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case

Definitions

  • Wall Book-Case
    Wall Book-Case
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v case enclose in, or as if in, a case "my feet were encased in mud"
    • v case look over, usually with the intention to rob "They men cased the housed"
    • n case a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy "the family brought suit against the landlord"
    • n case a portable container for carrying several objects "the musicians left their instrument cases backstage"
    • n case a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or home
    • n case bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow "the burglar carried his loot in a pillowcase"
    • n case (printing) the receptacle in which a compositor has his type, which is divided into compartments for the different letters, spaces, or numbers "for English, a compositor will ordinarily have two such cases, the upper case containing the capitals and the lower case containing the small letters"
    • n case the enclosing frame around a door or window opening "the casings had rotted away and had to be replaced"
    • n case the housing or outer covering of something "the clock has a walnut case"
    • n case an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part
    • n case the actual state of things "that was not the case"
    • n case nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence
    • n case a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument "he stated his case clearly"
    • n case a problem requiring investigation "Perry Mason solved the case of the missing heir"
    • n case a specific size and style of type within a type family
    • n case an occurrence of something "it was a case of bad judgment","another instance occurred yesterday","but there is always the famous example of the Smiths"
    • n case a person requiring professional services "a typical case was the suburban housewife described by a marriage counselor"
    • n case a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities) "a real character","a strange character","a friendly eccentric","the capable type","a mental case"
    • n case a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation "the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly","the cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities"
    • n case the quantity contained in a case
    • n case a special set of circumstances "in that event, the first possibility is excluded","it may rain in which case the picnic will be canceled"
    • n case a specific state of mind that is temporary "a case of the jitters"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Dressing a gas burn case Dressing a gas burn case
A CASE OF REAL DISTRESS A CASE OF REAL DISTRESS
A Case of Mistaken Identity A Case of Mistaken Identity
234. Different Forms of Case Worms 234. Different Forms of Case Worms
Any interesting cases coming on Any interesting cases coming on
A Pappoose Case A Pappoose Case
11. Italian harpsichord (1693): Full view of instrument in outer case 11. Italian harpsichord (1693): Full view of instrument in outer case
15. DeQuoco harpsichord: Full view of instrument in outer case 15. DeQuoco harpsichord: Full view of instrument in outer case

