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beat

Definitions

  • Si Beat a Retreat 171
    Si Beat a Retreat 171
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj beat very tired "was all in at the end of the day","so beat I could flop down and go to sleep anywhere","bushed after all that exercise","I'm dead after that long trip"
    • v beat wear out completely "This kind of work exhausts me","I'm beat","He was all washed up after the exam"
    • v beat be a mystery or bewildering to "This beats me!","Got me--I don't know the answer!","a vexing problem","This question really stuck me"
    • v beat come out better in a competition, race, or conflict "Agassi beat Becker in the tennis championship","We beat the competition","Harvard defeated Yale in the last football game"
    • v beat beat through cleverness and wit "I beat the traffic","She outfoxed her competitors"
    • v beat give a beating to; subject to a beating, either as a punishment or as an act of aggression "Thugs beat him up when he walked down the street late at night","The teacher used to beat the students"
    • v beat hit repeatedly "beat on the door","beat the table with his shoe"
    • v beat strike (water or bushes) repeatedly to rouse animals for hunting
    • v beat strike (a part of one's own body) repeatedly, as in great emotion or in accompaniment to music "beat one's breast","beat one's foot rhythmically"
    • v beat stir vigorously "beat the egg whites","beat the cream"
    • v beat shape by beating "beat swords into ploughshares"
    • v beat produce a rhythm by striking repeatedly "beat the drum"
    • v beat make by pounding or trampling "beat a path through the forest"
    • v beat move with or as if with a regular alternating motion "the city pulsated with music and excitement"
    • v beat move rhythmically "Her heart was beating fast"
    • v beat indicate by beating, as with the fingers or drumsticks "Beat the rhythm"
    • v beat sail with much tacking or with difficulty "The boat beat in the strong wind"
    • v beat move with a flapping motion "The bird's wings were flapping"
    • v beat move with a thrashing motion "The bird flapped its wings","The eagle beat its wings and soared high into the sky"
    • v beat glare or strike with great intensity "The sun was beating down on us"
    • v beat make a rhythmic sound "Rain drummed against the windshield","The drums beat all night"
    • v beat make a sound like a clock or a timer "the clocks were ticking","the grandfather clock beat midnight"
    • v beat avoid paying "beat the subway fare"
    • v beat be superior "Reading beats watching television","This sure beats work!"
    • n beat the act of beating to windward; sailing as close as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing
    • n beat a stroke or blow "the signal was two beats on the steam pipe"
    • n beat a regular rate of repetition "the cox raised the beat"
    • n beat the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music "the piece has a fast rhythm","the conductor set the beat"
    • n beat (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse
    • n beat the sound of stroke or blow "he heard the beat of a drum"
    • n beat the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart "he could feel the beat of her heart"
    • n beat a regular route for a sentry or policeman "in the old days a policeman walked a beat and knew all his people by name"
    • n beat a member of the beat generation; a nonconformist in dress and behavior
    • n beat a single pulsation of an oscillation produced by adding two waves of different frequencies; has a frequency equal to the difference between the two oscillations
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

