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cloning

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n cloning a general term for the research activity that creates a copy of some biological entity (a gene or organism or cell)
    • ***

Usage

In literature:

There's a training minicomputer, and a 10-meg local mini just for the Center, and a lab-full of student PC clones and half-a-dozen Macs or so.
"Hacker Crackdown" by Bruce Sterling
He's a rare scamp, is Michael Clones!
"No Defense, Complete" by Gilbert Parker
They recovered me from backup and into a force-grown clone at Toronto General.
"Down and Out in the Magic Kingdom" by Cory Doctorow
The chief towns are CLONES (2), and the county-town MONAGHAN (3), which has a produce market.
"The Nuttall Encyclopaedia" by Edited by Rev. James Wood
Clones, Co. Monaghan: No provision.
"The History of the Great Irish Famine of 1847 (3rd ed.) (1902)" by John O'Rourke
You could have clone no better.
"New National Fourth Reader" by Charles J. Barnes and J. Marshall Hawkes
Two hundred and twelve clones and 335 tests are reported.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Thirty-Fourth Annual Report 1943" by Various
Clones, which must be pronounced as a dissyllable, is a city set upon a hill which cannot be hid.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
Did he repent of the injury he had formerly clone him?
"The German Classics of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries" by Various
The three meadows of Ireland: Clonmacnois, Clones, Clonard.
"The Triads of Ireland" by Kuno Meyer
If it had not been for you and your sweet sister, I do not know what we should have clone; but it 's all over now.
"The Daltons, Volume I (of II) Or,Three Roads In Life" by Charles James Lever
Born near Clones, Ireland.
"The Makers of Canada: Index and Dictionary of Canadian History" by Various
ANTICY'CLONE, a phenomenon presenting some features opposite to those of a cyclone.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 2" by Various
Be Sanct Clone; Be Sanct Clune.
"A Cursory History of Swearing" by Julian Sharman
McKenna, A.; Clones, Co. Monaghan.
"English As We Speak It in Ireland" by P. W. Joyce
And by 1978 you've made yourself a Mostek clone.
"The Samurai Strategy" by Thomas Hoover
When we get a printer to clone something that someone brings here, we don't get their permission.
"Makers" by Cory Doctorow
Ordained in 1914, he has spent his entire ministry under Canon Ruddell in Clones.
"The Irish on the Somme" by Michael MacDonagh
Secretary, Mr. F. W. Randall, "The Clone," Hampton-on-Thames.
"A Manual of Toy Dogs" by Mrs. Leslie Williams
Amongst these may be mentioned Tighernac of Clones and Eugenius of Ardstraw.
"Insula Sanctorum et Doctorum" by John Healy
***

In poetry:

city-planners are mistaken: a pen
for a rational animal
is no fitting habitat for Adam's
sovereign clone. I, a transplant
"Thanksgiving for a Habitat" by W H Auden
"Lo! the time is close upon you when the madness of the season
Having howled itself to silence like a Minnesota 'clone,
Will at last be superseded by the still, small voice of reason,
When the whelpage of your folly you would willingly disown.
"At The Close Of The Canvass" by Ambrose Bierce

In news:

'Star Wars: The Clone Wars' Recap: David Tennant Gets Robotic--In a Good Way.
'Star Wars: The Clone Wars' Season 6 Likely Leaving Cartoon Network, Season 7 In Doubt.
On Jan 31, she introduced the Cloned Food Labeling Act, which would require that meat and milk from cloned animals be labeled.
A lab owned by California-based Genetic Savings and Clone is under construction in Waunakee.
There's no horsing around around at Viagen, a company in Austin, Texas that clones living animals, including horses.
And this is the reason why we clone .
While researchers have been racing to decode the human genome and policy-makers have been fretting over the first cloned human embryo, the low-profile flow of discoveries about the brain has turned into a flood.
Cloning – more common than you might think.
The clones will be kept in captivity as a reserve in case wild populations collapse.
While still in its early stages, with the birth of a clone likely years away, the project represents Brazilian scientists' first foray into the cloning of wild animals, said team leader Carlos Frederico Martins, PhD.
Dolly the sheep, the world's first cloned mammal.
Keith Campbell, a British cell biologist who helped lead the team that created the cloned sheep Dolly, has passed away at the age of 58.
Ian Malcolm, the chaos theorist played by Jeff Goldblum in Jurassic Park, would surely find this to be a bad idea—Russian and Japanese scientists are planning to clone a woolly mammoth.
In 2005, researchers in South Korea claimed to have created the first human embryonic stem cells by cloning an embryo .
Brazilian Scientists Plan to Clone Endangered Species - 4.
***

In science:

We consider now the problem of estimating the CP map pertaining to the 1-to-2 universal covariant cloning machine.
Characterising a universal cloning machine by maximum-likelihood estimation
Pure states at the input of the cloning machine have been used, together with pro jective measurements over the two clones at the output.
Characterising a universal cloning machine by maximum-likelihood estimation
In conclusion, we have applied a general method to reconstruct experimentally the completely positive map describing a physical device to the universal covariant cloning machine.
Characterising a universal cloning machine by maximum-likelihood estimation
The method, based on the maximum likelihood principle, involves the maximisation of a functional, which depends on the results of quantum measurements performed on the clones at the output.
Characterising a universal cloning machine by maximum-likelihood estimation
The well-known no-cloning theorem demonstrates that non-orthogonal states can not be cloned exactly.
Optimally Conclusive Discrimination of Non-orthogonal Entangled States Locally
To compensate for the resulting slow decline in the size of the colony, its size is periodically doubled by cloning each of the surviving graphs; this cloning step is carried out at a predetermined rate chosen to keep the size of the colony roughly constant on average.
On the uniform generation of random graphs with prescribed degree sequences
Schweigert, Hyperidentities, hyperequational classes and clone congruences, Contributions to General Algebra 7, Verlag H¨older-Pichler-Tempsky, Wien 1991 - Verlag B.G.
M-hyperquasivarieties
Using this terminology, a clone of Boolean functions is defined as a class C containing all pro jections and idempotent with respect to class composition, i.e., C ◦ C = C .
On a quasi-ordering on Boolean functions
As an example, the class Ic made of all pro jections is a clone.
On a quasi-ordering on Boolean functions
This setting is equivalent to the traditional scenario where Alice sends qubits to Bob, and Eve performs a cloning attack on the qubits in transmission.
Raw-data attacks in quantum cryptography with partial tomography
The C -subfunction relation is a quasiorder if and only if the defining class C is a clone.
Subfunction relations defined by the clones containing all unary operations
The C -subfunction relations defined by clones that contain all unary operations on a finite base set are examined.
Subfunction relations defined by the clones containing all unary operations
For each such clone it is determined whether the corresponding partial order satisfies the descending chain condition and whether it contains infinite antichains.
Subfunction relations defined by the clones containing all unary operations
The relation ≤C is a quasiorder (a reflexive and transitive relation) on OA if and only if C is a clone, i.e., it contains all pro jections and is closed under functional composition.
Subfunction relations defined by the clones containing all unary operations
Equivalences of Boolean functions under actions of the general linear and affine groups of transformations over the two-element field, studied by Harrison, correspond to C -equivalences defined by clones of linear Boolean functions, and such linear equivalences have found applications in coding theory and cryptography.
Subfunction relations defined by the clones containing all unary operations
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