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cannon

Definitions

  • CALLING FOR VOLUNTEERS TO MAN CAPTURED CANNON AFTER SANNASPOST
    CALLING FOR VOLUNTEERS TO MAN CAPTURED CANNON AFTER SANNASPOST
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v cannon fire a cannon
    • v cannon make a cannon
    • n cannon a shot in billiards in which the cue ball contacts one object ball and then the other
    • n cannon lower part of the leg extending from the hock to the fetlock in hoofed mammals
    • n cannon a large artillery gun that is usually on wheels
    • n cannon heavy automatic gun fired from an airplane
    • n cannon (Middle Ages) a cylindrical piece of armor plate to protect the arm
    • n cannon heavy gun fired from a tank
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Miss Cannon, carrying a parasol, seeing William in the bushes Miss Cannon, carrying a parasol, seeing William in the bushes
William peering round his brother in order to talk to Miss Cannon William peering round his brother in order to talk to Miss Cannon

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Jim Bristoe, an American, invented a 30-foot-long, 2-ton pumpkin cannon that can fire pumpkins up to five miles.
    • Cannon A great gun; a piece of ordnance or artillery; a firearm for discharging heavy shot with great force.
    • Cannon (Mech) A hollow cylindrical piece carried by a revolving shaft, on which it may, however, revolve independently.
    • Cannon (Printing) A kind of type. See Canon.
    • n. & v Cannon (Billiards) See Carom.
    • Cannon To collide or strike violently, esp. so as to glance off or rebound; to strike and rebound. "He heard the right-hand goal post crack as a pony cannoned into it -- crack, splinter, and fall like a mast."
    • Cannon To discharge cannon.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The average human body contains enough: iron to make a 3 inch nail,sulfur to kill all fleas on an average dog, carbon to make 900 pencils, potassium to fire a toy cannon, fat to make 7 bars of soap, phosphorous to make 2,200 match heads, and water to fill a ten-gallon tank.
    • n cannon An engine, supported on a stationary or movable frame called a gun-carriage, for throwing balls and other missiles by the force of gunpowder; a big gun; a piece of ordnance. Cannons are made of iron, brass, bronze, or steel, and of different sizes, carrying balls from 3 or 4 pounds weight up to 2,000 pounds and more. The caliber or power of cannon may be expressed by the weight of the shot fired: as, a 32-pounder; by the diameter of the bore: as, 8 12-inch gun; or by the weight of the gun itself: as, an 8-hundredweight gun; a 25-ton gun. Before the introduction of armor-plating, the naval guns in use in line-of-battle ships and frigates were 68-pounders (95 hundredweight), 8-inch shell-guns (65 hundredweight), and 32-pounders (42 to 58 hundredweight). Now ships are spoken of as armed with 6½-, 12-, 18-, 25-, 38-, etc., ton guns, the 18-ton gan throwing 400-pound projectiles, and the 25-ton gun 600-pound, and so on, the weight of the ball rising with the weight of the piece. Cannon weighing more than 100 tons have recently been constructed. The 100-ton gun is charged with 340 pounds of powder, and discharges a bolt of steel or chilled iron weighing 2,000 pounds. Cannon of the smaller calibers are mounted on wheeled carriages for service as field-pieces. In the United States army the guns in service are 8-, 10-, 13-, 15-, and 20-inch smooth-bore Rodman guns, and 3-, 3.2-, 4.5-, 8-, and 12-inch rifled guns. The American 8-inch rifled gun is the 10-inch Rodman smooth-bore, lined with a coiled wrought-iron or steel tube. The 3.2-inch gun is a steel field-piece. In the United States navy, 6-, 8-, and 10-inch steel guns have been adopted for the cruisers of recent design. The principal parts of a cannon are: 1st, the breech, which is the mass of solid metal behind the bottom or end of the bore, and extending to the base-ring; 2d, in muzzle-loading cannon, the cascabel, a projection in rear of the base-ring including the knob, the spherical part between the knob and the base-ring being called the base of the breech; 3d, the reinforce, the thickest part of the cylinder, extending from the base-ring forward; 4th, the trunnions, which project on each side, and serve to support the cannon; 5th, the bore or caliber, the interior of the cylinder, wherein the powder and shot are lodged, and which may be smooth or rifled, though rifled cannons have virtually superseded the smooth-bores; 6th, the muzzle or mouth of the bore. Cannon are often made so as to be loaded at the breech, various devices being employed to effect this object. Cannon were formerly classed as whole cannons, demi-cannons, culverins, sakers, etc., but are now classified as guns, howitzers, carronades, and mortars; also as field-, mountain-, coast-, sea-, and siege-guns. See gun.
    • n cannon In machinery, a hollow cylindrical piece through which a revolving shaft passes, and which, may revolve independently, and with a greater or less speed than that of the shaft. Such, for example, is the prolongation of the eye of a wheel when bored to fit a spindle or shaft on which it is intended to work loose, as the part a of the wheel A, loose on the shaft b.
    • n cannon That part of a bit let into the horse's mouth. Also canon, cannon-bit, canon-bit.
    • n cannon The cannon-bone.
    • n cannon The ear or loop of a bell by which it is suspended. Also spelled canon.
    • n cannon In surgery, an instrument used in sewing up wounds.
    • n cannon plural Ornamental rolls which terminated the breeches or hose at the knee. Minsheu, 1617. Also written canions, cannions, and canons.
    • n cannon [⟨ cannon, v., 2.] In billiards, a carom: little used in the United States, but common in Great Britain. See carom.
    • cannon To discharge cannon; cannonade.
    • cannon In billiards, to make a cannon or carom; hence, to strike one thing and then rebound and strike another; carom.
    • cannon In loading logs by steam- or horse-power, to send up (a log) so that it swings crosswise, instead of parallel to the load.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Approximately sixty circus performers have been shot from cannons. At last report, thirty-one of these have been killed.
    • n Cannon kan′un a great gun used in war: a stroke in billiards in which the player hits both the red and his opponent's ball
    • v.i Cannon to cannonade: to make a cannon at billiards: to collide
    • v.t Cannon to attack or batter with cannon
    • Cannon a smooth round bit
    • ***

