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ascetic

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj ascetic practicing great self-denial "Be systematically ascetic...do...something for no other reason than that you would rather not do it"- William James","a desert nomad's austere life","a spartan diet","a spartan existence"
    • adj ascetic pertaining to or characteristic of an ascetic or the practice of rigorous self-discipline "ascetic practices"
    • n ascetic someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Ascetic Extremely rigid in self-denial and devotions; austere; severe. "The stern ascetic rigor of the Temple discipline."
    • n Ascetic In the early church, one who devoted himself to a solitary and contemplative life, characterized by devotion, extreme self-denial, and self-mortification; a hermit; a recluse; hence, one who practices extreme rigor and self-denial in religious things. "I am far from commending those ascetics that take up their quarters in deserts."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • ascetic Practising special acts of self-denial as a religious exercise; seeking holiness through self-mortification; hence, rigidly abstinent and self-restrained as to appetites and passions.
    • ascetic Hence Unduly strict or rigid in religious exercises or mortifications; severe; austere.
    • ascetic Pertaining to or resembling the ascetics.
    • n ascetic In the early Christian church, one who practised unusual self-denial and devotion; in modern usage, also one who retires from the customary business of life and engages in pious exercises; a hermit; a recluse.
    • n ascetic plural [capitalized] The title of certam books on devout exercises: as, the Ascetics of St. Basil.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Ascetic as-set′ik one who rigidly denies himself ordinary sensual gratifications for conscience' sake, one who aims to compass holiness through self-mortification, the flesh being considered as the seat of sin, and therefore to be chastened: a strict hermit
    • adjs Ascetic excessively rigid: austere: recluse
    • ***

Quotations

  • Friedrich Nietzsche
    Friedrich%20Nietzsche
    “In every ascetic morality man worships a part of himself as God and for that he needs to diabolize the other part.”
  • Friedrich Nietzsche
    Friedrich%20Nietzsche
    “The ascetic makes a necessity of virtue.”
  • Bertrand Russell
    Bertrand%20Russell
    “Religions, which condemn the pleasures of sense, drive men to seek the pleasures of power. Throughout history power has been the vice of the ascetic.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr., fr. to exercise, to practice gymnastics
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. askētikos (adj. askētēs), one that uses exercises to train himself—askein, to work, take exercise, (eccles.) to mortify the body.

Usage

In literature:

There was surely nothing ascetic or sordid in his feelings.
"The Memories of Fifty Years" by William H. Sparks
That and the ascetic habits of his life have clouded or destroyed a great intellect and a good heart.
"Willy Reilly The Works of William Carleton, Volume One" by William Carleton
Ortiz was an ultra-catholic, sincere and ascetic.
"Modern Spanish Lyrics" by Various
Indeed, however voluptuous the forms may be, the colour is always ascetic.
"Essays on Art" by A. Clutton-Brock
Had she ever done aught to merit the malediction of an ascetic?
"Some Chinese Ghosts" by Lafcadio Hearn
Oh, yes; I know what you are going to object, and I grant it at once: the influence of the Tropics is by no means an ascetic one.
"Science in Arcady" by Grant Allen
Just at that time a certain naked ascetic who had picked up a Mandarava flower in Kusinara was coming along the high road to Pava.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Vol. 1" by Various
Theirs was a secluded and ascetic world in silent revolt against the abominations of the century.
"Musical Memories" by Camille Saint-Saëns
Then he revolts against ascetic ideas, and gives way madly to his passions.
"Musicians of To-Day" by Romain Rolland
The aversion he felt for ascetic discipline is evinced in a letter he addressed to Francis Borgia in 1548.
"Renaissance in Italy, Volumes 1 and 2" by John Addington Symonds
They are the sensual reactions caused by an ascetic regimen.
"Essays on Education and Kindred Subjects" by Herbert Spencer
Though Vallabha died as an ascetic, his doctrines are currently known as the Pushti Marga, the road of well-being or comfort.
"Hinduism And Buddhism, Volume II. (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
Across the cleric's ascetic features a happy smile slowly and conqueringly spread.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 158, June 30th, 1920" by Various
Genius is always ascetic; and piety, and love.
"Essays" by Ralph Waldo Emerson
And there we beheld a female ascetic named Parbhavati engaged in ascetic austerities.
"Myths of Babylonia and Assyria" by Donald A. Mackenzie
Here it is that ascetics most fully attain to magic powers.
"Translations of Shakuntala and Other Works" by Kåalidåasa
There are men sensual and also ascetic; but they are rare.
"Orthodoxy" by G. K. Chesterton
His time-ravaged features were lean and ascetic.
"The Heart of the Desert" by Honoré Willsie Morrow
The ascetic austerity of Law's life and teaching was at once a recommendation and an impediment to the influence of his writings.
"The English Church in the Eighteenth Century" by Charles J. Abbey and John H. Overton
He is no mystic; he differs fundamentally from the gloomy ascetic and the haggard suffering figures in Siena and Berlin.
"Donatello" by David Lindsay, Earl of Crawford
***

