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chamber

Definitions

  • the Sepulchral Chamber in The Pyramid of Unas, And his Sarcophaous
    the Sepulchral Chamber in The Pyramid of Unas, And his Sarcophaous
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v chamber place in a chamber
    • n chamber a room used primarily for sleeping
    • n chamber a natural or artificial enclosed space
    • n chamber a room where a judge transacts business
    • n chamber an enclosed volume in the body "the chambers of his heart were healthy"
    • n chamber a deliberative or legislative or administrative or judicial assembly "the upper chamber is the senate"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

SECTIONS OF CATACOMBS WITH CHAMBERS SECTIONS OF CATACOMBS WITH CHAMBERS
CHAMBER OF A CATACOMB CHAMBER OF A CATACOMB
CASTLE CHAMBERS, WHICH FELL OVER WHOLE IN THE NIGHT CASTLE CHAMBERS, WHICH FELL OVER WHOLE IN THE NIGHT
THE SECOND SUBSIDENCE ON THE SITE OF CASTLE CHAMBERS THE SECOND SUBSIDENCE ON THE SITE OF CASTLE CHAMBERS
ANOTHER VIEW OF CASTLE CHAMBERS ON ITS BACK ANOTHER VIEW OF CASTLE CHAMBERS ON ITS BACK
Showing the interior passages and chambers Showing the interior passages and chambers
Showing the seating and a quarter section of the underlying chambers Showing the seating and a quarter section of the underlying chambers
Four brick kilns have been excavated. The one shown had five firing chambers. Roofing tiles were also made in the Jamestown brick kilns Four brick kilns have been excavated. The one shown had five firing chambers. Roofing tiles were also made in the...

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In the summer of 1858, the smell of the sewage in the Thames River in London was so bad that the Members of Parliament had to leave from the chamber of the House of Commons. This was a result of two million people dumping all their sewage into the river
    • Chamber (Mil) A cavity in a mine, usually of a cubical form, to contain the powder.
    • Chamber A chamber pot.
    • Chamber A compartment or cell; an inclosed space or cavity; as, the chamber of a canal lock; the chamber of a furnace; the chamber of the eye.
    • Chamber A hall, as where a king gives audience, or a deliberative body or assembly meets; as, presence chamber; senate chamber .
    • Chamber A legislative or judicial body; an assembly; a society or association; as, the Chamber of Deputies; the Chamber of Commerce.
    • Chamber A retired room, esp. an upper room used for sleeping; a bedroom; as, the house had four chambers .
    • Chamber (Law) A room or rooms where a lawyer transacts business; a room or rooms where a judge transacts such official business as may be done out of court.
    • Chamber (Mil) A short piece of ordnance or cannon, which stood on its breech, without any carriage, formerly used chiefly for rejoicings and theatrical cannonades.
    • Chamber Apartments in a lodging house. "A bachelor's life in chambers ."
    • Chamber (Mil) That part of the bore of a piece of ordnance which holds the charge, esp. when of different diameter from the rest of the bore; -- formerly, in guns, made smaller than the bore, but now larger, esp. in breech-loading guns.
    • Chamber To be lascivious.
    • Chamber To furnish with a chamber; as, to chamber a gun.
    • Chamber To reside in or occupy a chamber or chambers.
    • Chamber To shut up, as in a chamber.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Nevada was the first state to sanction the use of the gas chamber, and the first execution by lethal gas took place in February, 1924.
    • n chamber A room of a dwelling-house; an apartment; specifically, a sleeping-apartment; a bedroom.
    • n chamber plural
    • n chamber A room or rooms where professional men, as lawyers, conduct their business; especially, any place out of court (usually a room set apart for this purpose) where a judge may dispose of questions of procedure of a class not sufficiently important to be heard and argued in court, or too urgent to await a term of court: distinctively called judges' chambers.
    • n chamber Furnished rooms hired for residence in the house of another; lodgings: as, “a bachelor life in chambers,”
    • n chamber A place where an assembly meets: as, a legislative chamber, ecclesiastical chamber, privy chamber, etc.— 4. The assembly itself; sometimes, specifically, one of the branches of a legislative assembly: as, the New York Chamber of Commerce; a meeting of the legislative chamber.
    • n chamber A compartment or inclosed space; a hollow or cavity: as, the chambers of the eye (see below); the chamber of a furnace.
    • n chamber Specifically— In hydraulic engin,:
    • n chamber The space between the gates of a canal-lock.
    • n chamber The part of a pump in which the bucket of a plunger works.
    • n chamber Milit.:
    • n chamber That part of a barrel, at the breech of a firearm or piece of ordnance, which is enlarged to receive the charge or cartridge; also, a receptacle for a cartridge in the cylinder of a revolver or of a breech-loading gun.
    • n chamber An underground cavity or mine for holding powder and bombs, where they may be safe and dry. Distinctively called powder-chamber and bomb-chamber.
    • n chamber The indentation in an axle-box, designed to hold the lubricant.
    • n chamber That part of a mold containing the exterior part of a casting and covering the core in hollow castings.
    • n chamber In anatomy: A cavity representing the urogenital sinus of the embryo undifferentiated into a prostatic and bulbous urethra.
    • n chamber See chambers of the eye, below.
    • n chamber In conchology:
    • n chamber The interval between the septa of the camerated shell of a cephalopod, such as species of Nautilus or Ammonites, as well as the portion of the shell in which the animal rests.
    • n chamber A cavity separated from another or the main part of the interior of the shell by a septum.
    • n chamber In coal-mining, same as breast or room. See breast.
    • n chamber A short piece of ordnance without a carriage and standing on its breech, formerly used chiefly for rejoicings and theatrical purposes.
    • n chamber A bedroom utensil, used for containing urine; a chamber-pot.
    • n chamber A court in the Netherlands where cases relating to insurance are tried.
    • chamber To reside in or occupy a chamber.
    • chamber To fit snugly, as layers of buckshot in the barrel of a gun or in a cartridge. See extract under II., 3.
    • chamber To shut up in or as in a chamber.
    • chamber To furnish with a chamber, as the barrel of a breech-loading firearm. Guns are often chambered in order to enlarge the rear portion of the bore, so as to increase the powder-capacity behind the projectile.
    • chamber To fit into tho barrel of a gun or into a cartridge, as buckshot.
    • n chamber The place where the moneys due the government (municipal or other) are received and kept; the treasury; the chamberlain's office. See chamberlain, 2.
    • n chamber of the British and American Divines who in 1870 and following year's produced the present Revised Version of the Bible; and.
    • n chamber of the Upper House of Convocation of the Province of Canterbury: so named from its tapestried walls which show many scenes from Jerusalem. Here Henry IV. died.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Prussic acid, in a crystalline powder called Zyklon B, was used to kill in Germany's gas chambers. The gas would paralyze the victim's lungs, causing them to suffocate.
    • n Chamber chām′bėr an apartment: the place where an assembly meets: an assembly or body of men met for some purpose, as a chamber of commerce: a hall of justice: a compartment: a cavity: the back end of the bore of a gun
    • v.t Chamber to put in a chamber: to confine
    • v.i Chamber to be wanton
    • ***

