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cross

Definitions

  • THE CROSS ON THE HILL
    THE CROSS ON THE HILL
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj cross annoyed and irritable
    • adj cross extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis "cross members should be all steel","from the transverse hall the stairway ascends gracefully","transversal vibrations","transverse colon"
    • v cross breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties "cross a horse and a donkey","Mendel tried crossbreeding","these species do not interbreed"
    • v cross trace a line through or across "cross your `t'"
    • v cross travel across or pass over "The caravan covered almost 100 miles each day"
    • v cross meet and pass "the trains crossed"
    • v cross fold so as to resemble a cross "she crossed her legs"
    • v cross meet at a point
    • v cross hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of "What ultimately frustrated every challenger was Ruth's amazing September surge","foil your opponent"
    • v cross to cover or extend over an area or time period "Rivers traverse the valley floor", "The parking lot spans 3 acres","The novel spans three centuries"
    • n cross (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids
    • n cross (genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species "a mule is a cross between a horse and a donkey"
    • n Cross a representation of the structure on which Jesus was crucified; used as an emblem of Christianity or in heraldry
    • n cross a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece
    • n cross a marking that consists of lines that cross each other
    • n cross any affliction that causes great suffering "that is his cross to bear","he bears his afflictions like a crown of thorns"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Cross-roads and gesture sign. Mexican pictograph Cross-roads and gesture sign. Mexican pictograph
Showing a partial view of the cross vaults Showing a partial view of the cross vaults
The Golden Cross The Golden Cross
Descent from the Cross Descent from the Cross
Crossed Running Noose Crossed Running Noose
CROSSING LAKE SUPERIOR CROSSING LAKE SUPERIOR
STUDY OF WASHINGTON CROSSING THE DELAWARE STUDY OF WASHINGTON CROSSING THE DELAWARE
CROSSING THE JORDAN CROSSING THE JORDAN

