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bridge

Definitions

  • THE CIRCULAR BRIDGE
    THE CIRCULAR BRIDGE
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v bridge make a bridge across "bridge a river"
    • v bridge cross over on a bridge
    • v bridge connect or reduce the distance between
    • n bridge any of various card games based on whist for four players
    • n bridge a structure that allows people or vehicles to cross an obstacle such as a river or canal or railway etc.
    • n bridge an upper deck where a ship is steered and the captain stands
    • n bridge the link between two lenses; rests on the nose
    • n bridge a denture anchored to teeth on either side of missing teeth
    • n bridge a wooden support that holds the strings up
    • n bridge a circuit consisting of two branches (4 arms arranged in a diamond configuration) across which a meter is connected
    • n bridge the hard ridge that forms the upper part of the nose "her glasses left marks on the bridge of her nose"
    • n bridge something resembling a bridge in form or function "his letters provided a bridge across the centuries"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

THE BRIDGE OF CAÑON DIABLO THE BRIDGE OF CAÑON DIABLO
A NATURAL BRIDGE A NATURAL BRIDGE
"The mug fell with a crash on the bridge." "The mug fell with a crash on the bridge."
Pierrepont House and Bridge Pierrepont House and Bridge
Bridge at Tilford Bridge at Tilford
Chertsey Bridge Chertsey Bridge
View from the Bridge, Woking View from the Bridge, Woking
Richmond Bridge Richmond Bridge