Quotations

  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
    Oliver%20Wendell%20Holmes
    “Science is a first-rate piece of furniture for a man's upper chamber, if it has common sense on the ground floor.”
  • David O. Mckay
    David O. Mckay
    “The most important of life's battles is the one we fight daily in the silent chambers of the soul.”
  • Origen
    Origen
    “Conscience is the chamber of justice.”
  • Basile
    Basile
    “Memory is the cabinet of the imagination, the treasury of reason, the registry of conscience, and, the council chamber of thought.”
  • Alexander Pope
    Alexander%20Pope
    “Lulled in the countless chambers of the brain, our thoughts are linked by many a hidden chain; awake but one, and in, what myriads rise!”
  • Sir John A. Macdonald
    Sir John A. Macdonald
    “When fortune empties her chamber pot on your head, smile and say We are going to have a summer shower.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. chambre, fr. L. camera, vault, arched roof, in LL. chamber, fr. Gr. anything with a vaulted roof or arched covering; cf. Skr. kmar, to be crooked. Cf. Camber Camera Comrade

Usage

In literature:

Chambers was born in Brooklyn, May 26, 1865, the son of William Chambers and Carolyn (Boughton) Chambers.
"When Winter Comes to Main Street" by Grant Martin Overton
In a magnificently furnished chamber, belonging to one of the largest mansions of Florence, a nobleman lay at the point of death.
"Wagner, the Wehr-Wolf" by George W. M. Reynolds
They were in a chamber so huge that it made the largest of man-made domes shrink to insignificance by comparison.
"The Raid on the Termites" by Paul Ernst
There was nothing civilized about the council-chamber.
"The Watchers of the Plains" by Ridgewell Cullum
By Robert W. Chambers.
"Virginia of Elk Creek Valley" by Mary Ellen Chase
Walter Chambers lived at Sakarran for some time, but gathered no converts.
"Sketches of Our Life at Sarawak" by Harriette McDougall
But, O, it is so terrible to be locked into your chamber, and stay there day after day for a whole week!
"Seek and Find" by Oliver Optic
You will find her in her chamber.
"City Crimes" by Greenhorn
I looked inquiringly around the chamber.
"The Quadroon" by Mayne Reid
Well I mind that night, when I was awoke by pebbles cast up at my casement, for I lay in a turret chamber, that looked outward.
"In Convent Walls" by Emily Sarah Holt
The private part comprised the peristyle, bed-chambers, triclinium, oeci, picture-gallery, library, baths, exedra, xystus, etc.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
On a little truckle-bed in the chamber above, lay the dying child.
"Robin Tremayne" by Emily Sarah Holt
I must fly to her chamber.
"Alonzo and Melissa" by Daniel Jackson, Jr.
In the Chamber of Deputies, as in the Chamber of Peers, the leader of the Cabinet remained mute.
"Memoirs To Illustrate The History Of My Time" by François Pierre Guillaume Guizot
Spencer Chambers' face took on stern lines.
"Empire" by Clifford Donald Simak
The wide doorway would allow troops assembled in the Hall of Mars to march into the audience chamber for a review.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
Feeling awkward, he took a few steps backward until his back was against the door of the tiny chamber.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
The mayor's chamber, council chamber, and several rooms above were built in 1425-6.
"Memorials of Old London" by Various
By Robert W. Chambers.
"The Blind Man's Eyes" by William MacHarg
It had sixteen doorways, opening into apartments of two chambers each.
"Incidents of Travel in Yucatan, Vol. II." by John L. Stephens
***

