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black

Definitions

  • THE BLACK GROWLER
    THE BLACK GROWLER
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj black marked by anger or resentment or hostility "black looks","black words"
    • adj black of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin "a great people--a black people--...injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization"- Martin Luther King Jr."
    • adj black extremely dark "a black moonless night","through the pitch-black woods","it was pitch-dark in the cellar"
    • adj black being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light "black leather jackets","as black as coal","rich black soil"
    • adj black (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood "a face black with fury"
    • adj black soiled with dirt or soot "with feet black from playing outdoors","his shirt was black within an hour"
    • adj black (of coffee) without cream or sugar
    • adj black (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin "the stock market crashed on Black Friday","a calamitous defeat","the battle was a disastrous end to a disastrous campaign","such doctrines, if true, would be absolutely fatal to my theory"- Charles Darwin","it is fatal to enter any war without the will to win it"- Douglas MacArthur","a fateful error"
    • adj black stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable "black deeds","a black lie","his black heart has concocted yet another black deed","Darth Vader of the dark side","a dark purpose","dark undercurrents of ethnic hostility","the scheme of some sinister intelligence bent on punishing him"-Thomas Hardy"
    • adj black (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame "Man...has written one of his blackest records as a destroyer on the oceanic islands"- Rachel Carson","an ignominious retreat","inglorious defeat","an opprobrious monument to human greed","a shameful display of cowardice"
    • adj black offering little or no hope "the future looked black","prospects were bleak","Life in the Aran Islands has always been bleak and difficult"- J.M.Synge","took a dim view of things"
    • adj black distributed or sold illicitly "the black economy pays no taxes"
    • adj black (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading "black propaganda"
    • adj black harshly ironic or sinister "black humor","a grim joke","grim laughter","fun ranging from slapstick clowning ... to savage mordant wit"
    • v black make or become black "The smoke blackened the ceiling","The ceiling blackened"
    • n black black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning) "the widow wore black"
    • n black (board games) the darker pieces
    • n black the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white)
    • n Black a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa)
    • n Black popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928)
    • n Black British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799)
    • n black total absence of light "they fumbled around in total darkness","in the black of night"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Black Leopard The Black Leopard
Black Down, from Hambledon Black Down, from Hambledon
Front cover - black, green and gold decoration Front cover - black, green and gold decoration
Young Dickens at the Blacking Warehouse Young Dickens at the Blacking Warehouse
HE GOES HEAD FOREMOST INTO THE BLACK WATER HE GOES HEAD FOREMOST INTO THE BLACK WATER
King, of Harvard, making a run; Mahan putting black on his head King, of Harvard, making a run; Mahan putting black on his head
THE BLACK SHEEP THE BLACK SHEEP
BLACK SUGAR MAPLE BLACK SUGAR MAPLE

