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composition

Definitions

  • Composite Animals 1
    Composite Animals 1
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n composition the act of creating written works "writing was a form of therapy for him","it was a matter of disputed authorship"
    • n composition musical creation
    • n composition something that is created by arranging several things to form a unified whole "he envied the composition of their faculty"
    • n composition the way in which someone or something is composed
    • n composition the spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole "harmonious composition is essential in a serious work of art"
    • n composition an essay (especially one written as an assignment) "he got an A on his composition"
    • n composition art and technique of printing with movable type
    • n composition a musical work that has been created "the composition is written in four movements"
    • n composition a mixture of ingredients
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Composite Animals 2 Composite Animals 2

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: French composer Erik Satie holds the record for shortest and longest composition in the world. His piano piece Vexations lasts for just under a minute. However, Satie states in the score that it should be played 840 times in succession a nonstop playing time of 14 hours.
    • Composition A literary, musical, or artistic production, especially one showing study and care in arrangement; -- often used of an elementary essay or translation done as an educational exercise.
    • Composition A mass or body formed by combining two or more substances; as, a chemical composition . "A composition that looks . . . like marble."
    • Composition Consistency; accord; congruity. "There is no composition in these news
      That gives them credit."
    • Composition Mutual agreement to terms or conditions for the settlement of a difference or controversy; also, the terms or conditions of settlement; agreement. "Thus we are agreed:
      I crave our composition may be written."
    • Composition Synthesis as opposed to analysis. "The investigation of difficult things by the method of analysis ought ever to precede the method of composition ."
    • Composition The act of writing for practice in a language, as English, Latin, German, etc.
    • Composition The act or art of composing, or forming a whole or integral, by placing together and uniting different things, parts, or ingredients.
    • Composition (Law) The adjustment of a debt, or avoidance of an obligation, by some form of compensation agreed on between the parties; also, the sum or amount of compensation agreed upon in the adjustment. "Compositions for not taking the order of knighthood.""Cleared by composition with their creditors."
    • Composition The art or practice of so combining the different parts of a work of art as to produce a harmonious whole; also, a work of art considered as such. See 4, below.
    • Composition The invention or combination of the parts of any literary work or discourse, or of a work of art; as, the composition of a poem or a piece of music.
    • Composition The setting up of type and arranging it for printing.
    • Composition The state of being put together or composed; conjunction; combination; adjustment. "View them in composition with other things.""The elementary composition of bodies."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The peace symbol was created in 1958 as a nuclear disarmament symbol by the Direct Action Committee, and was first shown that year at peace marches in England. The symbol is a composite of the semaphore signals N and D, representing nuclear disarmament.
    • n composition The act of composing or compounding, or the state of being composed, compounded, or made up; union of different things or principles into an individual whole; the production of a whole by the union or combination of parts, constituents, or elements.
    • n composition Specifically— The act of producing a literary work.
    • n composition The art of putting words and sentences together in accordance with the rules of grammar and rhetoric: as, Greek prose composition.
    • n composition In printing, the setting of type; type-setting; in a wider sense, the preparation of type for use in the production of printed sheets, including setting, correction of errors, making up, and imposition.
