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bat

Definitions

  • THE BAT
    THE BAT
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v bat wink briefly "bat one's eyelids"
    • v bat beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight "We licked the other team on Sunday!"
    • v bat strike with, or as if with a baseball bat "bat the ball"
    • v bat use a bat "Who's batting?"
    • v bat have a turn at bat "Jones bats first, followed by Martinez"
    • n bat (baseball) a turn trying to get a hit "he was at bat when it happened","he got four hits in four at-bats"
    • n bat nocturnal mouselike mammal with forelimbs modified to form membranous wings and anatomical adaptations for echolocation by which they navigate
    • n bat a club used for hitting a ball in various games
    • n bat the club used in playing cricket "a cricket bat has a narrow handle and a broad flat end for hitting"
    • n bat a small racket with a long handle used for playing squash
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Brick Bat The Brick Bat
The hoary bat The hoary bat
Bats Bats
Vampire-bat Vampire-bat
THE USE OF BATS & PROPS THE USE OF BATS & PROPS
THE BIRDS, THE BEASTS, AND THE BAT THE BIRDS, THE BEASTS, AND THE BAT

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Frog-eating bats identify edible frogs from poisonous ones by listening to the mating calls of male frogs. Frogs counter this by hiding and using short, difficult to locate calls
    • Bat A large stick; a club; specifically, a piece of wood with one end thicker or broader than the other, used in playing baseball, cricket, etc.
    • Bat A part of a brick with one whole end; a brickbat.
    • Bat A sheet of cotton used for filling quilts or comfortables; batting.
    • Bat A spree; a jollification.
    • Bat A stroke of work.
    • Bat A stroke; a sharp blow.
    • Bat In badminton, tennis, and similar games, a racket.
    • Bat Manner; rate; condition; state of health.
    • n Bat (Zoöl) One of the Chiroptera, an order of flying mammals, in which the wings are formed by a membrane stretched between the elongated fingers, legs, and tail. The common bats are small and insectivorous. See Chiroptera and Vampire. "Silent bats in drowsy clusters cling."
    • Bat Rate of motion; speed. "A vast host of fowl . . . making at full bat for the North Sea."
    • n Bat Same as Tical n., 1.
    • Bat (Mining) Shale or bituminous shale.
    • Bat To bate or flutter, as a hawk.
    • v. t Bat To strike or hit with a bat or a pole; to cudgel; to beat.
    • v. i Bat To use a bat, as in a game of baseball; when used with a numerical postmodifier it indicates a baseball player's performance (as a decimal) at bat; as, he batted .270 in 1993 (i.e. he got safe hits in 27 percent of his official turns at bat.
    • Bat To wink.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Giant flying foxes, which are a type of bat, that live in Indonesia have wingspans of nearly six feet
    • n bat A heavy stick or club; formerly, a walking-stick.
    • n bat The wooden club with which the players in base-ball, cricket, and similar games bat or drive the ball. That used in base-ball is a round tapering stick of varying size and weight to suit the strength of the player; that used in cricket is shaped somewhat like the broad end of an oar, and is provided with a round handle.
    • n bat A batsman or batter.
    • n bat A blow as with a bat or baton: as, he received a bat in the face.
    • n bat A tool made of beech, used by plumbers in dressing and flatting sheet-lead.
    • n bat A rammer used by founders.
    • n bat A blade used for beating or scutching hemp or flax.
    • n bat A piece of brick having one end entire; hence, any portion of a brick; a brickbat.
    • n bat A kind of sun-dried brick.
    • n bat Shale; hardened clay, but not fire-clay: same as bind, 2. Also spelled batt.
    • n bat In hat-making, a felted mass of fur, or of hair and wool. Two such masses are required to form the body of a hat. Also spelled batt.
    • n bat A continuous wad of cotton from the batting-machine, ready for carding; also, a sheet of cotton wadding or batting. See batting.
    • n bat In ceramics: A flexible sheet of gelatin used in transferring impressions to the biscuit.
    • n bat A shelf or slab of baked clay used to support pieces of biscuit which have been painted, and are being fired again. See enamel-kiln.
    • n bat Rate; speed; style.
    • bat To beat; hit; strike. Especially— In base-ball and similar games, to knock or drive, as the ball.
    • bat In base-ball and similar games, to strike the ball: as, he bats well.