We beat Andover We beat Andover
Bruin Gets a Beating Bruin Gets a Beating

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Women hearts beat faster than men
    • Beat A cheat or swindler of the lowest grade; -- often emphasized by dead; as, a dead beat ; also, deadbeat.
    • Beat A place of habitual or frequent resort.
    • Beat A recurring stroke; a throb; a pulsation; as, a beat of the heart; the beat of the pulse.
    • Beat A round or course which is frequently gone over; as, a watchman's beat ; analogously, for newspaper reporters, the subject or territory that they are assigned to cover; as, the Washington beat .
    • Beat A smart tap on the adversary's blade.
    • Beat A stroke; a blow. "He, with a careless beat,
      Struck out the mute creation at a heat."
      "That dent of thunder.""Nor shield defend the thunder of his throws ."
    • Beat (Acoustics & Mus) A sudden swelling or reënforcement of a sound, recurring at regular intervals, and produced by the interference of sound waves of slightly different periods of vibrations; applied also, by analogy, to other kinds of wave motions; the pulsation or throbbing produced by the vibrating together of two tones not quite in unison. See Beat v. i., 8.
    • Beat (Mus) A transient grace note, struck immediately before the one it is intended to ornament.
    • Beat One that beats, or surpasses, another or others; as, the beat of him.
    • Beat The act of obtaining and publishing a piece of news by a newspaper before its competitors; also, the news itself; -- also called a scoop or exclusive.
    • Beat The act of one that beats a person or thing
    • Beat The act of scouring, or ranging over, a tract of land to rouse or drive out game; also, those so engaged, collectively.
    • Beat (Mus) The rise or fall of the hand or foot, marking the divisions of time; a division of the measure so marked. In the rhythm of music the beat is the unit.
    • Beat to baffle or stump; to defy the comprehension of (a person); as, it beats me why he would do that.
    • Beat To be in agitation or doubt. "To still my beating mind."
    • Beat To cheat; to chouse; to swindle; to defraud; -- often with out.
    • Beat To come or act with violence; to dash or fall with force; to strike anything, as rain, wind, and waves do. "Sees rolling tempests vainly beat below.""They [winds beat at the crazy casement.""The sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die.""Public envy seemeth to beat chiefly upon ministers."
    • Beat To dash against, or strike, as with water or wind. "A frozen continent . . . beat with perpetual storms."
    • Beat to evade, avoid, or escape (blame, taxes, punishment); as, to beat the rap (be acquitted); to beat the sales tax by buying out of state.
    • Beat To exercise severely; to perplex; to trouble. "Why should any one . . . beat his head about the Latin grammar who does not intend to be a critic?"
    • Beat (Mil) To give the signal for, by beat of drum; to sound by beat of drum; as, to beat an alarm, a charge, a parley, a retreat; to beat the general, the reveille, the tattoo. See Alarm Charge Parley, etc.
    • Beat To make a sound when struck; as, the drums beat .
    • Beat (Mil) To make a succession of strokes on a drum; as, the drummers beat to call soldiers to their quarters.
    • Beat (Naut) To make progress against the wind, by sailing in a zigzag line or traverse.
    • Beat To move with pulsation or throbbing. "A thousand hearts beat happily."
    • Beat To overcome in a battle, contest, strife, race, game, etc.; to vanquish, defeat, or conquer; to surpass or be superior to. "He beat them in a bloody battle.""For loveliness, it would be hard to beat that."
    • Beat To punish by blows; to thrash.
    • Beat To scour or range over in hunting, accompanied with the noise made by striking bushes, etc., for the purpose of rousing game. "To beat the woods, and rouse the bounding prey."
    • Beat (Acoustics & Mus) To sound with more or less rapid alternations of greater and less intensity, so as to produce a pulsating effect; -- said of instruments, tones, or vibrations, not perfectly in unison.
    • Beat To strike repeatedly; to inflict repeated blows; to knock vigorously or loudly. "The men of the city . . . beat at the door."
    • Beat To strike repeatedly; to lay repeated blows upon; as, to beat one's breast; to beat iron so as to shape it; to beat grain, in order to force out the seeds; to beat eggs and sugar; to beat a drum. "Thou shalt beat some of it [spices] very small.""They did beat the gold into thin plates."
    • Beat To tread, as a path. "Pass awful gulfs, and beat my painful way."
    • a Beat Weary; tired; fatigued; exhausted. "Quite beat, and very much vexed and disappointed."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: On December 17 1991, the Cleveland Cavaliers beat the Miami Heat 148-80, the largest margin of victory in an NBA game
    • beat To strike repeatedly; lay repeated blows upon.
    • beat To strike in order to produce a sound; sound by percussion: as, to beat a drum or a tambourine.
    • beat To play (a particular call or tattoo) upon the drum: as, to beat a charge; to beat a retreat.
    • beat To break, bruise, comminute, or pulverize by beating or pounding, as any hard substance.
    • beat To extend by beating, as gold or other malleable substance, or to hammer into any form; forge.
    • beat To separate by concussion; strike apart; remove by striking or threshing: with out.
    • beat To mix by a striking or beating motion; whip into the desired condition: as, to beat or beat up eggs or batter.
    • beat To dash or strike against, as water or wind.
    • beat To strike with the feet in moving; tread upon.
    • beat To range (fields or woods) with loud blows or other noise in search of game.
    • beat To overcome in battle, contest, or strife; vanquish or conquer: as, one beats another at play.
    • beat To surpass; excel; go beyond: as, he beats them all at swimming.
