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beam

Definitions

  • Beam-Compass or Trammel Points. Winged Dividers. Outside Calipers. Inside Calipers
    Beam-Compass or Trammel Points. Winged Dividers. Outside Calipers. Inside Calipers
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v beam smile radiantly; express joy through one's facial expression
    • v beam broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television "We cannot air this X-rated song"
    • v beam express with a beaming face or smile "he beamed his approval"
    • v beam experience a feeling of well-being or happiness, as from good health or an intense emotion "She was beaming with joy","Her face radiated with happiness"
    • v beam have a complexion with a strong bright color, such as red or pink "Her face glowed when she came out of the sauna"
    • v beam emit light; be bright, as of the sun or a light "The sun shone bright that day","The fire beamed on their faces"
    • n beam a gymnastic apparatus used by women gymnasts
    • n beam long thick piece of wood or metal or concrete, etc., used in construction
    • n beam the broad side of a ship "they sighted land on the port beam"
    • n beam (nautical) breadth amidships
    • n beam a signal transmitted along a narrow path; guides airplane pilots in darkness or bad weather
    • n beam a column of light (as from a beacon)
    • n beam a group of nearly parallel lines of electromagnetic radiation
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Hubble telescope is so powerful that it is like pointing a beam of light at a dime that is two hundred miles away.
    • Beam A cylinder of wood, making part of a loom, on which weavers wind the warp before weaving; also, the cylinder on which the cloth is rolled, as it is woven; one being called the fore beam, the other the back beam.
    • Beam (Steam Engine) A heavy iron lever having an oscillating motion on a central axis, one end of which is connected with the piston rod from which it receives motion, and the other with the crank of the wheel shaft; -- called also working beam or walking beam.
    • Beam A ray or collection of parallel rays emitted from the sun or other luminous body; as, a beam of light, or of heat. "How far that little candle throws his beams !"
    • Beam A ray; a gleam; as, a beam of comfort. "Mercy with her genial beam ."
    • Beam Any large piece of timber or iron long in proportion to its thickness, and prepared for use.
    • Beam One of the long feathers in the wing of a hawk; -- called also beam feather.
    • Beam One of the principal horizontal timbers of a building or ship. "The beams of a vessel are strong pieces of timber stretching across from side to side to support the decks."
    • Beam The bar of a balance, from the ends of which the scales are suspended. "The doubtful beam long nods from side to side."
    • Beam The main part of a plow, to which the handles and colter are secured, and to the end of which are attached the oxen or horses that draw it.
    • Beam The pole of a carriage.
    • Beam The principal stem or horn of a stag or other deer, which bears the antlers, or branches.
    • Beam The straight part or shank of an anchor.
    • Beam The width of a vessel; as, one vessel is said to have more beam than another.
    • v. i Beam To emit beams of light. "He beamed, the daystar of the rising age."
    • v. t Beam To send forth; to emit; -- followed ordinarily by forth; as, to beam forth light.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: There are mirrors on the moon. Astronauts left them so that laser beams could be bounced off of them from Earth. These beams help give us the distance to the moon give or take a few metres.
    • n beam In architecture, a long piece of stone, wood, or metal, or a construction of wood or metal, or combining wood and metal, used in a horizontal position, usually in combination with others like it, all being generally laid parallel to one another, and at regular intervals, to support weight, or, as a tie-beam or a collar-beam, to resist two opposite forces either pulling or compressing it in the direction of its length.
    • n beam A long piece fixed or movable in a structure, machine, or tool: often equivalent to girder. The word beam is used in a number of more or less specific senses; as: Any large piece of timber long in proportion to its thickness, prepared for use.
    • n beam The pole of a carriage which runs between the horses.
    • n beam A cylindrical piece of wood, making part of a loom, on which weavers wind the warp before weaving; also, the cylinder on which the cloth is rolled as it is woven.
    • n beam The straight part or shank of an anchor.
    • n beam One of the strong transverse pieces of timber or iron stretching across a ship from one side to the other, to support the decks and retain the sides at their proper distance.
    • n beam The main piece of a plow, in which the plow-tails are fixed, and by which it is drawn.
    • n beam The oscillating lever of a steam-engine reciprocating upon a center, and forming the medium of communication between the piston-rod and the crank-shaft. Also called working-beam or walking-beam. See cut under atmospheric.
    • n beam The widest part of a ship's hull; the extreme breadth of a ship: from the beams extending quite across the vessel where it is broadest: as, a steamer of fifty feet beam.
    • n beam The main stem of a deer's horns bearing the snags or antlers. One of the snags themselves is sometimes called the beam-antler. See antler.
    • n beam A ray of light, or more strictly a collection of parallel rays of light, emitted from the sun or other luminous body. The middle ray is the axis. In heraldry, beams of the sun are commonly represented as radiating from some other charge, which is then said to be radiant or rayonnant.
    • n beam Figuratively, a ray or emanation of splendor: as, “beams of majesty,”
    • n beam Same as rood-beam.
    • beam To shed rays of light upon; irradiate.
    • beam To shoot forth or emit, as or like beams or rays: as, to beam love upon a person.
    • beam To furnish or supply with beams; give the appearance of beams to.
    • beam In currying, to stretch on the beam, as a hide.
    • beam In weaving, to put on the beam, as a chain or web.
    • beam To emit beams or rays of light; shed or give out radiance, literally or figuratively; shine.
    • n beam In lace-manuf., a tin drum of small diameter, varying in length with the width of the machine, upon which the yarn is wound.
    • n beam In currying, an inclined table or stand on which the skin is placed while it is beamed or scraped.
    • beam To burnish, as morocco leather, with a beaming-machine; also, in currying, to flesh or shave on the flesh side.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Captain Kirk never said "Beam me up, Scotty," but he did say, "Beam me up, Mr. Scott."
    • n Beam bēm a large and straight piece of timber or iron forming one of the main supports against lateral pressure of a building, ship, &c.:
    • v.t Beam to send forth light: to shine
    • n Beam bēm (fig.) from the figure of the mote and the beam—Matt. vii. 3: any of the transverse pieces of framing extending across a ship's hull, the greatest width of a ship or boat: the part of a balance from which the scales hang: the pole of a carriage: a cylinder of wood in a loom: a ray of light
    • ***

