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char

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v char burn slightly and superficially so as to affect color "The cook blackened the chicken breast","The fire charred the ceiling above the mantelpiece","the flames scorched the ceiling"
    • v char burn to charcoal "Without a drenching rain, the forest fire will char everything"
    • n char any of several small trout-like fish of the genus Salvelinus
    • n char a human female employed to do housework "the char will clean the carpet","I have a woman who comes in four hours a day while I write"
    • n char a charred substance
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Char A car; a chariot.
    • n Char (Zoöl) One of the several species of fishes of the genus Salvelinus, allied to the spotted trout and salmon, inhabiting deep lakes in mountainous regions in Europe. In the United States, the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is sometimes called a char.
    • Char To burn slightly or partially; as, to char wood.
    • Char To perform; to do; to finish. "Thet char is chared, as the good wife said when she had hanged her husband."
    • Char To reduce to coal or carbon by exposure to heat; to reduce to charcoal; to burn to a cinder.
    • v. i Char To work by the day, without being a regularly hired servant; to do small jobs.
    • Char To work or hew, as stone.
    • n Char Work done by the day; a single job, or task; a chore. "When thou hast done this chare, I give thee leave
      To play till doomsday."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n char A turn.
    • n char A particular time.
    • n char A motion; an act.
    • n char A particular thing to do; a single piece of work; a job; in the plural, miscellaneous jobs; work done by the day. See chore.
    • char To turn; give another direction to.
    • char To lead or drive.
    • char To stop or turn back: in this sense only chare.
    • char To separate (chaff) from the grain: in this sense only chare.
    • char To do; perform; execute.
    • char To turn; return.
    • char To go; wend.
    • char To work in the house of another by the day; do chares or chores; do small jobs.
    • char To burn or reduce to charcoal.
    • char To burn the surface of more or less: as, to char the inside of a barrel (a process regularly employed for some purposes); the timbers were badly charred. Synonyms See scorch.
    • n char Charcoal.
    • char In building, to hew; work, as stone.
    • n char A fish of the family Salmonidæ and genus Salvelinus. All the species were formerly ranged in the genus Salmo, and several fishes which are properly chars are called salmon or trout. There is but one generally recognized species in Europe, Salvelinus alpinus, the common red char, formerly called Salmo umbla, of which the so-called Windermere char and the Welsh torgoch or redbelly are by most considered to be varieties. It inhabits clear cold waters of Switzerland, Germany, Scandinavia, and Great Britain. The American char nearest the European is known as the Rangeley lake (in Maine) trout, Salvelinus oquassa. The Floeberg char of arctic America is S. arcturas. The common American brook-trout, S. fontinalis, is also a char. Chars are among the most beautiful and delicious of the salmon family. They are distinguished from the true trouts by having the vomer boat-shaped and without teeth in its shaft. The colors also are characteristic.
    • n char A car; a chariot.
    • char Ajar.
    • n char An old wine-measure. In Geneva it was about 145 United States gallons.
    • n char An island or sandbank formed in a stream.
    • char To scorch; burn; ‘singe’ (liquids): as, to char the wort in brewing.
    • char To become charcoal.
    • n char In sugar manufacturing, concentrated sweet water or liquor highly charged with dissolved sugar.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Char chär a small fish of the salmon kind, found in mountain lakes and rivers.
    • v.t Char chär to roast or burn until reduced to carbon or coal, to scorch
    • pr.p Char char′ring; pa.p. charred
    • n Char chär an occasional piece of work, an odd job:
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. cherr, char, a turning, time, work, AS. cerr, cyrr, turn, occasion, business, fr. cerran, cyrran, to turn; akin to OS. kërian, OHG. chëran, G. kehren,. Cf. Chore Ajar
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. cerran, cierran, to turn.