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Golden Gate Bridge was first opened in 1937
    • n Bridge A card game resembling whist.The trump, if any, is determined by the dealer or his partner, the value of each trick taken over six being: for “no trumps” 12, hearts 8, diamonds 6, clubs 4, spades 2. The opponents of the dealer can, after the trump is declared, double the value of the tricks, in which case the dealer or his partner can redouble, and so on. The dealer plays his partner's hand as a dummy. The side which first reaches or exceeds 30 points scored for tricks wins a game; the side which first wins two games wins a rubber. The total score for any side is the sum of the points scored for tricks, for rubbers (each of which counts 100), for honors (which follow a special schedule of value), and for slam little slam, and chicane.
    • Bridge (Elec) A device to measure the resistance of a wire or other conductor forming part of an electric circuit.
    • Bridge A low wall or vertical partition in the fire chamber of a furnace, for deflecting flame, etc.; -- usually called a bridge wall.
    • Bridge A structure, usually of wood, stone, brick, or iron, erected over a river or other water course, or over a chasm, railroad, etc., to make a passageway from one bank to the other.
    • Bridge Anything supported at the ends, which serves to keep some other thing from resting upon the object spanned, as in engraving, watchmaking, etc., or which forms a platform or staging over which something passes or is conveyed.
    • Bridge (Mus) The small arch or bar at right angles to the strings of a violin, guitar, etc., serving of raise them and transmit their vibrations to the body of the instrument.
    • Bridge To build a bridge or bridges on or over; as, to bridge a river. "Their simple engineering bridged with felled trees the streams which could not be forded."
    • Bridge To find a way of getting over, as a difficulty; -- generally with over.
    • Bridge To open or make a passage, as by a bridge. "Xerxes . . . over Hellespont Bridging his way, Europe with Asia joined."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Florida it is illegal to fish while driving across a bridge.
    • n bridge Any structure which spans a body of water, or a valley, road, or the like, and affords passage or conveyance. Bridges are made of various materials, principally stone, iron, and wood, and in a great variety of forms. In an architecture or arched bridge the passage or roadway is carried by an arch or arches, which are supported by abutments or by piers. Such bridges are constructed of brick, stone, iron, steel, or wood. Brick is seldom used alone, except for comparatively small spans, and for unimportant work when stone cannot readily be obtained. In more important works it is often combined with stone, which is introduced to bind, to distribute pressure, to protect the more exposed portions, and for architectural effect. Stone, wherever it can be used, is the most valuable material, on account of its massiveness, stability of form, and resistance to the elements; but it is inferior to iron in economy, facility of construction, and ready adaptability to various situations. Among the finest monuments of antiquity are ranked the remains of Roman arched stone bridges. The largest stone arch known was built over the Allier, at Vieille-Brioude. France, in 1454. Its span was 183.73 feet, with a rise of 60 feet. The bridge over the Dee at Chester has a greater span (200 feet), but less rise (42 feet). The first arched bridge built of iron was erected over the river Severn, in England, and consists of 5 parallel ribs of cast-iron, with a span of 100 and a rise of 40 feet. The Southwark bridge over the Thames at London, the central one of the three arches of which has a span of 240 with a rise of 24 feet, formerly ranked as the largest Iron arched bridge; but this span has since been more than doubled, as notably in the bridge over the Mississippi at St. Louis, and the Washington bridge over the Harlem river in New York city. In an arched-beam bridge arched beams in compression constitute the principal members and sustain the load. The beams are sometimes built of parallel layers of planks, which are made to break joint. In the more important constructions the arches are often compound. They have been employed in modern bridges of considerable magnitude. An arched-truss bridge is a form in which the compression-member is an arched beam, as in the McCallum truss In a beam-truss bridge the load is supported by beam-trusses or openwork beams. A compression-chord and a tension-chord are essential, and the stresses are transferred from one to the other on their way to the points of support by means of struts and tension-bars, which together are called web-members. See phrases below for other forms.
    • n bridge The upper line or ridge of the nose, formed by the junction of the two nasal bones.
    • n bridge In engraving, a board resting on end-cleats, on which the engraver rests his hand in working. In etching two bridges are used: one with low feet or cleats, to serve for work on the unbitten plate; the other with higher feet, to raise it above the bordering-wax after it has been applied.
    • n bridge A wall, generally made of fire-brick, which is built at both ends of a reverberatory furnace, to a certain height, in order to isolate the space in which the metallurgical operation is conducted. The wall nearest the fireplace is called the fire-bridge; the other, at the opposite end, the flue-bridge.
    • n bridge In gunnery, the two pieces of timber which connect the two transoms of a gun-carriage.
    • n bridge In metallurgy, the platform or staging by which ore, fuel, etc., are conveyed to the mouth of a smelting-furnace.
