# algorism

## Definitions

• WordNet 3.6
• n algorism computation with Arabic figures
• n algorism the Arabic (or decimal) system of numeration
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Algorism the Arabic system of numeration.
• Algorism The art of calculating by nine figures and zero; computation with Arabic figures.
• Algorism The art of calculating with any species of notation; as, the algorithms of fractions, proportions, surds, etc.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• n algorism In arithmetic, the Arabic system of notation; hence, the art of computation with the Arabic figures, now commonly called arithmetic.
• n algorism Any peculiar method of computing, as the rule for finding the greatest common measure.
• n algorism Any method of notation: as, the differential algorism.
• n algorism Also written algorithm.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• n Algorism al′go-rizm the Arabic system of numeration: arithmetic
• Algorism Also Al′gorithm
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## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. algorism, algrim, augrim, OF. algorisme, F. algorithme,cf. Sp. algoritmo, OSp. alguarismo, LL. algorismus,), fr. the Ar. al-Khowārezmī, of Khowārezm, the modern Khiwa, surname of Abu Ja'far Mohammed ben Musā, author of a work on arithmetic early in the 9th century, which was translated into Latin, such books bearing the name algorismus,. The spelling with th, is due to a supposed connection with Gr. number

## Usage

### In literature:

In arithmetic he was influential in spreading the ideas of algorism.
"The Hindu-Arabic Numerals" by David Eugene Smith
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### In news:

Post-acquisition Algor debuts under the Autodesk banner as Autodesk Algor Simulation 2010.
Shipbuilders use Algor FEA to create dredging barge for natural gas pipeline.
Surgeon uses ALGOR FEA tools to simulate eye movement.
Surgeon uses ALGOR FEA tools.
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### In science:

Speciﬁcally, no polynomial-time algor ithm is known that k-colors random graphs of average degree d = (1 + ǫ)k ln k, for some ﬁxed ǫ > 0 and arbitrarily large k .
On the Solution-Space Geometry of Random Constraint Satisfaction Problems
Note that corollary 8.16 provides a polynomial time algor,m,σ (B + M ) = B ′ + γ−|σ| rithm for computing B ′ .
Least Significant Digit First Presburger Automata
The resulting sequence is named ALGOR and is shown in the right panel of Fig. 2.
Advantages of Randomization in Coherent Quantum Dynamical Control
Notation: ALGOR – sequence obtained via the numerical algorithm explained in the text; PH2 – periodic sequence; EH2 – embedded sequence with random pulses from G P ; RH2 – random path.
Advantages of Randomization in Coherent Quantum Dynamical Control
The randomized sequences, on the other hand, have in storage realizations that may be worse than the ALGOR scheme at TA, but which will contribute to better realizations at TB .
Advantages of Randomization in Coherent Quantum Dynamical Control
To this end, the algor ithm goes over the all-negative clauses in the natural order.
A better algorithm for random k-SAT
Randomized algor ithm and par ity of d Rather than trying to approximate d, we try to make the sum of the λ k cos( 2 π N k d + μk ) revea l the pari ty o f d .
The Hidden Subgroup Problem
As a result, we provide the ﬁrst known algor ithm that generates unbiased random bits from an arbitrary ﬁnite Markov chain, operates in expected linear time and achieves the information-theoretic upper bound on ef ﬁciency.
Efficient Generation of Random Bits from Finite State Markov Chains
Mobile Systems, Applications and Services (MobiSys), 2009. Nemhau ser, G.L., Wolsey, L.A. and Fisher, M.L., An analysis of approximations functions—I. for maximizing submodular set Mathematical Programming, 1978. Ko, C .-W., Jon, L. and Queyranne, M., An Exact Algor ithm for Maximum Entropy Sampling.
Practical Context Awareness: Measuring and Utilizing the Context Dependency of Mobile Usage
Because of the invertible Levin reduction from CIRCUIT-SAT to C, there is a signature scheme for which the veriﬁcation algor ithm (using any given public key) corresponds to a function in C .
Inverse problems in approximate uniform generation
The resultant summed envelopes were again consistent with the result of our prefer red algor ithm (Fig. 3).