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Black pepper is the most popular spice in the world
    • Black A black garment or dress; as, she wears black "Friends weeping, and blacks, and obsequies, and the like show death terrible.""That was the full time they used to wear blacks for the death of their fathers."
    • Black A black pigment or dye.
    • Black A negro; a person whose skin is of a black color, or shaded with black; esp. a member or descendant of certain African races.
    • Black A stain; a spot; a smooch. "Defiling her white lawn of chastity with ugly blacks of lust."
    • Black Destitute of light, or incapable of reflecting it; of the color of soot or coal; of the darkest or a very dark color, the opposite of white; characterized by such a color; as, black cloth; black hair or eyes. "O night, with hue so black !"
    • Black Expressing menace, or discontent; threatening; sullen; foreboding; as, to regard one with black looks.
    • Black Fig.: Dismal, gloomy, or forbidding, like darkness; destitute of moral light or goodness; atrociously wicked; cruel; mournful; calamitous; horrible. "This day's black Black villainy.""Arise, black vengeance.""Black day .""Black despair."
    • Black In a less literal sense: Enveloped or shrouded in darkness; very dark or gloomy; as, a black night; the heavens black with clouds. "I spy a black, suspicious, threatening cloud."
    • adv Black Sullenly; threateningly; maliciously; so as to produce blackness.
    • Black That which is destitute of light or whiteness; the darkest color, or rather a destitution of all color; as, a cloth has a good black . "Black is the badge of hell,
      The hue of dungeons, and the suit of night."
    • Black The part of a thing which is distinguished from the rest by being black. "The black or sight of the eye."
    • Black To make black and shining, as boots or a stove, by applying blacking and then polishing with a brush.
    • Black To make black; to blacken; to soil; to sully. "They have their teeth blacked, both men and women, for they say a dog hath his teeth white, therefore they will black theirs.""Sins which black thy soul."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The first box of Crayola that was ever sold had the same eight colours that are sold in the box today consisting of red, blue, yellow, green, violet, orange, black and brown. The box was sold for a nickel in 1903
    • black Possessing in the highest degree the property of absorbing light; reflecting and transmitting little or no light; of the color of soot or coal; of the darkest possible hue; sable; optically, wholly destitute of color, or absolutely dark, whether from the absence or from the total absorption of light: opposed to white.
    • black Hence Characterized by the absence of light; involved or enveloped in darkness.
    • black Dismal; gloomy; sullen and forbidding: as, a black prospect.
    • black Destitute of moral light or goodness; evil; wicked; atrocious: as, black deeds.
    • black Calamitous; disastrous; bringing ruin or desolation: as, black tidings; black Friday.
    • black Deadly; malignant; baneful: as, a black augury.
    • black Clouded with anger; frowning; threatening; boding ill: as, black looks.
    • black Wearing black or dark clothing, armor, etc.: as, Edward the Black Prince; black friars.
    • black Stained with dirt; soiled; dirty: as, black hands.
    • n black Black color; the darkest color, properly the negation of all color: the opposite of white. The darkness of this color arises from the circumstance that the substances composing or producing it, as in a pigment or dye, absorb all the rays of light and reflect none. In heraldry this hue or tincture is termed sable.
    • n black A black dye or pigment: as, blacks and grays.
    • n black A black part of something, as that of the eye; specifically, the opening in the iris; the pupil: in opposition to the white.
    • n black Black clothing, especially when worn as a sign of mourning: as, to be in black: sometimes used in the plural.
    • n black plural Funeral drapery, consisting of hangings of black cloth.
    • n black A mute; one of the hired mourners at a funeral.
    • n black A member of one of the dark-colored races; a negro or other dark-skinned person.
    • n black One with the face blacked or disguised; specifically, a deer-stealer; a poacher.
    • n black A small flake of soot; smut: usually plural.
    • n black A dark stain or smear.
    • n black plural Ink used in copperplate printing, prepared from the charred husks of the grape and the residue of the wine-press.
    • n black In printing, any mark on the paper between the lines or letters caused by the rising of the leads, etc., to the level of the type: commonly in the plural.
    • n black In the fine arts, with no colors but black and white. The term is often extended to include (as in exhibitions of “works in black and white”) monochromes of any sort, as sepia drawings.
    • black To make black; blacken or put a black color on; soil; stain: as, to black one's hands.
    • black To clean and polish (shoes, etc.) by blacking and brushing them.
    • black To blacken; stain; sully; defame.
    • black To become black; take on a black color.
    • black To poach. See black, n., 8.
    • black Dark-complexioned.
    • n black In archery: The fourth and next to the outermost circle of the target, which is colored black. See target.
    • n black An arrow which hits this circle; a hit in the black. According to t he present method of scoring such a hit counts 3.
    • n black plural Black or coaly shale.
    • n black plural The larvæ of the black caterpillar (which see).
    • n black the oxidation of emeraldine to nigraniline
    • n black and the oxidation of the nigraniline to the so-called ‘un-greenable black’ which is the color desired. The color is always made as used, the formation of the black taking place within and upon the liber during the dyeing process. It is largely used in calico-printing and in hosiery-dyeing, and whenever an extra-fast black is desired. It is commonly applied to cotton, but processes have been devised by which it may be applied to cotton-and-wool union goods.
    • n black Any direct cotton black.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Black lemurs are the only primates that can have blue eyes.
    • adj Black blak of the darkest colour: without colour: obscure: dismal: sullen: horrible: dusky: foul, dirty: malignant: dark-haired, wearing dark armour or clothes
    • n Black black colour: absence of colour: a negro: mourning: the dark smut which attacks wheat: a speck of black on the face, a sooty particle in the air: black clothes, esp. dress trousers
    • v.t Black to make black: to soil or stain: to draw in black
    • adj Black low: scurrilous
    • v.t Black to treat as a blackguard; v.i. to play the blackguard
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ursula K. Le Guin
    Ursula%20K.%20Le%20Guin
    “The unread story is not a story; it is little black marks on wood pulp. The reader, reading it, makes it live: a live thing, a story.”
  • Nikki Giovanni
    Nikki Giovanni
    “White people really deal more with God and black people with Jesus.”
  • Vince Lombardi
    Vince%20Lombardi
    “Coaches who can outline plays on a black board are a dime a dozen. The ones who win get inside their player and motivate.”
  • Billy Crystal
    Billy Crystal
    “I'm comfortable being old... being black... being Jewish.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “For I have sworn thee fair, and thought thee bright, who art as black as hell, as dark as night.”
  • Jesse Jackson
    Jesse%20Jackson
    “Our flag is red, white and blue, but our nation is a rainbow -- red, yellow, brown, black and white -- and we're all precious in God's sight.”