Usage

In literature:

The charred trunks of trees stood up among the green undergrowth that had invaded the patches.
"The Foundations of Japan" by J.W. Robertson Scott
The remains of charred wood, of bleaching bones and ashes proved that many a camp-fire had been kindled.
"The Cave in the Mountain" by Lieut. R. H. Jayne
We'll mark it here, black and charred.
"Lewis Rand" by Mary Johnston
A paved causeway led from the house to the fire-place, on which was a quantity of ashes, charred wood, half-burnt turf, and hazle-nuts.
"An Illustrated History of Ireland from AD 400 to 1800" by Mary Frances Cusack
It's a gruesome business, but one charred village is much like another, and the sight is, alas, a familiar one nowadays.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 152, April 11, 1917" by Various
They now observed the charred remains of a camp fire, and shreds of grey blanket adhering to the tenacious Tie-Vine.
"Idle Hour Stories" by Eugenia Dunlap Potts
Half the ground was all black and charred where the fire had been; the rest white, dry grass.
"With Rimington" by L. March Phillipps
The wood on the iron hearth was charring without flame.
"The Three Black Pennys" by Joseph Hergesheimer
Sometimes it would turn out pieces of perfectly vulcanized cloth, and again the goods would be charred and ruined.
"Great Fortunes, and How They Were Made" by James D. McCabe, Jr.
Why will you persist in such nonsense, as if you were a common char-woman?
"Bessie's Fortune" by Mary J. Holmes
By the application of heat the tissue may be charred and the albumen of the blood and tissue fluids coagulated.
"Disease and Its Causes" by William Thomas Councilman
He says the rain will wash the charred logs and make them easier to handle.
"The Narrative of Gordon Sellar Who Emigrated to Canada in 1825" by Gordon Sellar
A moth had flown down its chimney, was sizzling, charring, inside ... Paul lifted off the globe.
"Tramping on Life" by Harry Kemp
Then I'll put the blanket back and see that not even that charred match gives us away.
"The Bells of San Juan" by Jackson Gregory
Kinsmen, O Dhritarashtra, O bull of the Bharata race, are like charred brands, which blaze up when united but only smoke when disunited.
"The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 2"
Sticking from the wall I could see the charred wood joists that once supported the floor of the second story.
"New York Times Current History; The European War, Vol 2, No. 2, May, 1915" by Various
Houses were burning and in some of them were the charred remains of civilians.
"New York Times Current History; The European War, Vol 2, No. 3, June, 1915" by Various
The manner of charring Wood, or any other body.
"Micrographia" by Robert Hooke
His name was Char-ney, and he was very sad and un-hap-py.
"Fifty Famous Stories Retold" by James Baldwin
She stared, surprised; but Char still kept the door until his master showed himself in the lighted aperture.
"The Second Latchkey" by Charles Norris Williamson and Alice Muriel Williamson
***

In poetry:

Then there's a health to Charlies cause,
And be't complete an' early;
His very name our heart's blood warms;
To arms for Royal Charlie!
"Wha'll Be King but Charlie?" by Carolina Oliphant
Where rooks in thousands falling,
like charred pears from the skies,
drop down into puddles, bringing
cold grief to the depths of eyes.
"‘February. Take ink and weep,’" by Boris Pasternak
Yet ever we heard, in the foul mirth turning,
Man and woman and child go by,
And ever the yells of the charred men burning,
Piercing heavenward, cry on cry:
"The Three Pilgrims" by Archibald Lampman
But while the swallow fluttered and was quick
I have marked down its passage in the dark
And charred its image on a broken stick
With the brief flame of an uncertain spark.
"The Golden Corpse" by Stephen Vincent Benet
"Ye overthrown!" did I jeer and groan--
"Ho! who is your master?--say!--
Ye shapes that writhe in the slag and moan
Your slow-charred souls away--
Ye worse than worst of things accurst--
Ye dead leaves of a day!"
"What The Wind Said" by James Whitcomb Riley
And as for Conemaugh river, there's nothing could it surpass;
It was dammed up by a wall of corpses in a confused mass;
And the charred bodies could be seen dotting the burning debris,
While the flames and sparks ascended with a terrific hiss.
"The Pennsylvania Disaster" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

