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battle

Definitions

  • War-dance Performed by Egyptian Soldiers Before A Battle
    War-dance Performed by Egyptian Soldiers Before A Battle
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v battle battle or contend against in or as if in a battle "The Kurds are combating Iraqi troops in Northern Iraq","We must combat the prejudices against other races","they battled over the budget"
    • n battle an energetic attempt to achieve something "getting through the crowd was a real struggle","he fought a battle for recognition"
    • n battle a hostile meeting of opposing military forces in the course of a war "Grant won a decisive victory in the battle of Chickamauga","he lost his romantic ideas about war when he got into a real engagement"
    • n battle an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals) "the harder the conflict the more glorious the triumph"--Thomas Paine","police tried to control the battle between the pro- and anti-abortion mobs"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Battle of St. Vincent 465b Battle of St. Vincent 465b
The Battle of Neerwinden——465 The Battle of Neerwinden——465
Battle of Fornovo——303 Battle of Fornovo——303
Battle of Agnadello——334 Battle of Agnadello——334
Battle Abbey Battle Abbey
BOER COMMANDANTS READING MESSAGE FROM BRITISH OFFICERS AFTER THE BATTLE OF DUNDEE BOER COMMANDANTS READING MESSAGE FROM BRITISH OFFICERS AFTER THE BATTLE OF DUNDEE
BATTLE OF TIPPECANOE BATTLE OF TIPPECANOE
"Watching a battle royal between the tops." "Watching a battle royal between the tops."

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Battle Creek, Michigan is referred to as the "Cereal Bowl of America." The city produces the most breakfast cereals than any other city in the world
    • Battle A division of an army; a battalion. "The king divided his army into three battles .""The cavalry, by way of distinction, was called the battle, and on it alone depended the fate of every action."
    • Battle A general action, fight, or encounter, in which all the divisions of an army are or may be engaged; an engagement; a combat.
    • Battle A struggle; a contest; as, the battle of life. "The whole intellectual battle that had at its center the best poem of the best poet of that day."
    • a Battle Fertile. See Battel a.
    • Battle The main body, as distinct from the van and rear; battalia.
    • v. t Battle To assail in battle; to fight.
    • v. i Battle băt"t'l To join in battle; to contend in fight; as, to battle over theories. "To meet in arms, and battle in the plain."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Celtic warriors sometimes fought their battles naked, their bodies dyed blue from head to toe
    • n battle A fight, hostile encounter, or engagement between opposing forces on land or sea; an important and systematic engagement between independent armies or fleets. Actions and affairs are engagements of less magnitude than battles, and are often unpremeditated, the result of surprises, or the meeting of armed re-connoitering parties, though the latter is usually termed a skirmish. Battles are classed as parallel or oblique, according to the relative positions of the contending armies in order of battle; strategic, when fought upon an objective point selected in planning a campaign, as were the battles of Marengo and Nashville; general, when the whole or the greater part of both armies are engaged; partial, when only brigades, divisions, or army corps are brought into action; offensive, when an army seeks the enemy and attacks him wherever he is encountered; defensive, when a position is selected with the design of awaiting and repelling the enemy; mixed or defensive-offensive, when an army selects and occupies a position in advance, awaits the approach of the enemy, and at the proper moment moves out to engage him.
    • n battle An encounter between two persons; a duel or single combat.
    • n battle A fight or encounter between animals, especially when pitted against each other for the amusement of spectators.
    • n battle Warfare; hostile action; actual conflict with enemies: as, wounds received or honors gained in battle.
    • n battle Any contest or conflict; struggle for mastery or victory: as, the battle of life.
    • n battle An army prepared for or engaged in fight.
    • n battle A body of forces, or division of an army; a battalion.
    • n battle More specifically— The main or middle body of an army or fleet, as distinguished from the van and rear.
    • n battle That portion of the army, wherever placed and of whatever consisting, which is regarded as of main importance.
    • n battle A formidable array similar to an army in battle order.
    • n battle A fight of game-cocks, in which more than two are engaged.
    • n battle Synonyms Battle, Engagement, Conflict, Fight, Combat, Contest, Action. Battle is a general term, and the most common. It is the appropriate word for great engagements: as, the battle of Waterloo. A battle may last merely a few hours or for days: as, the battle of Gettysburg lasted three days. Engagement is in technical military usage practically equivalent to battle, but it is a less forcible word. Conflict, literally, a clashing together, is a strong word, implying fierce physical encounter. Fight has the energy of a monosyllable; it denotes actual conflict. A man may take part in a battle without actually fighting. A battle may include many fights: as, the fight at the flag-staff in the battle of the Alma; or it may itself be described as a fight. Combat, like conflict, is a word of more dignity than fight; it is by its history suggestive of a struggle between two, as persons, animals, squadrons, armies. Contest is a very general word, of uncertain strength, but often joined with a strong adjective: as, a stubborn contest. An action is a minor or incidental act of war, a single act of fighting: as, the whole action lasted but an hour. All these words apply equally to operations by land or by sea. See encounter and strife.
    • battle To join or engage in battle; contend in fight; fight: as, to battle with wolves.
    • battle To struggle; contend; strive for mastery: either absolutely or with for, with, or against: as, to battle with the winds; to battle for freedom, or against adversity; to battle with ignorance.
    • battle To embattle; put into battle array.
    • battle To fight for.
    • battle To give battle to; fight against; contend with; fight.
    • battle To furnish or strengthen with battlements; embattle.
    • battle In agriculture: Improving; nutritious; fattening: as, battle grass; battle pasture. Fertile; fruitful: as, battle soil; battle land.
    • battle To nourish; feed.
    • battle To render fertile or fruitful, as the soil.
    • battle To grow fat; thrive.
    • battle To become fertile or fruitful, as soil.
    • battle See battel.
    • battle To beat (clothes) with a battler or beetle in washing.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The last land battle of the U.S. Civil War was fought in Texas
    • n Battle bat′l a contest between opposing armies: a fight or encounter:
    • adj Battle bat′l (dial.) nourishing
    • v.t Battle (obs.) to feed
    • n Battle bat′l (arch.) a body of troops in battle array, esp. in phrase 'main battle.'—v.i. to contend in fight: to maintain, champion (with against, with)
    • ***

