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code

Definitions

  • CODE FOR SEMAPHORE SIGNALLING
    CODE FOR SEMAPHORE SIGNALLING
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v code convert ordinary language into code "We should encode the message for security reasons"
    • v code attach a code to "Code the pieces with numbers so that you can identify them later"
    • n code a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring brevity or secrecy
    • n code (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions
    • n code a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written ones)
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Original Morse code Original Morse code

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1971, the postal code was introduced in Ottawa, Ontario
    • Code A body of law, sanctioned by legislation, in which the rules of law to be specifically applied by the courts are set forth in systematic form; a compilation of laws by public authority; a digest.
    • Code Any system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; as, the medical code, a system of rules for the regulation of the professional conduct of physicians; the naval code, a system of rules for making communications at sea means of signals.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The international telephone dialing code for Antarctica is 672.
    • n code In Roman law, one of several systematic or classified collections of the statutory part of that law, made by various later emperors, as the Codex Hermogenianus, Codex Theodosianus, etc.; especially, a classified collection made by Justinian (see below).
    • n code In modern jurisprudence: A systematic and complete body of statute law intended to supersede all other law within its scope. In this sense a code is not a mere rearrangement of the existing law, but it demands the substitution of new provisions for those of the existing law which appear illogical or erroneous.
    • n code A body of law which is intended to be merely a restatement of the principles of the existing law in a systematic form.
    • n code Hence A digest or compendium; an orderly arrangement or system; a body of rules or facts for the regulation or explication of any subject: as, the military code; the code of honor (see below).
    • n code Specifically A system of signals with the rules which govern their use.
    • n code See code noir, below.
    • code To prepare (a message or despatch) for transmission by translating it into the cipher or arbitrarily chosen words of the code previously agreed upon.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The ZIP in "ZIP code" means Zoning Improvement Plan.
    • n Code kōd a collection or digest of laws: a system of rules and regulations: a system of signs used in the army
    • ***

Quotations

  • Gary Oldman
    Gary Oldman
    “We're given a code to live our lives by. We don't always follow it, but it's still there.”
  • Ayn Rand
    Ayn%20Rand
    “Every aspect of Western culture needs a new code of ethics -- a rational ethics -- as a precondition of rebirth.”
  • Lord Byron
    Lord%20Byron
    “I cannot help thinking that the menace of Hell makes as many devils as the severe penal codes of inhuman humanity make villains.”
  • Lewis Thomas
    Lewis Thomas
    “We are built to make mistakes, coded for error.”
  • William J. Durant
    William%20J.%20Durant
    “Moral codes adjust themselves to environmental conditions.”
  • Malcolm Bradbury
    Malcolm Bradbury
    “I like the English. They have the most rigid code of immorality in the world.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., fr. L. codex, caudex, the stock or stem of a tree, a board or tablet of wood smeared over with wax, on which the ancients originally wrote; hence, a book, a writing
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. code—L. codex.

Usage

In literature:

I sent home today by cable our code-word "greetings" as a New Year's message.
"The Note-Book of an Attache" by Eric Fisher Wood
There is no moral code in nature.
"Ways of Nature" by John Burroughs
Where is that code translation?
"Fire Mountain" by Norman Springer
At present modern nations have an extended and intricate code of laws governing their relations.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
He wanted me to try and decipher the code and tell him what it says.
"The Go Ahead Boys and the Treasure Cave" by Ross Kay
The "complete code of politics" expresses the same contempt for all antecedent French political speculation as that felt by Sieyes.
"The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte" by William Milligan Sloane
Suppose they found the key to the code.
"Air Service Boys Over The Enemy's Lines" by Charles Amory Beach
In the chronology of our Constitutions it stands as the second code or text of fundamental law.
"History of the Constitutions of Iowa" by Benjamin F. Shambaugh
The most celebrated modern code is the French.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 6" by Various
To better care for the welfare of the people he set up the code of laws.
"The Christian View of the Old Testament" by Frederick Carl Eiselen
But the jet that landed today flashed the Liaison code to our auto-interrogator.
"Evil Out of Onzar" by Mark Ganes
Codes were issued by the Admiralty for use at sea.
"Merchantmen-at-Arms" by David W. Bone
Finding the law may consist merely in laying hold of a prescribed text of a code or statute.
"An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law" by Roscoe Pound
I agree that Chahda wouldn't send a code you couldn't solve, so my advice is put the code book away.
"The Caves of Fear" by John Blaine
I don't believe we have that code in the base book, anyway.
"Dave Dawson at Casablanca" by Robert Sydney Bowen
There couldn't be any better than brushing up his Morse code, I think.
"The Boy Scouts in the Rockies" by Herbert Carter
His code book revealed a complicated mass of information which was deciphered at once, with some assistance from him.
"A Yankee Flier with the R.A.F." by Rutherford G. Montgomery
The French codes have been improved upon by later European codes, and more especially by the Italian penal code.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 6" by Various
I watched to see what she would do, for the Japanese code of etiquette is quite different from ours in such a predicament.
"Japanese Girls and Women" by Alice Mabel Bacon
Do not permit S. to reproduce the code and then to copy the code letters from his reproduction.
"Condensed Guide for the Stanford Revision of the Binet-Simon Intelligence Tests" by Lewis Madison Terman
***