    • beat To be too difficult for, whether intellectually or physically; baffle: as, it beats me to make it out.
    • beat To harass; exercise severely; cudgel (one's brains).
    • beat To exhaust: as, the long and toilsome journey quite beat him.
    • beat To flutter; flap: as, to beat the wings: said of a bird. See bate.
    • beat In medieval embroidery, to ornament with thin plates of gold or silver.
    • beat In printing: To ink with beaters. To impress by repeatedly striking with a mallet a proof-planer pressed against the paper: as, beat a proof of that form.
    • beat To obtain an unfair advantage of; defraud: as, to beat a hotel.
    • beat To depress or crush: as, to beat down opposition.
    • beat To perform or execute, as a piece of music, by or as if by beats with the hands or feet.
    • beat To drive out or away.
    • beat To summon or bring together as by beat of drum: as, to beat up recruits. In hunting, to rouse and drive (game) by ranging.
    • beat In engraving, to remove (a dent or mark) from the face of a plate by striking the back with a punch while the face rests on a sheet of tin-foil on an anvil or a stake. In this way engravers can remove marks too deep to be obliterated by the scraper or burnisher. Synonyms To pound, bang, buffet, maul, drub, thump, thwack, baste, thrash, pommel. Discomfit, Rout, etc. See defeat.
    • beat To strike repeatedly; knock, as at a door.
    • beat To move with pulsation; throb: as, the pulse beats.
    • beat To act, dash, or fall with force or violence, as a storm, flood, passion, etc.: as, the tempest beats against the house.
    • beat To be tossed so as to strike the ground violently or frequently.
    • beat To give notice by beating a drum; also, to sound on being beaten, as a drum.
    • beat To contain beats or pulsations of sound, as a tone formed by sounding together two notes which are nearly in unison. See beat, n., 7.
    • beat To ponder; be incessantly engaged; be anxiously directed to something; be in agitation or doubt.
    • beat Nautical, to make progress against the wind by alternate tacks in a zigzag line. A good square-rigged vessel will make a direct gain to windward of three tenths of the distance she has sailed while beating, while the gain to windward of an average fore-and-aft rigged vessel will be equal to five or six tenths of the distance sailed.
    • n beat A stroke; a striking; a blow, whether with the hand or with a weapon.
    • n beat A recurrent stroke; a pulsation; a throb: as, the beat of the pulse; the heart makes from sixty to seventy beats a minute.
    • n beat The sound made by the foot in walking or running; a footfall.
    • n beat A round or course which is frequently gone over: as, a watchman's beat; a milkman's beat.
    • n beat Hence A course habitually traversed, or a place to which one habitually or frequently resorts.
    • n beat In Alabama and Mississippi, the principal subdivision of a county; a voting-precinct.
    • n beat In music: The beating or pulsation arising from the interference of two musical notes differing but slightly in pitch. See interference. The number of beats per second is equal to the difference between the numbers of vibrations of the two notes. Thus, two notes having 256 and 255 vibrations per second respectively, if sounded simultaneously, will give rise to one beat each second, because once in each second the two wave-systems (see sound) will coincide and produce a maximum sound, and once they will be half a wave-length apart, and the sound will almost disappear. Also called beating.
    • n beat The motion of the hand, foot, or baton in marking the divisions of time during the performance of a piece of music. Used vaguely by various English writers to denote different kinds of ornamental notes or graces.
    • n beat The third operation in paper-making, in which the pulp is still further divided and torn apart in the beating-engine.
    • n beat The blow struck by a valve when falling into its seat.
    • n beat The bearing part or the facing of a valve.
    • n beat A worthless, dishonest, shiftless fellow; a knave.
    • n beat A stroke or blow without recoil, as in the dead-beat escapement. See escapement.
    • beat Exhausted by exertion, mentally or bodily; fatigued; worn out by toil.
    • n beat A bundle of flax or hemp made up ready for steeping.
    • n beat The rough sod of moorland, or the matted growth of fallow land, which is sliced or pared off, and burned, when the land is about to be plowed. See beat, verb
    • beat To slice off (the beat or rough sod) from uncultivated or fallow ground with a beat-ax or breast-plow, in order to burn it, for the purpose at once of destroying it and of converting it into manure for the land.
    • beat In cricket, to break through (a batsman's defense): said of the bowler or the ball.
    • n beat In fencing, a smart tap on the adversary's blade to disconcert him or drive the blade aside for the thrust.
    • n beat The act of overcoming or surpassing; specifically (in newspaper cant), the securing and publishing of some news item by a newspaper in advance of its competitors.
    • n beat The news item itself.
    • n beat The act of beating or ranging over a cover for game; the company, collectively, of those engaged in beating for game.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: When the are in danger, kangaroos will beat the ground loudly with their hind feet
    • v.t Beat bēt to strike repeatedly: to break or bruise: to strike, as bushes, in order to rouse game: to thrash: to overcome: to be too difficult for: to spread flat and thin by beating with a tool, as gold by a gold-beater—also To beat out
    • v.i Beat to give strokes repeatedly: to throb: to dash, as a flood or storm:—pr.p. beat′ing; pa.t. beat; pa.p. beat′en
    • n Beat a recurrent stroke: a stroke recurring at intervals, or its sound, as of a watch or the pulse: a round or course, as a policeman's beat: a place of resort
    • adj Beat weary: fatigued
    • ***