Quotations

  • Bhagavad Gita
    Bhagavad Gita
    “Valor, glory, firmness, skill, generosity, steadiness in battle and ability to rule -- these constitute the duty of a soldier. They flow from his own nature.”
  • Charles De Gaulle
    Charles%20De%20Gaulle
    “France has lost a battle. But France has not lost the war.”
  • Thomas Hobbes
    Thomas%20Hobbes
    “War consisteth not in battle only, or the act of fighting; but in a tract of time, wherein the will to contend by battle is sufficiently known.”
  • Jonathan Kozol
    Jonathan Kozol
    “Pick battles big enough to matter, but small enough to win.”
  • John Enoch Powell
    John Enoch Powell
    “No battle is worth fighting except the last one.”
  • Barbara Tuchman
    Barbara Tuchman
    “Dead battles, like dead generals, hold the military mind in their dead grip.”

Idioms

Battle of nerves - A battle of nerves is a situation where neither side in a conflict or dispute is willing to back down and is waiting for the other side to weaken. ('A war of nerves' is an alternative form.)
***
Fight an uphill battle - When you fight an uphill battle, you have to struggle against very unfavourable circumstances.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. bataille, bataile, F. bataille, battle, OF., battle, battalion, fr. L. battalia, battualia, the fighting and fencing exercises of soldiers and gladiators, fr. batuere, to strike, beat. Cf. Battalia, 1st Battel, and see Batter (v. t.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. bataillebattre, to beat. See Batter.