    • n bridge That part of a stringed musical instrument over which the strings are stretched, and by which they are raised above the sounding-board. In bow-instruments, such as the violin, the bridge is arched, in order to allow the bow to strike any one string without touching the others.
    • n bridge Nautical, a raised platform extending from side to side of a steamship above the rail, forward of amidships, for the use and convenience of the officer in charge. It affords him an uninterrupted view, and is furnished with means for communicating, by automatic signals, with the engine-room and the wheel-house. Many large vessels have two bridges, one forward of and one abaft the mainmast; and it is now very common for the bridge to be made in two tiers, one above the other, with often an outlook-station still higher than the upper tier. In side-wheel steamers the bridge connects the paddle-boxes.
    • n bridge A metal bar supported at one or both ends of a watch-plate, and forming a bearing for a part of the works.
    • n bridge The balance-rynd of a millstone.
    • n bridge In car-building, a timber, bar, or beam which is supported at each end.
    • n bridge In euchre, a position where one side has scored four points and the other only one.
    • n bridge In electricity, an apparatus for measuring the resistance of a conductor, the arrangement of whose parts bears some resemblance to a bridge. A common form is called Wheat-stone's bridge, from the inventor. See resistance.
    • bridge To build a bridge or bridges on or over; span with a bridge: as, to bridge a river.
    • bridge To make a bridge or bridges for.
    • bridge Figuratively, to span or get over; serve as or make a way of passing or overcoming: as, conversation bridged the intervals of the play; to bridge over a difficulty.
    • bridge To shorten; abridge.
    • n bridge An arrangement of circuits, electric or magnetic, whereby the bridge circuit connects from a point or one circuit to a point of another circuit, and thereby permits a comparison of the parts of the two circuits.
    • n bridge In billiards: A notched piece of wood, attached to a long handle, used as a support for the cue when the ball is in such a position that the hand cannot conveniently be used as a rest.
    • n bridge The thumb and forefinger used as a rest over which the billiard-cue glides. The best players now use the hooked fore-finger, infolding the small end of the cue.
    • n bridge In mathematics, the crossing-place of two sheets of a Riemann's surface. It may run from 0 to ∞ along an arbitrary line, say along the ray of positive real numbers. Along the bridge the surface intersects itself.
    • n bridge A narrow-railed, movable plank extending across the flies of a theater: used in raising angels, fairies, etc., in spectacular plays, and worked by ropes and pulleys from the gridiron.
    • n bridge A platform or scaffold hung by ropes, used by mechanics in painting or finishing walls.
    • n bridge An arched easting fastened to the cover of a pump which guides the free end of the plunger or piston-rod.
    • n bridge In mining: A platform on wheels running on rails for covering the mouth of a shaft or slope.
    • n bridge A track or platform which passes over an inclined haulage-way and can be raised out of the way of ascending and descending cars.
    • n bridge An air-crossing.
    • n bridge A narrow strip, placed across an opening, for supporting something without closing too much of the opening. Also bridge-bar, bridge-piece.
    • n bridge In a Dow composing-machine, the place on the raceway where the justification of a line of characters begins.
    • n bridge The uppermost bridge, particularly in war-ships, of light construction, supported from below by open framework.
    • bridge In card-playing, to bend (a card) so that a confederate can cut the pack wherever the bent card is placed.
    • bridge In wrestling, to make a bridge of the body by pressing the head and feet on the ground and bowing up the back, to prevent the opponent from securing a fall.
    • n bridge A card game for four players, a variant of whist, called also (originally) bridge whist. The players cut for partnership and deal, each drawing from a full pack of 52 cards, spread face downward on the table. The two lowest pair against the two highest, and the lowest of the four has the choice of seats and cards and takes the first deal. In cutting, the ace is low; in play it is high, the other cards ranking from the king down to the deuce. Partners sit opposite each other, the positions at the table being as in the diagram:
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Lake Pontchartrain Causeway at New Orleans, Louisiana, is the world's largest bridge. It is almost 24 miles (about 38 kilometers) long.
    • n Bridge brij a structure raised across a river, &c., or anything like such: the narrow raised platform whence the captain of a steamer gives directions: a thin upright piece of wood supporting the strings in a violin or similar instrument
    • v.t Bridge to build a bridge over
    • n Bridge brich a modification of whist in which the dealer does not turn up the last card, but has the option (which he may pass to his partner) of declaring which suit shall be trumps.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Nick Gorski
    Nick Gorski
    “We will burn that bridge when we come to it.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “Don't cross the bridge till you come to it.”
  • Young
    Young
    “Faith builds the bridge from this old world to the new.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Build bridges instead of walls and you will have a friend.”
  • Joe Laurie Jr.
    Joe Laurie Jr.
    “If you play bridge badly you make your partner suffer, but if you play poker badly you make everybody happy.”
  • Patrick Campbell
    Patrick Campbell
    “There can be a fundamental gulf of gracelessness in a human heart which neither our love nor our courage can bridge.”