    • n composition In philology, the union of two (rarely more than two) independent words to form a single word (called a compound); the formation of a word out of other existing words, as rainbow from rain and bow; and so gentleman, lifelike, fulfil, etc. See compound word, under compound, adjective
    • n composition In music, the art of composing music according to scientific rules. Composition is said to be strict when it follows certain recognized rules of musical form, and free when it is more or less independent of such rules.
    • n composition In the fine arts, arrangement or grouping of parts, especially harmonious grouping, or that combination of the several parts whereby a subject or an object is agreeably presented to the mind, each part being subordinate to the whole.
    • n composition Combination; orderly disposition; regulation.
    • n composition Specifically, an act of combination such that the distinctive characters of the parts are modified.
    • n composition That which results from composing, as a literary, musical, or artistic production; specifically, a short essay written as a school exercise.
    • n composition That which results from the combination or union of several ingredients; a compound: as, type-metal is a composition of lead and antimony.
    • n composition Specifically The combination of materials of which printers' inking-rollers are made. The ordinary ingredients are glue and molasses, boiled together in such proportions and to such a degree as to produce an elastic substance of considerable durability. A kind called patent composition is composed chiefly of glue, glycerin, and sugar. Often contracted to compo.
    • n composition The manner in which or the stuff of which anything is composed; general constitution or make-up; structure.
    • n composition Hence Congruity; consistency.
    • n composition The compounding or reconciling of differences, or of different interests; a mutual settlement or agreement; now, specifically, an agreement between a debtor and a creditor by which the latter accepts part of the debt due to him in satisfaction of the whole.
    • n composition The sum or rate paid, or agreed to be paid, in compounding with creditors: as, he has agreed to pay a composition of 60 cents on the dollar, or of 12 shillings in the pound.
    • n composition In music: The combination of sounds which form a compound stop in an organ.
    • n composition A mechanical contrivance for moving the handles of organ-stops in groups.
    • n composition The synthetical mode of procedure in investigation or exposition; synthesis.
    • n composition In chem., the kind and relative amounts of the components of a compound; commonly, the kind and relative weights of the elements, or the kind and number of the atoms, which makeup the compound. The gravimetric composition states the relative weights of the components; the volumetric composition their relative volumes; the centesimal or percentage composition their percentages; and the atomic composition or the molecular composition, the kind and number of the atoms which make up their molecules. For example, the gravimetric composition of water is 1 part by weight of hydrogen and 7.94 parts by weight of oxygen; the centesimal composition is 11.19 per cent. of hydrogen 'and 88.81 per cent. of oxygen; the volumetric composition is 1 volume of oxygen and 2.0027 volumes of hydrogen; the atomic or molecular composition is 1 atom of oxygen and 2 atoms of hydrogen. The composition belonging to the critical temperature is a critical composition and a solution of such composition a critical solution.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The substance that human blood resembles most closely in terms of chemical composition is sea water.
    • Composition the act of putting together, or that which is put together: the thing composed, as a work in literature, music, or painting: mental constitution: artistic manner, style in writing or painting: a coming together or agreement, an arrangement or compromise: a certain percentage which creditors agree to accept in lieu of the full payment of a bankrupt's debts:
    • Composition (mech.) the compounding of two velocities or forces into a single velocity or force which shall be their equivalent
    • ***