Friday September 7, 2012 Posted 2 months, 4 weeks ago by Charli McKenzie.
Five of the bodies were recovered in one charred station wagon, police say.
The ultra-thin, light, airy-crisp crust —with a hint of char from the authentic coal-fired oven—is the perfect accompaniment to the bold, saucy, cheesy toppings.
Friday August 24, 2012 Posted 3 months, 2 weeks ago by Charli McKenzie.
Then Morton was found murdered in the charred remains of his car, the victim of a violent mugging.
Monday September 10, 2012 Posted 2 months, 3 weeks ago by Charli McKenzie.
Wednesday November 28, 2012 Posted 1 week, 1 day ago by Charli McKenzie.
Wednesday November 28, 2012 Posted 6 days, 2 hours ago by Charli McKenzie.
Charred remains of truck block I-70.
Town Council affirms order to ensure charred structure is demolished.
Tuesday November 27, 2012 Posted 1 week ago by Charli McKenzie.
Tuesday November 27, 2012 Posted 6 days, 10 hours ago by Charli McKenzie.
Tuesday November 20, 2012 Posted 2 weeks, 5 days ago by Charli McKenzie.
Charred trunks and scorched earth are all that stand opposite the site of Tuesday's natural gas line explosion and fire along the Interstate between Sissonville and Pocatalico.
A door in the rear and portions of the building were charred and black from the explosion, which occurred at 8 am, although the amount of damage has not been released.
***

In science:

If char IF = 2, this gives an example that A[D ]/IF 1 is simple, but the Lie algebra AD considered in is not simple.
Simple algebras of Weyl type
It should be stressed that despite the heavy tails do not in fluence much the average char acteristics of x, such as, e.g., differen moments of it, large fluctuations of x are described by the tails entirely.
Tails of probability density for sums of random independent variables
In this section we study dualizing complexes and two-sided tilting complexes over the Weyl algebras An when char k > 0.
Dualizing Complexes and Tilting Complexes over Simple Rings
Let B be the nth Weyl algebra over k, with char k > 0.
Dualizing Complexes and Tilting Complexes over Simple Rings
Clearly, (kB )0 contains k · 1B if and only if char(k) divides n.
Very simple representations: variations on a theme of Clifford
T ∗(Ω) \ 0, the cotangent space over Ω with the zero section removed.) Recall that Char(P ) = P −1 m (0) ∩ T ∗ (Ω) \ 0 and thus depends only on the principal symbol of the operator.
Elliptic regularity and solvability for partial differential equations with Colombeau coefficients
We first introduce an auxiliary notion to replace Char(P ) in our variant of relation (28) for first order operators.
Elliptic regularity and solvability for partial differential equations with Colombeau coefficients
Remark 6.3. (i) In the theory of propagation of singularities for operators with smooth coefficients it is the complement of the ellipticity set, namely the characteristic set Char(P ), which plays a dominant role.
Elliptic regularity and solvability for partial differential equations with Colombeau coefficients
If char R = 0 and K dim R ≤ 2, then G is linear over every commutative Noetherian local pro-p domain of characteristic zero and Krul l dimension greater or equal than of R. 3.
On linearity of finitely generated R-analytic groups
Then there exists a commutative Noetherian local pro-p domain S, satisfying char S = char R and K dim S = K dim R, such that G is S -linear.
On linearity of finitely generated R-analytic groups
In particular, we have that Ellsc (a)c = Char(a(x, D)).
Microlocal analysis of generalized functions: pseudodifferential techniques and propagation of singularities
Let F be an algebraically closed field with char(F ) 6= 2, let F /K be a Galois extension, and let X be a hyperelliptic curve defined over F .
Fields of moduli of hyperelliptic curves
The authors make the additional assumption that char(K ) does not divide | Aut(X )| but do not use it in their proof.
Fields of moduli of hyperelliptic curves
We use standard techniques from geometric invariant theory (GIT) and a boundedness result, which has been known for some time in the case of characteristic char(k) = 0, but is one of the deep results of A.
Moduli schemes of generically simple Azumaya modules
Let Sf (0) denote the equimultiple locus of the origin for f ; i.e., Sf (0) := {b ∈ An k : µb(f ) = µ0 (f )} . (Of course, µ0 (f ) = |α|.) Clearly, if char k = 0 and |α| ≥ 2, then Sf (0) = {(u, v ) : u = 0, µv (vβ ) ≥ |α|} .
Desingularization of toric and binomial varieties
***