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: During conscription for World War II, there were nine documented cases of men with three testicles.
    • Case A box and its contents; the quantity contained in a box; as, a case of goods; a case of instruments.
    • Case A box, sheath, or covering; as, a case for holding goods; a case for spectacles; the case of a watch; the casecapsule) of a cartridge; a casecover) for a book.
    • Case (Med. & Surg) A patient under treatment; an instance of sickness or injury; as, ten cases of fever; also, the history of a disease or injury. "A proper remedy in hypochondriacal cases ."
    • Case (Print) A shallow tray divided into compartments or “boxes” for holding type.
    • Case (Mining) A small fissure which admits water to the workings.
    • Case An inclosing frame; a casing; as, a door case; a window case .
    • Case Chance; accident; hap; opportunity. "By aventure, or sort, or cas ."
    • Case (Gram) One of the forms, or the inflections or changes of form, of a noun, pronoun, or adjective, which indicate its relation to other words, and in the aggregate constitute its declension; the relation which a noun or pronoun sustains to some other word. "Case is properly a falling off from the nominative or first state of word; the name for which, however, is now, by extension of its signification, applied also to the nominative."
    • Case That which befalls, comes, or happens; an event; an instance; a circumstance, or all the circumstances; condition; state of things; affair; as, a strange case; a case of injustice; the case of the Indian tribes. "In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge.""If the case of the man be so with his wife.""And when a lady's in the case You know all other things give place.""You think this madness but a common case .""I am in case to justle a constable,"
    • Case (Law) The matters of fact or conditions involved in a suit, as distinguished from the questions of law; a suit or action at law; a cause. "Let us consider the reason of the case, for nothing is law that is not reason.""Not one case in the reports of our courts."
    • Case To cover or protect with, or as with, a case; to inclose. "The man who, cased in steel, had passed whole days and nights in the saddle."
    • v. i Case To propose hypothetical cases. "Casing upon the matter."
    • Case To strip the skin from; as, to case a box.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: E-mails started in 1971. The first e-mail was sent written entirely in upper case.
    • n case Literally, that which happens or befalls. Hap; contingency; event; chance.
    • n case State; condition; state of circumstances.
    • n case A particular determination of events or circumstances; a special state of things coming under a general description or rule.
    • n case In medicine, an instance of disease under or requiring medical treatment, or the series of occurrences or symptoms which characterize it: as, the doctor has many cases of fever in hand; the patient explained his case.
    • n case A state of things involving a question for discussion or decision.
    • n case Specifically.
    • n case In law: A cause or suit in court; any instance of litigation: as, the case was tried at the last term. In this sense case is nearly synonymous with cause, which is the more technical term. Case includes special proceedings, as well as actions at law, suits in equity, and criminal prosecutions; and it implies not only a controversy, but also legal proceedings. More loosely, however, it is used for cause of action: as, he has a good case.
    • n case The state of facts or the presentation of evidence on which a party to litigation relies for his success, whether as plaintiff or defendant: as, in cross-examining plaintiff's witness, defendant has no right to go beyond the limits of the direct examination, for such inquiries are part of his own case.
    • n case Under American procedure, a document prepared by the appellant on an appeal, containing the evidence, or the substance of it, and the proceedings on the trial in the court below. It is intended to enable the appellate court to review the evidence and the facts, as well as to pass upon alleged errors of law, and in this differs from a bill of exceptions, which presents only alleged errors of law. Called specifically case on appeal.
    • n case In grammar, in many languages, one of the forms having different offices in the sentence which together make up the inflection of a noun: as, the nominative case, that of the subject of the verb, as he, dominus (Latin); the accusative or objective case, as him, dominum; the genitive or possessive case, as his (John's), domini. These are the only cases in modern English, and the objective is not distinguished in form from the nominative except in a few pronouns. In addition to the three cases found in English, Greek and German have a dative, Latin has a dative, an ablative, and a vocative, and Sanskrit further an instrumental and a locative. The French has lost all case-distinction in nouns. Some languages, as the Finnish and Hungarian, have many more cases, even fifteen or twenty. All the cases but the nominative are called oblique cases.
    • n case A person who is peculiar or remarkable in any respect: as, a queer case; a hard case: sometimes used without qualification: as, he is a case.
    • n case In logic, a proposition stating a fact coming under a general rule; a subsumption.
    • case To put cases; bring forward propositions.
    • n case That which incloses or contains; a covering, box, or sheath: as, a case for knives; a case for books; a watch-case; a pillow-case.
    • n case Specifically A quiver.
    • n case The skin of an animal; in heraldry, the skin of a beast displayed with the head, feet, tail, etc.
    • n case The exterior portion of a building; an outer coating for walls.
    • n case A box and its contents; hence, a quantity contained in a box. Specifically — A pair; a set.
    • n case Among glaziers, 225 square feet of crown-glass; also, 120 feet of Newcastle or Normandy glass.
    • n case In printing, a shallow tray of wood divided by partitions into small boxes of different sizes, in which the characters of a font of printing-types are placed for the use of the compositor. The ordinary case is about 16 inches wide, 32 inches long, and has boxes 1 inch deep. Two forms of case are required for a full font of Roman type: the upper case (so called from its higher position on the inclined composing-frame), of 98 boxes, which contains the capitals, small capitals, reference-marks, fractions, and other types in small request; and the lower case, of 55 boxes of unequal size, which contains the small-text types, spaces, and points most frequently required. The cases and boxes are arranged so that the types oftenest used are most easily reached by the compositor. For music, Greek, and Hebrew, as well as for display or jobbing type, or for any font of printing-types that has more or fewer characters than those of Roman-text type, cases of special form are made.
    • n case In bookbinding, a book-cover made separately from the book it is intended to inclose.
    • n case A triangular sac or cavity in the right side of the nose and upper portion of the head of a sperm-whale, containing oil and spermaceti, which are together called head-matter.
    • n case In milit. engin., a square or rectangular frame made from four pieces of plank joined at the corners, used (in juxtaposition to similar frames) to form a lining for a gallery or branch.
    • n case In loam-molding, the outer portion of a mold. Also called cope.
    • n case In porcelain-making, same as saggar.
    • n case Milit., same as case-shot.
    • n case In mining, a fissure through which water finds its way into a mine.
    • n case The wooden frame in which a door is hung. Also called casing.
    • n case The wall surrounding a staircase. Also called casing.
    • case To cover or surround with a case; surround with any material that incloses or protects; incase.
    • case Specifically — In architecture, to face or cover (the outside wall of a building) with material of a better quality than that of the wall itself.
    • case In plastering, to plaster (as a house) with mortar on the outside, and strike a ruler laid on it while moist with the edge of a trowel, so as to mark it with lines resembling the joints of freestone, In glass-making, to “plate” or cover (glass) with a layer of a different color. In bookbinding, to cover with a case. See case, n., 7.
    • case In printing, to put into the proper compartments of compositors' cases; lay: as, to case a font of type.
    • case To remove the case or skin of; uncase; skin.
    • case To cover one's self with something that constitutes a casing.
    • n case In the tobacco trade, the state of the leaf, during and after the process of curing, with respect to moisture-content and pliability: common in such phrases as in case (more or less moist), in good case (with the right degree of moisture), too high case, etc. See order, 17.
    • n case An action brought, usually by agreement between parties, in which the constitutionality or validity of an act will be brought in question and judicially determined.
    • case To bring into the desired ‘case’ or condition; specifically, in the tobacco trade, to bring the leaf into the desired condition as to moisture and pliability, and the admixture of ingredients to give flavor, etc. See case, n., 9, *caser, n., and *casing, n. Also spelled in the trade, kase.
    • n case In the postal service, a series of open boxes or large pigeonholes in which letters are placed in assorting them for distribution. Each box is for a particular place, and the distributor, standing at a table in a post-office or railway postal car, throws each letter into the proper box in the case.
    • n case Nautical, the outside planking of a vessel.
    • n case In whaling, the well or hole in the head of a sperm-whale, which contains, in a free state, the most valuable oil given by it.
    • n case In faro, a card when it is the only one of its denomination remaining in the dealing-box.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In the mall, the fat sheriff with the shotgun fires at the spiders. When the ejected casings hit the ground, they make a metallic "chink" noise. Shotgun casings are made of plastic.
    • n Case kās a covering, box, or sheath: a set: an outer coating for walls: in bookbinding, the boards and back, separate from the book: the frame in which a compositor has his types before him while at work
    • v.t Case to supply with a case
    • n Case kās that which falls or happens, event: particular state or condition—'in good case' = well off: subject of question or inquiry: an instance of disease: a person under medical treatment: a legal statement of facts:
    • n Case kās (gram.) the inflection of nouns, &c
    • ***

