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compound

Definitions

  • Compound forms
    Compound forms
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj compound composed of more than one part "compound leaves are composed of several lobes","compound flower heads"
    • adj compound composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony "coral is a colonial organism"
    • adj compound consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts "soap is a compound substance","housetop is a compound word","a blackberry is a compound fruit"
    • v compound put or add together "combine resources"
    • v compound make more intense, stronger, or more marked "The efforts were intensified", "Her rudeness intensified his dislike for her","Pot smokers claim it heightens their awareness","This event only deepened my convictions"
    • v compound combine so as to form a whole; mix "compound the ingredients"
    • v compound create by mixing or combining
    • v compound calculate principal and interest
    • n compound an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient)
    • n compound a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts
    • n compound (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Entrance gate to compound of Chinese house Entrance gate to compound of Chinese house
Compound of Chinese house Compound of Chinese house
Compound steam turbine Compound steam turbine
Compound locomotive Compound locomotive
A section through the compound eye A section through the compound eye
Hornblower's Compound Engine Hornblower's Compound Engine
Compound Marine Engine, Side Elevation Compound Marine Engine, Side Elevation
Compound Microscope Compound Microscope

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Apple seeds are poisonous as they contain a cyanide compound
    • Compound (Chem) A union of two or more ingredients in definite proportions by weight, so combined as to form a distinct substance; as, water is a compound of oxygen and hydrogen.
    • a Compound Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts; produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or things; composite; as, a compound word. "Compound substances are made up of two or more simple substances."
    • n Compound kŏm"pound In the East Indies, an inclosure containing a house, outbuildings, etc.
    • Compound That which is compounded or formed by the union or mixture of elements ingredients, or parts; a combination of simples; a compound word; the result of composition. "Rare compound of oddity, frolic, and fun.""When the word “bishopric” was first made, it was made as a compound ."
    • Compound To compose; to constitute. "His pomp and all what state compounds ."
    • v. i Compound To effect a composition; to come to terms of agreement; to agree; to settle by a compromise; -- usually followed by with before the person participating, and for before the thing compounded or the consideration. "Here's a fellow will help you to-morrow; . . . compound with him by the year.""They were at last glad to compound for his bare commitment to the Tower.""Cornwall compounded to furnish ten oxen after Michaelmas for thirty pounds.""Compound for sins they are inclined to
      By damning those they have no mind to."
    • Compound To form or make by combining different elements, ingredients, or parts; as, to compound a medicine. "Incapacitating him from successfully compounding a tale of this sort."
    • Compound To modify or change by combination with some other thing or part; to mingle with something else. "Only compound me with forgotten dust."
    • Compound To put together, as elements, ingredients, or parts, in order to form a whole; to combine, mix, or unite. "We have the power of altering and compounding those images into all the varieties of picture."
    • Compound To settle amicably; to adjust by agreement; to compromise; to discharge from obligation upon terms different from those which were stipulated; as, to compound a debt. "I pray, my lords, let me compound this strife."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Aspirin went on sale as the first pharmaceutical drug in 1899, after Felix Hoffman, a German chemist at the drug company Bayer, successfully modified Salicylic Acid, a compound found in willow bark to produce Aspirin.
    • compound To put together or mix (two or more elements or ingredients): as, to compound drugs.
    • compound To join or couple together; combine: as, to compound words.
    • compound To form by uniting or mixing two or more elements or materials.
    • compound To make; constitute; form; establish.
    • compound To put together in due order, as words or sentences; compose.
    • compound To settle amicably; adjust by agreement, as a difference or controversy; compose.
    • compound To settle by agreement for a reduced amount or upon different terms, as a debt or dues of any kind: as, to compound tithes. See II., 3.
    • compound To agree, for a consideration, not to prosecute or punish a wrong-doer for: as, to compound a crime or felony. It is equally illegal, whether the consideration be a money present, the restitution of stolen money or goods, or other acts performed or procured by the offender or another in his interest, upon a promise of immunity from prosecution or the withholding of evidence.
    • compound To agree upon concession; come to terms of agreement by abating something of the first demand, or by granting something on both sides; make a compromise: used absolutely, or with for (formerly also on) before the thing accepted or remitted, and with before the person with whom the agreement is made.
    • compound To make a bargain, in general; agree.
    • compound To settle with a creditor by agreement, and discharge a debt on the payment of a less sum in full; or to make an agreement to pay a debt by means or in a manner different from that stipulated or required by law. It usually implies payment of or agreement on a gross sum less than the aggregate due. See composition, 8.
    • compound To settle with one who has committed a crime, agreeing for a consideration not to prosecute him. See I., 8.
    • compound To give out; fail: said of a horse in racing.
    • compound Composed of two or more elements, parts, or ingredients; not simple.
    • compound In botany, made up of several similar parts aggregated into a common whole.
    • compound In arithmetic, a quantity which consists of more than one denomination, as 5 pounds, 6 shillings, and 9 pence, or 4 miles, 3 furlongs, and 10 yards; hence, the operations of adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing such quantities are termed compound addition, compound subtraction, compound multiplication, and compound division.
    • n compound Something produced by combining two or more ingredients, parts, or elements; a combination of parts or principles forming a whole.
    • n compound Specifically In grammar, a compound word (which see, under I.).
    • n compound In chem., a compound body.
    • n compound In India and the East generally, a walled inclosure or courtyard containing a residence with the necessary outhouses, servants' quarters, etc.
    • compound To make (a steam-engine) operate on the compound principle, whereby the steam expands first in a small cylinder and does work in propelling the piston, and thence exhausts into a larger low-pressure cylinder, where it expands still further until released at the exhaust when the traverse is completed.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Fourteenth century physicians didn't know what caused the plague, but they knew it was contagious. As a result they wore an early kind of bioprotective suit which included a large beaked head piece. The beak of the head piece, which made them look like large birds, was filled with vinegar, sweet oils and other strong smelling compounds to counteract the stench of the dead and dying plague victims.
    • v.t Compound kom-pownd′ to mix or combine: to settle or adjust by agreement
    • v.i Compound to agree, or come to terms: to bargain in the lump
    • adj Compound mixed or composed of a number of parts: not simple, dealing with numbers of various denominations of quantity, &c., as in 'compound addition,' &c.; or with processes more complex than the simple process, as in 'compound proportion,' &c
    • n Compound a mass made up of a number of parts: the usual name in India for the enclosure in which a house stands, with its outhouses, yard, and garden: a compounded drug
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ambrose Bierce
    Ambrose%20Bierce
    “Age. That period of life in which we compound for the vices that remain by reviling those we have no longer the vigor to commit.”
  • Samuel Butler
    Samuel%20Butler
    “Compound for sins they are inclined to by damning those they have no mind to.”
  • Mike Adams
    Mike Adams
    “Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon compounds. Biochemistry is the study of carbon compounds that crawl.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “The rankest compound of villainous smell that ever offended nostril.”
  • Ambrose Bierce
    Ambrose%20Bierce
    “Truth -- An ingenious compound of desirability and appearance.”
  • John Marshall
    John Marshall
    “No political dreamer was ever wild enough to think of breaking down the lines which separate the States, and of compounding the American people into one common mass.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. componen, compounen, L. componere, compositum,; com-,+ ponere, to put set. The d, is excrescent. See Position, and cf. Componé

