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bear

Definitions

  • Flat-bottomed Vessel of Bronze Open-work Bearing The Cartouches of Pharaoh KhÎti I
    Flat-bottomed Vessel of Bronze Open-work Bearing The Cartouches of Pharaoh KhÎti I
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v bear have on one's person "He wore a red ribbon","bear a scar"
    • v bear cause to be born "My wife had twins yesterday!"
    • v bear be pregnant with "She is bearing his child","The are expecting another child in January","I am carrying his child"
    • v bear put up with something or somebody unpleasant "I cannot bear his constant criticism","The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks","he learned to tolerate the heat","She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage"
    • v bear move while holding up or supporting "Bear gifts","bear a heavy load","bear news","bearing orders"
    • v bear support or hold in a certain manner "She holds her head high","He carried himself upright"
    • v bear bring forth, "The apple tree bore delicious apples this year" "The unidentified plant bore gorgeous flowers"
    • v bear bring in "interest-bearing accounts","How much does this savings certificate pay annually?"
    • v bear take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person "I'll accept the charges","She agreed to bear the responsibility"
    • v bear have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices "She bears the title of Duchess","He held the governorship for almost a decade"
    • v bear behave in a certain manner "She carried herself well","he bore himself with dignity","They conducted themselves well during these difficult times"
    • v bear have "bear a resemblance","bear a signature"
    • v bear contain or hold; have within "The jar carries wine","The canteen holds fresh water","This can contains water"
    • n bear massive plantigrade carnivorous or omnivorous mammals with long shaggy coats and strong claws
    • n bear an investor with a pessimistic market outlook; an investor who expects prices to fall and so sells now in order to buy later at a lower price
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

"I cannot bear to sit out here." "I cannot bear to sit out here."
Two polar bears with a seal they have caught Two polar bears with a seal they have caught
The bear invades the sugar party camp The bear invades the sugar party camp
The bear standing on a rock outcrop The bear standing on a rock outcrop
THE BEAR AND THE BEES THE BEAR AND THE BEES
THE BEARS AT BREAKFAST THE BEARS AT BREAKFAST
THE BEARS OUT FOR A WALK THE BEARS OUT FOR A WALK
GOLDEN HAIR PEEPING INTO THE BEARS' HOUSE GOLDEN HAIR PEEPING INTO THE BEARS' HOUSE

