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cringe

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v cringe draw back, as with fear or pain "she flinched when they showed the slaughtering of the calf"
    • v cringe show submission or fear
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Cringe Servile civility; fawning; a shrinking or bowing, as in fear or servility. "With cringe and shrug, and bow obsequious."
    • v. t Cringe To contract; to draw together; to cause to shrink or wrinkle; to distort. "Till like a boy you see him cringe his face,
      And whine aloud for mercy."
    • v. t Cringe krĭnj To draw one's self together as in fear or servility; to bend or crouch with base humility; to wince; hence, to make court in a degrading manner; to fawn. "When they were come up to the place where the lions were, the boys that went before were glad to cringe behind, for they were afraid of the lions.""Sly hypocrite, . . . who more than thou
      Once fawned and cringed, and servilely adored
      Heaven's awful monarch?"
      "Flatterers . . . are always bowing and cringing ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • cringe To bend; crouch; especially, to bend or crouch with servility or from fear or cowardice; fawn; cower.
    • cringe Synonyms To stoop, truckle.
    • cringe To contract; distort.
    • n cringe A servile or fawning obeisance.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.i Cringe krinj to bend or crouch with servility: to submit: to fawn: to flatter with mean servility
    • n Cringe a servile obeisance
    • ***

Quotations

  • Vivienne Westwood
    Vivienne Westwood
    “Every time I hear that word, I cringe. Fun! I think it's disgusting; it's just running around. It's not my idea of pleasure.”
  • Irwin Shaw
    Irwin Shaw
    “I cringe when critics say I'm a master of the popular novel. What's an unpopular novel?”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
As. crincgan, cringan, crincan, to jield, fall; akin to E. crank,

Usage

In literature:

The cringing humility slipped from him like a garment.
"The Lamp in the Desert" by Ethel M. Dell
He drew a little nearer to her, still cringing.
"Rosa Mundi and Other Stories" by Ethel M. Dell
Hanada cringed into the shadows.
"Triple Spies" by Roy J. Snell
I cringe for him, when crack goes the gun!
"In the Catskills" by John Burroughs
He was a little man, withered by age, with a cringing face.
"Abbe Mouret's Transgression La Faute De L'abbe Mouret" by Emile Zola
What respect can I have for a people that cringe before money and let it rule them?
"The Lion and The Mouse" by Charles Klein
My heart jumped into my mouth and I cringed back in terror, a choked cry rasping my throat.
"Helmet of Navarre" by Bertha Runkle
None but unfortunate dependents or the cringing in spirit would subject themselves to a second letter of this kind by answering the first.
"Etiquette" by Emily Post
To cringe to rebels cannot be a need.
"The Seven Plays in English Verse" by Sophocles
Another beggar, I suppose, to hang about the doors and cringe for the scraps and spoil our feasts?
"The Children's Hour, Volume 3 (of 10)" by Various
Out of my sight, vile, cringing wretch!
"A Student in Arms" by Donald Hankey
They are not a bit cringing; I think they know how much they will mean to me.
"The Man Thou Gavest" by Harriet T. Comstock
When Mr. Pixley took him from the train, the dog was led through crowds of people and bustling, noisy streets that made Jan cringe and cower.
"Prince Jan, St. Bernard" by Forrestine C. Hooker
What cringing, and bowing, and fawning!
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 1, August 14, 1841" by Various
But why do I cringe and beg like this?
"Idle Hour Stories" by Eugenia Dunlap Potts
No, I felt that the picture my fancy drew, if realized, would make me abject and submissive, change me to a cowardly, cringing slave.
"Sea and Shore" by Mrs. Catharine A. Warfield
There was no cringing, absolutely no cowardice, in him.
"The Three Black Pennys" by Joseph Hergesheimer
He hated scenes and tiresome debates as he hated people who cringed and sidled before him.
"A Hoosier Chronicle" by Meredith Nicholson
When he dismounted, Chance cringed and crept to him.
"Sundown Slim" by Henry Hubert Knibbs
He saw the idols to which they kneeled; He marked them cringe to the name of Splosli.
"The Glugs of Gosh" by C. J. Dennis
***

In poetry:

Go to! I hate him and his trade:
Who bade us so to cringe and bend,
And all God's peaceful people made
To such as him subservient?
"The Chronicle Of The Drum" by William Makepeace Thackeray
What do poets want with gold,
Cringing slaves and cushioned ease;
Are not crusts and garments old
Better for their souls than these?
"What Do Poets Want With Gold?" by Archibald Lampman
I was a vassal at thy feet,
And cringed more meanly than was meet,
And since I dared not to be free,
Was scouted as a slave should be.
"Lines: "I Stooped from Star-Bright Regions"" by Henry Timrod
Or—nearer menace!—when the band
Of feeble spirits cringe and plead
To the gigantic strength of Greed,
And fawn upon his iron hand;—
"Invocation" by Ambrose Bierce
Behind the ever open gate
No pikes shall fence a crumbling throne,
No lackeys cringe, no courtiers wait,
This palace is the people's own!
"For The Dedication Of The New City Library, Boston" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
Now in his life he feels there nears an hour,
Inevitable, alas!
When in the darkness he shall cringe and cower,
And see his dead self pass.
"Rembrandts" by Madison Julius Cawein

In news:

Victor Cruz, who has patented the post-touchdown salsa dance, said he cringes when he sees Wilson do the flips .
I cringed every time I passed a poster for the Footloose remake.
I don't know what made me cringe more: the Pew Research poll showing Mitt Romney ahead of President Barack Obama or Lara Logan's speech as a "journalist.".
Here, some cringe-worthy stats on germs and traveling -- and tips on how you can take a trip unscathed.
Many cringe at the thought of a New Year's resolution.
I saw this movie, and I was cringing the entire time.
Some Republicans will be thrilled, others will cringe, but no one will be neutral about a Sarah Palin candidacy.
Football is a violent sport and for every gorgeous touchdown pass or breathtaking run, there are cringe-worthy moments that remind us just how physical the sport is.
It's cringe-worthy for some of us more interested in actual football.
If you cringe at the thought of flying on a commercial flight, you are not alone.
Stage show goes deep and gets laughs with stories that would make a mother cringe.
Thinking about it even now makes me cringe.
I cringed as soon as I read the word "jury" on the outside of the envelope.
Having said that, I cringed reading his remarks about a vote for him not being a wasted vote.
Now, while you cringe, also grimace.
***

In science:

From this point of view, OX is a functor U(X )op → CRing, which satisfies the usual sheaf axioms; here U(X ) denotes the partially ordered set of open subsets of X .
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
From this point of view, we can view OX as representing a functor ShvSet(X )op → CRing.
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
The advantage of this point of view, when compared with (a), is that the sheaf axiom is easier to state: it merely asserts that the functor OX carries colimits in ShvSet(X ) to limits in CRing.
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
Let CRingfin denote the category of finitely generated commutative rings (these are the same as finitely presented commutative rings, since the ring Z is Noetherian).
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
We can then define a sheaf of commutative rings on X to be a functor F : (CRingfin )op → ShvSet (X ) which preserves finite limits.
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
The equivalence of this definition with (b) follows from the equivalence of categories CRing ≃ Ind(CRingfin ).
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
We can identify CRingfin with the opposite of the category Aff of affine schemes of finite type over Z.
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
Our goal in this section is to adapt some of the above picture to an ∞-categorical setting: we will replace the topological space X by an ∞-topos, and the category CRing of commutative rings with an arbitrary compactly generated ∞-category.
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
We first observe that CRing is compactly generated; as we saw in §1.1, this allows us to think of a CRingvalued sheaf on X as a functor Aff → ShvSet (X ), where Aff = (CRingfin )op is the category of affine schemes of finite type over Z.
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
We can now reformulate our question once again: what features of the category Aff are required to define the notion of a local CRing-valued sheaf ? Our answer to this question is that Aff (or rather its nerve) has the structure of a geometry, in the sense of Definition 1.2.5 (see Example 1.2.13).
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
Let CRingfin denote the category of all finitely generated commutative rings.
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
Let GZar = N(CRingfin )op be the opposite of the nerve of CRingfin ; we can identify GZar with the (∞)-category of affine schemes of finite type over Z.
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
This construction determines a fully faithful embedding from the category of schemes to the functor category Fun(CRing, Set).
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
More precisely, the above construction yields a fully faithful embedding from the category of schemes to the presheaf category Fun(CRing, Set).
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
Consequently, it is possible to think of schemes as ob jects of Fun(CRing, Set), rather than the category of locally ringed spaces.
Derived Algebraic Geometry V: Structured Spaces
***