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beer

Definitions

  • The bell-maker waits for a tankard of beer
    The bell-maker waits for a tankard of beer
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n beer a general name for alcoholic beverages made by fermenting a cereal (or mixture of cereals) flavored with hops
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Brewing beer at Jamestown. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.) Brewing beer at Jamestown. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)
WHERE BEER WAS ONLY FIVE CENTS PER GLASS WHERE BEER WAS ONLY FIVE CENTS PER GLASS

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Germany produces more than 5,000 varieties of beer and has about 1,300 breweries in country
    • Beer A fermented extract of the roots and other parts of various plants, as spruce, ginger, sassafras, etc.
    • Beer A fermented liquor made from any malted grain, but commonly from barley malt, with hops or some other substance to impart a bitter flavor.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Budweiser beer is named after a town in Czechoslovakia
    • n beer An alcoholic liquor made from any farinaceous grain, but generally from barley, which is first malted and ground, and its fermentable substance extracted by hot water. To this extract or infusion hops or some other vegetable product of an agreeable bitterness is added, and it is thereupon boiled for some time, both to concentrate it and to extract the useful matters from the hops. The liquor is then suffered to ferment in vats, the time allowed for fermentation depending upon the quality and kind of beer, and after it has become clear it is stored away or sent to the market. The beers of England and France, and for the most part those of Germany, become gradually sour by exposure to air. Ale and beer were formerly synonymous terms, ale being the earlier in use; at present, beer is the common name for all malt liquors, and ale is used specifically for a carefully made beer of a certain strength, and rather light than dark: thus, small beer, ginger beer, and the like, are not ale, nor are stout and porter. A distinction drawn by Andrew Boorde, in 1542, is that ale is made of malt and water, and should contain no other ingredients, while beer is made of malt, hops, and water.
    • n beer A fermented extract of the roots and other parts or products of various plants, as ginger, spruce, molasses, beet, etc.
    • beer To drink beer; tipple.
    • n beer One who is or exists.
    • n beer An obsolete form of bier.
    • n beer A mole or pier.
    • n beer Obsolete present and preterit of bear
    • n beer An obsolete form of bear.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Ever year, Americans spend close to $25 billion on beer
    • n Beer bēr an alcoholic beverage made by fermentation from malted barley flavoured with hops. It was anciently distinguished from ale by being hopped; now beer is the generic name of malt liquor, including ale and porter
    • ***

Quotations

  • Washington Irving
    Washington%20Irving
    “They who drink beer will think beer.”
  • A. J. P. Taylor
    A. J. P. Taylor
    “In my opinion, most of the great men of the past were only there for the beer --the wealth, prestige and grandeur that went with the power.”
  • Ernest Hemingway
    Ernest%20Hemingway
    “You write a book like that you're fond of over the years, then you see that happen to it, it's like pissing in your father's beer.”
  • Charles Lamb
    Charles%20Lamb
    “Were I Diogenes, I would not move out of a kilderkin into a hogshead, though the first had had nothing but small beer in it, and the second reeked claret.”
  • Sid Vicious
    Sid Vicious
    “I've only been in love with a beer bottle and a mirror.”
  • Carry Nation
    Carry Nation
    “Men are nicotine soaked, beer besmirched, whiskey greased, red-eyed devils.”

Idioms

Beer and skittles - (UK) People say that life is not all beer and skittles, meaning that it is not about self-indulgence and pleasure.
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Champagne taste on a beer budget - Someone who lives above their means and likes things they cannot afford has champagne taste on a beer budget.
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Champagne tastes, beer wages - (UK) A person who likes expensive things but has a low income has champagne taste and beer wages.
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Small beer - If something is small beer, it's unimportant.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. beor, ber, AS. beór,; akin to Fries. biar, Icel. bjrr, OHG. bior, D. & G. bier, and possibly E. brew,. √93, See Brew
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. béor; Ger. and Dut. bier, Ice. bjorr.