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Sugar Bear (the mascot for Golden Crisps cereal) was born in 1963
    • n Bear bēr A bier.
    • Bear (Naut) A block covered with coarse matting; -- used to scour the deck.
    • Bear (Stock Exchange) A person who sells stocks or securities for future delivery in expectation of a fall in the market.
    • Bear (Mach) A portable punching machine.
    • Bear (Zoöl) An animal which has some resemblance to a bear in form or habits, but no real affinity; as, the woolly bear; ant bear; water bear; sea bear.
    • Bear (Zoöl) Any species of the genus Ursus, and of the closely allied genera. Bears are plantigrade Carnivora, but they live largely on fruit and insects.
    • n Bear bēr (Bot) Barley; the six-rowed barley or the four-rowed barley, commonly the former (Hordeum hexastichon or Hordeum vulgare).
    • Bear Metaphorically: A brutal, coarse, or morose person.
    • Bear (Astron) One of two constellations in the northern hemisphere, called respectively the Great Bear and the Lesser Bear, or Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.
    • Bear To admit or be capable of; that is, to suffer or sustain without violence, injury, or change. "In all criminal cases the most favorable interpretation should be put on words that they can possibly bear ."
    • Bear To afford; to be to; to supply with. "His faithful dog shall bear him company."
    • Bear To be situated, as to the point of compass, with respect to something else; as, the land bears N. by E.
    • Bear To bring forth or produce; to yield; as, to bear apples; to bear children; to bear interest. "Here dwelt the man divine whom Samos bore ."
    • Bear To carry on, or maintain; to have. "The credit of bearing a part in the conversation."
    • Bear To conduct; to bring; -- said of persons. "Bear them to my house."
    • v. t Bear (Stock Exchange) To endeavor to depress the price of, or prices in; as, to bear a railroad stock; to bear the market.
    • Bear To endure with patience; to be patient. "I can not, can not bear ."
    • Bear To endure; to tolerate; to undergo; to suffer. "Should such a man, too fond to rule alone, Bear, like the Turk, no brother near the throne.""I cannot bear The murmur of this lake to hear.""My punishment is greater than I can bear ."
    • Bear To gain or win. "Some think to bear it by speaking a great word.""She was . . . found not guilty, through bearing of friends and bribing of the judge."
    • Bear To have a certain meaning, intent, or effect. "Her sentence bore that she should stand a certain time upon the platform."
    • Bear To manage, wield, or direct. "Thus must thou thy body bear .""Hath he borne himself penitently in prison?"
    • Bear To possess and use, as power; to exercise. "Every man should bear rule in his own house."
    • Bear To possess mentally; to carry or hold in the mind; to entertain; to harbor "The ancient grudge I bear him."
    • Bear To possess or carry, as a mark of authority or distinction; to wear; as, to bear a sword, badge, or name.
    • Bear To press; -- with on or upon, or against. "These men bear hard on the suspected party."
    • Bear To produce, as fruit; to be fruitful, in opposition to barrenness. "This age to blossom, and the next to bear ."
    • Bear To relate or refer; -- with on or upon; as, how does this bear on the question?
    • Bear To render or give; to bring forward. "Your testimony bear"
    • Bear To suffer, as in carrying a burden. "But man is born to bear ."
    • Bear To support and remove or carry; to convey. "I 'll bear your logs the while."
    • Bear To support or sustain; to hold up.
    • Bear To sustain, or be answerable for, as blame, expense, responsibility, etc. "He shall bear their iniquities.""Somewhat that will bear your charges."
    • Bear To sustain; to have on (written or inscribed, or as a mark), as, the tablet bears this inscription.
    • Bear To take effect; to have influence or force; as, to bring matters to bear .
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The Koala bear is not really a bear, but is really related to the kangaroo and the wombat.
    • bear To support; hold up; sustain: as, a pillar or a girder bears the superincumbent weight.
    • bear To support in movement; carry; convey.
    • bear To suffer; endure; undergo: as, to bear punishment, blame, etc.
    • bear To endure the effects of; take the consequences of; be answerable for.
    • bear To support or sustain without sinking, yielding, shrinking, or suffering injury.
    • bear To suffer or sustain without violence, injury, or change; admit or be capable of.
    • bear To suffer without resentment or effort to prevent; endure patiently.
    • bear To sustain, as expense; supply the means of paying.
    • bear To have, or have a right to; be entitled to; have the rightful use of, as a name, a title, a coat of arms, and the like.
    • bear To carry, as in show; exhibit; show.
    • bear To bring forward; render; give; afford: as, to bear testimony.
    • bear To carry in the mind; entertain or cherish, as love, hatred, envy, respect, etc.
    • bear To possess, as a property, attribute, or characteristic; have in or on; contain: as, to bear signs or traces; to bear an inscription; the contents which the letter bears.
    • bear To possess and use, as power; exercise; be charged with; administer: as, to bear sway.
    • bear To carry on; deal with.
    • bear To manage; direct; use (what is under the immediate control of one's will).
    • bear Hence, with a reflexive pronoun, to behave; act in any character: as, he bore himself nobly.
    • bear To sustain by vital connection; put forth as an outgrowth or product; produce by natural growth: as, plants bear leaves, flowers, and fruit; the heroes borne by ancient Greece.
    • bear To bring forth in parturition; give birth to, as young; figuratively, give rise or origin to.
    • bear To conduct; guide; take: as, he bore him off to his quarters.
    • bear To press; thrust; push; drive; urge: with some word to denote the direction in which the object is driven: as, to bear down a scale; to bear back the crowd.
    • bear To gain or win: now commonly with away or off; formerly, sometimes, with an indefinite it for the object.
    • bear In the game of backgammon, to throw off or remove, as the men from the board.
    • bear To purport; imply; import; state.
    • bear Nautical, to remove to a distance; keep clear from rubbing against anything: as, to bear off a boat
    • bear To gain and carry off: as, he bore off the prize.
    • bear To defend; support; uphold; second: with a personal object.
    • bear To confirm; corroborate; establish; justify: with a thing for the object.
    • bear With a more or less indefinite it for the object: To last through; endure.
    • bear To enable to endure; render supportable.
    • bear To conduct or manage.
    • bear To arrange; contrive; devise.
