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cap

Definitions

  • LIBERTY CAP
    LIBERTY CAP
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v cap restrict the number or amount of "We had to cap the number of people we can accept into our club"
    • v cap lie at the top of "Snow capped the mountains"
    • n cap a tight-fitting headdress
    • n cap a top (as for a bottle)
    • n cap something serving as a cover or protection
    • n cap the upper part of a column that supports the entablature
    • n cap (dentistry) dental appliance consisting of an artificial crown for a broken or decayed tooth "tomorrow my dentist will fit me for a crown"
    • n cap a mechanical or electrical explosive device or a small amount of explosive; can be used to initiate the reaction of a disrupting explosive
    • n cap an upper limit on what is allowed "he put a ceiling on the number of women who worked for him","there was a roof on salaries","they established a cap for prices"
    • n cap a protective covering that is part of a plant
    • n cap a fruiting structure resembling an umbrella or a cone that forms the top of a stalked fleshy fungus such as a mushroom
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

"The pigtail came off with the skull-cap." "The pigtail came off with the skull-cap."
Cap Rouge Cap Rouge
say, Cap, What Kind O' Bug is This?' 099 say, Cap, What Kind O' Bug is This?' 099
The Wolf puts on the Grandmother's night-gown and cap The Wolf puts on the Grandmother's night-gown and cap
SQUARE HEADS WITH BRICK CAPS SQUARE HEADS WITH BRICK CAPS
Are you sure you know what kind of cap you do want Are you sure you know what kind of cap you do want
THE CAP OF LIBERTY: LE DERNIER CRI THE CAP OF LIBERTY: LE DERNIER CRI
THE QUESTION OF THE YACHTING CAP THE QUESTION OF THE YACHTING CAP