Quotations

  • St. Augustine
    St.%20Augustine
    “O Holy Spirit, descend plentifully into my heart. Enlighten the dark corners of this neglected dwelling and scatter there Thy cheerful beams.”
  • Lyman Abbott
    Lyman Abbott
    “A child is a beam of sunlight from the Infinite and Eternal, with possibilities of virtue and vice- but as yet unstained.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “A house is made of walls and beams; a home is built with love and dreams.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “How far that little candle throws its beams! So shines a good dead in a naughty world.”
  • Charles Dickens
    Charles%20Dickens
    “With affection beaming in one eye, and calculation shining out of the other.”

Idioms

Beam me up, Scotty - Something someone says when they want to get out of a place or situation, meaning 'Get me out of here!'. (It comes from the TV series and movies Star Trek, though the exact words used were a little different.)
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. beám, beam, post, tree, ray of light; akin to OFries. bām, tree, OS. bōm, D. boom, OHG. boum, poum, G. baum, Icel. baðmr, Goth. bagms, and Gr. fy^ma a growth, fy^nai to become, to be. Cf. L. radius, staff, rod, spoke of a wheel, beam or ray, and G. strahl, arrow, spoke of a wheel, ray or beam, flash of lightning. √97. See Be; cf. Boom a spar
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. béam, a tree, stock of a tree, a ray of light; Ger. baum, a tree; Gr. phyma, a growth—phy-ein, to grow.