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Mr. Butts invented the game SCRABBLE. The game was originally called "Criss Cross Words."
    • Cross (Her) A common heraldic bearing, of which there are many varieties. See the Illustration, above.
    • Cross A gibbet, consisting of two pieces of timber placed transversely upon one another, in various forms, as a T, or +, with the horizontal piece below the upper end of the upright, or as an X. It was anciently used in the execution of criminals. "Nailed to the cross By his own nation."
    • Cross A line drawn across or through another line.
    • Cross A mixing of breeds or stock, especially in cattle breeding; or the product of such intermixture; a hybrid of any kind. "Toning down the ancient Viking into a sort of a cross between Paul Jones and Jeremy Diddler."
    • Cross (Arch) A monument in the form of a cross, or surmounted by a cross, set up in a public place; as, a market cross; a boundary cross; Charing Cross in London. "Dun-Edin's Cross, a pillared stone,
      Rose on a turret octagon."
    • Cross A piece of money stamped with the figure of a cross, also, that side of such a piece on which the cross is stamped; hence, money in general. "I should bear no cross if I did bear you; for I think you have no money in your purse."
    • Cross (Mech) A pipe-fitting with four branches the axes of which usually form's right angle.
    • Cross Affiction regarded as a test of patience or virtue; trial; disappointment; opposition; misfortune. "Heaven prepares a good man with crosses ."
    • Cross An appendage or ornament or anything in the form of a cross; a badge or ornamental device of the general shape of a cross; hence, such an ornament, even when varying considerably from that form; thus, the Cross of the British Order of St. George and St. Michael consists of a central medallion with seven arms radiating from it.
    • Cross (Surveying) An instrument for laying of offsets perpendicular to the main course.
    • prep Cross Athwart; across. "A fox was taking a walk one night cross a village."
    • Cross Characterized by, or in a state of, peevishness, fretfulness, or ill humor; as, a cross man or woman. "He had received a cross answer from his mistress."
    • Cross Church lands.
    • Cross Made in an opposite direction, or an inverse relation; mutually inverse; interchanged; as, cross interrogatories; cross marriages, as when a brother and sister marry persons standing in the same relation to each other.
    • Cross Not accordant with what is wished or expected; interrupting; adverse; contrary; thwarting; perverse. "A cross fortune.""The cross and unlucky issue of my design.""The article of the resurrection seems to lie marvelously cross to the common experience of mankind.""We are both love's captives, but with fates so cross,
      One must be happy by the other's loss."
    • Cross Not parallel; lying or falling athwart; transverse; oblique; intersecting. "The cross refraction of the second prism."
    • Cross The crosslike mark or symbol used instead of a signature by those unable to write. "Five Kentish abbesses . . . .subscribed their names and crosses ."
    • Cross The sign or mark of the cross, made with the finger, or in ink, etc., or actually represented in some material; the symbol of Christ's death; the ensign and chosen symbol of Christianity, of a Christian people, and of Christendom. "The custom of making the sign of the cross with the hand or finger, as a means of conferring blessing or preserving from evil, is very old.""Before the cross has waned the crescent's ray.""Tis where the cross is preached."
    • Cross To be inconsistent. "Men's actions do not always cross with reason."
    • Cross To cancel by marking crosses on or over, or drawing a line across; to erase; -- usually with out off, or over; as, to cross out a name.
    • Cross To cause to interbreed; -- said of different stocks or races; to mix the breed of.
    • Cross To interbreed, as races; to mix distinct breeds. "If two individuals of distinct races cross, a third is invariably produced different from either."
    • Cross To interfere and cut off; to debar. "To cross me from the golden time I look for."
    • Cross To lay or draw something, as a line, across; as, to cross the letter t.
    • Cross To lie or be athwart.
    • Cross To make the sign of the cross upon; -- followed by the reflexive pronoun; as, he crossed himself.
    • Cross To move or pass from one side to the other, or from place to place; to make a transit; as, to cross from New York to Liverpool.
    • Cross To pass from one side to the other of; to pass or move over; to traverse; as, to cross a stream. "A hunted hare . . . crosses and confounds her former track."
    • Cross To pass, as objects going in an opposite direction at the same time. "Your kind letter crossed mine."
    • Cross To put across or athwart; to cause to intersect; as, to cross the arms.
    • Cross To run counter to; to thwart; to obstruct; to hinder; to clash or interfere with. "In each thing give him way; cross him in nothing.""An oyster may be crossed in love."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The Nobel Peace prize was first awarded in 1901 to Jean Henry Dunant, who was the founder of the Swiss Red Cross
    • cross Transverse; passing from side to side; falling athwart: as, a cross beam (cross-beam).
    • cross Passing or referring from one of two objects, parts, groups, etc., to the other; establishing a direct connection of some kind between two things: as, a cross cut (cross-cut), or a short path between two places; a cross reference.
    • cross Adverse; opposed; thwarting; obstructing; untoward: sometimes with to: as, an event cross to our inclinations.
    • cross Peevish; fretful; ill-humored; petulant; perverse: applied to persons.
    • cross Proceeding from a peevish or bad temper; expressing ill humor: as, a cross look; cross words.
    • cross Contrary; contradictory; perplexing.
    • cross Proceeding from an adverse party by way of reciprocal contest: as, a cross interrogatory. See below.
    • cross Produced by cross-breeding, as an animal or a plant.
    • cross Synonyms Peevish, Fretful, etc. (see petulant), snappish, touchy, ill-natured, morose, sullen, sulky, sour.
    • cross Transversely; contrariwise; adversely; in opposition.
    • cross To draw or run a line athwart or across (a figure or surface); lay or pass a thing across (another); put together transversely: as, to cross the letter t; the two roads cross each other.
    • cross To erase by marking one or more lines or crosses on or over; cancel; often followed by off or out: as, to cross or cross off an account; to cross out a wrong word.
    • cross To make the sign of the cross upon, as in devotion.
    • cross To pass from side to side of; pass or move over transversely: as, to cross a road; to cross a river or the ocean.
    • cross To cause to go or pass over; transport across a body of water.
    • cross To thwart; obstruct; hinder; oppose; contradict; counteract; clash with: as, to be crossed in love.
    • cross To debar or preclude.
    • cross To cause to interbreed; mix the breed or strain of, as animals or plants.
    • cross Nautical, to hoist from the deck and put in place on the mast, as any of the lighter yards of a square-rigged vessel.
    • cross To meet and pass.
    • cross To lie or be athwart or across: said of two or more things in their relation to one another: as, the lines cross; the roads cross.
    • cross To move or pass laterally or from one side toward the other, or transversely from place to place.
    • cross To be inconsistent.
    • cross To interbreed, as cattle; mix breeds.
    • cross To happen (upon); come (upon).
    • cross Athwart; over; from side to side of, so as to intersect: as, to ride cross country.
    • n cross The staff of a bishop; a crozier.
    • n cross In geometry, the point determined by two straight lines: the intersection of two straight lines.
    • cross Dishonest; not honestly come by; not on the square: as, a cross horse.
    • cross In logic, having an extensive part in common, without including or being included. Cross terms are such terms as living and corruptible, if there are things that are both living and corruptible, others living but incorruptible, others not living but corruptible, whether there is or is not anything neither living nor corruptible.
    • cross In euchre, when the trump is turned down, to make it the opposite color.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1876, Maria Spelterina was the first woman to ever cross Niagara Falls on a high wire
    • n Cross kros a gibbet on which malefactors were hung, consisting of two pieces of timber, one placed crosswise on the other, either thus † or ×: the instrument on which Christ suffered, and thus the symbol of the Christian religion: the sufferings of Christ: the atonement effected by these: a representation of the cross, a staff surmounted by a cross, a monument, model, or ornament in the form of a cross, esp. that in this form in the centre of a town at which proclamations are made, &c.:
    • v.t Cross to mark with a cross, or to make the sign of the cross
    • adj Cross kros lying across: transverse: oblique: opposite: adverse: ill-tempered: interchanged: dishonest: balancing, neutralising
    • adv Cross across
    • n Cross a crossing or mixing of breeds, esp. of cattle: something intermediate in character between two other things: dishonest practices, esp. in a sporting contest when one of the parties corruptly allows himself to be beaten
    • v.t Cross to lay one body or draw one line across another: to cancel by drawing cross lines: to pass from side to side: to write across a bank-cheque the name of a banking company, or simply '& Co.' between the lines, to be filled up with the name of a banking company, through whom alone it may be paid: to obstruct: to thwart: to interfere with
    • v.i Cross to lie or be athwart: to move or pass from place to place
    • v.t Cross to cut across
    • n Cross kros (Scot.) a signal or call to arms sent throughout a district, being a cross of two sticks charred and dipped in blood (Fiery cross): the transverse part of an anchor, or the like: a surveyor's cross-staff: anything that crosses or thwarts: a crossing or crossway: adversity or affliction in general
    • ***

