything,
Tiny the stencillings
Are as the pencillings
On a moth's wing.
"Mist And Frost" by Duncan Campbell Scott

In news:

its waters limpid as crystal .
Recent research on elucidating the structure and sequence of proteins involves examining the effect of microgravity on protein crystallization and a computational model for protein elucidation.
Tips For Crystallizing Glucose Syrup.
I am using batch agitated crystallizers to crystallize glucose syrup by cooling.
The problem is different crystals are obtained using the same set ups.
Downloadable pdf of Chapter 15 Soybean Oil Crystallization and Fractionation from Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization.
Akron rock duo Black Keys crystallize with new DVD.
Gingerbread Cake with Crystallized Ginger Glaze.
Hypo's US Property Woes Crystallized at Snowmass Ski Resort.
Melody's Echo Chamber: Crystallized .
With Billy Crystal, Bette Midler, Marisa Tomei and Tom Everett Scott.
The black pearl crystal chandelier I hung over the soaker bathtub wasn't something most people would think to do, but remember: we were going for full-on decadence in this bathroom.
Crystal Man Ying Lee, PhD.
Dietician Crystal Cates shows the group what to look for in a food label.
Crystal Bridges art museum and Bentonville, Ark.
***

In science:

N is the size of the system, α is the spring constant of the Einstein crystal, and U0 the potential energy of the crystal with all the atoms in their lattice positions.
Phase Behavior of a Simple Model for Membrane Proteins
The L40 crystals are single crystals of CsI(Tl) with 40 cm in length.
Studies of Prototype CsI(Tl) Crystal Scintillators for Low-Energy Neutrino Experiments
Crystallization of hard spheres under gravity is due to the excluded volume interaction and we have demonstrated analytically, numerically and by Molecular Dynamics simulations that such a hard sphere crystallization process does exist under gravity.
Hong et al. reply to Walliser
The origin of the definition of the Kleshchev multipartitions is that they are the vertices of the crystal graph of an integrable Uv ( bsle )-module. (When Qs = qas, for all s, then the Kleshchev multipartitions are the vertices of the crystal graph of Lv (Λ), where Λ = Pr s=1 Λas .
The representation theory of the Ariki-Koike and cyclotomic q-Schur algebras
Circles represent the excess entropy of the liquid over the crystal, Sexc = Smelt − S crystal, calculated from experimental calorimetric data.
Can experiments select the configurational component of excess entropy?
Glycerol.— Isobaric heat capacity of liquid-glass and crystal glycerol have been used to evaluate the liquid over crystal excess entropy.
Can experiments select the configurational component of excess entropy?
One of the reasons why it can be well-applied is that it contains not only “real crystals” but also “virtual crystals”, e.g., Bi (see Sect.6), tλ (see ),etc, where “virtual crystals” mean certain purly combinatorial ob jects not having the corresponding Uq (g)-modules.
Geometric Crystals on Schubert Varieties
Indeed, some “real crystal” is obtained as subcrystal in infinitely many tensor products of “virtual crystals” (see and the references therein) and the crystal Bi and ˜B in Sect.5 are also obtained as some limit of real crystals.
Geometric Crystals on Schubert Varieties
Finally, we show that some ultra-discritizations of the geometric crystals on Schubert varieties are isomorphic to tensor products of some Kashiwara’s crystals.
Geometric Crystals on Schubert Varieties
We also define the notion of geometric crystals and give a recipe for obtaining canonically geometric crystals from unipotent crystals following to .
Geometric Crystals on Schubert Varieties
The pair (X, f ) is called a unipotent G-crystal or, for short, unipotent crystal.
Geometric Crystals on Schubert Varieties
Then the rational morphisms γX : X → T and ei : C× × X → X as above define a geometric G-crystal (X, γX, {ei}i∈I ), which is cal led the induced geometric G-crystals by unipotent G-crystal (X, fX ).
Geometric Crystals on Schubert Varieties
The following product struture on geometric crystals are most important results in the sense of comparison with the tensor product theorem in Kashiwara’s crystal theory.
Geometric Crystals on Schubert Varieties
As we have seen in 3.3, we can associate geometric crystal structure with the finite Schubert cell (resp. variety) X (Λ)w (resp. X (Λ)w ) since we have shown that they are unipotent G-crystals.
Geometric Crystals on Schubert Varieties
Now, for given positive structure θ : T ′ → X on a geometric pre-crystal χ = (X, γ, {ei}i∈I ), we associate the triplet (X∗ (T ′ ), ˜γ, {˜ei}i∈I ) with a pre-crystal structure (see [1, 2.2]) and denote it by U Dθ, T ′ (χ).
Geometric Crystals on Schubert Varieties
***