Quotations

  • Dr. Laura Schlessinger
    Dr. Laura Schlessinger
    “Don't spend time beating on a wall, hoping to transform it into a door.”
  • Muhammad Ali
    Muhammad%20Ali
    “It's just a job. Grass grows, birds fly, waves pound the sand. I beat people up.”
  • Luther Lassiter
    Luther Lassiter
    “I watch a man shoot pool for an hour. If he misses more than one shot I know I can beat him.”
  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “A man's very highest moment is, I have no doubt at all, when he kneels in the dust, and beats his breast, and tells all the sins of his life.”
  • Walter Bagehot
    Walter%20Bagehot
    “Conquest is the missionary of valor, and the hard impact of military virtues beats meanness out of the world.”
  • Neil Kendall
    Neil Kendall
    “Some people follow their dreams, others hunt them down and beat them mercilessly into submission.”

Idioms

Beat about the bush - If someone doesn't say clearly what they mean and try to make it hard to understand, they are beating about (around) the bush.
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Beat someone to the draw - (USA) If you beat someone to the draw, you do something before they do.
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Beat swords into ploughshares - If people beat swords into ploughshares, they spend money on humanitarian purposes rather than weapons. (The American English spelling is 'plowshares')
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Beat the daylights out of someone - If someone beats the daylights out of another person, they hit them repeatedly. ('Knock' can also be used and it can be made even stronger by saying 'the living daylights'.)
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Beat the rap - If you beat the rap, you escape conviction and punishment for a crime or something you have done wrong.
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Beat the tar out of - When you want to beat the tar out of someone, you want to beat them up badly.
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Beat them at their own game - If you beat someone at their own game, you use your enemy's tactics or tricks in order to win.
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Beat to the punch - If you beat someone to the punch, you act before them and gain an advantage.
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Beat your brains out - If you beat your brains out, you think hard about something but cannot solve, understand or remember it.
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Beating a dead horse - (USA) If someone is trying to convince people to do or feel something without any hope of succeeding, they're beating a dead horse. This is used when someone is trying to raise interest in an issue that no-one supports anymore; beating a dead horse will not make it do any more work.
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Heart misses a beat - If your heart misses a beat, you are suddenly shocked or surprised. ('Heart skips a beat' is an alternative)
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March to the beat of your own drum - If people march to the beat of their own drum, they do things the way they want without taking other people into consideration.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. beaten, beten, AS. beátan,; akin to Icel. bauta, OHG. bōzan,. Cf. 1st Butt Button