Idioms

Beyond the black stump - (AU) An Australian idiom idicating that even if you go as far as you can, the black stump is still a little further.
***
Black and blue - This means bruised, either physically or metaphorically.
***
Black and white - When it is very clear who or what is right and wrong, then the situation is black and white.
***
Black as Newgate's knocker - (UK) If things are as black as Newgate's knocker, they are very bad. Newgate was an infamous prison in England, so its door knocker meant trouble.
***
Black hole - If there is a black hole in financial accounts, money has disappeared.
***
Black sheep - Someone who is the black sheep doesn't fit into a group or family because their behaviour or character is not good enough.
***
Black will take no other hue - Evil can take many disguises but it is always black (evil).
***
In the black - If your bank account is in credit, it is in the black.
***
Jet-black - To emphasise just how black something is, such as someone's hair, we can call it jet-black.
***
Pot calling the kettle black - If someone hypocritically criticises a person for something that they themselves do, then it is a case of the pot calling the kettle black.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. blak, AS. blæc,; akin to Icel. blakkr, dark, swarthy, Sw. bläck, ink, Dan. blæk, OHG. blach, LG. & D. blaken, to burn with a black smoke. Not akin to AS. blāc, E. bleak, pallid. √98

Usage

In literature:

I was despatched with a black boy, three horses and a dray, to bring them from Maryborough.
"Reminiscences of Queensland" by William Henry Corfield
With 12 full-page Illustrations by JOHN SCHOENBERG, in black and tint.
"Historic Boys" by Elbridge Streeter Brooks
A great black raven darted down in front of her on the high road, and croaked dismally.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
It is nearly midday, and the Indians round the blazing woods on the southern spur of the Black Hills are in full retreat.
"The Watchers of the Plains" by Ridgewell Cullum
He can feel his way in the dark when it's black as black.
"Hunting the Skipper" by George Manville Fenn
In the morning the woman had a black eye; there were livid weals on her tear-blurred face.
"The Dop Doctor" by Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
Compare the free black with ordinary white men without advantages, and he stands well.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
Deep night had settled over the island, and the fir-woods looked very black and uninviting to Jeremy when he started up the hill once more.
"The Black Buccaneer" by Stephen W. Meader
He wore a large black turban and full black robes with gold embroidery.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
A tousle-headed man with glaring, beady black eyes, dressed in black evening clothes stepped forward and bowed.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science February 1930" by Various
He was staring at blackness, the varnished blackness of a great wooden door.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
This was Afghan Town, where the black-skinned camel-drivers lived.
"In the Musgrave Ranges" by Jim Bushman
The black stranger was much too crafty for that.
"In the Morning of Time" by Charles G. D. Roberts
He saw her bonnet, her shape in the black cloak, the movement as she walked.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
She was brilliantly clad in crimson and black, and rings of value shone on her ivory-like hands.
"Tharon of Lost Valley" by Vingie E. Roe
Grandpapa didn't know Black Hawk; Black Hawk was not likely to yield peaceably.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
For the youths, black suits, black ties and gloves are the proper thing.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
Then one day his father brought home a black pony with three white feet and a white spot on his face.
"Valley of Wild Horses" by Zane Grey
De 'lasses am black as I is and dat am some black.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
It sounds like the chivalrous Middle Ages, when there were Black Princes along with the Black Decrees.
"The Missourian" by Eugene P. (Eugene Percy) Lyle
***

In poetry:

Here are two pupils
whose moons of black
transform to cripples
all who look:
"On Looking Into The Eyes Of A Demon Lover" by Sylvia Plath
I puked up your greasy hair,
Ugly black whore;
You tried to unstring
My guitar.
"My Little Lovelies" by Arthur Rimbaud
Lace up my shoe;
Put on my Basquina;
Can you see my black eyes?
I am Manuel's duchess.
"The Bull-Fight" by Elizabeth Drew Barstow Stoddard
My religion is pure,
And came from above,
But I cannot consent
The black negro to love.
"Colonization Song" by Anonymous Americas
Black Sheep, Black Sheep,
Have you ought to say?
A word to each, my Master,
Ere I go my way.
"Black Sheep" by Theodosia Garrison
Said the Homophobe skeleton
Gay folk suck
Said the Heritage Policy skeleton
Blacks're outa luck
"Ballad Of The Skeletons" by Allen Ginsberg

In news:

The Black family has been the object of numerous studies, research projects, but most importantly, is the cornerstone of Black human survival.
Now, two powerful black members of the Congressional Black Caucus are on the griddle.
IN BLACK COMMUNITIES, THE politics of the 1960's have resurfaced in the renewed popularity of Malcolm X and black nationalism.
Unger's vehicle certainly fits the part -- a new Chevy Suburban, black on black.
Thanks to the play of seniors (clockwise, from front) Gavin Black, Ryan Black, Chase Roten, Heath Moore and Billy Ryan.
Elsewhere, Black Friday preceded by Black Tuesday: 200 wiseguy words.
Fewer than 1,000 pairs of black-backed woodpeckers persist in Oregon and California, and fewer than 500 in South Dakota's Black Hills.
The CEO of Black Web Media opens up about being scared of the CNN Black in America 4 reactions, as well as what's next for her now famous incubator.
Madison Bell poses with a black dog from the Kansas Humane Society KHS will host a special adoption event on Black Friday, inspired by middle-schooler Madison Bell and her Black Dog Club.
Will Black Obama Supporters Demand A Black Agenda .
Black Christian News (BCNN1.com) William Doherty wasn't among the throngs in the shopping malls on Black Friday.
Lakefront Brewery created Black Friday Imperial India Style Black Ale and even trademarked the name.
Black Friday Imperial India Style Black Ale a hot item.
Tracing a line from the first black slave to the first black president.
Shamelessly plugging her book, "Mugged," in which she attempts to position herself as an expert on all things Black, she explains that liberals are race-mongers who don't care about Black people, and that the O.J.
***

In science:

Mac´ıas: “Black holes as solutions of the Einstein–Maxwell equations of Petrov type D”, in: Black Holes: Theory and Observations. F.W.
A class of colliding waves in metric-affine gravity, nonmetricity and torsion shock waves
Live shifts have been studied before for black hole spacetimes in, where a minimal distortion shift condition led to limited stability (t ∼ 100M ) for a single excised black hole.
Simple excision of a black hole in 3+1 numerical relativity
We have seen that in type IIA and type IIB theory there is an antisymmetric two-form Bµν in the NSNS sector (which will give rise to black strings and magnetic dual black five branes) and there are in addition various gauge fields in the RR sector.
Large N field theories from superstrings
In this letter we reexamine black hole evaporation in the presence of a cosmological constant, and find instead that all known black holes will eventually evaporate.
Black Holes Must Die
Thus, naive considerations lead us to expect that black holes of size comparable to the de Sitter horizon could escape evaporation, whereas all smaller black holes should eventually evaporate.
Black Holes Must Die
This critical black hole size implies that all known black holes are accreting vacuum energy at a rate larger than they are emitting Hawking radiating, and so will never evaporate.
Black Holes Must Die
P0 (N ) for r = 0.01, 0.03 and 0.05 are shown by black circles, black triangles, and black diamonds, respectively, with error bars given by their standard deviations.
Characteristic length of random knotting for cylindrical self-avoiding polygons
Figure captions Fig. 1: Probability P0 (N ) of unknot versus number N of nodes for the cylinder model: the numerical estimates of P0 (N ) for r = 0.01, 0.03 and 0.05 are shown by black circles, black triangles, and black diamonds, respectively, with error bars given by their standard deviations.
Characteristic length of random knotting for cylindrical self-avoiding polygons
The black brane solutions can be read off from the general discussion of nondilatonic black branes in .
Bosonic M Theory
The approximation has also been tested against angular momentum by applying it to Kerr black holes : the error in the strain waveform is much lower than expected signals from binary black-hole coalescence.
Gravitational radiation, energy and reaction on quasi-spherical black holes
The goal of this paper is to use this method to systematically analyze the physical properties of black hole initial data for a wide range of colliding black hole configurations.
Local and global properties of conformally flat initial data for black hole collisions
Dj are the Laplacian and covariant derivative in flat space. A solution to (4) and (5) for two black holes can be specified by six parameters (three parameters per black hole).
Local and global properties of conformally flat initial data for black hole collisions
In (6) and (7) the comma separates the index of black hole from the coordinate component indices, Rδ = Mδ /2 is the black hole throat radius, and nδ = (r − rδ )/|r − rδ | is the unit vector directed from the center of the δ -th black hole rδ to the point r.
Local and global properties of conformally flat initial data for black hole collisions
We consider a single black hole with a non-zero angular momentum S 6= 0 and zero linear momentum P = 0, and compare numerical conformal solutions with the known analytical solution for a Kerr black hole.
Local and global properties of conformally flat initial data for black hole collisions
Mtot is the total mass of the numerical black hole with mass parameter M = 2R, as well as the total mass of the Kerr black hole that we are comparing to.
Local and global properties of conformally flat initial data for black hole collisions
***