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  • C
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj c being ten more than ninety
    • n C street names for cocaine
    • n C the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet
    • n c the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet
    • n C (music) the keynote of the scale of C major
    • n C a general-purpose programing language closely associated with the UNIX operating system
    • n C a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second
    • n C a degree on the centigrade scale of temperature
    • n C ten 10s
    • n C an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
    • n C a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine
    • n C one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
    • n C a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
    • n c the speed at which light travels in a vacuum; the constancy and universality of the speed of light is recognized by defining it to be exactly 299,792,458 meters per second
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

General Sir James Henry Craig, K.C.B General Sir James Henry Craig, K.C.B
L. C. Page and Company L. C. Page and Company
From the Ordinarye of Christians, c. 1550 From the Ordinarye of Christians, c. 1550
The Midnight Constellations of Spring, B.C. 2700 The Midnight Constellations of Spring, B.C. 2700
The Midnight Constellations of Winter, B.C. 2700 The Midnight Constellations of Winter, B.C. 2700
Position of Spring Equinox, B.C. 2700 Position of Spring Equinox, B.C. 2700
Rev. C.M. Cracherode Rev. C.M. Cracherode
Major-General Sir John Monash, K.C.B., V.D Major-General Sir John Monash, K.C.B., V.D

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Library of Congress, located in Washington D.C., is the largest library in the world
    • C As a numeral, C stands for Latin centum or 100, CC for 200, etc.
    • C (Mus) C after the clef is the mark of common time, in which each measure is a semibreve (four fourths or crotchets); for alla breve time it is written.
    • C C is the third letter of the English alphabet. It is from the Latin letter C, which in old Latin represented the sounds of k, and gin go); its original value being the latter. In Anglo-Saxon words, or Old English before the Norman Conquest, it always has the sound of k. The Latin C was the same letter as the Greek Γ, γ, and came from the Greek alphabet. The Greeks got it from the Phœnicians. The English name of C is from the Latin name ce, and was derived, probably, through the French. Etymologically C is related to g h k q sand other sibilant sounds). Examples of these relations are in L. acutus, E. acute, ague; E. acrid, eager, vinegar; L. cornu, E. horn; E. cat, kitten; E. coy, quiet; L. circare, OF. cerchier, E. search.
    • C (Mus) The keynote of the normal or “natural” scale, which has neither flats nor sharps in its signature; also, the third note of the relative minor scale of the same.
    • C (Mus) The “C clef,” a modification of the letter C, placed on any line of the staff, shows that line to be middle C.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: George Washington named Washington D.C. "Federal City." It was changed to "Washington D.C." after his death.
    • c The third letter and second consonant in the English, as in general in the other alphabets derived from the Phenician. The value of the sign, however, in Phenician as in Greek, was that of a hard g (in go, give); and so also originally in Latin, beside the sign k, which had the proper k-sound. But the Latins gave up for a time the written distinction of the k-sound from the g-sound, writing both with the same character, C; and when later they readopted the distinction, instead of reducing C to its original value, and restoring k, they retained the k-value for the c, and added a tag to the same character for the g-sound, thus turning C into G. The comparative table of forms, like that given for the other letters (compare A and B), is as follows:
    • c As a numeral, in the Roman system, C stands for 100, and is repeated up to CCCC, 400 (followed by D, 500). This symbol, originally ⊙, that is, the Greek theta (Θ), was afterward reduced to C and understood to stand for centum, a hundred.
    • c As a symbol: In music: Used in English and German to designate the key-note of the natural scale. See natural and scale.
    • c As an abbreviation, c. or C. stands, in dental formulas of zoölogy (c.), for canine tooth; in United States money (c.), for cent; in thermometer-readings (c.), for centigrade; in French money (c.), for centime; in references (c.), for chapter (or Latin capitulum); in dates, before the number (c.), for Latin circa, about: in meteorology (c.), for cirrus; in a ship's log-book (c.), for cloudy; and in measures of volume (c.), for cubic.