Usage

In literature:

No other team ever beat Claflin three times running.
"Left Guard Gilbert" by Ralph Henry Barbour
Beat the eggs together very light, then, add sugar and beat again.
"The Golden Age Cook Book" by Henrietta Latham Dwight
They scattered, beating the woods, loudly calling her name and making naive promises to the night, if she would only come back.
"The Huntress" by Hulbert Footner
Beat yolk, add sugar and salt, and beat until creamy.
"The Suffrage Cook Book"
Beat butter and sugar to a cream; beat whites to a stiff froth and add.
"The Cookery Blue Book" by Society for Christian Work of the First Unitarian Church, San Francisco, California
This done, he passed out into the sunshine and beat the triangle.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
Add 1 egg at a time, beating well after each addition.
"Pennsylvania Dutch Cooking" by Unknown
Beat them, beat them, the boys with the long legs.
"Jewish Children" by Sholem Naumovich Rabinovich
Say, young feller, I can give you a head start half way to that bush and still beat you there!
"The Boy Ranchers on Roaring River" by Willard F. Baker
It was footsteps going west, and I could not have originated their dragging beat.
"The Cattle-Baron's Daughter" by Harold Bindloss
It was quite an event, and all the town knew of it, so that it was not necessary to announce it by beat of drum.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
Her little hand beat upon the rock in her distress.
"Brand Blotters" by William MacLeod Raine
Beating she comprehended, but this mysterious change in the man Bough filled her with sick, secret loathing and dread.
"The Dop Doctor" by Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
One that will beat Mascola's like an ace beats a deuce.
"El Diablo" by Brayton Norton
Beat four eggs, (when it is cool,) and put in, together with a tea-spoonful of salt.
"The American Housewife" by Anonymous
She sat down, her heart beating under her knit jacket twice as fast as a girl's heart ought to beat.
"Rose O'Paradise" by Grace Miller White
Fold afresh as the dough beats thin, dredging in flour if it begins to stick.
"Dishes & Beverages of the Old South" by Martha McCulloch Williams
The rain beat down on the walls and roof of Ugolini's mansion with redoubled intensity.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
And she beat him off, she beat him off.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
We must beat him there, as we could never save our guns, stores, etc.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
***

In poetry:

O the beating, breaking
Heart of things,
The pulse and passion—
How it sings.
"Summer Songs" by Richard Le Gallienne
That too I remember…
And the tenderly rocking mountain
Silence
And beating stars…
"The Edge" by Lola Ridge
Bid all fear and doubting
From my soul depart,
As I feel the beating
Of Thy Human Heart.
"Homo Factus Est" by Digby Mackworth Dolben
—The wind's but blowing!
Here storms beat wildly;
The fjord is open,
The fells low-lying.
"Bergliot" by Bjornstjerne Bjornson
List I to the hurried beatings
Of my heart;
How its quickened, loud repeatings
Make me start!
"My Heart" by Effie Afton
— A Troubadour-youth I rambled
With Life for lyre,
The beats of being raging
In me like fire.
"The Dead Man Walking" by Thomas Hardy

In news:

Barcelona rallied from a 2-1 deficit to beat Spartak Moscow, 3-2, on a pair of late goals from Lionel Messi in the UEFA Champions League.
This wasn't the first time the MLS XI beat the Blues -- it also did it in 2006 -- but this win was special.
Mike Geniella, former reporter for the Press Democrat, moved to Ukiah in 1985, where he began covering the timber beat.
Junior quarterback Dan Deely threw for five touchdowns and ran for one more as Sonoma Valley High beat San Marin 41-39 Friday night.
Rex second baseman Edmund Cheatham beats the throw to the plate to score during game action against the Springfield Sliders.
This Week's Creature Feature Beating the Barnyard Heat.
Beating 11-year incumbent Karen Davis by 1205, John Gardner won the Barren and Metcalfe Counties Commonwealth Attorney's race.
Out came the guns and the cables used for beatings.
Closing arguments expected in priest beating trial.
If you didn't know any better, if you watched from a distance, you might have shrugged your shoulders when Gloucester Catholic beat Don Bosco Prep in the Non-Public A state baseball final.
BARTLESVILLE – A Washington County judge set a $1 million bond Thursday for a 20-year-old Bartlesville man who is being held in the Halloween beating death of his grandmother.
1 million bond set for Bartlesville suspect in grandmother's fatal beating.
George Kottaras hit a leadoff homer in the 10th inning and the Oakland Athletics moved within four games of the AL West lead by beating the first-place Texas Rangers 3-2 Tuesday night.
Konner Wade reacts to the final out as Arizona beat South Carolina 5-1 in the first game of the College World Series championship series.
Slippery Rock scored the final three runs of the game, all unearned, and beat Gannon 3-2 Thursday in a PSAC baseball tournament elimination game at Pullman Park.
***

In science:

It is the beating between the incoming laser field and the evolving stored field that gives rise to this oscillatory behavior.
Finesse and mirror speed measurement for a suspended Fabry-Perot cavity using the ringing effect
The idea will be to “beat the small size limit” of Monte Carlo methods.
Computer Science in Physics
In this case, Magnus waited during the most recent beat.
Juggling probabilities
In the worst case, the colored vertices are half black and half white; coloring the new vertex oppositely to the ma jority beats cx (in expectation) by E(|B (2cx, 1/2) − cx|) ≃ E(|N (0, cx)|) = p2cx/π .
Random MAX SAT, Random MAX CUT, and Their Phase Transitions
The payoff f (S1) for the first captain is the probability that the players in S1 (together with the first captain) would beat the players in S2 (together with the second captain).
Random-Turn Hex and other selection games
This simple randomized strategy provably beats an optimal opponent 50 − ε percent of the time.
Random-Turn Hex and other selection games
Extracting a beat frequency one can avoid the problem of determining the Rydberg constant at all.
Precision physics of simple atoms: QED tests, nuclear structure and fundamental constants
Thus–as for random facet– more geometry is needed to beat the exponential lower bounds.
The Random Edge Simplex Algorithm on Dual Cyclic 4-Polytopes
Of the remaining two stars, one (our number 14) is the result of the beat phenomenon, and we defer to the Littlefair et al. (2005) period of 1.63 days, since their tightly-spaced monitoring is likely better suited to distinguishing beat periods from true periods than our sparser sampling.
The Variability and Rotation of Pre-main Sequence Stars in IC 348: Does Intracluster Environment Influence Stellar Rotation?
Here we have detected a beat period for the Littlefair period, indirectly confirming the period identified in that study.
The Variability and Rotation of Pre-main Sequence Stars in IC 348: Does Intracluster Environment Influence Stellar Rotation?
UN IT-CLAU S E, in fact, succeeds for every k as long as r < 2k /k and, as we mentioned earlier, no algorithm is known to beat this bound asymptotically.
On the Solution-Space Geometry of Random Constraint Satisfaction Problems
As mentioned in § 1, higher (sub-leading) α′ and string loop corrections could, in principle, introduce a small polynomial dependence on the Ti which would beat exponential flatness at large values of the Ti .
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
The rms kick beats the downward drift when s ≈ [H/(2πMP )]/√2ǫ exceeds unity, that is the fluctuations become non-perturbative.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
For example, tra jectories originating in the region of self-reproduction we identified in § 6.2 — where stochastic diffusive kicks can beat classical field drift — would invariably finish in the τ -troughs.
Roulette Inflation with K\"ahler Moduli and their Axions
Finally, re fined message passing techn iques (such as survey propagation) may beat also this threshold.
Gibbs States and the Set of Solutions of Random Constraint Satisfaction Problems
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