Usage

In literature:

We mount the winding staircase of stone, and march through the long passages under the heavy roof-beams.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
A Carey plow with a slot in the beam for a colter.
"Agricultural Implements and Machines in the Collection of the National Museum of History and Technology" by John T. Schlebecker
I noticed your weaving tentacles, and your force-beams.
"The Last Evolution" by John Wood Campbell
United Galaxies had beamed the standards to us.
"Dead World" by Jack Douglas
And he turned the big beam on edge, and fitted the end of the little beam into the hole.
"The Doers" by William John Hopkins
The holes in the walls to admit the three principal beams are so contrived that each side is lined with a single brick.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
Dickie beamed at the news.
"El Diablo" by Brayton Norton
In came the three Miss Fezziwigs, beaming and lovable.
"A Budget of Christmas Tales by Charles Dickens and Others" by Various
Space was speared with beam after beam hurtling from the great ship.
"Empire" by Clifford Donald Simak
He liked Lanigan Beam.
"The Squirrel Inn" by Frank R. Stockton
I had no search-beam.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science September 1930" by Various
At that the kettle hummed more angrily and the old gentleman's face beamed with satisfaction.
"The Strollers" by Frederic S. Isham
An instant later beams and boats behind them in the tunnel vanished.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, August 1930" by Various
My beam of light showed palely red, for a moment, and the body of the Rorn toppled slowly to the bed of the ocean.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
Remember, Ribiera spoke of using a beam-wireless to make his report.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
A black beam was shooting across the sky.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, October, 1930" by Various
The lower row of lenses on the flier are search beams.
"Slaves of Mercury" by Nat Schachner
At the same instant the beam of an electric hand torch flashed in their eyes, blinding them.
"In the Shadow of the Hills" by George C. Shedd
The lights on the Slav planes switched on, their prying beams fingering the sky for Lance's plane.
"Astounding Stories, February, 1931" by Various
Morones lifted the tube, and a glimmering, iridescent beam sprang out.
"Astounding Stories, June, 1931" by Various
***

In poetry:

Windy magic struck us,
March's rod;
Like sun-beams the crocus
Burst the sod.
"Autumn" by Manmohan Ghose
So the self-same beam
Of celestial light
Shall gild the shades
Of our distant night;
"To a Friend" by Caroline Fry
Wonderful earth
Of little kindly things,
That buzz and beam
And flitter little wings!
"A Ballad of The Kind Little Creatures" by Richard Le Gallienne
Now swiftly she flies
Through the evening gale,
And the bright moon-beam
Is on her sail;
"To a Friend" by Caroline Fry
Friendship's moon-beam fair,
If Misfortune sear us,
Still is smiling there,
Calmly resting near us.
"Friendship and Love" by Mary Anne Browne
And the fern in the wood,
And the rush by the stream,
Were sparkling with gems
In the morning beam.
"The Dew-Drop: A Metrical Fantasy" by Samuel Lover

In news:

First Cancer Patients in Southern Hemisphere Receive Treatment with Elekta's Agility Beam-shaping Innovation for Radiotherapy.
Here, Jim Brady grabbing a beam.
Getting The Beam To The Work.
The community is invited to the beam signing scheduled to be held at the new Dover High School Wednesday morning.
Her name is Martha Beam from Morganton, NC Submitted by:Gemma Digh.
Courtesy of Ulf Ouesterle MTV beamed these sunshiney faces into America's hearts this afternoon.
As senior designer of the web beam, he is involved in most of the process of creating a website.
Al- Hurra, a US government-funded satellite television network, launched operations last weekend from its base in suburban Washington, DC, beaming Arabic language news to the Middle East.
Husker Nation is beaming after the Alamo Bowl win.
I-beam maintenance work at the Monticello Community Center expected to cost as much as $15,000 has pushed the pool project's construction schedule back three weeks.
Unexpected I-beam maintenance at the Monticello Community Center (MCC) has tentatively pushed the pool improvement and fitness project back three weeks.
Preliminary testing identified corrosion on the I-beam that supports the roof joists in the pool area.
WTC I Beam Procession Sept 11.
Town of Union, NY (WBNG Binghamton) Video of the Day for Tuesday, September 11, 2012 was of the Town of Union's procession bringing the steel I beam from the World Trade Center to Highland Park.
Beam Global Spirits & Wine Named Importer of the Year at 2009 San Francisco World Spirits Competition.
***