Usage

In literature:

Manfred had perished on the field of battle, Conradin on the scaffold.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
The Battle of Senlac.
"A Student's History of England, v. 1 (of 3)" by Samuel Rawson Gardiner
The battle of the Marne.
"The War in the Air; Vol. 1" by Walter Raleigh
The first phase of the Battle of the Marne was fought northeast of Paris along the Ourcq, which gives its name to the local battle.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume I (of 8)" by Various
His brave mother and a few patricians of the old type encouraged him, and the battle of the revolution began.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 5 of 8" by Various
The joy of battle, the weapon in his hand, made Daoud feel the power coursing through his arms.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
As fever purged him of poison, it had brought him dreams of battle.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
It has been called also the battle of Stone Bridge and the battle of Warrenton Road.
"My Days and Nights on the Battle-Field" by Charles Carleton Coffin
From that time George found more real pleasure in mimic parades and battles than he found in any other sport.
"From Farm House to the White House" by William M. Thayer
A great battle was fought, and Yezonkai was victorious.
"Genghis Khan, Makers of History Series" by Jacob Abbott
Most of them act as if they were sure that the battle is over.
"Diary from March 4, 1861, to November 12, 1862" by Adam Gurowski
The battle known in the German official accounts as the "Winter Battle in Mazurian Land" is sometimes described as the "Nine Days' Battle.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume III (of VIII)" by Various
A violent battle ensued, known under the name of the Battle of Saarburg.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
Before proceeding with the events of the battle, I should speak of the "night before the battle," of which so much has been said and written.
"War from the Inside" by Frederick L. (Frederick Lyman) Hitchcock
One of these was of the Sikorsky type, a giant battle plane carrying a half dozen men.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume IV (of 8)"
He entered the fight with six battle cruisers opposed to five.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume V (of 8)"
The British took during this battle over 800 prisoners.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume VI (of VIII)" by Various
Moore was in the Bull Run battle, where he was shot through the arm and taken prisoner.
"Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman" by J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
In the nave of the cathedral are two English battle-flags that were at Bunker Hill.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
Was a very determined and resolute fighter in battle.
"Company K, Twentieth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry" by Andrew Brown
***

In poetry:

But if in bloody dust
Yet unafraid
You battle for the Just
With broken blade—
"The Defeated" by Robert W Service
"Oh, the wine
Of the vine
Is a feeble thing!
In the rattle
Of battle
The true grapes spring!
"Abu Midjan" by George MacDonald
Strong ‘mid the battle-smoke
I hold more dear
Those soft words you spoke
To a foolish ear.
"Now ‘Neath the Cool Stars" by Leon Gellert
GENTLE and lovely form,
What didst thou here,
When the fierce battle-storm
Bore down the spear?
"Woman On The Field Of Battle" by Felicia Dorothea Hemans
On Monanday, at mornin,
The battle it began,
On Saturday at gloamin',
Ye'd scarce kent wha had wan.
"Traditionary Version" by Andrew Lang
On Monanday, at mornin,
The battle it began,
On Saturday, at gloamin,
Ye'd scarce kent wha had wan.
"The Battle Of Harlaw" by Anonymous British

In news:

Alright you devoted fans of 'The Voice' – ya ready for some more battle rounds.
Here most people go without seeing a parade, eating guacamole, or fully knowing why today celebrates the Battle of Puebla.
Two French Firefighters Killed Battling House Fire.
New Battle in Balboa Park Project: Historic Designation.
A judge has released lists of items found during the investigation of a water-gun battle that caused structural damage to Balboa Park's Lily Pond on August 12.
From his office just off Washington, DC's posh Dupont Circle, Fred Wertheimer goes to battle each day against the rising deluge of shadowy campaign spending in American politics.
He rode to the sound of the guns and was repeatedly wounded in some of the Civil War's most horrific battles.
It took a while for the battle for first place to settle in.
The star passed away at her home in Los Angeles on Saturday (29Sep12) following a battle with cancer.
How do you bankroll a tomato battle in Seattle.
This weekend, it will be a battle between 3-D barbarians and vampires for the top spot at the box office.
A three-year legal battle ensued, but Glidden triumphed over all.
And tonight will be an interesting battle Alt Rock and Metal when The Killers take on Baroness .
John Deere's Battle Gear: Classic American Companies Supporting American Soldiers.
Noreen Lynn Bartok, 68, of 123 Greenhurst Village Drive, Jamestown, passed away at 9:40 pm Saturday (Oct 20, 2012), in WCA Hospital, surrounded by her family, and following a courageous battle with cancer.
***