    • bear To be capable of supporting or carrying: as, the floor would not bear.
    • bear To lean; weigh; rest fixedly or burdensomely: as, the sides of two inclining objects bear upon or against one another.
    • bear To tend; be directed in a certain way, whether with or without violence: as, to bear away; to bear back; to bear in; to bear out to sea; to bear upon; to bear down upon; the fleet bore down upon the enemy.
    • bear Hence To have reference (to); relate (to); come into practical contact (with); have a bearing: as, legislation bearing on the interests of labor.
    • bear To be situated as to the point of the compass, with respect to something else: as, the land bore E. N. English from the ship.
    • bear To suffer, as with pain; endure.
    • bear To be patient.
    • bear To produce fruit; be fruitful, as opposed to being barren: as, the tree still continues to bear.
    • bear To take effect; succeed.
    • bear To be firm; have fortitude.
    • bear (nautical), to sail or proceed toward: as, we made all sail and bore up for Hong Kong.
    • n bear A large plantigrade carnivorous or omnivorous mammal, of the family Ursidæ, especially of the genus Ursus. The teeth of the true bears are 42, and none of the molars are sectorial. The animals are less truly carnivorous than most of the order to which they belong, feeding largely upon roots, fruits, etc., as well as honey and insects. The tail is rudimentary, and the muzzle is prominent, with mobile lips and a slender, sometimes very extensile, tongue. The best-known species is the brown or black bear of Europe and Asia, Ursus arctos, found chiefly in northerly regions, of which several varieties are described, differing much in size and color, and to some extent in shape; it is ordinarily about 4 feet long and 2½ feet high; its flesh is eaten, its pelt is used for robes, and its fat is in great demand as an unguent known as bear's grease. The grizzly bear of North America, U. horribilis, is as regards specific classification hardly separable from the last, and like it runs into several varieties, as the cinnamon bear, etc. It is ordinarily larger than the European, and is noted for its ferocity and tenacity of life. It inhabits the mountainous portions of western North America. The common black bear of North America is a smaller and distinct species, U. americanus, usually black with a tawny snout, but it also runs into a cinnamon variety. See cut under Ursus. The polar bear or white bear, Ursus or Thalassarctos maritimus, is very distinct, of great size, peculiar shape, and white or whitish color, marine and maritime, and piscivorous to some extent, though seals constitute much of its food. The Syrian bear, U. syriacus, and the Himalayan bear, U. himalayanus, respectively inhabit the regions whence they take their names. The spectacled bear, Ursus or Tremarctos ornatus, is the sole representative of the Ursidæ in South America: so called from the light-colored rings around the eyes, which have exactly the appearance of a pair of spectacles, the rest of the face and body being black. The Malayan bear or bruang, U. malayanus, is a small, black, close-haired species, with a white mark on the throat, with protrusile lips and slender tongue, capable of being taught a variety of amusing tricks in confinement. The sloth-bear or aswail of India is distinct from the other bears, and is usually placed in a different genus, Melursus labiatus. See Ursidæ, and cut under aswail.
    • n bear The Anglo-Australian name of a marsupial quadruped, the koala, Phascolarctos cinereus. See koala.
    • n bear The name of two constellations in the northern hemisphere, called the Great and the Little Bear. Both these figures have long tails. The principal stars of the Great Bear compose the figure of Charles's Wain, or the Dipper. In the tail of the Little Bear is the pole-star. See Ursa.
    • n bear A rude, gruff, or uncouth man.
    • n bear In exchanges: Stock which one contracts to deliver at a future date, though not in the possession of the seller at the time the contract is made: in the phrases to buy or sell the bear.
    • n bear One who sells stocks, grain, provisions, or other commodities neither owned nor possessed by him at the time of selling them, but which he expects to buy at a lower price before the time fixed for making delivery.
    • n bear One who endeavors to bring down prices, in order that he may buy cheap: opposed to a bull, who tries to raise the price, that he may sell dear.
    • n bear A popular name for certain common caterpillars of the family Arctiidæ, which are densely covered with long hair resembling the fur of a bear. They undergo their transformation under old boards or other sheltered places, forming a slight cocoon composed chiefly of their own hair. Spilosoma Virginica (Fabricius) is a common example; the moth is white with a few black spots, the abdomen orange-colored, banded with white, and ornamented with three rows of black dots. See cut in preceding column.
    • n bear In metallurgy, one of the names given to the metallic mass, consisting of more or less malleable iron, sometimes found in the bottom of an iron furnace after it has gone out of blast.
    • n bear Nautical, a square block of wood weighted with iron, or a rough mat filled with sand, dragged to and fro on a ship's decks instead of a holystone (which see).
    • n bear In metal-working, a portable punching-machine for iron plates.
    • bear In the stock exchange, to attempt to lower the price of: as, to bear stocks. See bear, n., 5.
    • n bear Barley: a word now used chiefly in the north of England and in Scotland for the common four-rowed barley, Hordeum vulgare. The six-rowed kind, H. hexastichon, is called big.
    • n bear A pillow-case: usually in composition, pillow-bear.
    • n bear The panda, Ælurus fulgens, otherwise called bear-cat.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Polar bears are left handed
    • v.t Bear bār to carry or support: to endure: to admit of: to be entitled to: to afford: to import: to manage: to behave or conduct one's self: to bring forth or produce
    • v.i Bear to suffer: to be patient: to have reference to: to press (with on or upon): to be situated:—pr.p. bear′ing; pa.t. bōre; pa.p. bōrne (but the pa.p. when used to mean 'brought forth' is born)
    • Bear an obsolete form of Bier.
    • n Bear bār a heavy quadruped of the order Carnivora, with long shaggy hair and hooked claws: any rude, rough, or ill-bred fellow: one who sells stocks for delivery at a future date, anticipating a fall in price so that he may buy first at an advantage—opp. to Bull: the old phrase 'a bearskin jobber' suggests an origin in the common proverb, 'to sell the bearskin before one has caught the bear' (hence To bear, to speculate for a fall):
    • n Bear bēr barley, applied in Scotland to the now little grown variety Hordeum hexastichon.
    • n Bear bār (astron.) the name of two constellations, the Great and the Little Bear
    • ***

Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Some people grin and bear it; others smile and do it.”
  • Edward Everett Hale
    Edward Everett Hale
    “Some people bear three kinds of trouble -- the ones they've had, the ones they have, and the ones they expect to have.”
  • Carl Jung
    Carl%20Jung
    “We deem those happy who from the experience of life have learnt to bear its ills without being overcome by them.”
  • W. Somerset Maugham
    W.%20Somerset%20Maugham
    “What makes old age hard to bear is not the failing of one's faculties, mental and physical, but the burden of one's memories.”
  • James Russell Lowell
    James%20Russell%20Lowell
    “The misfortunes hardest to bear are these which never came.”
  • Hosea Ballou
    Hosea%20Ballou
    “Those who commit injustice bear the greatest burden.”

Idioms

Angry as a bear - If someone is as angry as a bear, they are very angry.('Angry as a bear with a sore foot' is also used.)
***
Bear fruit - If something bears fruit, it produces positive results.
***
Bear market - A bear market is a period when investors are pessimistic and expect financial losses so are more likely to sell than to buy shares.
***
Bear the brunt - People who bear the brunt of something endure the worst of something bad.
***
Come to bear - If something comes to bear on you, you start to feel the pressure or effect of it.
***
Cross to bear - If someone has a cross to bear, they have a heavy burden of responsibility or a problem that they alone must cope with.
***
Grin and bear it - If you have to grin and bear it, you have to accept something that you don't like.
***
Hungry as a bear - If you are hungry as a bear, it means that you are really hungry.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. beren, AS. beran, beoran, to bear, carry, produce; akin to D. baren, to bring forth, G. gebären, Goth. baíran, to bear or carry, Icel. bera, Sw. bära, Dan. bære, OHG. beran, peran, L. ferre, to bear, carry, produce, Gr. fe`rein, OSlav. brati, to take, carry, OIr. berim, I bear, Skr. bhṛ, to bear. √92. Cf. Fertile
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. bera; Ger. bär; cf. L. fera, a wild beast, akin to Gr. thēr, Æolian phēr.