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Babies are born without knee caps. They don't appear until the child reaches 2 to 6 years of age.
    • Cap A collar of iron or wood used in joining spars, as the mast and the topmast, the bowsprit and the jib boom; also, a covering of tarred canvas at the end of a rope.
    • Cap A covering for the head
    • Cap A large size of writing paper; as, flat cap; foolscap; legal cap .
    • Cap A percussion cap. See under Percussion.
    • Cap A portion of a spherical or other convex surface.
    • Cap A respectful uncovering of the head. "He that will give a cap and make a leg in thanks."
    • cap (Mil) a sword, cap, uniform, etc., of the kind or quality prescribed by the official regulations.
    • Cap Anything resembling a cap in form, position, or use
    • Cap One of lace, muslin, etc., for women, or infants
    • Cap One used as the mark or ensign of some rank, office, or dignity, as that of a cardinal.
    • Cap One usually with a visor but without a brim, for men and boys
    • Cap Something covering the top or end of a thing for protection or ornament.
    • Cap The removable cover of a journal box.
    • Cap The top, or uppermost part; the chief. "Thou art the cap of all the fools alive."
    • Cap The uppermost of any assemblage of parts; as, the cap of column, door, etc.; a capital, coping, cornice, lintel, or plate.
    • Cap (Zoöl) The whole top of the head of a bird from the base of the bill to the nape of the neck.
    • Cap To complete; to crown; to bring to the highest point or consummation; as, to cap the climax of absurdity.
    • Cap To cover with a cap, or as with a cap; to provide with a cap or cover; to cover the top or end of; to place a cap upon the proper part of; as, to cap a post; to cap a gun. "The bones next the joint are capped with a smooth cartilaginous substance."
    • Cap To deprive of cap.
    • Cap To match; to mate in contest; to furnish a complement to; as, to cap text; to cap proverbs. "Now I have him under girdle I'll cap verses with him to the end of the chapter."
    • Cap To salute by removing the cap. "Tom . . . capped the proctor with the profoundest of bows."
    • v. i Cap To uncover the head respectfully.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Daniel Boone hated coonskin caps.
    • n cap A covering for the head; a hood; now, especially, a head-covering or head-dress made of soft material and usually fitting more closely to the head than a hat. Men's caps are usually made of cloth, silk, or fur, are without a brim, except sometimes a peak in front, cover the crown or top of the head, and are worn as an outdoor covering. Women's caps are made of lace, muslin, ribbons, and other light materials, and sometimes cover both the back and sides of the head, as well as the top. They are worn as an indoor covering or ornament. Caps are in many cases made to serve, by their form, color, ornamentation, etc., as insignia of rank or dignity, or emblems of particular principles or occupations, as the ecclesiastical cap (see biretta), the cap of liberty (see Phrygian cap, below), the fool's cap, the nurse's cap, etc.
    • n cap Anything resembling a cap in appearance, position, or use. Specifically
    • n cap [⟨ foolscap, orig. used with ref. to the old water-mark of the fool's tap and bells.] A name given, with distinctive qualifications, to several sizes of writing-paper. Foolscap, usually folded the long way, ranges from 12 × 15 to 12½ × 15½ inches. Law cap, folded the narrow way, is of the same dimensions. Pot cap and legal cap, always flat or unfolded, are 13 × 16 inches. Flat cap, or full cap, is 14 × 17 inches. Double cap is 17 × 28 inches. In England pot is 12½ × 15½ inches, and foolscap or cap is 13½ × 16½ inches. Exchange cap is a thin, highly calendered paper of good quality, made of new stock, and used for printing bills of exchange, etc.
    • n cap The head, chief, or top; the acme.
    • n cap Head, chief, or master.
    • n cap An act of respect performed by uncovering the head.
    • n cap A cap-sheaf (which see).
    • n cap plural Fungi.
    • n cap A cape. See cape.
    • n cap The cap drawn over the head of a criminal immediately before he is hanged.
    • n cap the cap within the rim or circle of the crown, and covering the head. Such caps are represented of different colors, which are mentioned in the blazon.
    • cap To put a cap on; cover with or as with a cap, in any sense of that word; cover the head, top, end, or some particular part of: as, to cap a dunce at school; to cap (the nipple of) a gun.
    • cap To complete; consummate; crown; bring to a climax; follow up with something more remarkable than what has previously been done: as, to cap a story with its moral; he capped this exploit by another still more audacious.
    • cap To puzzle.
    • cap To deprive of the cap.
    • cap To salute by taking off the cap: as, to cap a proctor.
    • cap To uncover the head in reverence or civility.
    • n cap A wooden bowl: as, a cap of porridge and milk. Also caup.
    • cap To arrest.
    • cap To seize; lay hold of violently; specifically, to seize (a vessel) as a prize; hence, to entrap or insnare.
    • cap To chap, as the hands.
    • cap To wrinkle.
    • cap To coagulate.
    • cap An abbreviation of capital;
    • cap of Latin caput or capitulum, chapter;
    • cap in printing, of capitalize.
    • n cap The calyptra of a moss.
    • n cap A cover of leather or other material for the lens of a camera to exclude light and dust. If a shutter is not used, the exposure is usually made by removing and replacing the cap.
    • n cap In carriage-trimming, a funnel-shaped leather pocket used to cover the lower ends of carriage-bows and the ends of the bow-irons.
    • n cap In architecture: Same as capital: in common use among masons.
    • n cap A coping or other finish of the top of a post or pier or wall, especially anything projecting slightly beyond the vertical faces.
    • n cap Hence — The horizontal molding finishing at the top a window-trim, door-trim or architrave.
    • n cap The uppermost member of a hand-rail, as in a balustrade or the like; that part of a hand-rail which is molded to allow the hand to grasp it.
    • n cap One of the white spots which appear at the poles of Mars and increase and decrease with the changes of the planet's seasons.
    • n cap In steam-skidding, a cone of sheet-iron or steel, with a hole in the end through which a chain passes, which is fitted over the end of a log before snaking it, to prevent it from catching on stumps, roots, or other obstacles.
    • n cap In mining, a horizontal timber resting on a prop or on one or more legs, used to support the roof.
    • n cap Same as marotte.
    • n cap to pause and consider carefully before deciding or acting.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first contraceptive diaphragms, centuries ago, were citrus rinds (i.e., half an orange rind). Casanova used half lemon rinds as a cervical cap and the acidic juice as a potent spremicide(something that kills sperms).
    • n Cap kap a woman's head-dress of muslin, or the like: a boy's head-dress, any kind of unbrimmed covering for the head: a cap-like covering of any kind: a cover: the top
    • v.t Cap to put on a cap, as the official cap of a degree in some colleges: to outdo or surpass: to cover the end or top: to raise the cap in token of respect:—pr.p. cap′ping; pa.p. capped
    • n Cap kap a wooden drinking-bowl, with two handles.
    • ***

