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antecedent

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj antecedent preceding in time or order
    • n antecedent the referent of an anaphor; a phrase or clause that is referred to by an anaphoric pronoun
    • n antecedent a preceding occurrence or cause or event
    • n antecedent someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
    • n antecedent anything that precedes something similar in time "phrenology was an antecedent of modern neuroscience"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Antecedent Going before in time; prior; anterior; preceding; as, an event antecedent to the Deluge; an antecedent cause.
    • Antecedent One who precedes or goes in front. "My antecedent, or my gentleman usher."
    • Antecedent Presumptive; as, an antecedent improbability.
    • Antecedent That which goes before in time; that which precedes. "The Homeric mythology, as well as the Homeric language, has surely its antecedents ."
    • Antecedent The earlier events of one's life; previous principles, conduct, course, history. "If the troops . . . prove worthy of their antecedents, the victory is surely ours."
    • Antecedent (Logic) The first of the two propositions which constitute an enthymeme or contracted syllogism; as, Every man is mortal; therefore the king must die.
    • Antecedent (Math) The first of the two terms of a ratio; the first or third of the four terms of a proportion. In the ratio a:ba is the antecedent, and b the consequent.
    • Antecedent (Logic) The first or conditional part of a hypothetical proposition; as, If the earth is fixed, the sun must move.
    • Antecedent (Gram) The noun to which a relative refers; as, in the sentence “Solomon was the prince who built the temple,” prince is the antecedent of who .
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • antecedent Being before in time, place, rank, or logical order; prior; anterior; as, an event antecedent to the deluge.
    • n antecedent One who or that which goes before in time or place.
    • n antecedent In grammar: The noun to which a relative, pronoun refers: as, Solomon was the prince who built the temple, where the word prince is the antecedent of who. Formerly, the noun to which a following pronoun refers, and whose repetition is avoided by the use of the pronoun.
    • n antecedent In logic: That member of a conditional proposition of the form, “If A is, then B is,” which states, as a hypothesis, the condition of the truth of what is expressed in the other member, termed the consequent: in the proposition given the antecedent is “if A is.” The whole proposition amounts to the statement that all possible cases of the truth of the antecedent are included among the possible cases of the truth of the consequent.
    • n antecedent The premise of a consequence, or syllogism in the first figure with the major premise suppressed. Thus, the argument, “A syllogism has never existed in sensu, therefore it does not exist in intellectu,” is a consequence, its premise is the antecedent, and its conclusion the consequent.
    • n antecedent An event upon which another event follows. So used particularly by nominalists. An invariable antecedent, with J. S. Mill, is an event upon which another follows according to an invariable rule or uniformity of nature. It does not, therefore, mean (as might be supposed) an event of a kind which antecedes every occurrence of another kind of event. Thus, lightning is not an invariable antecedent of thunder, for thunder does not always follow it; and this although lightning antecedes thunder whenever thunder is heard.
    • n antecedent In mathematics, the first of two terms of a ratio, or that which is compared with the other. Thus, if the ratio is that of 2 to 3, or of a to b, 2 or a is the antecedent.
    • n antecedent In music, a passage proposed to be answered as the subject of a fugue.
    • n antecedent plural The earlier events or circumstances of one's life; one's origin, previous course, associations, conduct, or avowed principles.
    • antecedent In physical geography, noting rivers or streams which have persisted in their courses in spite of an uplift of the land: thus the Meuse is an antecedent river, because it has persisted in its course by cutting a deep gorge through the uplifted area of the Ardennes.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Antecedent an-te-sēd′ent going before in time: prior
    • n Antecedent that which precedes in time: : : :
    • n Antecedent (gram.) the noun or pronoun to which a relative pronoun refers
    • n Antecedent (logic) a statement or proposition from which another is logically deduced
    • n Antecedent (math.) the antecedent of a ratio is the first of two terms which compose the ratio—the first and third in a series of four proportionals
    • n Antecedent (pl.) previous principles, conduct, history, &c
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. antecedens, -entis, p. pr. of antecedere,: cf. F. antécédent,

Usage

In literature:

In other words, part of the author's work and a great part of his difficulty lie in telling the audience a number of antecedent facts.
"Our Stage and Its Critics" by "E.F.S." of "The Westminster Gazette"
Nothing is known of his antecedents.
"Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume 3 (of 6)" by Havelock Ellis
The fourth antecedent and highest step to the saints' advancement is their solemn coronation, enthronising and receiving into the kingdom.
"The Worlds Greatest Books, Volume XIII." by Various
Yes, considering their antecedents and present advantages.
"The American Missionary, Volume XLII. No. 10. October 1888" by Various
The days would soon shorten to their normal duration, and be all the happier for the antecedent gloom.
"The Siege of Kimberley" by T. Phelan
What are her antecedents?
"Lady Rose's Daughter" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
Nothing was known of his antecedents, and no questions were asked.
"McClure's Magazine, Volume VI, No. 3. February 1896" by Various
The antecedent of a pronoun is the noun, pronoun, or other word or expression, for which the pronoun stands.
"An English Grammar" by W. M. Baskervill and J. W. Sewell
In trying to know the actor, it is otherwise; here it is folly to underestimate the physical antecedents of mental phenomena.
"Rousseau" by John Morley
Relative Pronouns are such as relate, in general, to some word or phrase going before, which is called the antecedent.
"English Grammar in Familiar Lectures" by Samuel Kirkham
In the third place he asks, What are the antecedents of fetich-worship?
"Custom and Myth" by Andrew Lang
He described carefully his experiences of the night before, explaining so much as was necessary of antecedent events.
"The Necromancers" by Robert Hugh Benson
THE SEVEN WEEKS' WAR; its Antecedents and its Incidents.
"MacMillan & Co.'s General Catalogue of Works in the Departments of History, Biography, Travels, and Belles Lettres, December, 1869" by Unknown
The antecedents of these papers those who have read this Introduction will now be in a position to understand.
"Thoughts on Religion" by George John Romanes
I must look into his antecedents more closely.
"The Young Man and the World" by Albert J. Beveridge
Sir Donald and Esther were harassed by all sorts of questions as to the antecedents of their friends.
"Oswald Langdon" by Carson Jay Lee
The noun in whose stead it stands is called its ANTECEDENT.
"Practical Grammar and Composition" by Thomas Wood
In conditional sentences, the antecedent or "if-clauses" must be kept distinct from the consequent clauses.
"How to Write Clearly" by Edwin A. Abbott
Slavery in the classical states.+ Slavery came to the two great classical states from the antecedent facts of savage and barbaric life.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
Is the perfect spirit to have the same antecedents as the imperfect one?
"Christianity As A Mystical Fact" by Rudolf Steiner
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In poetry:

To what emergency concealed,
Abides the realm we seek to share
Which to all antecedent pray'r
Eternity hath not revealed?
"The Testimony of the Suns" by George Sterling

In news:

In this paper, we present a machine learning based approach for estimating antecedents of anaphorically used personal pronoun s in Turkish sentences using a decision tree class.
This paper presents a syntactic path-based learning algorithm (Candel from Candidate-Elimination) for the coreference resolution of pronouns that have their antecedents in the same sentence.
In this paper, we present a machine learning based approach for estimating antecedents of anaphorically used personal pronouns in Turkish sentences using a decision tree class.
Many of your books have had classical antecedents.
COURTESY OF THE MONTCLAIR ART MUSEUM Artist Jamie Wyeth, son of Andrew, paints everyday life in Pennsylvania and Maine, just like his antecedents, but there's often a twist, such as the accidental jack-o'-lanterns of "Warm Halloween".
The piano and its antecedents.
The pipa is a four-stringed Chinese lute with antecedents going back more than two millennia.
A senior fellow at the Cato Institute, O'Toole took a close look at the Great Recession and its antecedent, the Great Housing Bubble, and saw something that few others did.
You may not know that the blues is the direct antecedent of jazz, rock and roll, rhythm and blues, soul, rap, and virtually every popular music genre of the 20th century.
Jon Stewart and Stephen Colbert are Comedy Central's twin guffaw Brokaws, but Tom Rhodes was their anonymous antecedent.
As a child born into one of the country's most powerful publishing families, it can be hard to escape from the shadow of one's overwhelmingly successful antecedents.
Self-reported sexual behaviors, demographics, and hypothesized psychosocial antecedents of sexual risk behavior were collected at baseline, 6-, 12-, and 18-month follow-up assessments.
Red Jacket reaches back to the antecedents of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources in 1913.
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In science:

Da · f (a) = 0) ∨ (D∗ a · f (a) = 0) by means of which the Laplace equation of the consequent can be solved by solving either disjunct of the antecedent.
Bicomplex algebra and function theory
The past-time antecedent is a temporal logic formula referring strictly to the past, whereas the future time consequent is a temporal logic formula referring either to the present or future.
Logic-Based Specification Languages for Intelligent Software Agents
Let’s assume, for the moment, that a oneanaphor always has its antecedent in the previous clause.
Generating One-Anaphoric Expressions: Where Does the Decision Lie?
She suggests that uses of oneanaphoric forms correspond to three particular discourse functions: to contrast two sets of individuals, to denote a representative sample of a set introduced by the antecedent, and to refer to a new specimen of a type that is salient in the discourse.
Generating One-Anaphoric Expressions: Where Does the Decision Lie?
Thus, the user must use personal pronouns in a principled way referring always to the last appropriate antecedent.
Attempto Controlled English (ACE)
In this section, we consider cycle-free propositional de(cid:12)nite-clause theories with a single root proposition, allowing negation as failure in clause antecedents.
Tractability of Theory Patching
We thus de(cid:12)ne the components of a theory (cid:0) to be its propositions, clauses, and the literals in the antecedent of each clause (where separate appearances of the same literal are considered di(cid:11)erent components).
Tractability of Theory Patching
We distinguish between a proposition itself and each of its appearances in the theory's clause antecedents since in the course of revision we may wish either to change the de(cid:12)nition of a proposition or to remove a given appearance of the proposition without changing its de(cid:12)nition . .
Tractability of Theory Patching
Thus we can revise a clause or an antecedent literal by simply deleting it from the theory.
Tractability of Theory Patching
Note that we can think of deleting an antecedent literal as treating the literal as if it were always true.
Tractability of Theory Patching
This paper concerns an important antecedent of Borel’s result due to P.
Smith theory and geometric Hecke algebras
Stateful testing targets the antecedent in the implication post 2, which refers to the state before executing merge left by means of the old notation.
Stateful Testing: Finding More Errors in Code and Contracts
Optical interference phenomena [22–25] are the obvious antecedents. A classic example is the two slit experiment with possibly the inclusion of a transparent plate before one of the slits to modify the relative phase between contributions .
Relative helicity phases in planar Dirac scattering
Rules are useful for our motivating use case due to their applicability to extension of the basic article annotations – once we know that an article has annotations that conform to a rule’s antecedent, we can also add annotations present in the rule consequent.
Distributional Framework for Emergent Knowledge Acquisition and its Application to Automated Document Annotation
Bohren for a discussion regarding the antecedents of the 1908 paper of Mie, and the Charles Godfrey Binder Endowment at Penn State for ongoing support of his research activities.
Vector spherical wavefunctions for orthorhombic dielectric-magnetic material with gyrotropic-like magnetoelectric properties
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