In poetry:

Finding no Donatello now,
No reverent Giotto 'mong the quick,
To glorify ascetic vow
Of Francis or of Dominic;
"The Door Of Humility" by Alfred Austin
He proved them this - he proved them that -
This good but wearisome ascetic;
He jumped and thumped upon his hat,
He was so very energetic.
"Sir Macklin" by William Schwenck Gilbert
The Narrow, thorny path he trod.
“Enter into My joy,” said God.
The sad ascetic shook his head;
“I’ve lost all taste for joy,” he said.
"The Ascetic" by Victor James Daley
Is a solemn, sober, ancient ghost,
Who doesn’t seem to like to converse. . .
Before this figure, ascetic and reserved,
My words have always stuck in my throat.
"The Unconscious" by Antero Tarquinio de Quental
Till o'er this rock of refuge, deem'd secure,
--This palace of the poor,
Ascetic luxury, wealth too frankly shown,--
The royal robber swept
His lustful eye, and seized the prey his own.
"At Fountains" by Francis Turner Palgrave
I know my eye grew wide and bright,
Despite a life ascetic,
And from the narrow path of right
I felt a tug magnetic,
That sought to draw me o'er the sand
Out to the siren-haunted strand.
"The Minglers" by C J Dennis

In news:

Are the new ascetics masters of self-denial or just self-promotion.
The Ascetic Junkies The Cage Has No Bottom.
Ascetic at Home but Vigorous on Bench.
The pair of undercover ascetics make excellent use of the show's rolling set-pieces as they push through the convent 's underground corridors and basements in search of a secret tomb.
In March 1971, the newly established Center for Byzantine Studies at Birmingham University held a seminar on the subject of the role of the ascetic in the early Byzantine world.
Columbia, 1967 Recovering from his 1966 motorcycle crash, Dylan took a left turn into country music and ascetic mysticism, connecting to Nashville th.
In interviews, Converge present themselves as hardcore-punk ascetics, studio rats born to create brutal, convoluted maelstroms — and that's about it.
Sanctuaries were erected in the Holy Land upon the death of Sufi mystics who lived an ascetic life, wandering, fasting and praying in solitude.
The ascetic, however, doesn't see any windfall.
A longtime Rice Village favorite, Shiva Indian Restaurant is named after Lord Shiva, one of the most complex of Indian gods -- "destroyer and restorer, ascetic and symbol of sensuality, herdsman and avenger".
Ascetics, or sadhus, at Varanasi Ghat, India, 2001.
The most voluble person I ever met was a somewhat chubby, middle-aged Indian ascetic, or sadhu, who had taken a strict vow of silence.
The songwriting veteran Conor Oberst of Bright Eyes has embraced a brighter ascetic since first emerging in the 90s as an angry folk sibling to Elliott Smith.
We are operating an old plate-and-frame filter press to filter polymer from the water/ascetic acid supernatent produced in the process.
Martha Rose Shulman presents food that is vibrant and light, full of nutrients but by no means ascetic, fun to cook and to eat.
***

In science:

The ENGCG grammatical representation appears to be the most detailed of the three, while the representation used in Parts of speech seems to be the most ascetic. (cid:15) Five texts totalling , words were used.
Three studies of grammar-based surface-syntactic parsing of unrestricted English text. A summary and orientation
To treat jet cross sections, or heavy quark production in DIS and other processes, we need to retreat from the ascetic evolution in terms of observables only, to parton distribution functions.
Summary, DIS 97
***