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brace

Definitions

  • Back of Steel Square, Brace Measure
    Back of Steel Square, Brace Measure
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v brace cause to be alert and energetic "Coffee and tea stimulate me","This herbal infusion doesn't stimulate"
    • v brace support by bracing
    • v brace support or hold steady and make steadfast, with or as if with a brace "brace your elbows while working on the potter's wheel"
    • v brace prepare (oneself) for something unpleasant or difficult
    • n brace a structural member used to stiffen a framework
    • n brace a carpenter's tool having a crank handle for turning and a socket to hold a bit for boring
    • n brace an appliance that corrects dental irregularities
    • n brace a support that steadies or strengthens something else "he wore a brace on his knee"
    • n brace elastic straps that hold trousers up (usually used in the plural)
    • n brace a rope on a square-rigged ship that is used to swing a yard about and secure it
    • n brace either of two punctuation marks ({ or }) used to enclose textual material
    • n brace a set of two similar things considered as a unit
    • n brace two items of the same kind
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

65 Brace 65 Brace
66 Housed brace 66 Housed brace
How much for these dozen braces How much for these dozen braces
MR. BRACE MR. BRACE
Smith Premier with cleaning brace Smith Premier with cleaning brace

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Braces were first invented by Pierre Fauchard in 1728. The braces were made by a flat strip of metal, which was connected to the teeth by thread.
    • Brace A cord, ligament, or rod, for producing or maintaining tension, as a cord on the side of a drum. "The little bones of the ear drum do in straining and relaxing it as the braces of the war drum do in that."
    • Brace (Mech) A curved instrument or handle of iron or wood, for holding and turning bits, etc.; a bitstock.
    • Brace A pair; a couple; as, a brace of ducks; now rarely applied to persons, except familiarly or with some contempt. "A brace of greyhounds.""He is said to have shot . . . fifty brace of pheasants.""A brace of brethren, both bishops, both eminent for learning and religion, now appeared in the church.""But you, my brace of lords."
    • Brace (Arch. & Engin) A piece of material used to transmit, or change the direction of, weight or pressure; any one of the pieces, in a frame or truss, which divide the structure into triangular parts. It may act as a tie, or as a strut, and serves to prevent distortion of the structure, and transverse strains in its members. A boiler brace is a diagonal stay, connecting the head with the shell.
    • Brace (Naut) A rope reeved through a block at the end of a yard, by which the yard is moved horizontally; also, a rudder gudgeon.
    • Brace (Print) A vertical curved line connecting two or more words or lines, which are to be taken together; thus, boll bowl; or, in music, used to connect staves.
    • Brace Armor for the arm; vantbrace.
    • Brace Harness; warlike preparation. "For that it stands not in such warlike brace ."
    • Brace Straps or bands to sustain trousers; suspenders. "I embroidered for you a beautiful pair of braces ."
    • Brace That which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly; a bandage or a prop.
    • Brace (Mining) The mouth of a shaft.
    • Brace The state of being braced or tight; tension. "The laxness of the tympanum, when it has lost its brace or tension."
    • Brace To bind or tie closely; to fasten tightly. "The women of China, by bracing and binding them from their infancy, have very little feet.""Some who spurs had first braced on."
    • Brace To draw tight; to tighten; to put in a state of tension; to strain; to strengthen; as, to brace the nerves. "And welcome war to brace her drums."
    • Brace To furnish with braces; to support; to prop; as, to brace a beam in a building.
    • v. i Brace To get tone or vigor; to rouse one's energies; -- with up.
    • Brace (Naut) To move around by means of braces; as, to brace the yards.
    • Brace To place in a position for resisting pressure; to hold firmly; as, he braced himself against the crowd. "A sturdy lance in his right hand he braced ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: O.J. Simpson had a severe case of rickets and wore leg braces when he was a child
    • n brace A prop or support; specifically, in architecture, a piece of timber placed near and across the angles in the frame of a building in order to strengthen it. When used to support a rafter it is called a strut.
    • n brace That which holds two or more things firmly together; a cincture or bandage.
    • n brace A pair; a couple: as, a brace of ducks: used of persons only with a shade of contempt or colloquially.
    • n brace A thick strap by which a carriage-body is suspended from C-springs.