Quotations

  • James Madison
    James%20Madison
    “The proposed Constitution is, in strictness, neither a national nor a federal constitution; but a composition of both.”
  • Elizabeth Barrett Browning
    Elizabeth%20Barrett%20Browning
    “At painful times, when composition is impossible and reading is not enough, grammars and dictionaries are excellent for distraction.”
  • Samuel Johnson
    Samuel%20Johnson
    “Read your own compositions, and when you meet a passage which you think is particularly fine, strike it out.”
  • Barrett Wendell
    Barrett Wendell
    “Words and sentences are subject to revision; paragraphs and whole compositions are subjects of prevision.”
  • Arthur Murphy
    Arthur Murphy
    “Cheerfulness, sir, is the principle ingredient in the composition of health.”
  • Edward Gibbon
    Edward%20Gibbon
    “Unprovided with original learning, unformed in the habits of thinking, unskilled in the arts of composition, I resolved-to write a book.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. composition, fr. L. compositio,. See Composite
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. composer, from L. cum, and pausāre, to cease, to rest.

Usage

In literature:

The Yankee, a composite of all peoples, yet differs from them all, and owns a sturdy individuality.
"Contemporary American Composers" by Rupert Hughes
In his greater compositions there may be found more rigid stateliness than graceful dignity.
"The Works of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. in Nine Volumes" by Samuel Johnson
English Composite.+ The English language is composite, its words being drawn from various sources.
"Elementary Guide to Literary Criticism" by F. V. N. Painter
There the boy set to work on his composition.
"Historic Boyhoods" by Rupert Sargent Holland
By all means, however, the pianolist should not neglect this composition.
"The Pianolist" by Gustav Kobbé
This is a general rule both for composition and performance.
"A Treatise on the Art of Dancing" by Giovanni-Andrea Gallini
The music is full of sweet melody, the composition masterfully set.
"The Standard Operaglass" by Charles Annesley
They may occupy themselves with manual training, sewing, art work, map-drawing, composition, etc.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Household Management" by Ministry of Education
In the composition of the picture, the artist has placed the main figures in the foreground and drawn them in full detail.
"Journeys Through Bookland, Vol. 10" by Charles Herbert Sylvester
Its composition is the same as that of ordinary starch.
"Elements of Agricultural Chemistry" by Thomas Anderson
The two composers for the present chapter have distinguished themselves in almost every walk of composition.
"The Masters and their Music" by W. S. B. Mathews
Questions of the character of line and form, and their combination and disposition in or over spaces, are questions of composition.
"Line and Form (1900)" by Walter Crane
What I experience or portray shall go from my composition without a shred of my composition.
"Whitman" by John Burroughs
What is said respecting the structure and composition of the various organs?
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
In this way only can the composition be recreated in our imaginations.
"Music: An Art and a Language" by Walter Raymond Spalding
Up to the time Schumann was thirty years of age (1840), his compositions were confined to works for the piano.
"Great Singers on the Art of Singing" by James Francis Cooke
Its exact composition is not known, but probably lies between that of the true gums and that of cellulose.
"The Chemistry of Plant Life" by Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
It exhibited itself amusingly in the eccentricity of interlarding compositions of every kind with Greek and Latin quotations.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume II (of 2)" by John William Draper
The lyric melody of a single voice, accompanied by instruments, is its proper form of composition.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 1" by Various
A natural affinity was felt to exist between each dialect and that species of composition for which it had been specially used.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 5" by Various
***

In poetry:

In evening company he sets his face
In most spirituel positions,
And declaims before the ladies
My god-like compositions.
"Translations And Adaptations From Heine" by Ezra Pound
We know not its composition,
Nor can we expound all its laws,
We grant the effect is pleasant
Tho' we cannot explain the cause;
We therefore accept the blessing
And bid curiosity pause.
"Rest" by Jared Barhite
Incapable of the least utterance or composition,
Emendation, conservation of the 'better tradition',
Refinement of medium, elimination of superfluities,
August attraction or concentration.
"'The Age Demanded'" by Ezra Pound
Great Sultan, how wise are thy state compositions!
And oh, above all, I admire that Decree,
In which thou command'st, that all she politicians
Shall forthwith be strangled and cast in the sea.
"Ode to the Sublime Porte" by Thomas Moore
But thou art fire, sacred and hallow'd fire;
And I but earth and clay: should I presume
To wear thy habit, the severe attire
My slender compositions might consume. I am both foul and brittle, much unfit To deal in holy writ.
"The Priesthood" by George Herbert
TANS. For many reasons, but at present let this one suffice thee: that
as love converts the thing loved into the lover, so amongst the elements
fire is active and potent to convert all the others, simple and
composite, into itself.
"The Heroic Enthusiasts - Part The First =First Dialogue.=" by Giordano Bruno

In news:

"There are actually many differences between our MLS gaskets and composite gaskets offered by other companies," explains Kevyn Kistner of Cometic Gasket, one of the leading manufacturers of MLS gaskets in the industry.
A composite image of Io, a moon of Jupiter, shows the Tvashtar volcano spewing gas high above Io's pockmarked surface.
The album carries on in Geographer 's tradition of arranging cascading electronic effects around simple, no-nonsense rock compositions.
Using infrared observations, Madhusudhan and colleagues around the world are able to surmise the chemical composition of certain planets outside our own solar system.
He created tightly balanced compositions that seem to shimmer, vibrate or explode in space.
What Characteristics of a Composite Affect the Choice of Adhesive.
What Does the Future Hold for Composite Materials in Product Design.
On Friday, June 15 ( click through to see more music for each day ), cellist and vocalist Helen Gillet celebrates her new, self-titled CD of original compositions at the AllWays Lounge.
Composite decks are a low-maintenance choice, but they still require a little care.
Operators "must determine whether composite gratings are used in areas with potential hydrocarbon fire exposure and identify means of ensuring the safety of personnel should they walk on weakened gratings, " the warning said.
Familiar and favorite elements of griot will also be in place with plenty of music, and an original composition by the show's poet laureate, Beverly Fields Burnette.
We'll hear selections from their latest release of skewed habaneras and extended widescreen compositions, called "Postcards from the Highwire".
Revision of D7032 - 10a Standard Specification for Establishing Performance Ratings for Wood-Plastic Composite Deck Boards and Guardrail Systems (Guards or Handrails).
Crane setting hybrid composite beams for third span in place.
This March 28, 2011 image provided by NASA shows composited images from more.
***

In science:

The key novelty is (2), the fact that composition is simply path composition.
Simple free star-autonomous categories and full coherence
Composition is path composition, as in the discrete case, but simultaneously collecting labels along each path and composing them in A.
Simple free star-autonomous categories and full coherence
By the Unique Path Property (Proposition 1), composition is well-defined: there is no ambiguity in constructing the labels on the edges of a composite.
Simple free star-autonomous categories and full coherence
As with Example 2, a key advantage here is that the composite kI ⊸ id ; k(I⊸I ) is immediate on inspection, since we have simple path composition.
Simple free star-autonomous categories and full coherence
Given linkings f : S → T and g : T → U, since the definition of turbo cut elimination is precisely path composition, the composite f ; g : S → U corresponds to the normal form of the one-sided linking f ∪ g, the disjoint union of f and g, on the cut sequent S ∗, T T ∗, U .
Simple free star-autonomous categories and full coherence
Composition in the resulting category of proof nets is simply path composition: all of the dynamics happens in GoI(Setp), the geometry-of-interaction construction applied to the category of sets and partial functions.
Simple multiplicative proof nets with units
Composition is standard path composition, e.g.
Simple multiplicative proof nets with units
Composition is simply (finite) path composition: for an example, see page 2 of the Introduction.
Simple multiplicative proof nets with units
Let us now take the dimension N as a composite number, say N = KM, and consider operators acting on a composite Hilbert space HN = HK ⊗ HM .
On the structure of the body of states with positive partial transpose
The composition ◦ is associative, i.e. h ◦ (g ◦ f ) = (h ◦ g ) ◦ f whenever these compositions make sense.
2-C*-categories with non-simple units
We have X with two finite-to-one maps f, g : X → VFn (the pro jection, and the composition of F with the pro jection Y → VFn .) We must decompose the identity X → X into a composition of relatively unary maps (X, f ) → (X, g ).
Integration in valued fields
The composition factors of S (n−r,r) are multiplicity free and D(n−i,i) is a composition factor of S (n−r,r) if and only if r − i ⊂ n + 1 − 2i.
Characters of the irreducible representations with fundamental highest weight for the symplectic group in characteristic p
Si isotopic compositions from which the intermediate-mass stars formed, and their correlation between excess 29Si and 30Si is explained by galactic chemical evolution effects that have produced a wide range of Si isotopic compositions in a large number of C stars (Timmes & Clayton 1996; Clayton 2003).
Are Ti44-Producing Supernovae Exceptional?
This notion is naturally extended to classes I, J ⊆ Ω, by defining their composition I ◦ J as the set of all composites of functions in I with functions in J, i.e.
On a quasi-ordering on Boolean functions
For A ⊆ V (G) let C + (G, A) denotes the number of compositions of a graph G such that set A is in one part of composition while C − (G, A) denotes the number of compositions of the graph G such that each element of a set A is in another part of a composition.
Graph and Union of Graphs Compositions
***