In poetry:

Let's then, for shame, together join
To learn, from the heav'n-inspir'd code,
The ground-work of our Faith divine,
And strive to read the word of God.
"Advice To Hear, And To Read, The Word Of God" by Rees Prichard
Fool! thrice fool!
do I hanker after that too? Fancy me
infallible nursery saint, live code of law!
me preaching! teaching innocence to be good!
a mother!
"A Castaway" by Augusta Davies Webster
And that he sinned against our code
And harmed a fellow-man
(Lord knows what Nature is about
To work on such a plan!)
Lo, he is seized on by the Law
And placed beneath the ban!
"The Age of Reason" by C J Dennis
Ay truly; if for once I stray
Into the treadmill,—'tis in play;
I will not own its narrow code,
It shall not be my cramped abode,
Free of the fields, in open day
I go my gait!
"Six Studies In Exotic Forms Of Verse" by Emily Pfeiffer
There's not a law in all the sacred code,
That I, woe's me! have not at times transgress'd —
Nor hast thou any gift on me bestow'd,
Which I have not to vicious ends address'd.
"A Morning Prayer, To Be Us'd After A Person Is Up, Wash'd, And Dress'd" by Rees Prichard
The Law devised by kings long-dead
And superstitious priests,
Whose code considered but revenge,
With bloody rites and feasts --
The ancient Law, bequeathed by men
Scarce risen from the beasts.
"The Age of Reason" by C J Dennis

In news:

A new trailer tester from Lite-Check includes all the PLC ABS codes dating from 2001 as well as the latest roll stability codes, consolidating multiple operations for users into one simple process, the company said.
The coding case was opened in October 2009 and the company has offered various concessions since, with the latest round proposed in May It is these concessions - including lower license fees for using the codes - that would now be accepted .
Available for $19.99 in the Apple iTunes Store and Google Play, the app contains all the 2013 CDT codes, including 35 new codes and 37 revisions with marked changes.
In a quite authentic perception, these fascination bearing coupon codes can be termed cost-free coupon codes as properly because the owner doesn't have to execute any act prior to acquiring the desire because of.
Their Behavior and Code Design Requirements," will cover design requirements for adhesive anchors that were first introduced in the 2011 version of ACI 318, "Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete.
Because of the way the federal tax code is intertwined with state tax codes, an increase in federal tax revenue can mean an increase in state taxes.
A new telephone area code for northeast Wisconsin is being delayed indefinitely – and that means folks in the 920 area code will not have to dial 10 digits for their local calls.
A new telephone area code for northeast Wisconsin is being delayed indefinitely – and that means folks in the 9-2-0 area code will not have to dial 10 digits for their local calls.
The Public Service Commission Wednesday took steps to further postpone the implementation of a second area code in the portion of eastern Wisconsin now served by the 920 area code .
Change in 408 area code begins Saturday South Bay residents will have to dial area code s for local calls.
Henderson-area residents will have an opportunity later this month to learn and to speak up about a proposed new area code in all or a portion of the 270 area code in western Kentucky.
EVANSVILLE — The 812 area code is projected to run out of available phone numbers in 2015, and telecommunications officials have proposed adding a new area code in Southern and South Central Indiana.
The Public Service Commission has said that the new code is needed because the remaining numbers in the 410 and 443 area code s were expected to be exhausted by early this year.
A pigeon that's been dead since World War II has created fresh intrigue for British code breakers, who say they're stymied by the code found attached to the bird's leg.
The product code and date are in the upper-right hand corner of the bag, the UPC code is on the back below the barcode.
***