    • n brace In printing, a vertical double-curved line, used to connect two or more lines: thus or two or more staves in music.
    • n brace A leather band placed about the cords of a drum and sliding upon them: used to raise or lower the tone by increasing or lessening the tension of the cords: as, “the braces of the war drum,”
    • n brace plural Straps passing over the shoulders to sustain the trousers; suspenders.
    • n brace A device for supporting a weak back, curved shoulders, etc.
    • n brace Nautical: One of the ropes fastened to the yards of a ship, one to each yard-arm, which, reaching to the deck, enable the yards to be swung about horizontally. They also help the yards to support the strain caused by the wind on the sails. plural Straps of brass or metal castings fastened on the stern-post, to receive the pintles by which the rudder is hung.
    • n brace A defense or protection for the arm; specifically, one used in archery. Same as bracer, 2.
    • n brace State of defense.
    • n brace The state of being braced; tension; tightness.
    • n brace An arm (of the sea).
    • n brace A curved instrument of iron or wood for holding and turning boring-tools, etc.; a bit-stock. There are various forms of braces, the most common being the carpenters' brace, bit-brace, bit-stock, or hand-brace, which is a tool for turning a boring-bit or auger. It consists of a crank-formed shaft, with a metal socket called the pad at one extremity, and on the other a swiveled head (or cushion or shield), by which the boring-tool or bit, fixed in the pad, is pressed forward by the workman. See angle-brace, and cut under bit-stock.
    • n brace A wooden rod with spiked ends, used to support scenery in a theater.
    • n brace plural The leather slides on the cords of a snare-drum, by which the tension of the head is varied
    • brace To clasp or grasp; embrace; hold firmly.
    • brace To bind or tie closely; fit or secure by ties; bandage; strap.
    • brace To string or bend (a bow) by putting the eye of the string in the upper nock preparatory to shooting.
    • brace To make tense; strain up; increase the tension, tone, or vigor of; strengthen: used both literally and figuratively: as, to brace the nerves.
    • brace To fix in the position of a brace; hold firmly in place: used reflexively: as, to brace one's self against a post or a crowd.
    • brace To furnish with, or support or prop by, braces: as, to brace a building or a falling wall.
    • brace Nautical, to swing or turn around (the yards of a ship) by means of the braces.
    • brace In writing and printing, to unite or connect by a brace, as two or more lines, staves of music, etc.
    • brace To increase the tension, tone, or vigor of: often used intransitively with the object understood.
    • n brace In mining, the flooring around the mouth of a shaft.
    • n brace In any frame, a stiff piece, as a bar or strip, put in to prevent a parallelogram or the like from changing its shape under pressure or strain. It acts usually by dividing the parallelogram into triangles or by forming a smaller triangle at one corner of the parallelogram, thus stiffening that part of the frame.
    • n brace Same as brace-head.
    • n brace A short, thick bar lying above the suture between two pyramids in the dental apparatus of Echinus.
    • n brace In saddlery, the short strap which connects the hip-strap and the breeching-body.
    • n brace An old measure of weight. A Hurley brace was equal to 4 cwt.
    • n brace In mining, a platform at the top of a shaft on which miners stand to work the tackle.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Brace brās anything that draws together and holds tightly: a bandage: a pair or couple: an instrument of wood or iron used by carpenters and metal-workers for turning boring tools: in printing, a mark connecting two or more words or lines (}):
    • v.t Brace to tighten or strengthen, to give firmness to
    • v.t Brace brās (Spens.) to embrace, encompass.
    • n Brace brās (pl.) straps for supporting the trousers: ropes for squaring or traversing horizontally the yards of a ship
    • ***

Quotations

  • Wilma Rudolph
    Wilma Rudolph
    “My mother taught me very early to believe I could achieve any accomplishment I wanted to. The first was to walk without braces.”
  • Sir Richard Steele
    Sir%20Richard%20Steele
    “Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body. It is wholesome and bracing for the mind to have its faculties kept on the stretch.”
  • George Steiner
    George%20Steiner
    “To many men... the miasma of peace seems more suffocating than the bracing air of war.”
  • John Ruskin
    John%20Ruskin
    “Summer is delicious, rain is refreshing, wind braces up, snow is exhilarating; there is no such thing as bad weather, only different kinds of good weather.”
  • John Ruskin
    John%20Ruskin
    “Sunshine is delicious, rain is refreshing, wind braces up, snow is exhilarating; there is no such thing as bad weather, only different kinds of good weather.”