Usage

In literature:

The pigment on the dots of five sides of each die was some heavy metal compound, probably lead.
"Deathworld" by Harry Harrison
They are all equivalent to compound, incomplete fractures.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
This distinguishes compounds in language from mere printers' compounds.
"A Handbook of the English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
The Compound tenses may be easily learned from those of the Verb Buail in the first Conjugation, being formed exactly in the same manner.
"Elements of Gaelic Grammar" by Alexander Stewart
It is in this way that the compound theologies built up the polytheism of Egypt and of Greece.
"The Religion of Ancient Egypt" by W. M. Flinders Petrie
Our first attempt was in the compound, where a bullock-bandy stood.
"Lotus Buds" by Amy Carmichael
She knew that her Vegetable Compound contained medicines which act directly and naturally upon the female organs.
"Treatise on the Diseases of Women" by Lydia E. Pinkham
Nelly and Little Yi were given a small room adjoining Ku Nai-nai's in the centre or chief building of the compound.
"The Little Girl Lost" by Eleanor Raper
Then pour the rest of the compound back in compound vessel or kettle.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
HOW ELEMENTS HIDE IN COMPOUNDS.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
Such compounds should never be used.
"Word Study and English Grammar" by Frederick W. Hamilton
I know it was a drug they were compounding.
"Astounding Stories, March, 1931" by Various
Lead poisoning of cattle sometimes comes from their having licked freshly painted surfaces and thus swallowed compounds containing white lead.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Name the most important compounds.
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
The silver gold alloy is probably a natural compound.
"Ancient art of the province of Chiriqui, Colombia" by William Henry Holmes
It could not be a naturally needed trace compound.
"The Hate Disease" by William Fitzgerald Jenkins
How do you treat a compound consisting of a suffix and a compound proper name?
"Compound Words" by Frederick W. Hamilton
Two days after, gave ten grains Compound Powder of Ipecacuanha.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
What compounds are especially concerned in intellectual activity is not known.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 4" by Various
Three months after Rod's talk with him, the compounds started to fill.
"The Merchants of Venus" by A. H. Phelps
***

In poetry:

How nature, sensing this, compounds her bitters.
Ungifted, ungrieved, our leavetaking.
The sun shines on unripe corn.
Cats play in the stalks.
"Departure" by Sylvia Plath
Where Pharaoh's sceptre gave the laws,
The thing that held me captive rests,
Strange compound of a panther's claws
And of a woman's rounded breasts.
"The Sphinx" by George Sylvester Viereck
You are our surety to immortal life,
God's hatred of the universal stain-
The heritage, O Fear, of ancient strife
Compounded with the tissue of the vein.
"Ode To Fear" by Allen Tate
For every Guest who comes with him to sup,
The Host compounds a strangely mingled cup;--
Red Wine of Life and Dregs of Bitterness,
And, will-he, nil-he, each must drink it up.
"Cup Of Mixture" by John Oxenham
WEDGEWOOD.
And not without reason, madam. Never before have I heard of such a compound of
sagacity, courage, and eccentricity. Oh, I am all in a glow to see and converse
with the jolly old boy!
"The Maid Of Saxony; Or, Who's The Traitor? - Act I" by George Pope Morris
"Each will think: 'This falsifier knows that I too am a liar.
Curse him for a son of Satan, all unholily compound!
Curse my leader for another! Curse that pelican, my mother!
Would to God that I when little in my victual had been drowned!'"
"At The Close Of The Canvass" by Ambrose Bierce