    • n bat A wing-handed, wing-footed flying mammal, of the order Chiroptera (which see). The species are upward of 450 in number, nearly cosmopolitan, but largest, most varied in character, and most abundant in individuals in tropical and subtropical countries. The species of temperate countries, as of the United States and Europe, are comparatively few, small, and of such uniform characters that they give little idea of the extent and diversity of the order in warmer regions. Bats are the most aėrial or volitant of all animals, even more so than birds or insects, for they have scarcely any other means of locomotion than flying. They are nocturnal and crepuscular, passing most of the daytime in dusky retreats, where they gather sometimes in almost incredible multitudes, and generally repose hanging head downward by their hind feet. In size they range from less than the size of a mouse to large forms with some five feet spread of wing. The body is usually softly furry; the wings are membranous and naked. The great majority are insectivorous and carnivorous, and constitute the suborder Animalivora or Insectivora; of these, a few prey upon other bats, and some, of the genera Desmodus and Diphylla, suck the blood of large animals; but the great bats of South America called vampires are chiefly frugivorous. See Desmodontes, Vampyri. The old-world fruit-bats, flying-foxes, or roussettes are mostly large species, constituting the family Pteropodidæ and suborder Frugivora. See cut under flying-fox. The physiognomy of many of the bats is grotesque, owing to the extraordinary appendages of the snout, especially in the families Rhinolophidæ and Phyllostomatidæ, or horseshoe bats and leaf-nosed bats. The ears, too, are often of great size and much complexity of detail, and, like the various appendages of the face, and the wing-membranes themselves, serve as tactile organs of extreme delicacy, even to the extent of sensing objects without actual contact. The wings of bats are commonly given to representations of evil genii and demons, as those of birds are attached to good angels. The large bat represented on Egyptian monuments is one of the fruit-bats, the Cynonycteris ægyptiaca. The Hebrew name of the bat of the Old Testament, atalleph, is now used in the form Atalapha for a genus of American bats. The commonest species of the United States are the small brown bat, Vespertilio subulatus, and the red bat, Lasiurus noveboracensis. Among European species may be noted the serotine (Vespertilio serotinus), the pipistrelle (V. pipistrellus), the barbastel (Barbastellus communis), the oreillard (Plecotus auritus), and the horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus hipposideros and R. ferroequinum). In heraldry the bat is always represented displayed, that is, with the wings opened, and is often called by its older name reremouse.
    • bat To bate or flutter, as in the phrase to bat the eyes, that is, wink.
    • n bat A pack-saddle: only in composition, as bathorse, batman, etc.
    • n bat See batz.
    • n bat Same as tical.
    • n bat A measure of land formerly used in South Wales; a perch of 11 feet square.
    • n bat Same as bath.
    • n bat A paddle or blade in a coal-pulverizer. These bats are carried on rapidly rotating arms, and break the coal into very fine particles.
    • n bat plural Heavy laced boots with hobnails.
    • n bat Low-cut laced shoes formerly worn by women.
    • n bat Boots in bad repair.
    • n bat A Siamese silver coin, the same as the tical.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Bats emit ultrasonic sounds to communicate with each other
    • n Bat bat a heavy stick: a flat club for striking the ball in cricket, a club for base-balls, a batsman: the clown's sword in a pantomime: a piece of brick:
    • v.i Bat to use the bat in cricket:—pr.p. bat′ting; pa.p. bat′ted
    • n Bat bat an animal with a body like a mouse, but which flies on wings attached mainly to its fore-feet, but extending along its sides to the hind-feet.
    • n Bat bat (slang) rate of speed, style
    • ***

Quotations

  • John Berryman
    John Berryman
    “Bats have no bankers and they do not drink and cannot be arrested and pay no tax and, in general, bats have it made.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “If your batting average is high enough, the Big League will find you.”
  • Branch Rickey
    Branch Rickey
    “A full mind is an empty bat.”
  • Yogabindu Upanishad
    Yogabindu Upanishad
    “Like a ball bated back and forth, a human being is batted by two forces within.”
  • Francis Bacon
    Francis%20Bacon
    “Suspicion amongst thoughts are like bats amongst birds, they never fly by twilight.”
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Franklin%20D.%20Roosevelt
    “I have no expectation of making a hit every time I come to bat.”