Quotations

  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    Samuel%20Taylor%20Coleridge
    “My case is a species of madness, only that it is a derangement of the Volition, and not of the intellectual faculties.”
  • Leonardo Da Vinci
    Leonardo%20Da%20Vinci
    “The function of muscle is to pull and not to push, except in the case of the genitals and the tongue.”
  • Thornton Wilder
    Thornton%20Wilder
    “I am convinced that, except in a few extraordinary cases, one form or another of an unhappy childhood is essential to the formation of exceptional gifts.”
  • A. H. K. Boyd
    A. H. K. Boyd
    “There are important cases in which the difference between half a heart and a whole heart makes just the difference between signal defeat and a splendid victory.”
  • Mike Tyson
    Mike Tyson
    “You can't stay married in a situation where you are afraid to go to sleep in case your wife might cut your throat.”
  • Edgar R. Fiedler
    Edgar R. Fiedler
    “For economist the real world is often a special case.”

Idioms

A textbook case - A textbook case, it is a classic or common example of something.
***
Basket case - If something is a basket case, it is so bad that it cannot be helped.
***
Case by case - If things are done case by case, each situation or issue is handled separately on its own merits and demerits.
***
Case in point - Meaning an instance of something has just occurred that was previously discussed. For instance, a person may have told another that something always happens. Later that day, they see it happening, and the informer might say, 'case in point'.
***
On the case - If someone is on the case, they are dealing with a problem.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. casse, F. caisse,cf. It. cassa,), fr. L. capsa, chest, box, case, fr. capere, to take, hold. See Capacious, and cf. 4th Chase Cash Enchase, 3d Sash
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. cas—L. casus, from cadĕre, to fall.