Usage

In literature:

The situation of a ship's sails when the wind bears against their front surfaces.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
I declare, I shall never bear to see Charles again in a coat and waistcoat and trousers.
"The Bertrams" by Anthony Trollope
Bear wealth weel, poortith will bear itsel.
"The Proverbs of Scotland" by Alexander Hislop
Don't cry, Honor dear, I can't bear that!
"Hopes and Fears scenes from the life of a spinster" by Charlotte M. Yonge
She had killed dozens of blacktail, an elk or two, and more than once a bear.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
Wild hogs and bears had begun to harvest the nuts before the Cave-men returned.
"The Later Cave-Men" by Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
If he is a true genius, he can bear the sharp voice of censure.
"What the Moon Saw: and Other Tales" by Hans Christian Andersen
It was the grizzly bear, the lord of the world as the world went then.
"Tales of Space and Time" by Herbert George Wells
They had ridden far up Bear Canyon, miles beyond the farthest bear-trap, to the Forest Ranger's cabin.
"Virginia of Elk Creek Valley" by Mary Ellen Chase
Starboard and port buoys are numbered from the seaward end of the channel, the black bearing the odd and red bearing the even numbers.
"Lectures in Navigation" by Ernest Gallaudet Draper
It is possible neither shot would have knocked the bear down, but any bear, when hit, will drop.
"The Young Alaskans in the Rockies" by Emerson Hough
KARL'S ADVENTURE WITH THE LONG-LIPPED BEAR.
"The Plant Hunters" by Mayne Reid
He is surrounded by his usual rout of attendants, one of whom bears a thyrsus.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
The grizzly bear is more like to the brown bear of Europe than to any other species of the genus.
"Bruin" by Mayne Reid
Then the grizzly bears or other bears, huge beyond any that they had ever seen before, appeared.
"The Great Sioux Trail" by Joseph Altsheler
It is to start a colony for the education and improvement of wild bears.
"The Arkansaw Bear" by Albert Bigelow Paine
You and I have each something to bear; we must be brave and bear it manfully.
"The Wide, Wide World" by Susan Warner
But scorn and rage together blinded the sagacity of the bear.
"Kings in Exile" by Sir Charles George Douglas Roberts
What made it all harder to bear was the difficulty of dealing with Dolly.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
There are two reasons why a tree bears full this year and will not bear the next.
"Soil Culture" by J. H. Walden
***

In poetry:

Here I hired
Horse and man for bearing
Me on my wayfaring
To the door desired.
"St Launce's Revisited" by Thomas Hardy
Earth, bear a berry!
Heaven, bear a light!
Man, make you merry
On Christmas Night.
"The Shepherd and The King" by Eleanor Farjeon
War grows from their peace
Like son from his mother
He bears
Her frightful features.
"From A German War Primer" by Bertolt Brecht
IT IS NIGHT
The married couples
Lie in their beds. The young women
Will bear orphans.
"From A German War Primer" by Bertolt Brecht
When I was little,
My life was half fear.
My nerves were as brittle
As nature may bear.
"Fear" by Gamaliel Bradford
still, as the sun comes up
bearing my birthday,
having met time and love
I raise my cup -
"Turning Fifty" by Judith Wright

In news:

Older bears also tend to be bigger bears and are much more likely to sport better skull measurements for the trophy bear hunters.
Bear Reports of bear are coming in from all around.
Three teens were shaken but uninjured Sunday night after they saw a young bear while walking in Seidman Park, then became worried they were trapped because a mother bear might be around.
New Bears tight end Brody Eldridge said Monday he would "love" to play some fullback in the Bears' offense if the team needs his services in the backfield.
Esther Jasinski, 91, puts a teddy bear in the donations box for the teddy bear donation drive at the Loudonville Home for Adults.
The Chicago Bears played a game Sunday night at Soldier Field in what coach Lovie Smith called "Chicago Bears weather".
CHICAGO BEARS KICKER ROBBIE GOULD MADE UP FOR A 34-YARD MISS EARLIER IN THE GAME BY MAKING A 41-YARD FIELD GOAL AS TIME EXPIRED TO HELP THE BEARS BEAT CAROLINA 23-22.
The war of words between the Chicago Bears and Green Bay Packers continued Thursday as Lance Briggs called Jermichael Finley "an idiot" for suggesting the Bears will be better off without Brian Urlacher on Sunday.
Grizzly Bear are, from left, Daniel Rossen, Chris Taylor, Ed Droste and Chris Bear.
Animal-curious visitors to this year's Champlain Valley Fair can ogle a new species of display: The Bear Mountain Wildlife Encounter, featuring Syrian brown bears, bills itself as an "educational" exhibit.
Tonk, a 600-pound alaskan Grizzly Bear and two juvenile bears: Booboo and Yogi weighing 150-pounds each.
Bruscino says the string of bear deaths has little bearing on the overall health of the ecosystem's grizzlies .
However, the facility's permit for the two involved in the mauling lists them as Syrian brown bears, a subspecies of brown bears that are different from grizzlies, said Fish, Wildlife and Parks spokeswoman Andrea Jones.
Grizzly Bear are, from left, Daniel Rossen, Chris Taylor, Ed Droste and Chris Bear.
The indie band Grizzly Bear at the Allaire Studios in the Catskills: from left, Daniel Rossen, Christopher Bear, Edward Droste and Chris Taylor.
***