    • n c An abbreviation of chief accountant, of controller of accounts, and in Great Britain of chartered accountant.
    • n c An abbreviation of Companion of the Bath. See bath.
    • n c An abbreviation of County Commissioner and of County Court.
    • n c An abbreviation of Civil Engineer.
    • n c An abbreviation
    • n c of commissary-general, and
    • n c of consul-general.
    • n c An abbreviation
    • n c of court-house, very common in the southern United States, and as far north as southern Pennsylvania, as a part of town-names: as, Spottsylvania C. H.; and.
    • n c of custom-house.
    • c An abbreviation of chief justice.
    • n c An abbreviation of the Latin (New Latin) Chirurgiæ Magister, Master in Surgery.
    • n c An abbreviation of care of, common in addressing letters, etc. Often written c/o
    • n c An abbreviation of Common Pleas and of Court of Probate.
    • n c An abbreviation of the Latin Custos Rotuloruin, Keeper of the Rolls:
    • n c of the Latin Carolus Rex, Charles the King, or of Carolina Regina, Caroline the Queen.
    • n c An abbreviation of Court of Session;
    • n c Clerk of the Signet;
    • n c Custos Sigilli, Keeper of the Seal;
    • n c con sordini (which see).
    • c An abbreviation of Court and [lowercase] of centimeter.
    • c An abbreviation of Court of Appeal;
    • c of Court of Arches;
    • c of Chancery Appeals;
    • c of commercial agent;
    • c of Confederate army;
    • c of county alderman.
    • c An abbreviation of Cape Breton;
    • c of Chief Baron (of the Exchequer) (see baron, 2);
    • c of the Latin Chirurgiæ Baccalaurens, Bachelor of Surgery: a degree conferred by certain institutions at the end of the third year of a four years' course for the degree of M. D.;
    • c of Common Bench;
    • c Milit., of confined to barracks.
    • c An abbreviation of Caius College;
    • c of Catholic clergyman;
    • c of cepi corpus;
    • c of Chancery cases;
    • c of Circuit Court;
    • c of City Court;
    • c of Civil Code;
    • c of Civil Court;
    • c of consular clerk;
    • c of contra credit;
    • c of county clerk;
    • c of county councilor;
    • c in ceramics, of cream-colored;
    • c of Cricket Club;
    • c of crown cases; of crown clerk;
    • c in Freemasonry, of Celestial Canopy.
    • c An abbreviation of the French compte courante (account current);
    • c of cubic centimeter.
    • c An abbreviation of cathodal duration.
    • c An abbreviation of Canada East.
    • c An abbreviation of canto fermo, and
    • c of chaplain to the forces.
    • c An abbreviation of captain-general;
    • c of captain of the guard; of coast-guard.
    • c An abbreviation of clearing-house.
    • n c The authorized abbreviated form of Imperial Order of the Crown of India. See Order of the Crown, under crown.
    • c An abbreviation of Commander of the Order of Leopold. See Order of Leopold, under order.
    • c An abbreviation of Certified Master
    • c of Church Missionary
    • c of common meter
    • c of corresponding member.
    • n c An abbreviation of Commanding Officer
    • n c of Colonial Office.
    • n c An abbreviation of candle-power;
    • n c of Chief Patriarch;
    • n c of Clerk of the Peace;
    • n c of Code of Procedure;
    • n c of Congregatio Passionis, Congregation of the Passion.
    • n c An abbreviation of the Latin Civis Romanus, Roman citizen.
    • c An abbreviation of Civil Service
    • c of clerk of session
    • c of commissary of subsistence
    • c of current strength.
    • c An abbreviation of Certificated Teacher.
    • n c An abbreviation of Common Version (of the Bible).
    • c An abbreviation of (Gould's) Cordova Zones. See G. C. Z.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Most of the vitamin C in fruits is in the skin.
    • C the third letter of our alphabet, originally having the sound of g, then of k, and finally, in some languages, equivalent to s: (mus.) name of one of the notes of the gamut, also the sound on which the system is founded—the scale C major has neither flats nor sharps, and therefore is called the natural scale.
    • ***


  • Frank Dane
    “Where the criminals cover their crimes by making them legal. [On Washington D. C.]”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The values of the Walt Disney company: The four C s: Curiosity, Confidence, Courage, Consistency, and the greatest of these is Confidence.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The world is run by C students.”
  • French Proverb
    French Proverb
    “Partir, c'est mourir un peu. (To leave is to die a little.)”
  • Ambrose Bierce
    “Confidante. One entrusted by A with the secrets of B confided to herself by C.”
  • Charles Luckman
    Charles Luckman
    “Success is that old A B C; ability, breaks, and courage.”