In science:

But of course the only way to be sure that the code is working properly is a comparison of our code with various independent codes written by independent authors.
Dust coagulation in protoplanetary disks: a rapid depletion of small grains
For example, the Steane 7-qubit code is a CSS-type code which may be preferred to the 5-qubit single-error-correcting block code, even though it has lower rate.
Simple Rate-1/3 Convolutional and Tail-Biting Quantum Error-Correcting Codes
The resulting code is a linear block code which is a subcode of the convolutional code, and thus has at least the same minimum distance.
Simple Rate-1/3 Convolutional and Tail-Biting Quantum Error-Correcting Codes
As shown in Figure 10, the ‘take’ signal on the channel coding module validates Rendez-Vous submodule on the speech coding module, which results in suspending the successive process of the speech coding module.
EPspectra: A Formal Toolkit for Developing DSP Software Applications
The control part of EPspectra contains 1434 lines of the Esterel code and the Esterel code is translated into the C code corresponding to 10876 lines.
EPspectra: A Formal Toolkit for Developing DSP Software Applications
Then the numbering of the ∗-recursive functions can be defined such that the codes always dominate the arguments when using composition or recursive minimization (modify the codes by something like new code = G(β0, old code)).
The Theory of Sets of Ordinals
In the variable-length setting, if we use the code whose coding length is decided only from the empirical distribution (this code is called Lynch-Davisson code) in the i.i.d. case, the conditional distribution of the obtained data is the uniform distribution.
Second order asymptotics in fixed-length source coding and intrinsic randomness
In short, a master code is either definable relative to an earlier master code or is the code for the well-founded limit of structures each of which is coded by an earlier master code.
Probability Measures and Effective Randomness
Randomized coding gives the same capacity under maximal and average error, but for deterministic coding under average error the capacity may be positive and strictly smaller than the randomized coding capacity when cost constraints are involved .
Rateless codes for AVC models
When the C code is not perfect, the CSS code is not restricted to those obtained from Golay or Hamming classic codes. The QCSS =[[n,K,d]]2 could have phase-flip errors of weight greater than t and both of them must be taken into account in the zero state synthesis.
Simple fault-tolerant encoding over q-ary CSS quantum codes
K=k1+k2-n,d = min(W(c), c∈ (C1\C2 ⊥ = C⊥, and the starting case, a slightly less general construction assumes C1 = C and C2 point are codes fulfilling the condition C⊥ ≤ C (C⊥ is a self-orthogonal code). The quantum codes have the parameters QCSS = [[n,K=2k-n,d]]q.
Simple fault-tolerant encoding over q-ary CSS quantum codes
CSS [[n,K,d]]q code, quantum codes is provided. We demonstrate that in cas constructed from a classic perfect code C, the quantum code has no phase-flips of Hamming weight greater than ⎣(d-1)/2⎦, then the fault-tolerance is only concerned with a bit-flip error control.
Simple fault-tolerant encoding over q-ary CSS quantum codes
However, an elegant multiterminal problem developed by K ¨orner and Marton showed that purely random code constructions are not always sufficient ; structured random codes, such as linear or lattice codes, may be required on the achievability side of the proof.
The Case for Structured Random Codes in Network Capacity Theorems
Philosof, Khisti, Erez, and Zamir demonstrated that for a “dirty ” multiple-access channel with two additive interferences, one known non-causally at each encoder, dirty paper coding can be successfully implemented with a lattice code but not with an purely random code .
The Case for Structured Random Codes in Network Capacity Theorems
Paper Organization In this paper, we survey several of our recent capacity results based on structured codes to show that even if we simply want to send bits across a network, random coding arguments are not enough.1 Our main problem formulation is inspired by the recent literature on network coding.
The Case for Structured Random Codes in Network Capacity Theorems
***