Idioms

A bridge too far - A bridge too far is an act of overreaching- going too far and getting into trouble or failing.
***
Bridge the gap - If you bridge the gap, you make a connection where there is a great difference.
***
Burn your bridges - If you burn your bridges, you do something that makes it impossible to go back from the position you have taken.
***
Cross that bridge when you come to it - If you will cross that bridge when you come to it, you will deal with a problem when it arises, but not until that point
***
Water under the bridge - If something belongs to the past and isn't important or troubling any more, it is water under the bridge.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. brig, brigge, brug, brugge, AS. brycg, bricg,; akin to Fries. bregge, D. brug, OHG. brucca, G. brücke, Icel. bryggja, pier, bridge, Sw. brygga, Dan. brygge, and prob. Icel. brū, bridge, Sw. & Dan. bro, bridge, pavement, and possibly to E. brow,

Usage

In literature:

Their palisades were torn down and turned into a bridge, and the fort was stormed.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
Another bridge which has historic interest for the American is the San Juan bridge.
"The Critic in the Orient" by George Hamlin Fitch
To realize the spot as best we may, let us pause on the bridge among those casting for trout below the upper fall and glance around.
"The Book of the National Parks" by Robert Sterling Yard
As they passed the Lockport bridge, where the youth hung in an eddy for a moment, the men on the bridge threw them a rope.
"The Johnstown Horror" by James Herbert Walker
They are connected by a rustic wooden bridge, which spans the rift in front of the doors.
"Lives of the Engineers The Locomotive. George and Robert Stephenson" by Samuel Smiles
Another silversmith who had a shop on Bridge (M) Street in 1833 was R. H. L. Villard.
"A Portrait of Old George Town" by Grace Dunlop Ecker
There was neither bridge nor ford, nor crossing of any kind to be seen, and the current was both wide and deep.
"The Plant Hunters" by Mayne Reid
The Bridge Building Brothers constructed many bridges in France of which several still remain.
"The History of London" by Walter Besant
But the ferry and the bridge were both of almost immemorial antiquity.
"Highways and Byways in Surrey" by Eric Parker
The crossing of this brigade "by the iron bridge," that is, the Bulwer bridge, was to be prepared by the fire of No.
"History of the War in South Africa 1899-1902 v. 1 (of 4)" by Frederick Maurice
I am not here as the spokesman of my associates in the Board of Bridge Trustees.
"Opening Ceremonies of the New York and Brooklyn Bridge, May 24, 1883" by William C. Kingsley
The signal mast stood just behind the bridge deck.
"The Motor Boat Club and The Wireless" by H. Irving Hancock
They followed to Cub Run bridge, but a few cannon and musket shots sent them back to the Stone Bridge.
"My Days and Nights on the Battle-Field" by Charles Carleton Coffin
I did not espy you at the bridge.
"Robin Hood" by Paul Creswick
They crossed the bridge, and the bridge was whipped up behind them.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
It was the bridge of the Wauna, the Bridge of the Gods, the bridge he had seen in his vision eight years before.
"The Bridge of the Gods" by Frederic Homer Balch
The sky was full of stars that swept down to form a bridge ending at his feet.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
By a ruse, which returned upon their own heads, the Germans had preserved one bridge across the Aisne, the bridge at Conde.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
The bridge machinery of the big division moved on in even rhythm.
"Whispering Smith" by Frank H. Spearman
The approaches to the bridge were also designed by Mylne, who built himself a house at the corner of Little Bridge Street.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
***

In poetry:

London Bridge is falling down,
Falling down, falling down,
London Bridge is falling down,
My fair Lady.
"London Bridge is Falling Down" by Anonymous British
Once engrossing Bridge of Lodi,
Is thy claim to glory gone?
Must I pipe a palinody,
Or be silent thereupon?
"The Bridge Of Lodi" by Thomas Hardy
We go--by sedgy fallows
And along the stifled brook,
Till it stops in lushy mallows
Just at the bridge's crook.
"The Ramble" by Cale Young Rice
AMONG the legends sung or said
Along our rocky shore,
The Wishing Bridge of Marblehead
May well be sung once more.
"The Wishing Bridge" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Or has he turned his gaze within,
Lost to his own vicinity;
Erecting in a doubtful dream
Frail bridges to Infinity.
"Old Man" by Jean Starr Untermeyer
Life thunders on…
Over the black bridge
The line of lighted cars
Creeps like a monstrous serpent
Spooring gold…
"Frank Little At Calvary" by Lola Ridge

In news:

Oregon Department of Transportation crews have blocked off one lane of Portland's Fremont bridge to deal with a bridge joint that popped up.
Jeff Bridges as John L Bridges, Isabelle Huppert as Ella Watson and Kris Kristofferson as James Averill in the 1980 Western Heaven's Gate, a director's cut of which was released in November.
Shekinah Doze wrestles with her teammate Sam Crisman during Rock Bridge wrestling practice Thursday at Rock Bridge High School.
The plan was for three gliders under Howard to land and seize the bridge on the Caen Canal, while the remaining three gliders under Captain Priday seized the bridge over the Orne River.
Bridge officials say the debut of electronic tolls on the Golden Gate Bridge has been pushed back to March.
Golden Gate Bridge Celebrates 75 Years With the Opening of New Bridge Pavilion.
Thousands of people flocked to San Francisco's waterfront and onto Golden Gate Bridge on Sunday to celebrate the bridge's 75th birthday.
As San Francisco hosts a citywide birthday party for the Golden Gate Bridge's 75th anniversary, one thing that won't be celebrated is the fact that the bridge continues to be the world's top suicide site.
As San Francisco hosts a citywide birthday party for the Golden Gate Bridge 's 75th anniversary, one thing that won't be celebrated is the fact that the bridge continues to be the world's top suicide site.
After years of debate about installing a suicide barrier along the bridge -- including a debate about aesthetics -- bridge officials approved construction of a suicide barrier in 2010.
Planners ultimately rejected Chicago bridge builder Joseph Strauss' original design for the bridge, shown here.
On Memorial Day weekend, the Golden Gate Bridge 's 75th birthday celebration will include a unique performance: a legendary Bay Area musician will be playing a giant replica of the bridge.
Rock Bridge's Ali Kreklow (9) sets a ball in front of Katherine Allen during Hannibal 's 25-21, 13-25, 25-18 victory in a Class 4 District 9 semifinal at Rock Bridge.
Rock Bridge falls to Hannibal 25-21, 13-25, 25-18 in a Class 4 District 9 semifinal at Rock Bridge on Tuesday, October 24.
The results of a comprehensive analysis of various bridge heights for the replacement Interstate 5 bridge will be shared and discussed at a public open house Wednesday, in Vancouver.
***

In science:

U(gln ) for the general q and t, we do not go over the Harish-Chandra bridge and stay entirely within the commutative world of polynomials.
Combinatorial formula for Macdonald polynomials, Bethe Ansatz, and generic Macdonald polynomials
If you’re not concerned about the fact that your bridges in theory will eventually fall down because of thermal crack nucleation, perhaps the associated non-convergence of Hooke’s law shouldn’t distress you.
Formal Considerations about Fracture: Nucleation and Growth
This allows to bridge between random graphs and extensively developed theory of random real symmetric matrices and their spectra (see, e.g. ).
THe largest eigenvalue of sparse random graphs
K (2) eff ≃ Kcb where Kcb is the cross-bridge elasticity.
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
Conversely, a problem that deserves to be mentioned at this point is whether it is possible to make a bridge between dilute gases and dense fluids, like helium, within a single theoretical scheme.
Helium nanodroplets and trapped Bose-Einstein condensates as prototypes of finite quantum fluids
In most PSKR models (many of which were worked out when the existence and role of meridional circulation was still not clear), turbulent diffusivity acted as the bridge between the source regions of the toroidal and the poloidal field - which often overlapped in these models.
Characteristics Of A Magnetic Buoyancy Driven Solar Dynamo Model
We introduce a method, based on an exact calculation of the effective action at large N, to bridge the gap between mean field theory and renormalization in complex systems.
Functional renormalization group at large N for random manifolds
So indeed it represents the repetitions of the experiment for (a|b) according to the “bridge” repetition rule start history anew.
The temporal calculus of conditional objects and conditional events
To bridge this gap, using some recent results of Varadara jan, Ashtekar and Lewandowski have located, analyzed and used Minkowskian Fock states in the background independent framework.
GR16: Quantum General Relativity
The zero-level set of the Brownian bridge as a model of disordered physical systems.
Random walks in random environment on trees and multiplicative chaos
Later we are going to put the focus on PMP irreversibility. A thorough understanding of the one-period driving reversal scenario is both important by itself, and also constitutes a bridge towards a theory for the response to periodic driving .
Quantum Irreversibility of Energy Spreading
The main ingredients of the proof of Theorem 3.1 are reflection arguments and precise analytic knowledge of the contribution to the intersection local time coming from paths that satisfy the socalled “bridge condition”, i.e., lie between their starting and ending locations S0 and Sn .
Weak-interaction limits for one-dimensional random polymers
In particular, the path then satisfies the bridge condition, and this reasoning leads to the strict convexity and real-analyticity of the rate function on (θ∗∗, L).
Weak-interaction limits for one-dimensional random polymers
As the hammock width increases initially, clusters tend to be fuzzy with many vertices bridging across each cluster.
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
As the hammock width continues to increase, however, clusters will crystallize with only one or two vertices serving as bridges across SCCs.
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
***