In poetry:

He sat in an upper chamber
And painted,
And the noises of the street
Meant nothing to him.
"The Painter on Silk" by Amy Lowell
Weeping in her chamber,
Lonely and unhappy,
Sat the Drottning Thyri,
Sat King Olaf's Queen.
"Tales Of A Wayside Inn : Part 1. The Musician's Tale; The Saga of King Olaf XVI. -- Queen Thuri And " by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Wasps, poised in the window,
Excellent dancers,
detached, are not inclined
into our chamber.
"Notes On Vision" by James Douglas Morrison
Love took chambers on our street
Opposite to mine;
On his door he tacked a neat,
Clearly lettered sign.
"Partners" by Ellis Parker Butler
Then he left the chamber,
Thundering through the doorway,
Loud his steps resounded
Down the outer stair.
"Tales Of A Wayside Inn : Part 1. The Musician's Tale; The Saga of King Olaf XVI. -- Queen Thuri And " by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
She in her princely chamber sat;
But now she sat alone;
Her queenly brow, so white and pure,
A shadow lay upon.
"A Ballad" by Janet Hamilton

In news:

The Haines Chamber of Commerce wishes to thank all who helped create this aura f.
The party, scheduled from 4-8 pm, will also incorporate the Chamber of Commerce's annual pork chop dinner this year.
43 Johann Sebastian Bach Australian Chamber Orchestra Richard Tognetti Angela Hewitt, piano Buy Now.
The Merrill Area Chamber of Commerce unveiled their new 2012 Very Merrill Christmas Card titled "Santa Claus is Coming Town".
The Chula Vista Chamber of Commerce Political Action Committee has entered the local election with big league support.
According to a recent filing, county supervisor Greg Cox through Friends of Greg Cox for Supervisor 2012 gave the chamber PAC $7,500.
The audience — which came to the hearing regarding a complaint filed against council member Pamela Bensoussan — was so large that the meeting had to be moved to the council chambers.
The Columbia Planning and Zoning Commission will have its regular meeting at 7 pm tomorrow in the City Hall council chamber.
The Columbia Planning and Zoning Commission will have its regular meeting at 7 pm tomorrow in the council chamber at City Hall, 701 E Broadway.
Tigard Chamber Releases Business & Economy Questionnaire Responses from City & State Candidates.
The Tigard Chamber as a service to its' members, Tigard businesses and the residents of Tigard created and sent business and economy focused questionnaires to candidates for city and state positions covering Tigard.
The city of Marquette's newest mayor should be more than comfortable in the commission chambers.
The Elk River Area Chamber of Commerce Board of Directors has unanimously passed a resolution of support of the Elk River Energy City Commission as an asset to the community.
COLUMBIA – The Columbia Chamber of Commerce has nearly 1,170 members, but only six were involved in recommending which candidates the chamber would endorse in the City Council election.
I have had the honor to serve as president of our Paw Paw Chamber of Commerce and in 2011, I was voted as the Business of Most Service to the Chamber.
***

In science:

These walks include the hyperplane chamber walks of Bidigare, Hanlon, and Rockmore.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
There are many interesting examples of them, including the hyperplane chamber walks introduced by Bidigare, Hanlon, and Rockmore, as well as several new examples.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
Our approach via representation theory provides a clear conceptual explanation for some of the remarkable features of the hyperplane chamber walks proved in [6, 11].
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
The set C of chambers is an ideal, so we can run a random walk on it. A step in the walk goes from a chamber C to the chamber F C, where F is chosen according to some probability distribution {wF }F ∈F .
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
The references also explain a geometric interpretation of the step from C to F C : Namely, F C is the chamber closest to C having F as a face.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
The transition matrix of the walk on chambers is diagonalizable, with one eigenvalue λX = Xsupp y≤X for each X ∈ L.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
There is a random walk on these chambers, generalizing the walk of Section 1.2.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
Note that the random walk studied in this paper is defined in terms of the pro jection operators restricted to chambers, mapping C onto C≥x .
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
The chambers are the ordered partitions into singletons, so they correspond to the permutations of [n].
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
For each X ∈ L let cX be the number of chambers in S≥X, i.e., the number of chambers c ∈ C such that c ≥ x, where x is any fixed element of S having support X .
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
It says that for the random walk generated by any set of weights on S≥X, the sum of the multiplicities of the eigenvalues is equal to the number of chambers.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
But Zaslavsky showed that cˆ0, the total number of chambers, is PY ∈L |µ(Y, V )|.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
Let D ⊆ C be a convex set of chambers, as defined in Section A.7.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
G0 consists of the cells in the interior of the lune: one vertex, six edges, and six chambers.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
X ∈ M, where cX is the number of chambers in GX .
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
***