In science:

These hj can be viewed as positions of electrostatic charges repelling each other, and from this viewpoint the measure on subsets of the integers bears a striking resemblance to the eigenvalue density of a random GUE matrix.
Random matrix theory over finite fields: a survey
The first term on the right hand side of the equation (1) reveals that x−(2β+λ) bears the dimension of time and this put a strong constraint on the mass loss term.
Formation of a New Class of Random Fractals in Fragmentation with Mass Loss
Below, we consider both numerical and theoretical concerns that bear on the results presented by Tegmark.
Quantum Computation in Brain Microtubules? Decoherence and Biological Feasibility
Recent detections of warm carbon bearing molecules in different O-rich AGB stars suggest that these carbon species have to form in the deep layers of the stellar wind.
HCN in the inner envelope of {chi} Cygni
An investigation of nonequilibrium chemistry of the oxygen rich Mira IK Tau showed that these carbon bearing molecules can efficiently form in the inner regions close to the stellar photosphere (DCW99).
HCN in the inner envelope of {chi} Cygni
The earlier claim of HCN along with other carbon bearing molecules being formed in the innermost region of the envelope of O -rich star like IK Tau (DCW99) seems to be true in the case of S type star χ Cyg as well.
HCN in the inner envelope of {chi} Cygni
In order to begin to see early galactic dust bearing any resemblance to ours I would expect one would have to wait until two things occur: the supernova rate drops precipitately and the M giants (low mass stars) become abundant— perhaps several billion years.
Cosmic Dust in the 21st Century
As a prototype of systems bearing a localization-delocalization transition, the strand-separation (melting) process in a double-stranded biopolymer is studied by a mapping to a quantum-mechanical problem with short-ranged potentials.
Force-Induced Melting and Thermal Melting of a Double-Stranded Biopolymer
One has to bear in mind that thin films in perpendicular magnetic field behave more like type-II superconductors and exhibit vortex structures8-11. We can move into the true type-II regime by using less pure Al and have observed the discussed behaviour also for κ >1.
Non-Quantized Penetration of Magnetic Field in the Vortex State of Superconductors
On the other hand, the measurement bears an inconclusive result when the outcome is of ˆMα for α > d2 .
Optimal conclusive teleportation of a d-dimensional unknown state
After executing the teleportation protocol infinite times, the ensemble of teleported quantum system is represented by a density operator ˆρ = Pα pα ˆρα where the measurement bears the outcome indexed α with the probability pα .
Optimal conclusive teleportation of a d-dimensional unknown state
In turn, this allows us to study statistical properties of compact radio structures which bear imprints of both intrinsic source properties (their evolution in particular) and manifestation of the cosmological model in the properties of the class of compact radio sources.
The "Number - Flux Density" Relation for Milliarcsecond Structures in Extragalactic Radio Sources
The bicomplex algebra has an anomaly, however, which has a bearing on the associated function theory: there exist so-called singular numbers other than 0 that lack an inverse.
Bicomplex algebra and function theory
However, one has to bear in mind that a significant worsening of TRD performance has been registered when going from prototype tests to real detectors .
Prototype tests for the ALICE TRD
However, these are due to the first order break-up, defined by (7) and one should bear in mind that such behavior does not exist in the thermodynamic limit, L → ∞, when the system sizes are above the break-up length scale.
Susceptibility and Percolation in 2D Random Field Ising Magnets
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