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bug

Definitions

  • say, Cap, What Kind O' Bug is This?' 099
    say, Cap, What Kind O' Bug is This?' 099
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v bug annoy persistently "The children teased the boy because of his stammer"
    • v bug tap a telephone or telegraph wire to get information "The FBI was tapping the phone line of the suspected spy","Is this hotel room bugged?"
    • n bug a minute life form (especially a disease-causing bacterium); the term is not in technical use
    • n bug general term for any insect or similar creeping or crawling invertebrate
    • n bug insects with sucking mouthparts and forewings thickened and leathery at the base; usually show incomplete metamorphosis
    • n bug a small hidden microphone; for listening secretly
    • n bug a fault or defect in a computer program, system, or machine
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

CATCHING DOODLE-BUGS CATCHING DOODLE-BUGS
Young and adult bed-bug Young and adult bed-bug
bug walking on water bug walking on water
Baby following a bug Baby following a bug

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Bugs Bunny was originally called "Happy Rabbit."
    • Bug A bugbear; anything which terrifies. "Sir, spare your threats:
      The bug which you would fright me with I seek."
    • Bug (Zoöl) A general name applied to various insects belonging to the Hemiptera; as, the squash bug; the chinch bug, etc.
    • Bug A hidden electronic listening device, used to hear or record conversations surreptitiously.
    • Bug An enthusiast; -- used mostly in combination, as a camera bug .
    • Bug (Computers) An error in the coding of a computer program, especially one causing the program to malfunction or fail. See, for example, year 2000 bug. "That's not a bug, it's a feature!"
    • Bug An infectious microorganism; a germ{4}.
    • Bug (Zoöl) An insect of the genus Cimex, especially the bedbug (Cimex lectularius). See Bedbug.
    • Bug An undiagnosed illness, usually mild, believed to be caused by an infectious organism.
    • Bug Any unexpected defect or flaw, such as in a machine or a plan.
    • Bug (Zoöl) One of certain kinds of Crustacea; as, the sow bug; pill bug; bait bug; salve bug, etc.
    • Bug (Zoöl) One of various species of Coleoptera; as, the ladybug; potato bug, etc.; loosely, any beetle.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In 1998, Ten Speed Press publishing company published a book, "The Eat A Bug Cookbook" by David George Gordon that contains over 33 bug recipes
    • n bug A hobgoblin; a specter; anything terrifying; a bugbear.
    • n bug A term loosely applied to many kinds of insects, commonly with certain distinctive additions, as May-bug, lady-bug, land-bugs (Geocorisæ), water-bugs (Hydrocorisæ), etc.
    • n bug Especially The Cimex lectularius, the bedbug or house-bug, or any member of this genus or of the family Cimicidæ. The bedbug is about inch long, wingless, with a roundish, depressed body, of dirty rust-color, and emits an offensive smell when touched. The female lays her eggs in summer in the crevices of furniture and of the walls of rooms. Its larvæ are small, white, and semi-transparent. They attain full size in eleven weeks. The mouth of the bedbug has a 3-jointed proboscis, which forms a sheath for a sucker.
    • n bug plural In entomology, the Hemiptera, and especially the heteropterous division of that order.
    • n bug An entomostracous crustacean of cursorial habit or bug-like aspect, as an isopod. Some are parasites of fishes, others terrestrial. See bugfish, salve-bug, sowbug, pill-bug.
    • bug To hunt for bugs; collect or destroy insects: chiefly in the present participle: as, to go bugging.
    • bug To bend.
    • bug Big; threatening.
    • bug Proud; self-important; pompous; conceited.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1943, Navy officer Grace Hopper had no choice but to fix a computer glitch manually. The source of the problem? A moth. Hence the term "computer bug."
    • n Bug bug an object of terror
    • adj Bug causing fright
    • n Bug bug a name applied loosely to certain insects, esp. to one (Cimex lectularius) that infests houses and beds: in America applied to any insect.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Frogs have it easy, they can eat what bugs them”
  • Bill Gates
    Bill Gates
    “There are no significant bugs in our released software that any significant number of users want fixed”
  • Mark Twain
    Mark%20Twain
    “The difference between the right word and the almost right word is the difference between lightning and the lightning bug.”
  • Mark Twain
    Mark%20Twain
    “It is better to be a young June-bug than an old bird of paradise.”
  • Mark Twain
    Mark%20Twain
    “The difference between the almost right word and the right word is really a large mattertis the difference between the lightning-bug and the lightning.”
  • Mark Knopfler
    Mark Knopfler
    “Sometimes you're the windshield; sometimes you're the bug”