In literature:

The chief honours conferred upon him were: G.C.H., 1825; K.G., 1835; G.C.M.G., 1845; G.C.B., 1855; K.P., 1861; K.T., 1881.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 1" by Various
If we were merely out to run a canteen, others could perhaps have done the canteen work as well, or nearly as well, as the Y.M.C.A.
"The Romance of the Red Triangle" by Arthur Keysall Yapp
Rulhiere, C. C. de (1735-1791), historian, &c., 436, 440.
"A Short History of French Literature" by George Saintsbury
Sergeant Hauxhurst, C. Campbell and Shockley sent North to the hospital.
"An Artilleryman's Diary" by Jenkin Lloyd Jones
The strata C C are composed of layers of fine greenish-gray sand as thin as paper.
"Principles of Geology" by Charles Lyell
The catacombs at Naples are described in C.F.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 5" by Various
The right and the left inner lobes (c, c) each carry twelve tentacles.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 6" by Various
C.; while that of birds is 42 C. The record of 40 deg.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 7" by Various
Presently, missing H. C., we turned and saw him at the lower end of the train examining the last carriage.
"Glories of Spain" by Charles W. Wood
EDMOND WARRE, M.A., D.D., D.C.L., C.B., C.V.O.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Appendix" by Various
Some notes may be added on special points, (a) Freewill is generally assumed on the Christian side (R.C.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 3" by Various
C.C., Catholic curate; county councillor.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 1" by Various
The first amphitheatre at Rome was that constructed by C. Scribonius Curio, 59 B.C.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 2" by Various
Of these, Reculver (c. 670) and Brixworth (c. 680) have aisled naves and eastern apses.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 4" by Various
To carry this out filter about 50 c. c. of the treated lye and divide into two portions in a test tube.
"Soap-Making Manual" by E. G. Thomssen
When the mixed gases were in the right proportion, the rate of absorption was about 30 c.c.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 5" by Various
In one barrack room of the R.A.M.C.
"With our Fighting Men" by William E. Sellers
No more valuable contribution to the illustration of western Chinese configuration has been given to the public than that of C.C.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 7" by Various
To solve ax + by = c in positive integers.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 7" by Various
All that we can say with any confidence at present is that somewhen about 15,000 and 12,000 B.C.
"A Short History of the World" by H. G. Wells

In poetry:

Norfolk and Western,
Bobay, and the C. & O.;
How come they treat
A hardluck feller so?
"Long Track Blues" by Sterling A Brown
Tyrant trim and telephonic,
Christmas offerings to thee?
Pardon if I seem laconic:
Not a single c.
"Christmas Cards" by Franklin Pierce Adams
C was Papa's gray Cat,
Who caught a squeaky Mouse
She pulled him by his twirly tail
All about the house.
"Nonsense Alphabet" by Edward Lear
Do ye hear them, lily fingers?
Do ye catch their tune?
Do ye hear them fo'c'sle singers
Shouting to the moon?
"To The Lubber Poets" by Bill Adams
"So did he me," seid the munke,
"Of a C pound and more;
I layde furst hande hym apon,
Ze may thonke me therefore."
"Robin Hood And The Monk" by Andrew Lang
This borys hede we bryng with song,
In worchyp of hym that thus sprang
Of a virgine to redresse all wrong,
Nowell, &c.
"Ancient Boar's Head Carol. In die natiuitat" by Anonymous British

In news:

Embarcadero Technologies has just released a new 64-bit C++Builder solution - a linear descendent of Borland's C++ Builder created more than 15 years ago.
From the press release from the N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources: RALEIGH – People are invited to join next week's conference call meeting of the board of trustees for the N.C.
1 pound ground sausage 2 c. Chopped celery 2 large onions, chopped 5 c. Crumbled cornbread 5 c. Seasoned bread crumbs 2 ¾ c.
Canadian National Railway said it had a profit of C$664 million ($670 million) in the third quarter, about 1 percent more than the C$659 million earned in the same 2011 period.
C-nario plans to take the wraps off its new C-nario Cube at InfoComm 08.
C-nario, a Tel Aviv, Israel-based developer of digital signage solutions, plans to take the wraps off its new C-nario Cube at InfoComm 08.
State transportation officials have awarded a contract to construct a new stretch of roadway that will connect N.C 116 and N.C 107.
Hickson, C Ryan Hollins Nets probables: PG Jordan Farmar, SG Anthony Morrow, SF Stephen Graham, PF Kris Humphries, C Brook Lopez Officials: Marc Davis, Josh Tiven, Sean Wright Injury report: Cavs.
Candidate mistaken in calling N.C. Register of Deeds candidate Small reprimanded by N.C.
The word from Washington is that the White House is pressuring, or more diplomatically, "signaling" the F.C.C.
Aluka Berry The (Columbia, S.C.) State Voters line up Friday to cast early ballots in Columbia, S.C. Part of a trend toward voting before Election Day Tuesday throughout the nation where it's allowed.
Laura Weinberg maintained her torrid scoring pace and Duke continued to dominate the women’s soccer series with N.C. 5 Duke continues women's soccer domination vs N.C.
Ryan Pilla, besides winning two national S.C.C.A.
U-C Irvine used a three-run eighthinning to defeat Texas 9-6 today and win the N-C-double-A regionalin Round Rock.
C Faw of Wilkesboro, N.C.