Quotations

  • American Proverb
    American Proverb
    “Never swap horses crossing a stream.”
  • American Proverb
    American Proverb
    “Don't change horses while crossing a stream.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “Send danger from the east unto the west, so honor cross it from the north to south.”
  • Francois Muriac
    Francois Muriac
    “No love, no friendship can cross the path of our destiny without leaving some mark on it forever.”
  • Cecil B. De Mille
    Cecil B. De Mille
    “What I have crossed out I didn't like. What I haven't crossed out I'm dissatisfied with.”
  • Stonewall Jackson
    Stonewall Jackson
    “Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees.”

Idioms

At cross purposes - When people are at cross purposes, they misunderstand each other or have different or opposing objectives.
***
Cross my heart and hope to die - People say this to show how sincere their promise is.
***
Cross swords - When people cross swords, they argue or dispute. This expression is used when some groups accuse each other for non-adherence to norms. Actually no sword is used but the tempo of the argument is high enough to cause worsening of the already bad situation. It is a tussle (vehement struggle without use of arms) between the parties to establish supremacy.
***
Cross that bridge when you come to it - If you will cross that bridge when you come to it, you will deal with a problem when it arises, but not until that point
***
Cross to bear - If someone has a cross to bear, they have a heavy burden of responsibility or a problem that they alone must cope with.
***
Crossing the Rubicon - When you are crossing the Rubicon, you are passing a point of no return. After you do this thing, there is no way of turning around. The only way left is forward.
***
Dot all the i's and cross all the t's - If you dot all the i's and cross all the t's, you do something very carefully and thoroughly.
***
Get your wires crossed - If people get their wires cross, they misunderstand each other, especially when making arrangements. ('Get your lines crossed' is also used.)
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I'll cross that road when I come to it - I'll think about something just when it happens, not in advance.
***
Keep your fingers crossed - If you are keeping your fingers crossed, you are hoping for a positive outcome.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. crois, croys, cros,; the former fr. OF. crois, croiz, F. croix, fr. L. crux,; the second is perh. directly fr. Prov. cros, crotz,. fr. the same L. crux,; cf. Icel. kross,. Cf. Crucial Crusade Cruise Crux
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. crois (Fr. croix)—L. cruc-em, orig. an upright post to which latterly a cross-piece was added.