In science:

As our results match those of Schneider, et.al., we believe the data differences to be the result of uncertain beam shapes and primary beam corrections in the Nançay data.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
Beam quality and geometry were monitored with a set of beam wire chambers BC1, BC2, BC3 and trigger hodoscopes placed upstream of the LAr cryostat.
Hadron Energy Reconstruction for the ATLAS Barrel Prototype Combined Calorimeter in the Framework of the Non-parametrical Method
Observing parameters: transitions and frequencies; receivers; beam diameter (full width half maximum); zenith opacity at 225 GHz; main beam efficiency and system temperature; RMS noise levels on 1 km s−1 channels.
HCN in the inner envelope of {chi} Cygni
For the CLIC two-beam scheme, a high-current, longpulse drive beam is required for RF power generation.
Design of a 3 GHz Accelerator Structure for the CLIC Test Facility (CTF 3) Drive Beam
On the other hand in our previous works devoted to quasi-Cherenkov FEL the stimulated emission of unmagnetized electron beam with three - dimensional dynamics was studied In our works, the guiding field was considered as strong and the (,, ). electron beam dynamics as one-dimensional.
Influence of guiding magnetic field on emission of stimulated photons in generators utilizing periodic slow-wave structures
An electron beam located at height h over the spatial periodic structure is moving parallel to structure surface. δ is the beam thickness in the direction normal to the surface.
Influence of guiding magnetic field on emission of stimulated photons in generators utilizing periodic slow-wave structures
As can be seen from (4.2) the tangential component of magnetic field which is normal to electron beam velocity u don’t conserve on the electron beam surfaces.
Influence of guiding magnetic field on emission of stimulated photons in generators utilizing periodic slow-wave structures
There h is the distance between an electron beam and a target surface, δ is a transverse size of an electron beam.
Influence of guiding magnetic field on emission of stimulated photons in generators utilizing periodic slow-wave structures
However, for guiding of the electron beam over the surface of the slow-wave system the magnetic field has to be strong enough to oppose to Coulomb repulsion of electron beam.
Influence of guiding magnetic field on emission of stimulated photons in generators utilizing periodic slow-wave structures
First, the intensity of one EPR beam can be measured in order to use that information to reduce the noise of the second beam .
Evaluating quantum teleportation of coherent states
Then the noise of the corrected beam can be reduced below shot-noise only when the losses on each beam are less than 50%.
Evaluating quantum teleportation of coherent states
Each circle represents the half-power beamwidth of a single beam of the receiver. A total of 12 pointings (156 beams) were interleaved for tiled coverage.
Radio Pulsars in the Magellanic Clouds
The discovery of PSR J0535−6935 in an outlying beam of the multibeam receiver during a search for radio pulsations from PSR J0537−6910 with the center beam is reported here; the error circle for this pulsar’s location is shown.
Radio Pulsars in the Magellanic Clouds
The prototype has been tested with Ar- and Xe-based gas mixtures, using a 55Fe X-ray source of 5.9 keV, cosmic rays and mixed electron-pion beams provided by the secondary pion beam facility at GSI.
Prototype tests for the ALICE TRD
Due to the uncertainty involved in making beam corrections, only literature fluxes which were obtained with single-element detectors with beams larger than the area of SCUBA emission (i.e. long wavelength ISO data, observations of very small sources) or which come from maps were used.
The SCUBA Local Universe Galaxy Survey II. 450 micron data - evidence for cold dust in bright IRAS Galaxies
***