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canon

Definitions

  • Grand Canon
    Grand Canon
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n canon a collection of books accepted as holy scripture especially the books of the Bible recognized by any Christian church as genuine and inspired
    • n canon a complete list of saints that have been recognized by the Roman Catholic Church
    • n canon a rule or especially body of rules or principles generally established as valid and fundamental in a field or art or philosophy "the neoclassical canon","canons of polite society"
    • n canon a contrapuntal piece of music in which a melody in one part is imitated exactly in other parts
    • n canon a ravine formed by a river in an area with little rainfall
    • n canon a priest who is a member of a cathedral chapter
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Minor Canon Row: Rochester Minor Canon Row: Rochester

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: As specified by the Christian church, the canonical hours are matins, lauds, prime, terce, sext, none, vespers, and compline.
    • canon A catalogue of saints acknowledged and canonized in the Roman Catholic Church.
    • n Cañon A deep gorge, ravine, or gulch, between high and steep banks, worn by water courses.
    • canon A law or rule. "Or that the Everlasting had not fixed
      His canon 'gainst self-slaughter."
    • canon (Eccl) A law, or rule of doctrine or discipline, enacted by a council and confirmed by the pope or the sovereign; a decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by ecclesiastical authority. "Various canons which were made in councils held in the second centry."
    • canon A member of a cathedral chapter; a person who possesses a prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church.
    • canon (Mus) A musical composition in which the voices begin one after another, at regular intervals, successively taking up the same subject. It either winds up with a codatailpiece), or, as each voice finishes, commences anew, thus forming a perpetual fugue or round. It is the strictest form of imitation. See Imitation.
    • canon In monasteries, a book containing the rules of a religious order.
    • canon (Billiards) See Carom.
    • canon The collection of books received as genuine Holy Scriptures, called the sacred canon, or general rule of moral and religious duty, given by inspiration; the Bible; also, any one of the canonical Scriptures. See Canonical books, under Canonical a.
    • canon (Print) The largest size of type having a specific name; -- so called from having been used for printing the canons of the church.
    • canon The part of a bell by which it is suspended; -- called also ear and shank.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n canon A rule or law in general.
    • n canon Eccles.: A law or rule of doctrine or discipline, enacted by a council or other competent ecclesiastical authority.
    • n canon In liturgics, that part of the liturgy or mass which includes the consecration, great oblation, and great intercession. It begins after the Sanctus (in the Roman liturgy, and other Latin liturgies influenced by the Roman, with the words Te igitur), and ends just before the Lord's Prayer, sometimes counted a part of it, The Roman canon is divided into ten portions or paragraphs, generally named from their initial words. See liturgy.
    • n canon The books of the Holy Scripture accepted by the Christian church as containing an authoritative rule of religious faith and practice. With the exception of the books called antilegomena, the canonicity of which was not at first universally recognized, the canon of the New Testament has always consisted of the same books. The books comprised in the Hebrew Bible, and constituting the Hebrew canon, that is to say, the books of the Old Testament as given in the authorized version from Genesis to Malachi inclusive, are universally recognized as canonical. The canonical character of the books not found in the Hebrew, but contained In the Septuagint or Vulgate, was disputed by many in the early church; and although they are received without distinction by the Greek Church, and, with the exception of some among the number, by the Roman Catholic Church, they are not accounted canonical by the Anglican Church (which, however, treats them as ecclesiastical books, that is, books to be read in the church), nor by any of the Protestant churches. See antilegomena, apocrypha, 2, deuterocanonical, and ecclesiastical.
    • n canon The rules of a religious order, or of persons devoted to a strictly religious life, as monks and nuns; also, the book in which such rules art written.