Usage

In literature:

Crossing by the ferry I found the place empty save for two Annamese soldiers kneeling quietly and reverently.
"A Wayfarer in China" by Elizabeth Kendall
Beacon Crossing is called a city by those residents who have lived in it since the railway brought it into existence.
"The Watchers of the Plains" by Ridgewell Cullum
On August 2nd, 1914, the Germans declared war on France, and the First field army of Austro-Germans crossed the Meuse near Liege.
"The Red Watch" by J. A. Currie
Daoud crossed the room, unslung his pack from his back, and dropped it to the floor.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
The thought crossed Sophia's mind that she would be soaked as she rode from the gate to Ugolini's mansion.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
And one obvious way of attacking the problem was to cross different species together and see what happened.
"Mendelism" by Reginald Crundall Punnett
I have observed exactly similar cases with the crossed offspring from differently coloured pigeons.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
The bridge, he saw now, did not cross the river, but followed it.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
Of the Cross church plan showing the cross externally at the ground level no example survives in the city.
"Byzantine Churches in Constantinople" by Alexander Van Millingen
Having crossed the river, the Austrians threw up defensive breastworks and dug elaborate trenches, thus fortifying their crossing.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
Both governments pledged themselves to respect these crosses.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume IV (of 8)"
The great Mississippi was crossed at Burlington.
"Ox-Team Days on the Oregon Trail" by Ezra Meeker
The Son of God for such as we are, became poor, even to the poverty of the cross.
"The Lord of Glory" by Arno Gaebelein
Especially after we crossed over into Pennsylvania among the frugal Dutch was this the case.
"Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman" by J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
But the chief curiosity of this little Welsh settlement is the bridge crossing the Conway.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
You leave the trail to cross a draw, look down, and there you are.
"The Plunderer" by Roy Norton
He was rather cross about my crossing the road safely.
"How I Filmed the War" by Lieut. Geoffrey H. Malins
Within is the Lamb holding a cross; under it the whorl finishes with a dragon.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
Accordingly, he crossed to New Jersey, and, with General Greene, took position at Fort Lee.
"The Greater Republic" by Charles Morris
The way of my body was barred by the city of the Cross; the way of my spirit by that which to her the Cross symbolized.
"A Volunteer with Pike" by Robert Ames Bennet
***

In poetry:

Hallelujah, hallelujah,
Hallelujah for the cross;
Hallelujah, hallelujah,
It shall never suffer loss!
"The Cross, It Standeth Fast" by Horatius Bonar
Nor didst thou, for me, spare
Thine only Son and heir,
But gavest him to lie
Upon the cross, and die.
"Thanks For Our Election, And Several Spiritual Gifts" by Rees Prichard
Should glory stimulate,
And daring deeds propose,
That only fame I'd emulate,
To triumph in the cross.
"Hymn II" by William Duke
I think if I should cross the room,
Far as fear;
Should stand beside you like a thought—
Touch you, Dear!
"The Room's Width" by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward
I never saw thee, lovely one,--
Perchance I never may;
It is not often that we cross
Such people in our way;
"To A Portrait Of "A Gentleman"" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
"Sweet, thou art young."
"So He was young
Who for my sake in silence hung
Upon the Cross with Passion wrung."
"The Three Enemies" by Christina Georgina Rossetti

In news:

'Alex Cross' criss -crosses details about Patterson's character.
Tyler Perry's Alex Cross isn't close to James Patterson's Alex Cross.
Worse, the plot of Alex Cross, loosely based on Patterson's novel, Cross, isn't close to that work either.
The Midwest Organic and Sustainable Education Service (MOSES) hosts its 23rd Annual Organic Farming Conference Feb 23-25 at the La Crosse Center in La Crosse, Wis.
Federal investigators say the warning signals at a railroad crossing in West Texas were activated before a parade float cross the tracks.
Pedestrians would have to watch for trains closely, as the crossing 's signals wouldn't be at the crossing should vehicle traffic be shut down.
Dustin Abeita, 19, a freshman cross-country runner for Dine College placed 1st in the USCAA cross-country championships with a time of 27:36.61 on Nov 9 in Lake Placid, N.Y.
FAIRBANKS — The West Valley boys cross country team and Lathrop's Brooke Lizotte had outstanding efforts Saturday in the Concordia/Adidas Cross Country Classic at Fern Hill Park in Portland, Ore.
Pedestrians cross at a cross-walk outside a terminal at Hartsfield-Jackson Airport, Wednesday, Nov 21, 2012, in Atlanta.
Fiddler Scott Moore on crossing borders and crossing genres.
That crossing in southwest Minot is equipped with stopsigns and railroad crossing signs.
OXNARD DISTRICT, CALIF, AND MEXICO CROSSINGS THROUGH CALIFORNIA AND SAN LUIS, ARIZ. Crossings (14-13-16, shipments 1-1-1) — Movement expected about the same.
Nebraska's Imani Cross, left, and Spencer Long celebrate the first of two third-quarter Cross touchdowns.
Sugar Bowl Ski Resort has inked a deal making it the operator of the Royal Gorge Cross Country Resort, America's largest cross-country operation.
WOODS CROSS — The Woods Cross Wildcats wrestling team continues to grow under the watchful eye of coach Mason Milligan.
***