Usage

In literature:

He was quick in his work, and soon entwined the tendrils of the hop plant around his beer jug.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
That was settled finally, but Jane had gone for the beer and there was no one to listen to his determination.
"The Girls of St. Olave's" by Mabel Mackintosh
He does not stint the beer carried out either then or in the field.
"The Toilers of the Field" by Richard Jefferies
Flesh diet, with small beer, or wine and water.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
Give him some beer in a bucket and leave him to it.
"The Rough Road" by William John Locke
A strong pipe hanging from every lip; beer, or kummil (a spirit prepared with cummin) at every hand.
"A Tramp's Wallet stored by an English goldsmith during his wanderings in Germany and France" by William Duthie
As a word for a sort of beer club it is as common as beer.
"Home Life in Germany" by Mrs. Alfred Sidgwick
A bushel of persimmons before mashing will make a barrel of beer.
"Dishes & Beverages of the Old South" by Martha McCulloch Williams
The French smart set clung to its light wines and beers.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
Beer, sausage, bread (soft an' that's a cur'osity), soup in a tin, whisky by the smell av ut, an' fowls!
"Soldier Stories" by Rudyard Kipling
The ruffianly-looking digger drank his beer, insisted on calling for more, and then locked the door.
"The Tale of Timber Town" by Alfred Grace
See BEER, FLOUR, SPIRITS, WINE.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
It is the lager-beer of the country.
"Aztec Land" by Maturin M. Ballou
When the library closed we adjourned for beer and a smoke, and often we would argue long about what we had been reading.
"The Harbor" by Ernest Poole
As a rule, stories and jokes circulated at table along with the bock-beer.
"Farthest North" by Fridtjof Nansen
Beer is just plain beer to you dull-wits.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
Stuff tastes kind o' moldy to me, so I asks have they got any American beer.
"The Pathless Trail" by Arthur O. (Arthur Olney) Friel
Czech beer, he was reminded all over again, is the best in the world.
"Freedom" by Dallas McCord Reynolds
The legs of the beer-stand did for tigers' legs.
"The Wouldbegoods" by E. Nesbit
The workings at De Beers had extended into the still more deeply seated granite in 1906.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 4" by Various
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In poetry:

Hand this vicked Charley Thompson
Came on Sundy veek to see her;
And he sent Eliza Davis
Hout to fetch a pint of beer.
"The Ballad Of Eliza Davis" by William Makepeace Thackeray
The bushmen were a decent lot,
As bushmen mostly are.
They filled the stranger up with beer;
The hat went round the bar.
"The Swagless Swaggie" by Edward Harrington
"Nay," quoth the Fed'ralist, "I think
You err. To me 'tis clear
I paid the money for the drink,
And you consumed the beer.
"Another Fusion" by C J Dennis
About the time that taverns shut
And men can buy no beer,
Two lads went up to the keepers' hut
To steal Lord Pelham's deer.
"The Ballad of Minepit Shaw" by Rudyard Kipling
"Is big Bill Smith to home, to home,
Is Smith to home?" says I.
"Oh, yes, he's here a-drinkin' beer
And larkin' to the sky."
"The Ballad of Hagensack" by Wallace Irwin
He smoked, but in a modest way,
Because he thought he needed it;
He drank a pot of beer a day,
And sometimes he exceeded it.
"Bob Polter" by William Schwenck Gilbert

In news:

A brewery in Oregon may be taking its craft beer innovation a little far after it announced that its new beer is made from yeast developed from the brewmaster's beard .
The large, multinational brewers appear to be deliberately attempting to blur the lines between their crafty, craft-like beers and true craft beers from today's small and independent brewers.
BEER IS the Everyman's drink, which is to say that at this time of year, there's a beer gift for Every Man (and Woman).
Many chain supermarkets and stores appoint "category captains" to determine which beers are sold in refrigerated aisles and which beers go on the warm shelves.
The resulting scarcity created demand on a regional scale, even before beer websites started an international craze by giving Westvleteren's beers a stellar taste rating.
Thirsty Dog 12 Dogs of Christmas was selected as the best holiday beer by 60 people participating last week in the "12 Beers of Christmas" tasting at D'Agnese's Trattoria in Akron.
Hunter said the American Lager beers he makes are very challenging to keep consistent but celebrates the success of smaller breweries making craft beers .
Made specifically for the hunter, tailgater, "on the train to work" chugger or just any old drunk uncle, the Enjoi Beer Hunter jacket helps lug around all those bottles and cans of beer .
Porn said Atom will offer a wide range of craft beers in its taproom, even brewing some lighter varieties to bring in the more casual drinker unaccustomed to heavier beers .
On the eve of Philly Beer Week, The Inquirer's Craig LaBan and seven other taste-testers sampled 48 local beers from 27 breweries.
Belgian Beer Tasting at Patina at Descanso Gardens: Beer and food samples, 6-8 pm Dec 7.
Another great summer beer, which I first sampled at the East Nashville Beer Festival, is Abita Strawberry Harvest Lager.
Hoppin' Frog Frosted Frog Christmas Ale won the annual blind Christmas beer tasting earlier this month at Vintage Estate Wine and Beer in Boardman.
Zombies, Bloody Mary Beer: Paw Paw Brewing Co. To celebrate Halloween with costumes, live music and specialty beer.
Just 40 bottles of the rare brew will be sold, likely at just a handful of stores, says Chris Waldock of Premium Beer Company, the Ontario agent for Boston Beer Co.
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In science:

The model that best fit the data has density contours that are flattened in the inner halo (galactocentric distance Rgal < 20 kpc), and spherical at larger distances, as proposed earlier by Preston, Schectman & Beers (1991).
RR Lyrae Stars in the Halo: Tracers of Streams of Debris of Disrupted Galaxies
In very metal-poor stars observations suggest that there may be an additional source of Y (and Sr) in addition to the r-process that produced the heavier r-process elements (e.g., Ryan, Norris, & Beers 1996; Burris et al. 2000).
Detailed Composition of Starts in Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies
Are there other examples of this process? We have begun to scrutinize dynamically coherent structures in samples of stars that favour metal-deficient stars, in particular the compilations of Beers et al (2000, B00) and Gratton et al (2003, GCCLB).
The Hierarchical Formation of the Galactic Disk
Without removing any spatial or velocity outliers, we use a biweight estimator with bootstrap errors as per Beers et al. (1990).
A Wide-Field HI Study of the NGC 1566 Group
On the g − r versus r diagram we fit the colour-magnitude relation for the early-type gala xies using a biweight fit (Beers, Flynn & Gebhardt 1990).
The Evolution of [OII] Emission from Cluster Galaxies
Starting from all 139 velocities (including those from Paper 1), we calculated the biweight estimators of location and scale (Beers et al. 1990).
The Cluster of Galaxies Surrounding Cygnus A II: New Velocities and a Dynamical Model
Beer postulates that the choice of the value is related to the wind speed at which the wind shear is strong enough to generate flame billows and that this value corresponds to a mid-flame wind speed of 2.5 m s−1 .
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Beer attempted to fit this model to observations of grassfire behaviour but could not.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Beer (1993a) further explored the effects of wind on fire spread through simplified (match splints) fuel.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
Beer concludes that a single simple power law or exponential is unlikely to be a correct mathematical description for the ROS-wind speed relation.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
The SDSS SEGUE project (as discussed by Beers) is already underway, and has discovered more than 2400 stars with [Fe/H] < −2 and dozens with [Fe/H] < −3.
First Stars III Conference Summary
An example of an association rule is the proverbial “People who buy beer between 5 p.m. and 7 p.m. also buy diapers at the same time.” The performance or quality of such a rule is judged by the fraction of the database that satisfies the rule exactly, which then boils down to the problem of finding frequent itemsets.
Algorithmic and Statistical Challenges in Modern Large-Scale Data Analysis are the Focus of MMDS 2008
The elements of reality that they say are not included seem to me small beer as compared to the entire past! Eppur si muove.
A Quantum Past
Beers et al. (1990) emphasize the difficulty in determining that a given velocity distribution differs significantly from Gaussian, stating that the goodness-of-fit tests used by Yahil & Vidal (1977) detect different departures (e.g., skewed or shifted distributions) from a true Gaussian distribution.
Statistical Tools for Classifying Galaxy Group Dynamics
For small number statistics, Beers et al. (1990) recommend the Gapper Estimator over the canonical rms standard deviation, as this algorithm is insensitive to outliers and thus more accurately reproduces the true dispersion of the system.
Statistical Tools for Classifying Galaxy Group Dynamics
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