Quotations

  • James Weldon Johnson
    James Weldon Johnson
    “Labor is the fabled magician's wand, the philosophers stone, and the cap of good fortune.”

Idioms

Feather in your cap - A success or achievement that may help you in the future is a feather in your cap.
***
If the cap fits, wear it - This idiom means that if the description is correct, then it is describing the truth, often when someone is being criticised.('If the shoe fits, wear it' is an alternative)
***
Put on your thinking cap - If you put on your thinking cap, you think very hard about something.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. cappe, AS. cæppe, cap, cape, hood, fr. LL, cappa, capa,; perhaps of Iberian origin, as Isidorus of Seville mentions it first: “Capa, quia quasi totum capiat hominem; it. capitis ornamentum.” See 3d Cape, and cf. 1st Cope
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Scot., prob. from A.S. copp, a cup; prob. Scand. koppr.

Usage

In literature:

The back of her head was covered with a little cap as plain as a nun's cap; and I never saw an ornament about her.
"Daisy" by Elizabeth Wetherell
Mrs. King wore a lace cap and very rustling silk, and made pretty little curtsies.
"Otherwise Phyllis" by Meredith Nicholson
Upon his head a gaudy red cap rested with a rakish air.
"El Diablo" by Brayton Norton
Dick was not long in fetching his cap.
"Dick and His Cat and Other Tales" by Various
Cap'n Mike knew everything worth while about the town of Seaford.
"The Electronic Mind Reader" by John Blaine
Cap'n Mike might not seem to be paying attention, but evidently he didn't miss much.
"Smugglers' Reef" by John Blaine
Coretti, too, has abandoned his catskin cap, and wears an old travelling-cap of gray silk.
"Cuore (Heart)" by Edmondo De Amicis
She took off her fur cap, wet boots and mittens and laid them near the fire.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
Many plants have a marked umbo on the top of the cap and the rim of the cap may be slightly turned up.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
They played their drums in the street and made soldier caps and wooden swords and drilled.
"Boys and Girls Bookshelf (Vol 2 of 17)" by Various
Cap Pike says they are a lot of traitors, and Cap is wise in lots of things.
"The Treasure Trail" by Marah Ellis Ryan
Remove the seal from the top of the vent caps, and open by blowing through the cap.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
W'enver he came from sea he sought me out and made a little present to me or Cap.
"Hidden Hand" by Emma Dorothy Eliza Nevitte Southworth
Princesses would wear caps of diamonds.
"Walter Pieterse" by Multatuli
He pulled off his cap the better to let his jaws work.
"The Fifth Queen" by Ford Madox Ford
If we run down this Black Dog, now, there'll be news for Cap'n Trelawney!
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson" by Robert Louis Stevenson
The individual wore a heavy overcoat and had a cap pulled well down over his ears and the back of his head.
"Dave Porter and His Double" by Edward Stratemeyer
The caps and columns appear to be antique for the most part, and just outside is a shallow cap of the same pattern as one at Kairouan.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
Also the caps and the detonators.
"The Flaming Mountain" by Harold Leland Goodwin
At last, I drew my cap over my eyes, and went home with a heavy heart.
"Hungarian Sketches in Peace and War" by Mór Jókai
***

