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congius

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n congius a British imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 4 quarts or 4.545 liters
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Congius (Med) A gallon, or four quarts.
    • Congius (Roman Antiq) A liquid measure containing about three quarts.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n congius A measure of capacity among the ancient Romans, the eighth part of the amphora. The standard congius of Vespasian is extant in good preservation. It contains 3,377 liters, or 0.892 of a United States (old wine) gallon. Yet most authorities, on theoretical grounds, suppose a mistake to have been made in the construction of this standard, and that it ought to have contained only 3,275 liters, or 0.865 of a United States gallon. It has also been maintained that the construction of this standard marked an increase of 2 per cent, in the Roman measures of capacity.
    • n congius In pharmacy, a gallon.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
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Usage

In literature:

One metreta is larger than one-sixth of a congius.
"De Re Metallica" by Georgius Agricola
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