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architrave

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n architrave the lowest part of an entablature; rests immediately on the capitals of the columns
    • n architrave the molding around a door or window
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Architrave (Arch) The lower division of an entablature, or that part which rests immediately on the column, esp. in classical architecture. See Column.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n architrave In architecture: The lower division of an entablature; that member which rests immediately on the column and supports those portions of the structure which are above it. See cut under entablature.
    • n architrave The ornamental molding running round the extrados of an arch. Also called archivolt.
    • n architrave Sometimes, less properly, the molded enrichments on the faces of the jambs and lintel of a door, window, or other opening. Also called antepagment.
    • n architrave In fortification, the master-beam, or chief supporter, in any part of a subterranean fortification.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Architrave ärk′i-trāv (archit.) the lowest division of the entablature resting immediately on the abacus of the column: collective name for the various parts, jambs, lintels, &c. which surround a door or window
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. architrave, fr. It. architrave,; pref. archi-, + trave, beam, L. trabs,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
It. from Gr. archi-, chief, and L. trab-em, trabs, a beam.

Usage

In literature:

Attwater stood in the doorway, which he almost wholly filled; his hands stretched above his head and grasping the architrave.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. XIX (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
A herdsman sat on an architrave playing his reed-pipe, while his goats wandered about browsing on the grass between the stones.
"Tales from the German" by Various
These differ from Caryatids, which bear the architrave on their heads.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 4" by Various
Sometimes applied to the architrave of an order.
"Architecture" by Thomas Roger Smith
The discharging or relieving arch, built above the architrave or lintel to take off the weight of the superstructure.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 4" by Various
This temple is remarkable for a sculptured architrave which took the place of the ordinary frieze.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 7" by Various
Architrave, decoration of, 18.
"Colonial Homes and Their Furnishings" by Mary H. Northend
The architrave follows the line of the roof, but at a still more open angle.
"The Life, Letters and Work of Frederic Leighton" by Mrs. Russell Barrington
Ceilings, joists, and architrave are of Sethym wood, the roof of ebony, which can never catch fire.
"Curious Myths of the Middle Ages" by Sabine Baring-Gould
The eleven-foot frieze and architrave is inclined inward about one and one-half inches.
"Visual Illusions" by Matthew Luckiesh
These also have bas-relief figures in the architraves.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Lichfield" by A. B. Clifton
Slender, twisted pillars of marble support the architrave, on which is a central figure of Christ seated in a circle.
"Cathedral Cities of Italy" by William Wiehe Collins
Without measure were the architraves, past number were the archways, beyond memory the gates.
"Recitations for the Social Circle" by James Clarence Harvey
This has an architrave, sculptured in the stone, of fruits and flowers, running along its front.
"Dealings with the Dead, Volume I (of 2)" by A Sexton of the Old School
The architrave above their plain capitals, with its projecting molding, is tremendously massive.
"The Near East" by Robert Hichens
Above is the many-membered architrave and cornice supporting the roof and spire.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 4" by Various
The architrave, except in houses of great magnificence, was usually of wood, sometimes very richly carved.
"The Decoration of Houses" by Edith Wharton
The columns support an entablature with its frieze and cornice, but the architrave is wanting.
"Sketches from the Subject and Neighbour Lands of Venice" by Edward A. Freeman
Detail of the architraves throughout is early, and those with corner blocks are probably contemporary with the rest of the house.
"Huntley" by Tony P. Wrenn
The capital, with undercut volutes, was suitable for a straight architrave, but not for the arch.
"Constantinople" by William Holden Hutton
***

In poetry:

The sands are green with a mirage of valleys;
The palm tree casts a shadow not its own;
Down the long architrave of temple or palace
Blows a cool air from moorland scarps of stone.
"Death of the Bird " by A D Hope
Below me, like an opened grave,
The Forum's excavations lie,
Where column, arch and architrave
In solemn grandeur greet the eye,
Still guarding 'neath Italia's sky
The glory that can never die.
"On The Palentine" by John Lawson Stoddard
They call me to a dim, disastrous land,
Where fallen marbles tell of mighty years,
Heroic architraves, but where the gust
Ripples forsaken waters. Lo! I stand
With armies round about, and in mine ears
The roar of harps reborn from legend’s dust.
"Sonnets on the Sea's Voice" by George Sterling