Idioms

Belt and braces - (UK) Someone who wears belt and braces is very cautious and takes no risks.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. brace, brasse, the two arms, embrace, fathom, F. brasse, fathom, fr. L. bracchia, the arms (stretched out), pl. of bracchium, arm; cf. Gr.
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. brace (Fr. bras), the arm, power—L. brachium, Gr. brachiōn, the arm, as holding together.

Usage

In literature:

Then he braced himself, for he had gone out to mend the line on other bitter nights and could not lose his way.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
There are two walls, slightly over an inch apart, braced by innumerable trusses.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
But she adored him for his intention, and was also braced by it.
"Love and Lucy" by Maurice Henry Hewlett
He popped to a brace, but it was only his roommate Ferguson.
"The Adventurer" by Cyril M. Kornbluth
Harcourt, Brace and Jovanovich, New York, New York, 1973.
"The Road to Independence: Virginia 1763-1783" by Virginia State Dept. of Education
She had drifted that day into calling Northrup "Brace" and that betokened surrender.
"At the Crossroads" by Harriet T. Comstock
It needed but this bright thought to brace her.
"The Side Of The Angels" by Basil King
The air blowing on the brow was fresh, and sweet, and bracing.
"Shirley" by Charlotte Brontë
So Martin braced himself to receive the assault of facts and figures he was sure was preparing.
"Fire Mountain" by Norman Springer
With his left hand Driscoll next drew forth the second of the brace, and held it out to Ney in his palm.
"The Missourian" by Eugene P. (Eugene Percy) Lyle
But as the fall continued, he was able to slow it a little by bracing arms and legs against the tunnel walls.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, December 1930" by Various
He and John Martin stood, braced for their dash.
"Boys' Book of Frontier Fighters" by Edwin L. Sabin
It was he who was left in charge when, shortly after noon, his brother awoke, swallowed some whisky and armed himself with a brace of pistols.
"The Plow-Woman" by Eleanor Gates
Desperately I tried to force myself through the bracing-struts and cross-wires behind my seat.
"Cavalry of the Clouds" by Alan Bott
It was a night of snow and stars, not too cold but bracing.
"The "Genius"" by Theodore Dreiser
Roast a brace of grouse, and skin them, and mask them with brown sauce in which aspic has been mixed.
"Dressed Game and Poultry à la Mode" by Harriet A. de Salis
As if moved by one mind the paddlers brace back.
"The Story of the Trapper" by A. C. Laut
Shame on you, Bumpus, take a brace, and obey blindly.
"The Boy Scouts in the Blue Ridge" by Herbert Carter
The tall man braced himself and explained.
"Last Words" by Stephen Crane
He braced himself against the wall, the strain completely broken.
"The Guarded Heights" by Wadsworth Camp
***

In poetry:

Shoot above the crowd, boys,
Brace yourself and go,
When you meet obstacles
Strike them with a blow.
"A Chat With the Boys" by Frank Barbour Coffin
So he braced himself upon his knees
And raising up his head,
He cast his eyes toward Heaven,
And this is what he said:
"The Cowboy's Prayer" by Curley Fletcher
I know thou wouldst rejoice
To inhale this bracing air;
Thou wouldst break thy sweetest sleep
To behold a scene so fair.
"The Student's Serenade" by Anne Bronte
Close against the mountain braced
Ran the long white wall there,
And the cross, in sorrow placed,
Silent rose o'er all there.
"The Postilion" by Nikolaus Lenau
“But if it fail, as fail it may,
Borne down with ruin and rout,
Another than I shall rear it high,
And brace the girders stout.
"Winstanley" by Jean Ingelow
For I know that each one in his bosom,
Amid the toil and the din,
Has a goal set out in the future
Which he braces himself to win.
"The Worship of Sorrow" by Alexander Anderson