Quotations

  • Walt Whitman
    Walt%20Whitman
    “Seasons pursuing each other the indescribable crowd is gathered, it is the fourth of Seventh-month, (what salutes of cannon and small arms!)”
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
    Oliver%20Wendell%20Holmes
    “The sound of a kiss is not so loud as that of a cannon, but its echo lasts a great deal longer.”
  • Napoleon Bonaparte
    Napoleon%20Bonaparte
    “If they want peace, nations should avoid the pin-pricks that precede cannon-shots.”
  • Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham%20Lincoln
    “Friends, I agree with you in Providence; but I believe in the Providence of the most men, the largest purse, and the longest cannon.”
  • KaThe Kollwitz
    KaThe Kollwitz
    “Where do all the women who have watched so carefully over the lives of their beloved ones get the heroism to send them to face the cannon?”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The mouth of a cannon is safer that the mouth of a woman scorned.”

Idioms

Loose cannon - A person who is very difficult to control and unpredictable is a loose cannon.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. cannon, fr. L. canna, reed, pipe, tube. See Cane
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. canon, from L. canna, a reed.

Usage

In literature:

That cannon ball must have been a rude surprise.
"The Story of a Common Soldier of Army Life in the Civil War, 1861-1865" by Leander Stillwell
The "Perseverance," a steam corvette, mounting eight 68-pound cannon, reached Nauplia in September.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
There're cannon near her bow, And the bugler's bloomin' clarion, it shrills a how-de-row?
"Famous Privateersmen and Adventurers of the Sea" by Charles H. L. Johnston
Cannon was the storekeeper for whom his brother-in-law clerked.
"Mountain Blood" by Joseph Hergesheimer
They had plenty of cannon, which carried large rough stone balls, and usually did little harm.
"The Red True Story Book" by Various
They captured eleven cannon, and cut the Russian ranks to pieces.
"Kosciuszko" by Monica Mary Gardner
I came first upon a row of cannon, so pointed as to sweep the square.
"Pilgrimage from the Alps to the Tiber" by James Aitken Wylie
The room was shaking with the discharges of cannon.
"The Maids of Paradise" by Robert W. (Robert William) Chambers
The sound of the cannon was drowned in an instant by a terrific explosion.
"The Black Buccaneer" by Stephen W. Meader
There are a great many different kinds of cannon.
"My Days and Nights on the Battle-Field" by Charles Carleton Coffin
A cannon went off at the side of his head.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
The guns on the modern battleships are not "laid"; that is, they are not aimed as were the cannon of past days or the rifle of to-day.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
The arming of troops proceeded without check, and hostile cannon were defiantly pointed at federal forts.
"Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman" by J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
We set all the bells to ringing, fired cannon, and tossed up our hats.
"Daughters of the Revolution and Their Times" by Charles Carleton Coffin
George Q. Cannon, Dr. Martha P. Hughes (Cannon), Mrs. Zina D. H. Young, Mrs. Richards, Ida Snow Gibbs and Nellie R. Webber.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
In the afternoon we were suddenly startled by the booming of nearby cannon.
"Liége on the Line of March" by Glenna Lindsley Bigelow
A big bunch of dem come through and dey have cannons with dem.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
There were the Federal cannon of Fort Morgan, just beyond.
"The Missourian" by Eugene P. (Eugene Percy) Lyle
They should have swept out four or five hundred of them with cannon, and the rest would have run.
"Marie Antoinette and the Downfall of Royalty" by Imbert de Saint-Amand
Our swords had done the most carnage among them, though many were killed by our cannon.
"The Memoirs of the Conquistador Bernal Diaz del Castillo, Vol 1 (of 2)" by Bernal Diaz del Castillo
***

In poetry:

"Victory must be won."
When the red-lipped cannon speak,
The war of words is done,
The slaughter has begun.
"Battle" by John Davidson
They did not fear the summer's sun
In whose hot centre lie
A hundred hissing cannon shells
For the unwatchful eye.
"Men In Green" by David Campbell
Once Prince Frederick's Guard
Sang them in their smoky barracks;--
Suddenly the English cannon
Joined the chorus!
"To An Old Danish Songbook" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Ye have slept on the ground before,
And started to your feet
At the cannon's sudden roar,
Or the drum's redoubling beat.
"In The Harbour: Decoration Day" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
It comes, the Typhoon of Death--
Nearer and nearer it comes!
The horizon thunder of cannon-breath
And the roar of angry drums!
"Coming" by Henry Howard Brownell
She comes! She comes! her banners dip
In Neva's flashing tide,
With greetings on her cannon's lip,
The storm-god's iron bride!
"America To Russia" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

Fort Worth Opera begins its annual festival with a cannon shot.
Photo by David Cannon/Getty Images.
Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov Mitt Romney, carries two-week-old Gunner Cannon as aide Garret Jackson, stands at left as he campaigns at Paramount Printing in Jacksonville, Fla.
Sound cannons' give ' unmistakable warning.
He is now in Heaven with his father, Donald Eugene Cannon who passed away on May 2, 2012.
In the end, there was just one television camera crew stationed outside the Cannon House Office Building yesterday to record the departure of House Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.) from Capitol Hill.
Vanda Ann Cannon, 65, died July 28, 2008, at the Chaffee Nursing Center.
Two sons, Tim Cannon and Terry Cannon of Chaffee.
Boston's Jackson Cannon, an early pioneer of house-made vermouth at Eastern Standard and The Hawthorne.
Paddington, Water Cannon Tesio Highweights.
She was the daughter of Albert and Ethel Frantz Cannon.
Helen was born July 25, 1920, in Lesco, Pa. She was the daughter of Albert and Ethel Frantz Cannon.
Whatever happened to the old Civil War cannon that sat in front of City Hall in Marysville.
According to reports at the time, when Abraham Lincoln secured the nomination, the crowd went wild and a cannon on the roof was fired.
OC Lions Members Wist, Cannon Named "Melvin Jones" Fellows.
***

In science:

We have been familiar with those references for a long time though Jeckelmann failed to notice our previous paper.2 The results by Cannon et al. were obtained in small clusters.7 Naturally, the finite-size effect is unavoidable.
A close look at Jeckelmann's weak-coupling results: Reply to the Comment by Jeckelmann
The existence of a Cannon-Thurston map follows from Lemma 1.29.
Relative Hyperbolicity, Trees of Spaces and Cannon-Thurston Maps
It is now easy to assemble the pieces to deduce the existence of Cannon-Thurston maps.
Relative Hyperbolicity, Trees of Spaces and Cannon-Thurston Maps
If S denotes the corresponding finite volume hyperbolic surface with some hyperbolic structure, then the inclusion i : eS → fM extends continuously to the boundary, i.e. has a Cannon-Thurston map.
Relative Hyperbolicity, Trees of Spaces and Cannon-Thurston Maps
If N denotes a geometrical ly finite hyperbolic 3 manifold with some hyperbolic structure identified with the convex core of M, then the inclusion i : fN → fM preserves extends continuously to the boundary, i.e. has a Cannon-Thurston map.
Relative Hyperbolicity, Trees of Spaces and Cannon-Thurston Maps
It follows that such pairs (π1(S ), G) have Cannon-Thurston maps.
Relative Hyperbolicity, Trees of Spaces and Cannon-Thurston Maps
Cannon-Thurston Maps for Hyperbolic Group Extensions.
Relative Hyperbolicity, Trees of Spaces and Cannon-Thurston Maps
Cannon-Thurston Maps for Trees of Hyperbolic Metric Spaces.
Relative Hyperbolicity, Trees of Spaces and Cannon-Thurston Maps
Cannon-Thurston Maps for Pared Manifolds of Bounded Geometry.
Relative Hyperbolicity, Trees of Spaces and Cannon-Thurston Maps
More recently, it was shown that the entropies of the hot gas in groups and clusters, especially groups, are higher than those predicted by models of gravitational structure formation (Ponman, Cannon, & Navarro 1999).
Influence of AGN Outbursts on the Surrounding Galaxies
Sammartino, in a pair of articles, see, recently further improved by Lombardo, Cannone and Sammartino in .
Boundary layers and the vanishing viscosity limit for incompressible 2D flow
Osa jda was supported in part by MNiSW grant N N201 541738, and by the ANR grants Cannon and Th´eorie G´eom´etrique des Groupes.
Dismantlability of weakly systolic complexes and applications
We show that Cannon-Thurston maps exist for degenerate free groups without parabolics, i.e. for handlebody groups.
Cannon-Thurston Maps for Kleinian Groups
Combining these techniques with earlier work proving the existence of Cannon-Thurston maps for surface groups, we show that Cannon-Thurston maps exist for arbitrary finitely generated Kleinian groups, proving a conjecture of McMullen.
Cannon-Thurston Maps for Kleinian Groups
We also show that point pre-images under Cannon-Thurston maps for degenerate free groups without parabolics correspond to end-points of leaves of an ending lamination in the Masur domain, whenever a point has more than one pre-image.
Cannon-Thurston Maps for Kleinian Groups
***