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constituent

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj constituent constitutional in the structure of something (especially your physical makeup)
    • n constituent an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system "spare components for cars","a component or constituent element of a system"
    • n constituent an abstract part of something "jealousy was a component of his character","two constituents of a musical composition are melody and harmony","the grammatical elements of a sentence","a key factor in her success","humor: an effective ingredient of a speech"
    • n constituent (grammar) a word or phrase or clause forming part of a larger grammatical construction
    • n constituent a member of a constituency; a citizen who is represented in a government by officials for whom he or she votes "needs continued support by constituents to be re-elected"
    • n constituent something determined in relation to something that includes it "he wanted to feel a part of something bigger than himself","I read a portion of the manuscript","the smaller component is hard to reach","the animal constituent of plankton"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Constituent (Law) A person who appoints another to act for him as attorney in fact.
    • Constituent Having the power of electing or appointing. "A question of right arises between the constituent and representative body."
    • Constituent One for whom another acts; especially, one who is represented by another in a legislative assembly; -- correlative to representative. "The electors in the district of a representative in Congress, or in the legislature of a State, are termed his constituents .""To appeal from the representatives to the constituents ."
    • Constituent Serving to form, compose, or make up; elemental; component. "Body, soul, and reason are the three parts necessarily constituent of a man."
    • Constituent That which constitutes or composes, as a part, or an essential part; a component; an element. "We know how to bring these constituents together, and to cause them to form water."
    • Constituent The person or thing which constitutes, determines, or constructs. "Their first composure and origination require a higher and nobler constituent than chance."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • constituent Constituting or existing as a necessary component or ingredient; forming or composing as a necessary part; component; elementary: as, oxygen and hydrogen are the constituent parts of water.
    • constituent Having the power of constituting or appointing, or of electing to public office: as, a constituent body.
    • n constituent One who or that which constitutes or forms, or establishes or determines.
    • n constituent That which constitutes or composes as a part, or a necessary part; a formative element or ingredient.
    • n constituent One who constitutes another his agent; one who empowers another to transact business for him, or appoints another to an office in which the person appointed represents him as his agent.
    • n constituent One who elects or assists in electing another to a public office; more generally, any inhabitant of the district represented by an elective officer, especially by one elected to a legislative body: so called with reference to such officer.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Constituent constituting or forming: essential: elemental: component
    • ***

Quotations

  • Jesse Jackson
    Jesse%20Jackson
    “My constituency is the desperate, the damned, the disinherited, the disrespected and the despised.”
  • Melvin R. Laird
    Melvin R. Laird
    “A politician would do well to remember that he has to live with his conscience longer than he does with his constituents.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. constituens, -entis, p. pr. See Constitute
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. constituĕre, constitutum, from con, together, and statuĕre, to make to stand, to place.

Usage

In literature:

The characteristics of the soil depend upon its constituents, and upon the predominance of one or the other of its composing elements.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume V (of VI)" by Various
Requires an educated constituency, 63.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
Not a whisper of disapprobation was heard from their constituents.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
Hydrogen, helium, and calcium are their chief constituents.
"A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century" by Agnes M. (Agnes Mary) Clerke
Those that are of late introduction, and cannot be called original and constituent parts of the language.
"A Handbook of the English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
The fraction containing the characteristic odorous constituent of coffee boiled at 93 deg.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
The majority of the Liberal members of the House of Commons had pledged themselves to their constituents in its favor.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume III (of III)" by Various
Could it be that white light was compound, was a mixture of several constituents, and that its different constituents were differently bent?
"Pioneers of Science" by Oliver Lodge
The color is not a part of the grass, not a quantitative constituent, like its carbon or silex.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 20, No. 122, December, 1867" by Various
What would be thought of an English constituency which required such a contradiction?
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
Simple neutral mixtures, which have one constituent in common, may be combined together straight away.
"Histology of the Blood" by Paul Ehrlich
As for the constituency, it is clear that this cannot be the same as for the first chamber, otherwise the two Houses are simply repetitions.
"The Irish Constitution" by Darrell Figgis
Represented the same constituency in the Assembly until 1855.
"The Makers of Canada: Index and Dictionary of Canadian History" by Various
How would the regular constituency of Chautauqua feel at this innovation?
"The Story of Chautauqua" by Jesse Lyman Hurlbut
While he was still holding forth, Jap came in, with half-a-dozen constituents, all busy with the same problem.
"Jap Herron" by Emily Grant Hutchings
Few English public men have represented so many constituencies.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 2" by Various
He was elected to the Constituant Assembly 1848.
"A Biographical Dictionary of Freethinkers of All Ages and Nations" by Joseph Mazzini Wheeler
Twenty thousand howling constituents and six hundred raving members.
"The Secret of the League" by Ernest Bramah
The orangespotted sunfish is widespread in Kansas and seems to be a diagnostic constituent of the Plains Fauna.
"Fishes of Chautauqua, Cowley and Elk Counties, Kansas" by Artie L. Metcalf
Once the franchise has been determined there remains the division of constituencies.
"The African Colony" by John Buchan
***

In poetry:

"Then mixing these constituent parts,
Let Nature take her way,"
With which advice that sapient sir
Had nothing more to say.
"The Ballad Of The Taylor Pup" by Eugene Field
Beware! if God has built this nation,
All its constituents are good
And needful to its preservation,
Whether they be stone or wood.
"Admonition" by James Madison Bell
"I am solid for Protection: but my creed I won't abuse
By mean tricks to shift the duty from commodities you use:
Nor shall I denounce with loathing Socialists' experiments
While I howl for State assistance for my own constituents.
"The Candid Candidate" by C J Dennis

In news:

Nadine Dorries needs to "rebuild bridges " with her constituents and colleagues if she is to remain as a Conservative MP, party officials say.
John Liu in Flushing with some of his constituents.
Brooklyn Borough President Marty Markowitz is focused on the cleanup and his constituents in aftermath of Hurricane Sandy.
The buckets are grouped into three categories: cause, which embodies the mission, program and constituents being served.
So it's a good chance for lawmakers to feel the pulse of their constituents.
Schuster says constituents and the village board would then have to decide whether funding public transit would merit making cuts to other services, including police and fire.
Rich Cowan, a candidate for the Washington Fifth Congressional District touched base with constituents Wednesday in Clarkston.
"Seal Team Six" shot in New Mexico is stirring up controversy among constituents locally.
Four years ago, Graham (D) easily defeated challengers Jeff Smith and Bryan Weaver in the Democratic primary to win a fourth term, reflecting the incumbent's reputation for strong constituent service and work to redevelop Columbia Heights.
The public likes to see elected officials working hard, putting in extra hours to serve their constituents.
(AP) — Gov Bill Haslam's plan to overhaul state civil service rules headed to him Thursday to become law despite opposition from some lawmakers whose constituents are uncomfortable with parts of the legislation.
The Chicago Tribune published a story today that should give members of Congress—and the constituents they serve—pause.
Rich Cowan, a candidate for the Washington Fifth Congressional District touched base with constituents Wednesday in Clarkston.
Downtown merchants appear to be a tough constituency.
Now in its sixth year, Edible Austin 's Eat Drink Local Week has become a culinary and cultural mash-up that provides an opportunity to celebrate local food and drinks for several local cultural constituencies.
***

In science:

However we shall argue below that at least qualitatively our results also hold for the interaction with the QCD colored fields, and for the general law of interaction between the constituents of the dipole.
Space-Time Evolution of the Oscillator, Rapidly moving in a random media
We neglect the Coulomb interaction between internal constituents of the dipole.
Space-Time Evolution of the Oscillator, Rapidly moving in a random media
We expect that our result will not change qualitatively if we generalize the external field to a color one, and take into account Coulomb interaction between the constituents.
Space-Time Evolution of the Oscillator, Rapidly moving in a random media
Here V is the electric potential in the oscillator c.m. frame, ~r1, ~r2 are the coordinates of the dipole components in this frame, and ~u = ~r1 −~r2 is the relative coordinate of two constituents of the dipole.
Space-Time Evolution of the Oscillator, Rapidly moving in a random media
First, the magnetic field is of the same order as the electric one, but the Lorentz force acting on the dipole is suppressed as v/c << 1, where v is the relative speed of the dipole constituents, since we assume dipole to be a nonrelativistic system.
Space-Time Evolution of the Oscillator, Rapidly moving in a random media
This amounts to assume the difference between the current and the constituent masses to be essentially related to kinematical relativistic correction (cf. ) or, what is the same, that the free quark propagator is a good approximation for the complete one in the B-S equation.
Infrared behavior of the running coupling constant and bound states in QCD
For this reason we have repeated the calculation for choice (3) with various constituent values for the light quark masses.
Infrared behavior of the running coupling constant and bound states in QCD
This could suggest the use of a kind of running constituent mass.
Infrared behavior of the running coupling constant and bound states in QCD
If however we give to mu,d a constituent value the results are again similar to those obtained with the truncated αs (Q2 ) and can be strongly improved if we use the running effective mass (10).
Infrared behavior of the running coupling constant and bound states in QCD
The spin-singlet pairs of bosons should be distinguished from Cooper pairs of electrons or those of 3He due to the statistical difference of constituent particles.
Theory of spin-2 Bose-Einstein condensates: spin-correlations, magnetic response, and excitation spectra
For the case of spin-singlet pairs of bosons, the state is symmetric under any permutation of the constituents.
Theory of spin-2 Bose-Einstein condensates: spin-correlations, magnetic response, and excitation spectra
There is a one-to-one correspondence χ ←→ χq between the irreducible representations of CW (w) and the irreducible constituents of the QℓGF -module Li≥0 H i c (Xw, Qℓ ).
The representation theory of the Ariki-Koike and cyclotomic q-Schur algebras
Deligne-Lusztig representation (specifically, it is RG Tw (1), where Tw is the maximal torus associated to the conjugacy class of w in W ), so its irreducible constituents are known.
The representation theory of the Ariki-Koike and cyclotomic q-Schur algebras
These extend up to a maximum momentum |p|max ≡ δ which is considerably smaller than the inverse mean free path Rmfp for the elementary constituents Therefore, in a zero-temperature scalar condensate, and in the limit p → 0, quantum hydrodynamics predicts long-wavelength excitations to be density fluctuations.
A connection between gravity and the Higgs field
Departament d’Estructura i Constituents de la Mat`eria, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 647, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain 2 Departamento de F´ısica Te´orica and IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Ap.
Erratum: Neutron and proton spectra from the decay of $\Lambda$ hypernuclei [Phys. Rev. C55, 735 (1997)]
***