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amphora

Definitions

  • Amphora
    Amphora
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n amphora an ancient jar with two handles and a narrow neck; used to hold oil or wine
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Amphora Among the ancients, a two-handled vessel, tapering at the bottom, used for holding wine, oil, etc.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n amphora Among the Greeks and Romans, a vessel, usually tall and slender, having two handles or ears, a narrow neck, and generally a sharp-pointed base for insertion into a stand or into the ground: used for holding wine, oil, honey, grain, etc. Amphoræ were commonly made of hard-baked clay, unglazed; but Homer mentions amphoræ of gold; the Egyptians had them of bronze; and vessels of this form have been found in marble, alabaster, glass, and silver. The stopper of a wine-filled amphora was covered with pitch or gypsum, and among the Romans the title of the wine was marked on the outside, the date of the vintage being indicated by the names of the consuls then in office. Amphoræ with painted decoration, having lids, and provided with bases enabling them to stand independently, served commonly as ornaments among the Greeks, and were given as prizes at some public games, much as cups are now given as prizes in racing and athletic sports. The Panathenaic amphoræ were large vases of this class, bearing designs relating to the worship of Athena, and, filled with oil from the sacred olives, were given at Athens as prizes to the victors in the Panathenaic games.
    • n amphora A liquid measure of the Greeks and Romans. The Greek amphora was probably equal to 24¼ liters, and the Roman amphora to 25½ liters in earlier and to 26 liters in later times.
    • n amphora In botany, the permanent basal portion of a pyxidium.
    • n amphora [capitalized] [NL.] In zoology: A genus of Polygastrica. Ehrenberg. A genus of coleopterous insects. Wollaston.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Amphora am′fō-ra a two-handled vessel or jar used by the Greeks and Romans for holding liquids
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., fr. Gr.,, a jar with two handles; + bearer, fe`rein to bear. Cf. Ampul
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. amphoreus, amphiphoreusamphi, on both sides, pher-ein, to bear.

Usage

In literature:

A picture on an amphora in the museum of Berlin offers a most interesting view of the interior of a Greek bath-chamber.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
This allows the bowl to tilt sufficiently to hold its full contents when retired from the narrow opening of the amphora.
"Cooking and Dining in Imperial Rome" by Apicius
In a rack nearby were several graceful glass amphora, filled with red and tawny wine.
"Astounding Stories, February, 1931" by Various
THE RED DELF AMPHORA.
"The Recipe for Diamonds" by Charles John Cutcliffe Wright Hyne
On his way he overtook wagons laden with leather bottles of oil and amphorae of wine.
"Sónnica" by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez
At the entrance to the sleeping-room, before its red curtain, lay Haduwalt, snoring; by him, lying on its side, empty, was the amphora.
"Felicitas" by Felix Dahn
Look at that girl with the amphora on her head.
"A Struggle for Rome, v. 1" by Felix Dahn
The XXVIth Dynasty was largely influenced by Greek amphorae imported with wine and oil.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 1" by Various
Against the sides of the same vault was ranged a long line of earthen amphorae.
"Principles of Geology" by Charles Lyell
With their hands upon their hips, they themselves were not unlike living amphorae.
"King of Camargue" by Jean Aicard
The amphora just referred to is a Boeotian fabric, but that fact does not nullify the importance of its bearing upon the problem in hand.
"Problems in Periclean Buildings" by G. W. Elderkin
An amphora stands on the ground on each side of the figure.
"A Catalogue of Sculpture in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum, Volume I (of 2)" by A. H. Smith
The servitors of the Alexandrian caught up amphoras and hastened after him.
"Saul of Tarsus" by Elizabeth Miller
The amphora measures 1 ft. 5/8 in.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 1" by Various
The amphora (that might have been anything) was crooked and toppling over, and all her arms and legs were of different lengths.
"Letters of a Diplomat's Wife" by Mary King Waddington
One gorged drunkard lay asleep with his amphora broken beneath him, the stream of the purple wine lapped eagerly by ragged children.
"Folle-Farine" by Ouida
At street corners queues of tired women and children waited for hot hours with buckets, pails, jugs and amphoras.
"Poor Folk in Spain" by Jan Gordon
It was shaped something like a Greek amphora, and quite of ordinary quality.
"The Bomb-Makers" by William Le Queux
When the amphora was empty the speaker had to stop talking.
"Stories of Useful Inventions" by Samuel Eagle Foreman
The host saw it this time, and rushed after it with a stick, upsetting and breaking several amphorae.
"Curiosities of Olden Times" by S. Baring-Gould
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In poetry:

This is the ancient southern earth whence the vases were
baked, amphoras, craters, cantharus, oenochoe, and open-
hearted cylix.
Bristling now with the iron of almond-trees
"Almond Blossom" by D H Lawrence

In news:

In fact, he had never heard of tandoors — Indian clay cooking vessels that are part oven and part barbecue pit — until 1986, when a New York gallery exhibited six-foot pots he had made, inspired by amphorae on Crete.
Karen Hackenberg's 'Shades of Green: Amphorae ca 2012' is part of the current exhibit at Bainbridge Arts and Crafts BAC also features the show 'Lost and Found' this month.
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