Idioms

Bat an eyelid - If someone doesn't bat an eyelid, they don't react or show any emotion when surprised, shocked, etc.
***
Bats in the belfry - Someone with bats in the belfry is crazy or eccentric.
***
Batting a thousand - (USA) (from baseball) It means to do something perfectly.
***
Blind as a bat - If you are in total darkness and can't see anything at all, you are as blind as a bat.
***
Not bat an eye - If someone doesn't bat an eye, they do not react when other people normally would.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Corrupt. from OE. back, backe, balke,; cf. Dan. aften-bakke, aften evening), Sw. natt-backa, natt night), Icel. leðr-blaka, leðr leather), Icel. blaka, to flutter
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Perh. from A.S. bat (a doubtful form), prob. Celt. bat, staff.

Usage

In literature:

In bounding the ball it must always be hit or batted from the upper side with the palm of the hand.
"Games for the Playground, Home, School and Gymnasium" by Jessie H. Bancroft
The bats would surely have destroyed him.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
Putting a good man in the box and another behind the bat, of course.
"Radio Boys Loyalty" by Wayne Whipple
CAPTAIN COOK'S SAILOR AND HIS DESCRIPTION OF A FOX-BAT.
"Heads and Tales" by Various
The branch crackled when lighted, and, as we entered the cavern, five or six bats flew out.
"Adventures of a Young Naturalist" by Lucien Biart
Our little brown bat is a most excellent mother, and when in summer she starts out on her nocturnal hunts she takes her tiny baby bat with her.
"The Log of the Sun" by William Beebe
When the first man came to the bat it was easy to be seen that both nines were on their mettle.
"The Rover Boys at Big Horn Ranch" by Edward Stratemeyer
That's the worst way you can do if you really want to bat well.
"The Boy Scout Fire Fighters" by Robert Maitland
Besides, they do count something on my spring-batting.
"The Fixed Period" by Anthony Trollope
Bobby Maisefield was batting.
"The Wonder" by J. D. Beresford
The gong rang, the field cleared, and the visiting team came to the bat.
"Baseball Joe Around the World" by Lester Chadwick
The bat must be round, not over 2-3/4 in.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
I want to get a bat in my hands.
"Baseball Joe in the Big League" by Lester Chadwick
Come, Tom, take up the bat.
"Forgotten Tales of Long Ago" by E. V. Lucas
He was facing the boat and batting the leader with his sword.
"Tales of Fishes" by Zane Grey
But there is a big bat, called the Vampire bat, that will do a good deal of mischief, if he can get a chance.
"Our Young Folks at Home and Abroad" by Various
Hector comes to bat in the next innin' with the bases as full as a miner on pay night.
"Alex the Great" by H. C. Witwer
More bats came, disturbed by the entrance of the two Gurlones.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
I don't believe I'd have remembered, right off the bat, that paper was a non-conductor.
"Under Boy Scout Colors" by Joseph Bushnell Ames
After some peering about the bat-fowler would drop the candle as if by accident.
"Folk-lore of Shakespeare" by Thomas Firminger Thiselton-Dyer
***

In poetry:

I blink
As bats fly black across the ray;
But when I raise my head the silver look
Is still upon me.
"A Poet Looks At The Moon" by Edward Powys Mathers
Only shadows come and go;
Only wraiths flit to and fro;
And the bat, grotesque and blind,
And the wind.
"Rahinane" by Clinton Scollard
To make rough meadows flat
The cricketer is toiling;
He scans his favourite bat,
In case the thing wants oiling.
"A Pastoral" by P G Wodehouse
Alone I lie, buried amid
The long luxurious grass;
The bats flit round me, born and hid
In twilight's wavering mass.
"Songs of the Summer Nights" by George MacDonald
O'er bat-like turrets high,
Stretched in a scarlet line,
The crimson cranes through rosy rains
Drop like a ruby wine.
"Death In Life" by Madison Julius Cawein
You've heard of "Casey at The Bat,"
and "Casey's Tabble Dote";
But now it's time
To write a rhyme
Of "Casey's Billy-goat."
"The Ballad Of Casey's Billy-Goat" by Robert W Service

In news:

Derek Jeter is one of the players who enjoys batting practice.
Stephen Strasburg (37) is congratulated and patted with a bat by teammate Bryce Harper (34) after hitting his first career home run Sunday.
Last week I wrote about bats and tried to tie the ugly little critters into the local environment, as the good guys.
A couple times a week, one of us will send up the Bat Signal on Twitter or via text message to see who's up for a midday meal.
Ryan never has batted No.
When he was with the Cardinals, he served as leadoff hitter in 40 games, batting.364.
On a summer evening, laze away the gap between work and the game by watching the Braves get their bats warm.
The future NL Batting Champ in April.
Ever find yourself batting gnats.
Manager moves right-handed-hitting slugger Mark Trumbo to fourth in the batting order against all pitchers and drops left-handed-hitting Kendrys Morales to fifth.
He has also come to bat with the second-most runners on base of any hitter.
NEW YORK — No surprise here: The day after he homered and tripled, Jason Bay returned to the cleanup spot in the Mets batting order.
Let me make that clear right off the bat.
AP Photo The addition of free-agent outfielder Johnny Damon could result in fewer at-bats for outfielders Ryan Raburn, Carlos Guillen and Clete Thomas.
With playoff spot clinched, talk of MVP, batting title heat up for Giants' Posey.
***

In science:

Here A is a numerical coefficient, which is equal to 2A1A2 as shown in the Appendix. A1 is the coefficient in the integrated GRB spectrum between 0.3 and 10 keV, which is not available based on current working frequency of BAT onboard Swift.
Echo Emission From Dust Scattering and X-Ray Afterglows of Gamma-Ray Bursts
Using the archival RXTE/ASM and SWIFT/BAT observations, the new orbital phases of Type I outbursts of EXO 2030+375 are estimated. A possible correlation between the Type II outburst and optical brightness variations is investigated.
Recent RXTE/ASM and ROTSEIIId Observations of EXO 2030+375
On the same panel SWIFT/BAT 15-50 keV lightcurve is shown with proper offset and scaling.
Recent RXTE/ASM and ROTSEIIId Observations of EXO 2030+375
In order to keep track, the phases of the Type I outbursts were estimated using archival observations of RXTE/ASM and SWIFT/BAT.
Recent RXTE/ASM and ROTSEIIId Observations of EXO 2030+375
Swift/BAT transient monitor results provided by the Swift/BAT team.
Recent RXTE/ASM and ROTSEIIId Observations of EXO 2030+375
V otherwise the low energy spectral index, obtained by Band function fit to the BATSE or Swift /BAT data, would be steeper than α = 1/3 we are considering in this subsection.
A general scheme for modeling gamma-ray burst prompt emission
Fig.9(left) the radio (RATAN) and X-ray light curve (Swift/BAT) of the flare are shown.
Long-term multi-frequency monitoring of microquasars
While the bats are not as extreme, they too show divergences from one another, raising the question of whether sequence-based phylogenies of bats (e.g., Teeling et al., 2000) are fully reliable.
Measuring Fit of Sequence Data to Phylogenetic Model: Gain of Power using Marginal Tests
Next, consider the pair Equus (horse) and Rhinolophus (a bat).
Measuring Fit of Sequence Data to Phylogenetic Model: Gain of Power using Marginal Tests
In conclusion, we point out that we are running a similar project in relation with the Swift/BAT sources belonging to different catalogs (see Landi et al. 2007 and Parisi et al. 2009): we could identify or better classify 28 hard X-ray emitting AGNs.
Revealing the nature of unidentified INTEGRAL sources through optical spectroscopy: an overview
Bat models the electrical failures by a total function.
Syntactic Abstraction of B Models to Generate Tests
Hence if a test purpose is only based on Bat, then XA = {Bat}. A drawback of this method is that it can introduce in A new execution traces w.r.t. M.
Syntactic Abstraction of B Models to Generate Tests
For instance, M od{Bat} gives an empty set of relevant variables when applied to the example, as shown in Fig. 3, while M od{H } gives XA = {Bat, H }.
Syntactic Abstraction of B Models to Generate Tests
For example the invariant I of the electrical system is transformed, according to the single variable Bat, into T{Bat} (I ) = Bat ∈ 1..3 → {ok, ko} as in Fig. 5.
Syntactic Abstraction of B Models to Generate Tests
The electrical system is transformed as shown in Fig. 7 for the set of abstract variables {Bat}.
Syntactic Abstraction of B Models to Generate Tests
***