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borough

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n borough an English town that forms the constituency of a member of parliament
    • n borough one of the administrative divisions of a large city
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The alteration of the architectural appearance of a city by the construction of skyscrapers and high-rise buildings is known as "Manhattanization". The term refers to the New York borough Manhattan.
    • n Borough (O. Eng. Law) An association of men who gave pledges or sureties to the king for the good behavior of each other.
    • Borough In England, an incorporated town that is not a city; also, a town that sends members to parliament; in Scotland, a body corporate, consisting of the inhabitants of a certain district, erected by the sovereign, with a certain jurisdiction; in America, an incorporated town or village, as in Pennsylvania and Connecticut.
    • Borough The collective body of citizens or inhabitants of a borough; as, the borough voted to lay a tax.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n borough Formerly, a fortified town, or a town possessing municipal organization; also, a town or city in general.
    • n borough In England: A corporate town possessing a regularly organized municipal government and special privileges conferred by royal charter: usually called a municipal borough.
    • n borough A town having the right to send one or more representatives to Parliament: usually called a parliamentary borough. Under the general laws regulating municipal government, with some exceptions, the burgesses of each borough elect a certain number of councilors every three years, and these elect the mayor annually and half the aldermen (who serve six years) trienuially. Mayor, aldermen, and councilors form the council. The corresponding term in Scotland is burgh.
    • n borough In Connecticut, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, an incorporated municipality less populous than a city and differently governed: in general, corresponding to town in other States. In Minnesota and Pennsylvania its boundaries are identical with those of one of the primary divisions of the county; in Connecticut and New Jersey they include only the space occupied by houses adjoining or nearly adjoining.
    • n borough A shelter or place of security.
    • n borough At Richmond in Yorkshire, England, and perhaps other northern old corporate towns, a property held by burgage, and formerly qualifying for a vote for members of Parliament.
    • n borough An obsolete form of burrow.
    • n borough An obsolete form of borrow.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Borough bur′ō a town with a corporation and special privileges granted by royal charter; a town that sends representatives to parliament
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. burgh, burw, boru, port, town, burrow, AS. burh, burg,; akin to Icel., Sw., & Dan. borg, OS. & D. burg, OHG. puruc, purc, MHG. burc, G. burg, Goth. baúrgs,; and from the root of AS. beorgan, to hide, save, defend, G. bergen,; or perh. from that of AS. beorg, hill, mountain. √95. See Bury (v. t.), and cf. Burrow Burg Bury (n.) Burgess Iceberg Borrow Harbor Hauberk
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. burg, burh, a city, from beorgan; Ger. bergen, to protect.

Usage

In literature:

Representation in the boroughs was on a less worthy scale in the reign of George III.
"Lord John Russell" by Stuart J. Reid
The 'venal wretches' were the lucky franchise-holders in rotten boroughs.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume I." by Leslie Stephen
Nine dead bodies have been picked up within the limits of this borough since daylight.
"The Johnstown Horror" by James Herbert Walker
Woolsacks were added to the borough arms.
"Highways and Byways in Surrey" by Eric Parker
About seven o'clock in the evening we stopped at a small shop in one of the cross streets in the Borough.
"Forgotten Tales of Long Ago" by E. V. Lucas
Finchley Road bounds the borough on the west.
"Hampstead and Marylebone" by Geraldine Edith Mitton
Borough-English, the custom of, 40.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
In 1788, he was elected for the royal borough of Windsor.
"Blackwoods Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 59, No. 366, April, 1846" by Various
By the Reform Act of 1832 Devonport was erected into a parliamentary borough including East Stonehouse and returning two members.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 3" by Various
Every borough and shire which had not already secured candidates hastened to do so.
"Name and Fame" by Adeline Sergeant
This was the case in endless parish councils and urban districts; it was also the case in many London boroughs.
"New Worlds For Old" by Herbert George Wells
As it is, it is probable the matter will be taken up and the borough disfranchised.
"The Greville Memoirs" by Charles C. F. Greville
One of these causes related to the St. Andrews Boroughs in particular.
"Memoirs of Life and Literature" by W. H. Mallock
Chester, the county town, is a city, county of a city, and county borough, and Birkenhead and Stockport are county boroughs.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
Of seventy-one boroughs bound to provide asylums, about forty had done so.
"Chapters in the History of the Insane in the British Isles" by Daniel Hack Tuke
The parliamentary borough, returning one member, includes the town of Bournemouth.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
Cirencester became a parliamentary borough in 1572, returning two members, but was deprived of representation in 1885.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 4" by Various
It was imperative that Victor Heron should lose no time in throwing himself upon the vacant borough.
"The Galaxy, June 1877" by Various
About 760 it became the capital of Northumbria; later it was a borough and was long represented in parliament.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 4" by Various
It belongs to the parliamentary borough of Merthyr-Tydfil.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 1" by Various
***