In science:

Or, if C ′′ is the chamber i-adjacent to C ′, then i ∈ des(C, C ′ ) if and only if d(C, C ′ ) = d(C, C ′′ ) + 1.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
Given C, C ′ ∈ C, the minimal length l of a gallery from C to C ′ is the distance between C and C ′, denoted d(C, C ′ ); and any gallery from C to C ′ of minimal length d(C, C ′ ) is called a minimal gal lery.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
We shall use the notation C(r) to mean C with r punctures (so C∗ = C(1)), and for the purpose of this subsection we used C ∪ C ′ to mean disjoint union of curves C and C ′, and C + C ′ to mean union with a single normal crossing.
Rational polynomials of simple type
Defintion 1 The wreath product of C and D is a semidirect product C and PC D, where C acts on PC D by shifts: if c ∈ C, f : C → D, f ∈ PC D, then f c (x) = f (xc−1 ), x ∈ C .
Drift and entropy growth for random walks on groups
The equalities C+ = {c+ ∈ PC+ / c∞ ∈ C∞} and C∞ = {c∞ ∈ PC∞ / c+ ∈ C+} are obvious.
The temporal calculus of conditional objects and conditional events
These are the pro jection functors P : C × C −→ C and Q : C × C −→ C, the diagonal functor ∆ : C −→ C × C defined by ∆(X ) = (X, X ) and the transposition functor τ : C × C −→ C × C .
The categorical theory of relations and quantizations
Therefore, as braided spherical categories C ⊠ ˜C ∼= I (C ) ⊠ ˜I ( ˜C ) = I (C ) ⊠ Z1 (C ) ∩ I (C )′ ≃ I (C ) ∨ I (C )′ .
From Subfactors to Categories and Topology II. The quantum double of tensor categories and subfactors
From the definition we see that, if f ∈ O (regarded as an element of ˆH ), then the (c′, c′′ )entry of ι−1 (f ) (for c′, c′′ in P ) is 0 if c′ 6= c′′ and is w ′−1 (f ) if c′ = c′′ ; here w ′ ∈ W0 is the unique element of minimal length of W0 such that w ′ (c) = c′ .
Classification of unipotent representations of simple p-adic groups,II
Proof: ∇˙c ˙c = κ( ˙c∗ ˙c) = K ( ˙c∗ ˙c−H ˙c ˙c∗ ˙c) = K ( ˙c∗ ˙c−S ( ˙c)) by the construction of S in Proposition 4.1.
Generalized Sprays and Nonlinear Connections
Now (H2dφ!K )|c = (H− dim cφ!K [d0 ])|c is isomorphic to ⊕ρ′∈Irr Eρ′ ⊗ H− dim c (I C (¯c′, F ′ )[dim c′ ])|c where (c′, F ′ ) = γ (ρ′).
Character sheaves on disconnected groups, II
If c 6= c′ then H− dim c I C (¯c′, F ′ )[dim c′ ]|c = 0, by the definition of an intersection cohomology complex, while if c = c′, we have H− dim c I C (¯c′, F ′ )[dim c′ ]|c = F ′ .
Character sheaves on disconnected groups, II
Pairs of holes of size ǫ are added symmetrically at the edges of the invariant density. ‘Outer’ holes at (c − ǫ, c) and (1 − c, 1 − c + ǫ) lie within the high density region, ‘inner’ holes at (c, c + ǫ) and (1 − c − ǫ, 1 − c) in the low density region.
Lifetimes of noisy repellors
M(c1, c2 ) mod 2 and define the boundary operator ∂k : C Fk → C Fk−1 as linear extension of ∂k c = XI (c′ )=k−1 n(c, c′ )c′ for c ∈ C with I (c) = k .
The Arnold-Givental conjecture and moment Floer homology
Indeed, if c ∈ C coC, then ∆C (c) = c ⊗A x, hence c = ε(c)x = f (ε(c)).
Galois corings from the descent theory point of view
Similar definitions apply to left C -comodules and (C, C )-bicomodules. C is said to be right (left) semisimple if it is semisimple as a right (left) C -comodule. C is called a simple coring if it is simple as a (C, C )-bicomodule.
Galois corings from the descent theory point of view