In news:

The hectic fall harvest is under way, and that means the dangers of everyday farm work -- one of the nation's most hazardous occupations -- are compounded by the rush to bring in crops on time.
Evidence Points to Hasty Strike on US Compound in Libya.
Compounder's Low Headroom Doesn't Stunt Its Growth.
Companies Continue Court Fight Over Hemostatic Compound.
However, I also value—and am extraordinarily grateful for—modern medicinal compounds.
JERUSALEM — Israeli archaeologists said they have discovered a quarry that provided King Herod with the stones he used to renovate the biblical Second Temple compound -- offering rare insight into construction of the holiest site in Judaism.
Steve Bernardi is a compounding pharmacist and Dr Gary Kracoff is a registered pharmacist and a naturopathic doctor at Johnson Compounding and Wellness Center in Waltham, Mass.
A home movie from 2005, discovered in Tripoli this week, shows Muammar Gaddafi in light-hearted mood as he plays with his granddaughter and grandson at his Bab al-Aziziya compound.
Such catalysts also suit oxidation of organic compounds.
My best friend Lori has a staggering Montauk beach compound, with a guesthouse and tiki bar complete with heated pool.
He lived in a house three blocks from the De La Hoyas ' main compound.
Gates and Adm. Mullen say the raid on bin Laden's compound is humbling and humiliating to Pakistan's military.
Probe to search Saturn moonfor organic compounds.
Do you have any suggestions for compounding a hydroxyurea liquid.
The detainee operation at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, began with a makeshift chain-link-fence compound called Camp X-Ray.
***

In science:

Recent electronic structure calculations for the title compounds performed by Wu et. al. are critically reconsidered, applying high precision fullpotential bandstructure methods.
On the electronic structure of CaCuO2 and SrCuO2
In a recent paper Wu et. al. presented bandstructure calculations for the quasi onedimensional CuO-chain compound SrCuO2 and the quasi two-dimensional material CaCuO2, both being of prototypical character and therefore of general interest.
On the electronic structure of CaCuO2 and SrCuO2
Hall constant of quasi onedimensional compounds .
Reactive Hall response
Applications of the cycle index to graph theory and chemical compounds are exposited in [PoRe].
Random matrix theory over finite fields: a survey
First of all, note that we considered randomness in the exchanges only, with the spins themselves assumed positioned on regular lattice sites; thus, our results are restricted to compounds with chemical disorder in exchanges.
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points
Also words the phonemic transcription of which is longer than the orthography and for which no compound phonemes are provided, are omitted, e.g. ”b’tje” (Eng.: “little mic encoding scheme.
Meta-Learning for Phonemic Annotation of Corpora
A further step in the preparation of the data, consists of the use of an extensive set of so-called “compound phonemes”.
Meta-Learning for Phonemic Annotation of Corpora
Compound phonemes are used whenever graphemes map with more than one phoneme, e.g. the word ’jubileum’ aligns to /j}bIl]}m/ in which the compound phoneme /]/ stands for /ej/.
Meta-Learning for Phonemic Annotation of Corpora
Such corresponding states behavior suggests that — for a given class of compounds — the solubility boundary is only weakly dependent on the details of the interaction potential.
Phase Behavior of a Simple Model for Membrane Proteins
Experimental results for rare earth intermetallic compounds exhibit the existence of a minimum at temperatures such as those seen in Figs. 3 and 4 (see e.g.
Coherent description of electrical and thermal impurity-and-phonon limited transport in simple metals
If the limiting frequency of H exists and is different from zero, the definition is mathematically equivalent to the compound probability theorem P (E |H ) = P (EH )/P (H ).
The temporal calculus of conditional objects and conditional events
One of the most dramatic examples of the unrecognised use of compound conditioning was the first military strategy of our nation.
The temporal calculus of conditional objects and conditional events
Conditional probabilities and compounds of conditionals.
The temporal calculus of conditional objects and conditional events
Itoh et al. If mixtures of these, or other pairs of compounds can be made with random AFM exchange, it should be possible to investigate some of the phenomena discussed here.
Spin Reduction Transition in Spin-3/2 Random Heisenberg Chains
However, considering that the saturation field of the x = 1 compound (p = 0) is already above 40T,18) the observation of this jump would be rather difficult within the presently available pulse magnetic field ∼ 80T unless JA is relatively small.
Random Magnetism in $S=1/2$ Heisenberg Chains with Bond Alternation and Randomness on the Strong Bonds
***