In poetry:

To Turniptopville-by-the-Sea
This elegant nobleman went,
For that was a borough that he
Was anxious to rep-per-re-sent.
"The Force of Argument" by William Schwenck Gilbert
See, here's the workbox, little wife,
That I made of polished oak.'
He was a joiner, of village life;
She came of borough folk.
"The Workbox" by Thomas Hardy
Whan I haik't up to Craigie Hill
And frae the hicht look't doun;
"There is nae place," said I to mysel',
"Mair braw nor our borough-toun."
"Patriotism" by William Soutar
The light is buried under chains and noises
in the impudent challenge of rootless science.
And crowds stagger sleeplessly through the boroughs
as if they had just escaped a shipwreck of blood.
"Dawn" by Federico Garcia Lorca
And if some Preservationist attempts to interfere
A 'dangerous structure' notice from the Borough Engineer
Will settle any buildings that are standing in our way -
The modern style, sir, with respect, has really come to stay.
"Executive" by Sir John Betjeman
Here by the moorway you returned,
And saw the borough lights ahead
That lit your face — all undiscerned
To be in a week the face of the dead,
And you told of the charm of that haloed view
That never again would beam on you.
"Your Last Drive" by Thomas Hardy

In news:

Kenai Peninsula Borough Assembly member, 2009-present.
My favorite things about fall include the street festivals that showcase Bucks County's historic boroughs.
Mat Su Borough Advises Everyone in Talkeetna To Boil Tap Drinking Water.
The MatSu Borough Emergency Operations Center issued this summary earlier today.
Mat Su Borough Emergency Services issued this update Wednesday night.
The borough is divided into neighborhoods known for certain attractions -- many of the city's best art museums are clustered on the Upper East Side.
The 3-foot menorah belonging to Rabbi Yehezkel Zion was stolen last week from the family's Borough Park home.
And only in Brooklyn would the Borough President split his time between the two menorahs, just so no one gets offended.
To celebrate the Jewish festival of Hanukkah, which begins at sundown Friday, Nov 29, and continues through Saturday, Dec 7, giant menorahs will be lit daily near Borough Hall and at Grand Army Plaza, accompanied by music.
Nancy Freenock has been Clarion Borough manager.
A new president, vice-president, and borough solicitor were among the upshots of the January 3 Mount Oliver council reorganization meeting.
David B Letscher, pastor of Bethany Lutheran Church in Montoursville, will serve as president of the borough's Ecumenical Ministerium .
Manhattan Borough President Scott Stringer's press secretary, Audrey Gelman, 23, is a political wonk by day and a budding star by night.
A huge but welcoming comfort zone, BAM Rose Cinemas boasts the finest multitheater filmgoing amenities in the five boroughs.
Joe Wojtas reports here that Stonington Borough cut a sizable chunk of spending from its budget.
***

In science:

To establish the borders of a city is still a controversial topic and hence, to build our network, we consider all the streets contained in a circle of radius 28.26 Km, centred on the centroid of the borough called the City of London, where the first Roman settlement was located.
Random planar graphs and the London street network
This area contains some 95 percent of the population of the 33 boroughs that comprise the Greater London Authority which is also bounded by the M25 orbital road.
Random planar graphs and the London street network
We will also describe the phenomenon of “Manhanttanhenge,” when pedestrians in the borough of Manhattan, in New York City, may see the sunset in between the skyscrapers.
The sun's position in the sky
This can be used to find the dates of “Manhattanhenge” (also called the “Manhattan solstice”), when a New York City pedestrian can see the sunset in between the skyscrapers, because the sunset is aligned with the east-west streets on the main traffic grid for the borough of Manhattan .
The sun's position in the sky
***