Usage

In literature:

But in either case the qualities manifested remain the same.
"Religion & Sex" by Chapman Cohen
The case seemed very interesting as a case of delusion, because some of the common characteristics were wanting.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
Hence his interest in the present case, and the unusual feeling of reluctance with which he approached his task.
"The Queen Against Owen" by Allen Upward
As they went, they discussed their case with agitation.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 17 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
There are cases which cannot be overdone by language, and this is one.
"The Writings Of Thomas Paine, Complete" by Thomas Paine
Having thus opened the case, I now come to the point.
"The Writings Of Thomas Paine, Volume III. 1791-1804" by Thomas Paine
The preparation in such a case is more specific, less a general organic state, than in the previous cases of fatigue, etc.
"Psychology" by Robert S. Woodworth
This, it appears to me, is a much stronger case against the slave than the facts in the case of Scott.
"Report of the Decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, and the Opinions of the Judges Thereof, in the Case of Dred Scott versus John F.A. Sandford" by Benjamin C. Howard
The dementia induced by the torture in Lowes's case showed itself in the case of others, who made confessions of long careers of murder.
"A History of Witchcraft in England from 1558 to 1718" by Wallace Notestein
Describe and compare several methods of constructing case racks so that the case may be used without removing it from the rack.
"Type Cases and Composing-room furniture" by A. A. Stewart
Mostly he worked at his case, but he did learn some things.
"The "Genius"" by Theodore Dreiser
That is always a good starting-point in following up a mysterious case.
"An Artist in Crime" by Rodrigues Ottolengui
In case of fits coming on, destroy the animal.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
For a job like this, Case thought, twelve hours of night were better than twenty of daylight.
"Beyond The Thunder" by H. B. Hickey
These cannot be easily defined, they differ in each case; so each case stands by itself.
"Putnam's Handy Law Book for the Layman" by Albert Sidney Bolles
Case, which is badly rotted from water damage, is a folding style case and is closed by a clasp.
"Bloodletting Instruments in the National Museum of History and Technology" by Audrey Davis
These are in many cases long and important, in other cases scanty.
"A Critical History of Greek Philosophy" by W. T. Stace
In such cases the attendants can frequently be safely estimated at more than 10,000 persons.
"Village Life in China" by Arthur H. Smith
The cases are first lined with loose sheets, and finally other sheets are arranged to overlap at the top of the case.
"The Preparation of Plantation Rubber" by Sidney Morgan
V. less than 1/36 in 3 cases; 6 cases excluded on account of complications.
"Schweigger on Squint" by C. Schweigger
***

In poetry:

And here we have another case,
quite different from the last,
another case quite different --
Listen.
"Overheard In An Asylum" by Alfred Kreymborg
I'll tell you, little brother,
In case you do not know:—
One only, not another,
Could make us two just so.
"Dr. Doddridges Dog" by George MacDonald
``While Date was in good case
``Dabitur flourished too:
``For Dabitur's lenten face
``No wonder if Date rue.
"The Twins" by Robert Browning
Since then my grief must be as large
As is thy space,
Thy distance from me; see my charge,
Lord, see my case.
"The Search" by George Herbert
We pray, as in Elisha's case,
When great Elijah went,
May double portions of thy grace,
To us who stay, be sent.
"On The Death Of A Believer" by John Newton
'Take the sour
If you take me
I can scoff and lour
And scold for an hour.'
"That's certainly the case,' said he.
"Crazy Jane On The Day Of Judgment" by William Butler Yeats

In news:

The number of Ebola cases in Uganda has increased in the past week and now totals 36 suspected or confirmed cases, according to an NPR report citing the World Health Organization.
As of March 2012 the backlog stood at 403 cases compared to 3,211 cases two years prior.
We compare this method to hash tables and show why their worst case is the best case of this method.
The case has been transferred to State Police because it turned into a search and rescue case.
Whatever the case, instead of talking with mom and dad he took matters into his on hands — or in this case foot.
Police have several leads in the case, but as of Sunday night had not made any arrests in the case.
The exception in this case was made "in this instance for the exclusive purpose of identifying potential victims who may be associated with this case," according to the FBI.
Sam Crosby, a key witness in the bribery case against former Oklahoma Senate leader Mike Morgan avoided prison in an unrelated bank fraud case.
According to Almy the funding and staffing provided by the State of Maine hasn't adjusted to the increase in cases, meaning that in some cases the state doesn't have the time, manpower or money to fully prosecute a suspect.
E-A-R Thermal Acoustics Systems (Stand 2145) is improving acoustic insulation aboard business jets as it endeavors to cut the most annoying cabin noises on a case-by-case basis.
John Wayne Gacy case solves unrelated 1970s cold case.
Currently, there are no suspects in the case and ACPD is seeking anyone with information that could help solve this case.
David Boies, the attorney spearheading the case, has argued many landmark cases during his four-decade career.
With 2,500 cases in the province waiting 14 months or longer for trial, the province has announced a plan to address extensive court backlogs and improve case management.
While cases of leopards killing domestic animals are common, and there are sometimes instances of leopards killing people in Nepal, this case is "extreme," Dhakal said.
***