    • n canon A catalogue or list; specifically, the catalogue of members of the chapter of a cathedral or collegiate church.
    • n canon A catalogue of saints acknowledged and canonized, as in the Roman Catholic and Eastern churches.
    • n canon In art, a rule or system of measures of such a character that, the dimensions of one of the parts being given, those of the whole may be deduced, and vice versa. A canon is established, for instance, when it is shown that the length of any well-proportioned figure is a certain number of times that of the head taken as a unit, and that the length of the head is contained a certain number of times in the torso or the legs.
    • n canon In music, a kind of fugal composition in two or more parts, constructed according to the strict rules of imitation. one voice or instrument begins a melody, and after a few beats, the number depending upon the character of the melody, a second takes up the same melody at the beginning, at the same pitch or at some definite interval, and repeats it note for note, and generally interval for interval. The principle of the canon is that the second voice or instrument, when it be gins the melody, must combine continuously, according to the strict rules of harmony, with that part at which the first voice has arrived, and when the third voice begins it must combine in the same manner with those parts at which the other two have arrived, and so on for any number of voices. A round is sometimes improperly called a canon.
    • n canon In mathematics: A general rule for the solution of cases of similar nature.
    • n canon An extensible table or set of tables.
    • n canon A collection of formulas.
    • n canon In logic, a fundamental and invariable maxim, such as, Nothing ought to be done without a reason.
    • n canon In the Kantian philosophy, the science which determines the right use of any faculty of cognition: as, pure logic is the canon of the formal use of the understanding and reason; transcendental analytics is the canon of the use of the understanding a priori, and so on.
    • n canon In pharmacy, a rule for compounding medicines.
    • n canon In (Gr. hymnology, a hymn consisting normally of a succession of nine odes, but usually of eight (sometimes of only three or four), the second being omitted, except in Lent, the numbers of the third, fourth, etc., however, remaining unaltered. See ode, tetraodion, triodion.
    • n canon Annual charge for use of land; rent; a quit-rent.
    • n canon In printing, a large text printing-type, in size about 17⅘ lines to the linear foot: so called from its early employment in printing the canon of the mass and the service-books of the church.
    • n canon A canon whose subject returns into itself; an infinite or perpetual canon.
    • n canon A canon whose subject ends in a key one semitone above that in which it began, so that twelve repetitions traverse the circle of keys.
    • n canon A dignitary who possesses a prebend or revenue allotted for the performance of divine service in a cathedral or collegiate church; a member of the chapter of a cathedral or collegiate church. In the Roman Catholic Church in England and elsewhere canons were formerly divided into three classes, regular, secular, and honorary. The regular canons lived in monasteries, and added the profession of vows to their other duties. Secular or lay canons did not live in monasteries, but they kept the canonical hours. Honorary canons were not obliged to keep the hours. The name foreign canons was given to such as did not officiate in their canonries: opposed to mansionary or residentiary canons. Canons of the English cathedrals must be in residence for three months each year. Collectively, with the dean at their head, they form the chapter. There are also canons of a lower grade, called minor canons, who assist in performing the daily choral service in the cathedral. Honorary canons may also be appointed, but receive no emolument.
    • n canon See cannon, 7.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Canon kan-yon′ a deep gorge or ravine between high and steep banks, worn by watercourses.
    • n Canon kan′un a law or rule, esp. in ecclesiastical matters: a general rule: standard: the books of Scripture accepted as the standard or rule of faith by the Christian Church: a species of musical composition: one bound by certain vows over and above those binding upon regular members of his community—a canon regular: a clerical dignitary belonging to a cathedral, enjoying special emoluments, and obliged to reside there part of the year: a list of saints canonised:
    • n Canon kan′un (print.) a large kind of type
    • ***