In news:

Greeks Brace for Pain on Wages.
(Cross-bracing is a separate issue.
DC United braces for Montreal Impact at RFK Stadium.
Fred Jackson and knee brace .
Buffalo Bills running back Fred Jackson says he will wear a brace on his knee but will play Sunday against the New England Patriots.
Alpinestars is jumping into the knee brace business, and it looks like they expect to start at the top.
Dirt Bike Knee Brace Buyer's Guide – Dirt Rider Magazine.
One product, Potenco's energy generating yo-yo creates about as much power as the knee-brace, but there are two key differences between the two products.
One, Donelan's knee brace gathers energy in the background, sipping energy out of your daily activities.
South Korea has launched psychological warfare over the sinking of its ship, while North Korea has said its troops are braced for war.
Millions brace for massive storm.
Fabregas scores brace as Barcelona come back from 2-0 down to win 3-2 at Sevilla.
A brace from Alberto Gilardino (right) and a goal from Alessandro Diamanti (left) gave Bologna a win.
ICC, APA publishes third edition of IRC lateral bracing guide.
Those who work for the Calgary Flames have been told to brace for layoffs or salary cuts.
***

In science:

Here the expression in braces is (Tµν − 1/2 gµν T ), where Tµν is the energy-momentum tensor on the mass shell (i.e., taking account of the equations of motion of matter — in our case, the Dirac equation (31)).
The Dynamic Quantization of Gravity and the Cosmological Constant Problem
Moreover, the sum rule (4.7) implies that the terms in the curly braces in Eq. (4.11) cancel when E ′ ≃ ˜E, where ˜E is a lower energy limit that is on the order of the electron temperature Te .
Charged Particle Motion in a Plasma: Electron-Ion Energy Partition
On the other hand, the integral in the curly braces in Eq. (4.11) is exponentially small when the integration variable E ′ is somewhat larger that the electron temperature Te .
Charged Particle Motion in a Plasma: Electron-Ion Energy Partition
First we note that if E ′ < E0, the theta function in the curly braces is unity.
Charged Particle Motion in a Plasma: Electron-Ion Energy Partition
The ratio T /E0 is at most a few percent for the plasma configurations that we consider, and thus it is a good approximation to replace the curly braces in Eq.(C15) by unity.
Charged Particle Motion in a Plasma: Electron-Ion Energy Partition
Fourier analysis, self-adjointness, Academic Press [Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers], New York, 1975. Christopher D.
On extremizing sequences for the adjoint restriction inequality on the cone
When we wish to be more explicit about implicit arguments, we will adhere to Agda’s notation of enclosing such arguments in curly braces.
From Mathematics to Abstract Machine: A formal derivation of an executable Krivine machine
Reiner, Maximal orders, Academic Press [A subsidiary of Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers], London-New York, 1975, London Mathematical Society Monographs, No. 5.
Selective orders in central simple algebras
Academic Press [Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers], New York.
Minimax adaptive tests for the Functional Linear model
Academic Press Inc. [Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers], New York.
Local asymptotically optimal test in ARCH model
We now examine the term inside the braces in (21), the difference between a ratio of normal survival functions and e−t ; our next lemma shows that this term vanishes as m → ∞.
A significance test for the lasso
Morphemes are represented in braces, { }, and surface forms in solidi, / /.
Computing Prosodic Morphology
For the Tevatron Higgs search (Run II of the Main Injector and the TeV-33 upgrade), the required integrated luminosity in units of fb−1 is indicated in braces.
Weakly-Coupled Higgs Bosons and Precision Electroweak Physics
For large η, the quantity in curly braces in equation A.25 is nearly η + 1.
Bose-Einstein Condensation of Atomic Hydrogen
Academic Press Inc. [Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers], London, 1982.
Branched Polymers and Dimensional Reduction
***