In science:

If ~w is oriented upwards we will say that P Q and U V have a positive crossing, while if ~w is oriented downwards we will say that P Q and U V have a negative crossing.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
The cross corresponds to the position of the cross in the WFPC2 image and indicates the central optical concentration.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
The transition probability from the initial distribution (p1, p2 ) to the scattered distribution (p′1, p′2 ) depends on the velocity v of the field at the time of crossing and also on the phase factor due to the free motions outside of the crossing region .
Nonexponential Relaxation of Magnetization at the Resonant Tunneling Point under a Fluctuating Random Noise
For a given pair partition π we wil l denote by i(π) the number of crossings in π, i.e. number of al l unordered pairs of lines {a, b}, {u, v} ∈ π such that the lines {a, b}, {u, v} cross.
Gaussian Random Matrix Models for q-deformed Gaussian Random Variables
We therefore call p on γ a true inflection point, if the tangent line of γ at p and γ cross in p or if they cross in the connected component containing p of their common points.
Sextactic points on a simple closed curve
These are determined by the shock speed, the compression ratio of the shock, the pitch angle distribution of particles at the shock crossing and the return probability of particles, i.e., the probability of recrossing the shock front for particles that cross the front from the upstream to the downstream.
Application of random walk theory to the first order Fermi acceleration in shock waves
Then, we can distinguish the particles that cross the boundaries at least once (‘passed particles’) from those that never crossed the boundaries (‘nonpassed particles’).
Application of random walk theory to the first order Fermi acceleration in shock waves
For µν 6= 0 the differential cross section over the kinetic energy T of the recoil electron is given by the sum of the standard electroweak interaction cross section (EW) and the electromagnetic one (EM).
Status of the Experiment on the Laboratory Search for the Electron Antineutrino Magnetic Moment at the Level mu_nu < 3 s 10^{-12}mu_B
Definition 3.8 We cal l the number of times that two strings i 6= j cross one another (counted with the positivity induced by the sign of the generator denoting the switch) their crossing number, and we denote it by cr(i, j ).
Identifying Half-Twists Using Randomized Algorithm Methods
Indeed starting from the region of physical initial conditions (denoted by the cross in the Fig. 1) in the plane of v = 0 one would have to cross the separatrix joining the unstable FPs I and VI.
Phase Transition in the Random Anisotropy Model
For crossed products of finite C ∗ -algebras, there is a method to derive AF-embeddability of crossed products by continuous groups from the discrete group case by using Green’s imprimitivity theorem ([G], see also [B2]).
AF-embeddability of crossed products of Cuntz algebras
In the case that the group is compact, this condition is also sufficient for the crossed products to be AF-embeddable, and moreover the crossed products become AF-algebras under this condition.
AF-embeddability of crossed products of Cuntz algebras
Remark 4.11 When the group G is discrete, crossed products On⋊αω G are never AF-embeddable and Corollary 4.8 implies that crossed products On⋊αω G is purely infinite if it is simple.
AF-embeddability of crossed products of Cuntz algebras
SEU upset cross section for protons saturates at about 200 MeV kinetic energy and is higher than the cross section for neutrons or pions for most of the energy spectrum involved.
Single Event Effects in the Pixel readout chip for BTeV
In this extension one adds a virtual crossing (See Figure 1) that is neither an over-crossing nor an under-crossing.
Bi-oriented Quantum Algebras, and a Generalized Alexander Polynomial for Virtual Links
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