Quotations

  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
    Harriet%20Beecher%20Stowe
    “To be really great in little things, to be truly noble and heroic in the insipid details of everyday life, is a virtue so rare as to be worthy of canonization.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. canon, canoun, AS. canon, rule (cf. F. canon, LL. canon, and, for sense 7, F. chanoine, LL. canonicus,), fr. L. canon, a measuring line, rule, model, fr. Gr. kanw`n rule, rod, fr. ka`nh ka`nnh, reed. See Cane, and cf. Canonical
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S., Fr., from L. canon—Gr. kanōn, a straight rod—kannē, a reed.

Usage

In literature:

He replaced these by Canons Regular under Walter de Cant.
"Hugh, Bishop of Lincoln" by Charles L. Marson
The Canon's breezy courtliness as a rule soothed Lady Kelsey's gravest troubles, but now she would not be comforted.
"The Explorer" by W. Somerset Maugham
Canon and Precentor of Lincoln.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 1" by Various
BARNARD, JOHN, English musician, was a minor canon of St Paul's in the reign of Charles I.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
Canon BOYD CARPENTER, M.A.
"Sketches of Our Life at Sarawak" by Harriette McDougall
While the general method of fixing the canons has been the same everywhere, the details of the process have differed in different lands.
"Introduction to the History of Religions" by Crawford Howell Toy
The following are the canons of three distinct epochs: 1.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
Not until canon or Church law had become quite engrafted upon the civil law, did the full persecutions for witchcraft arise.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume I"
The Canon said the whole affair was like a scene from a French comedy.
"The Red Watch" by J. A. Currie
Above it is the Mission Canon, at the entrance of which is the best-preserved of the old Franciscan missions.
"Our Italy" by Charles Dudley Warner
It's always liable to be far through the Arivaypa Canon.
"Red Men and White" by Owen Wister
These had finally gone up a narrow canon in the mountains.
"Captain Bayley's Heir:" by G. A. Henty
In the Canon Country the snow had disappeared from most of the high points.
"Tharon of Lost Valley" by Vingie E. Roe
As to the canons, we have already suggested that to break the canons is to sin against religion.
"The Formation of Christendom, Volume VI" by Thomas W. (Thomas William) Allies
I've got to write to Canon Farlow.
"People of Position" by Stanley Portal Hyatt
Clemente Island towered with its steep slopes of wild oats and its blue canons full of haze.
"Tales of Fishes" by Zane Grey
The knight errant had heard the canon's question, and he offered to give him the information if he knew anything about errantry.
"The Story of Don Quixote" by Arvid Paulson, Clayton Edwards, and Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
Away down the canon, on the right wall, I can see a group of mountains, some of which appear to stand on the brink of the canon.
"Little Masterpieces of Science: Explorers" by Various
Towards midday it ceased to go up, up, up, and the chasm widened into a great rocky canon of wonderful ruggedness and beauty.
"Two Arrows" by William O. Stoddard
The Canon had always been an object of interest, theoretically, to the girls at Wootton Beeches.
"The Youngest Girl in the School" by Evelyn Sharp
***

In poetry:

FIRST CANON. See, the waters of the lake
Move although no breeze doth blow:
Without doubt to-day some pilgrim
Roweth to this island shore.
"The Purgatory Of St. Patrick - Act III" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
An auburn Weed uprose as one surprised.
"If for a Martyr's Death I so am prized,
May not my hallowed Ashes be preserved
That Saint Cigar I may be canonized?"
"The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám Jr." by Wallace Irwin
The devil a hunter long hath been,
Though Doctor Luther said it:
Of his canon-pack he was the dean,
And merrily he led it:
The old one kept them swift and lean
On faith—that's devil's credit!
"Within and Without: Part II: A Dramatic Poem" by George MacDonald
The spirit of freedom is born of the mountains,
In gorge and in canon it hovers and dwells;
Pervading the torrents and crystalline fountains,
Which dash through the valleys and forest clad dells.
"The Spirit Of Freedom Is Born Of The Mountains." by Alfred Castner King
And lo, in that grey storehouse, fallen to dust and rotten,
Lay piled the traps and engines of forgotten greed,
The tomes of codes and canons, long disused, forgotten,
The robes and sacred books of many a vanished creed.
"The Land Of Pallas" by Archibald Lampman
It sometimes strikes me, now she's gone, she'd no drawbacks at all-.
Her features just a shade severe, her age canonical,
In fashions of her mother's day she trod her way serene,
And wasteful ways of worldly dames disgusted Josephine.
"Josephine" by John O Brien

In news:

With its political machinations, personal and institutional racism and a scandalous interracial relationship as the tipping point, Othello is the most St Louis-ready play in Shakespeare's canon.
The 13th Warrior ), clashing cultures ( Rising Sun ), and cutting-edge biotechnology ( Jurassic Park, and virtually his whole canon).
For all the talk in today?s scene of a revival of?60s harmonies, few have given the propers due to the Mamas & the Papas, whose contribution to that canon bests CSNY?s and rivals the Beach Boys.
Canon Anthony Eiwuley, provincial secretary, said that the church will meet in special synod at Cuttington University Sept 27-29.
The main principle of traditional Chinese medicine—which began more than 4000 years ago and is summarised in The Yellow Emperor's Canon of Medicine —is the notion of syndrome differentiation and treatment.
Canon's pigment ink uses super-fine pigment particles to generate sharp images at 600 x 1200 dpi in the standard mode and up to 1200 x 1200 dpi in the best-quality mode.
The Boy in the Striped Pajamas adds another poignant tale to the canon of Holocaust movies.
A canon doesn't slide into unison, it's squeezed into it by a powerful hand.
We tested printers from Brother, Canon, Epson, HP, and Lexmark to see whether printing in draft mode saves money.
The proof printers open to consideration are the HP Designjet Z2100 and Z3200, the Epson Stylus Pro x800, x880, x900, or the Canon imagePROGRAF iPF 6350 and 8300.
Richard used a Canon 40D and a 100-400mm lens.
Forum member Jose E Hernandez of Carrollton, Virginia, photographed the bird (Polihierax semitorquatus) in 2007 with his Canon XTi and 100-400mm IS lens.
Software developer Canonical announced Thursday that it has released the latest version of Ubuntu, its popular free Linux operating system.
State health department officials are partially lifting a ban on radioactive material s being shipped to the Cotter Corporation mill in Canon City.
Taken with a Canon 1Ds MarkIII at f/8.
***

In science:

Regarding the couplings λ as additive canonical variables it has been shown by Pechukas and Yukawa, that the statistical equilibrium of the related canonical ensemble is described by random matrix theory.
The statistical properties of the city transport in Cuernavaca (Mexico) and Random matrix ensembles
Instead of working with the canonical ensemble we eliminate the constraint on the sum over the ni by working with the grand canonical ensemble.
Chiral Random Matrix Model for Critical Statistics
R1 ∞ its canonical measure, which we call equilibrium canonical measure.
Occupation Time Fluctuations in Branching Systems
It may be traced back to the simple fact noted above that, from the very beginning, the number of canonical gauge parameters ǫ coincides with the number of H components and therefore any two Hamiltonians are identified by a singular canonical transformation.
Point particle in general background fields and generalized equivalence principle
We discuss briefly microcanonical ensemble that models isolated system, canonical ensemble that describes closed system and grand canonical ensemble, useful in the study of open system.
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
We saw details of microcanonical ensemble that describe isolated system; of canonical ensemble that models closed system; and of grand canonical ensemble, useful in the study of open systems.
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
Our next task is to find the expanded infinitesmal generator, expressed in terms of the larger set of canonical gauge variables, which effects the correct variations of the canonical variables.
Quantum general invariance and loop gravity
Canonical ensemble have no such difficulties but the question arises of how limiting correlations depend on the choice of the canonical ensemble.
Gibbs and Quantum Discrete Spaces
That is why the grand canonical ensemble, as it is presented in physical papers, does not exist if canonical partition functions have superexponential growth.
Gibbs and Quantum Discrete Spaces
Z ֒→ ∧nY of the canonical n-form on ∧nY, and Z is “canonically” isomorphic to J ⋆Y .
A Frame Bundle Generalization of Multisymplectic Momentum Mappings
Furthermore the case k = 0 (geometric quadrics) was proved by [AM67] for general canonical curves, and by [Gre84b] for all canonical curves.
Geometric Syzygies of Mukai Varieties and General Canonical Curves with Genus at most 8
Since C is canonically embedded, Pg−1 = P(H 0 (K )) with K a canonical divisor on C .
Geometric Syzygies of Mukai Varieties and General Canonical Curves with Genus at most 8
Next, by the canonical basis of L(Λ) we mean the specialization at v = 1 of the Kashiwara-Lusztig canonical basis1 of Lv (Λ), the corresponding integrable highest weight representation of the quantum group Uv ( bsle ).
The representation theory of the Ariki-Koike and cyclotomic q-Schur algebras
This time, Lv (Λ) embeds in a generalized Fock space FΛ and Uglov has shown how to compute a canonical basis for the whole of this space; this gives a canonical basis element for each multipartition.
The representation theory of the Ariki-Koike and cyclotomic q-Schur algebras
Of course, we use tilting functors in order to relate an arbitrary sincere stable separating tubular family with the canonical trisection of a canonical algebra.
Infinite dimensional representations of canonical algebras
***