In science:

The radio luminosity and absorption line strength are anti-correlated in the class, and the authors conclude that this is not an orientation effect but jets and lobes battling to emerge from a cocoon of BAL stuff.
Astrophysics in 2006
Once considered an alternative mechanism for seeding structure in the Universe, cosmic strings have lost this battle fair and square to the density perturbations of the inflaton, which correctly predict the observed coherent peak structure in the angular power spectrum.
Primordial Fluctuations in String Cosmology
Richard Feynman is another scientist who battled with the problem of superconductivity. When he was asked in 1966 about his activities in the 1950's he answered: “there is a big vacuum at that time, which is my attempt to solve the superconductivity problem -- which I failed to do”[55,56].
Failed theories of superconductivity
My teachers of physics avoided philosophy battles and non-rigorous definitions like ‘matter is an ob jective reality given to us in perception’ (the latter varies over humans and other live species).
Were the ancient Greeks right that space is continuous material plenum?
During the “Manhattan project” (the making of nuclear bomb), Fermi asked Gen. Groves, the head of the project, what is the definition of a “great” general . Groves replied that any general who had won five battles in a row might safely be called great.
Theory of citing
One fine evening, as he was passing through a battle ground, he saw ‘I am’ sitting happily on the wall of sound metaphysics.
The Plight of `I Am'
First, working with polarized targets, experimentalists have to battle with thermal ”chaos” which trends to break the polarized order.
Highlight of Dubna-SPIN97 Workshop
The higher η at higher temperatures indicates that evaporative cooling is more efficient there; fewer atoms are expended in the battle against heating caused by dipolar decay.
Bose-Einstein Condensation of Atomic Hydrogen
We should think early on how to keep user friendliness such that a large public, including our colleagues theorist, can participate to the preparation of our analyses. I think that this is an essential aspect which has been neglected up to now in these big battles to define software products.
After Sitges
When the king of Sweden Charles XII was defeated by the Russians at the battle of Poltava (1709), Europe was stunned for until then the Swedish army was considered invincible.
"Thermometers" of Speculative Frenzy
Thus the value of µ/N relative to σ determines the outcome of the battle between order (imitation process) and disorder, and the development of a bubble.
"Thermometers" of Speculative Frenzy
In recent times many numerical relativists have good reason to celebrate – the long battle to secure the holy grail is over (though some might prefer to redraw the battle lines).
A Smooth Lattice construction of the Oppenheimer-Snyder spacetime
The problem of conflicts between social groups has been studied before by bimatrix games such as the “battle of sexes” (see, e.g., and by so-called hypergames (see, e.g., .
Cooperation, Norms, and Revolutions: A Unified Game-Theoretical Approach
For example, when two populations with incompatible preferences play stag hunt games without self-interactions, the game is of the “battle of sexes” type, and there are no thresholds that would separate payoff-dominant from risk-dominant solutions [35, 46].
Cooperation, Norms, and Revolutions: A Unified Game-Theoretical Approach
Just imagine a “battle of the sexes” in a group of friends (rather than between two players), where men prefer to watch soccer and women prefer to see a cultural performance, to discuss a stereotypical example.
Cooperation, Norms, and Revolutions: A Unified Game-Theoretical Approach
***