In science:

In Bourbaki-numbering of simple roots P has an aura if and only if P corresponds to one of simple roots α1, αn (Bn -case); αn (Cn -case); α1, αn−1, αn (Dn -case).
Moore-Penrose inverse, parabolic subgroups, and Jordan pairs
This MP-inverse corresponds to the short grading of sop,p (real case), sup,p (complex case), spp,p (quaternionic case).
Moore-Penrose inverse, parabolic subgroups, and Jordan pairs
The case α(1) = 0 is common to the earlier cases and the integral case, and presents no novelty.
Factorization of integers and arithmetic functions
We will analyze two cases: first the isotropic case, where the random vector ˆx points with equal probability in any direction of the m-dimensional hyperspace, and second the cubic case, where ˆx lies along the edges of m-dimensional hypercube (cubic case).
Phase Transition in the Random Anisotropy Model
As in the holomorphic case, there is a subset of the singular case, Kαk ⊂ Sαk which is easily controlled, and which in some cases it reduces to the Kupka set of αk .
Codimension one symplectic foliations
We gave a unified derivation which encompasses both the classical Wishart case (where the number of rows is greater or equal to the number of columns), and the opposite case, where part of the matrix is necessarily nonrandom (anti-Wishart case).
Wishart and Anti-Wishart random matrices
In the first case, we can take the “road” in both directions, in the second case, we have to follow the arrows. (For simplicity, the vertical parts have length 0.) Otherwise, distances are as indicated by the numbers, so e.g. in the second case, from a′ to a it is 1, from a to a′ 1.2.
Distance Semantics for Belief Revision
Notice also that, in order to avoid the fourth case just mentioned, the conclusion of case (2) is (A, B )R| (A′, B ), and not the seemingly stronger but in fact weaker in the absence of the fourth case mentioned above: (A, B )R| (A ∪ A′, B ).
Distance Semantics for Belief Revision
General formulae are found for charged de Sitter solutions, the case of constant energy component of the energy-momentum tensor, the case of known pressure (including charged dust) and the case of linear equation of state.
Static charged perfect fluid spheres in general relativity
In the k=3 case the switching on of the hi ’s doesn’t produce any new conditions, so unlike the general k case here the case of hi = 0 and the case hi 6= 0 can be treated together, thus giving that in this case the space of fixed points is 7 dimensional.
Marginal Deformations of N=4 SYM and of its Supersymmetric Orbifold Descendants
First with the most general one, then with the case where two of the −→a components equal, then with the k=3k’ case and finally with the two special cases.
Marginal Deformations of N=4 SYM and of its Supersymmetric Orbifold Descendants
The correlator actually shows the expected behaviour in each case, though the parameters of the correlation are slightly smaller than the analytical values, which are λ in exponential-decay case and αpw in power-law decay case, respectively.
Effects of Long-Range Correlations in Random-Mass Dirac Fermions
We start with the fundamental case of the circle; in the next section we will reduce the other cases to the circular case.
Equilibrium distribution of zeros of random polynomials
In the following three sections, we first revisit briefly the formal case of a homogeneous behaviour (section III), we then analyse the simpler case of the response to a fixed stress Σ (section IV), before turning to the more complex case of a fixed global shear rate ˙Γ (section V).
A simple model for heterogeneous flows of yield stress fluids
The general case will be considered in the next section. A particular case which can be solved relatively easy is the case of a rank-one deviation from Hermiticity: M = 1, corresponding to a system with only one open channel.
Random Matrices close to Hermitian or unitary: overview of methods and results
***