In poetry:

O! he lay above us—
High above the surf—
Finger-nails and toe-caps
Digging in the turf.
"Ben Boyd's Tower" by Henry Lawson
In rosy youth, he cast away
Official cap and carriage.
Now, a white-haired elder, he reclines
Amid pines and cloud.
"For Meng Hao-Jan" by Li Po
Policeman nothing said
(Though he had much to say on it),
But from the bad man's head
He took the cap that lay on it.
"Phrenology" by William Schwenck Gilbert
Firecrackers and torpedoes,
Trumpet and flag and drum,
Rockets and pinwheels and paper caps,
For Fourth of July had come.
"Young America" by Carolyn Wells
I'll comb my hair in scalloped bands
Beneath my laundered cap,
And watch my cool and fragile hands
Lie light upon my lap.
"Afternoon" by Dorothy Parker
An yet th'art happy,--soa they say,
That caps me moor ner owt!
Tha taks a deal less suitin, lass,
Nor iver awst ha' thowt.
"Latter Wit" by John Hartley

In news:

Daytona Helmets D6-O Skull Cap.
Public defender's office reacts to caseload cap.
Boone and Callaway County attorneys who practice civil law found out yesterday they might be assigned criminal defense cases as soon as next month as the result of a new cap local public defenders are placing on their caseloads.
Defenders to see caseload cap.
The unidentified man entered the bank last October with a pair of sunglasses and a flat cap covering his head.
Castilleja graduation caps good year.
It capped a remarkable year for Castilleja .
Do take the opportunity to coach LeBron James and to spend the more than $20 million in cap space made available to the Cavaliers this summer by Jim Paxson, his parting gift.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder 'CAPS' Courseware Available On CD-ROM .
The French are sticklers for natural corks, but Chablis producer Michel Laroche uses only screws caps for his wines marketed to the American consumer, because time has shown it's the best method for aging them.
Another beautiful Wednesday night at Sylvan Beach was capped off with a rockin' show from Fulton Chain Gang during our Country Showcase.
Spencer Bachus' promotion caps a multiyear strategy to rise through the ranks and take the reins of a major congressional committee that is key to the banking community in his backyard and nationally.
Birds of this family are most often recognized by a dark cap and bib, but many species also have a crest.
Fresh tomato pizza sauce 2 medium seasoned and grilled Portabella mushroom caps 6 oz.
Joe Schramm Phone: 800-323-4040, ext 7445 E-mail: [email protected]
***

In science:

The capped surfaces are used to see how to do this.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
The fragments give caps for the new surface, with dual caps given by parallel copies of the dual to the original.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
Repeated splitting gives a capped surface so that each cap has a single subdisk going over a 2-handle.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
The next step is a subdivision trick in W that reduces to the case where all caps go over (duals of ) 2-handles in W, and each such 2-handle intersects a single cap.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
However moving hj disturbs all the caps passing over it, adding new subdisks passing over hi .
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
This separates the caps so each passes over a distinct 2-handle.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
We now have caps going over distinct 2-handles lying in W .
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
In detail first choose a tree in each Sj that joins ∂hj to the intersection point in each dual pair of cap boundaries.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
Let S ′ j be a small neighborhood in Sj of the union of the tree, ∂hj, and the cap boundaries.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
Denote by Tj the tree union with an arc in each cap which connects the intersection point in the cap boundaries to the subdisk mapping to the handle core.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
Choose one in each dual pair of caps, and use it to do surgery on S ′ j .
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
Surgery consists of cutting out a neighborhood of the boundary of the cap and replacing it by two parallel copies.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
On the handlebody level this induces handle slides of the hj over cap 2-handles.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
The dual cap gives a homotopy between arcs recording the homotopy classes of these additions.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
Since the cap is in W the homotopy also lies in W .
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
***