Idioms

Cute as a bug - (USA) If something is as cute as a bug, it is sweet and endearing.
***
Put a bug in your ear - If you put a bug in someone's ear, you give him or her a reminder or suggestion relating to a future event.
***
Snug as a bug in a rug - If you're as snug as a bug in a rug, you are feeling very comfortable indeed.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. bugge, fr. W. bwg, bwgan, hobgoblin, scarecrow, bugbear. Cf. Bogey Boggle

Usage

In literature:

Personally, Smith regarded the bug-hunter's chances as slim.
"'Me-Smith'" by Caroline Lockhart
The bug became greatly attached to the maiden, and partook of her moods and dispositions.
"Buchanan's Journal of Man, October 1887" by Various
Neither Bug-Jargal nor Habibrah does anything glaringly and longwindedly impossible.
"A History of the French Novel, Vol. 2" by George Saintsbury
Fowls live upon grain, bugs, and worms.
"Friends in Feathers and Fur, and Other Neighbors" by James Johonnot
Poe's "Gold-Bug" changes from thirty-eight to twenty-one.
"English: Composition and Literature" by W. F. (William Franklin) Webster
In the order Hemiptera, or the true "bugs" in an entomological sense, we find a few forms that may carry disease.
"Insects and Diseases" by Rennie W. Doane
For two years the crop had been almost wholly destroyed by chinch bugs.
"A Son of the Middle Border" by Hamlin Garland
I can only say in our own defense that it was the kind of 'bug' we couldn't have found without tearing the building apart.
"The Electronic Mind Reader" by John Blaine
Beware of the fire-bug," she repeated, "and not a human in sight that fire-bug fires.
"The Girl Scouts at Sea Crest" by Lillian Garis
I jest seen you light up like a lightnin'-bug!
"Sunlight Patch" by Credo Fitch Harris
Nothing could look more innocent and inoffensive than the kauri-bug, yet few insects rival it in crime.
"Brighter Britain! (Volume 1 of 2)" by William Delisle Hay
I find it very much of a rest to study these plants and bugs.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science September 1930" by Various
It now held a wide front from the Narev in the north to the valley of the Bug River.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
Next came a shining bug with wings and body as black as lamp-smoke, who solemnly professed his passion.
"Japanese Fairy World" by William Elliot Griffis
South of the Nareff, toward the Bug and Brest-Litovsk, the fighting continued throughout the following days.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume IV (of 8)"
But is that not rather hard on the lightning-bugs?
"Tales of Fishes" by Zane Grey
S'ppose the Bug downs Mike, or Mike does up the Bug?
"Faro Nell and Her Friends" by Alfred Henry Lewis
It's filling the room with bugs.
"A Forest Hearth: A Romance of Indiana in the Thirties" by Charles Major
He has a reputation for finding bugs in electronic circuits.
"The Egyptian Cat Mystery" by Harold Leland Goodwin
In less than an hour it has killed many of the bugs and beetles which were destroying the plants.
"Health Lessons" by Alvin Davison
***

In poetry:

Fond friends, don't grieve
For scenes like these,
Or smart from bugs, mosquitoes, fleas,
Dwell not with me.
"Dwell not with Me" by Anonymous Oceania
The Katydids wus callin' clar,
The fire bugs was glowin',
The smell ov clover fill'd the air.
Thet day old Spense'd bin mowin'--
With a mower yellin' drefful screams,
Like them skreeks we hear in nightmare dreams.
"Old Spense" by Isabella Valancy Crawford
And never partial were those bugs, no mortal would they spare,
No dignity could keep them off, they just bit everywhere,
And generals could not deny but what each had a share
Of graybacks so constantly nibbling.—CHORUS
"The Graybacks So Tenderly Clinging" by Anonymous Americas
All sittin’ roun’, spittin’ high an’ struttin’? proud,
(Listen, little whippoorwill, yuh better bug yore eyes!)
Tun-a-tun-a-tunin’ while the jedges told the crowd
Them that got the mostest claps'd win the bestest prize.
"The Mountain Whippoorwill" by Stephen Vincent Benet
W'y, I git my fancy focussed on the past so mortal plain
I kin even smell the locus'-blossoms bloomin' in the lane;
And I hear the cow-bells clinkin' sweeter tunes 'n "money musk"
Far the lightnin'-bugs a-blinkin'and a-dancin'in the dusk.
"Romancin'" by James Whitcomb Riley
Some folks says dat gold 's de only money dat is wuff de name,
Den de othahs rise an' tell 'em dat dey ought to be ashame,
An' dat silvah is de only thing to save us f'om de powah
Of de gold-bug ragin' 'roun' an' seekin' who he may devowah.
"The Real Question" by Paul Laurence Dunbar

In news:

' Dragnet ' star gets some help from the LAPD's bug man.
'Dragon's Blood' May Slay Ulcer Bug.
FDA find bugs, flying bird, at affiliate of meningitis pharmacy.
'Survivalist' murder suspect goes to ground in huge earthen 'bug out' bunker.
What he meant was that he had chosen the antibiotic without knowing which bug Iris had growing in her chest.
Love bugs return en masse .
Swarms of love bugs descended upon a.
Swarms of love bugs descended upon a Fort Pierce parking lot on Tuesday.
But the number signs atop local traffic signal poles have really been bugging me.
Louie the Lightning Bug buzzed around Bedford Public Schools this week.
T-shirt buzz: 'What's Bugging You?'.
Bugging Out With Vermont Entomology .
The Platinum-trimmed Escalade is visually differentiated from lesser Escalades by its unique wheels, Platinum badging, and its LED headlights, which each feature seven large bulbs that give the headlights a bug-like appearance.
AUSTIN, Texas (AP) — An unwanted, sticky glaze showing up in Central Texas has been blamed on recently rains and what bugs leave behind.
From The Exorcist to Bug William Freidkin's movies examine people battling real and symbolic forces of evil.
***

In science:

Thanks are due to Aleksy Schubert for spotting a bug in an earlier version of this paper.
Retractions of Types with Many Atoms
Jim Propp bugs me sometimes. I’m usually glad when he does.
Goldbug Variations
Today, Jim’s bugs are trained to hop back and forth on the positive integers: place a bug at 1, and with each hop, a bug at i moves to either i + 1 or i − 2.
Goldbug Variations
What I haven’t mentioned is how the bugs decide whether to jump left or right.
Goldbug Variations
We could declare it a random walk, stepping in either direction with probability 1/2, but the U. of Wisconsin professor’s bugs are more orderly than that.
Goldbug Variations
Inbound, towards i − 2 and the bug cups, or Outbound, towards infinity.
Goldbug Variations
The bugs are somewhat contrarian, so when a bug lands at i, it first flips the arrow to point the opposite direction, and then hops that way (Fig. 1).
Goldbug Variations
Figure 2: The bounces of (a) the first bug, (b) the fourth bug.
Goldbug Variations
Second, find what fraction of the bugs end their journeys in the cup at −1, in the many-bugs limit.
Goldbug Variations
Before we get to the serious work, let’s answer the question, can a bug hop around in a bounded area forever? It cannot: let i be the minimal place visited infinitely often by the bug — oops, half the time, that visit is followed by a trip to i − 2, a contradiction.
Goldbug Variations
So each bug either lands in a cup or, as far as we know now, runs off to infinity.
Goldbug Variations
Perhaps you noticed that of the first five bugs, the cup at −1 catches three, while the cup at 0 catches two.
Goldbug Variations
Position i has “place value” ϕi, and the digits are conveniently mnemonic: Outbound is 0, Inbound is 1, and the bug itself is the not entirely standard digit ϕ, which may appear in addition to the 0 or 1 in the “ϕi ’s place,” where it contributes ϕi+1 to the total.
Goldbug Variations
Of course, numbers do not have a unique representation with this setup, but that’s quite deliberate: the total value is an invariant, unchanged by bug bounces.
Goldbug Variations
Bounce left: Suppose the bug arrives in position i and there is an Outbound arrow.
Goldbug Variations
***